Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

独 (獨)

  1. adjective alone / independent / single / sole
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 独 is used in this sense as an adjective and as an adverb in Literary Chinese (Guoyu '獨' adj; Kroll '獨' 1; NCCED '独' 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 133; Unihan '獨'). For example, 孟子獨不與驩言 'There is only Mencius who does not speak to me ...' (Mengzi: 8.27/43/27, translation by Legge)
  2. adverb to be independent
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In the sense of 专断 (Guoyu '獨' adv 4; Kroll '獨' 3; NCCED '独' 3)
  3. noun an elderly person without children
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Guoyu '獨' n; Kroll '獨' 1b; NCCED '独' 2)
  4. adverb only
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 只 (Guoyu '獨' adv 1; Kroll '獨' 4; NCCED '独' 4)
  5. adverb uniquely
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '獨' 2; NCCED '独' 5)
  6. adjective intolerant
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (NCCED '独' 6)
  7. adverb lonely
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '獨' 1a)
  8. adverb yet / still
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 偏偏 (Guoyu '獨' adv 2; Kroll '獨' 5)
  9. adverb especially
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '獨' 6)
  10. particle particle suggesting disbelief
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '獨' 7)
  11. noun doucs / douc langurs
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: A kind of old world monkey in the genus Pygathrix (Kroll '獨' 8)

Contained in

独立孤独舍卫国祗树给孤独园独木舟独特单独独自独立软件开发商独裁独立自主惟独独子独一无二独乐寺独处独体字给孤独园独语句独家独占独居独体唯独给孤独长者独具匠心独具独龙族独觉乘者独觉孤独地狱独有独步独生子女政策佛说如来独证自誓三昧经如来独证自誓三昧经七俱胝独部法给孤独长者给孤独给独鳏寡孤独独柯多独柯多部只树给孤独园灵光独耀得天独厚独木不成林独尊独到独行独身独夫

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷三十二 Scroll 32 22
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷三十三 Scroll 33 22
History of Song 《宋史》 卷三百三十六 列傳第九十五 司馬光子:康 呂公著子:希哲 希純 Volume 336 Biographies 95: Sima Guang and sons:Kang, Lu Gongzhe and son: Xizhe, Xi Chun 21
Book of Later Han 《後漢書》 卷五十九 張衡列傳 Volume 59: Biography of Zhang Heng 20
Canon of Supreme Mystery 《太玄經》 Full Text 20
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷十六 Scroll 16 19
Stratagems of the Warring States 《戰國策》 卷二十 趙三 Chapter 20: Zhao III 18
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷二十三 Scroll 23 18
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷二十八 Scroll 28 18
History of the Northern Dynasties 《北史》 卷九  周本紀上第九: 太祖文帝 孝閔帝 世宗明帝 Volume 9 Northern Zhou Annals 1: Emperor Taizu Wen, Emperor Xianmin, Emperor Shizong Ming 16

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
独知 獨知 今諸侯獨知愛其國 Mozi 《墨子》 卷四 兼愛中 Book 4 - Universal Love II 5
独举 獨舉 夫誰獨舉其國以攻人之國者哉 Mozi 《墨子》 卷四 兼愛下 Book 4 - Universal Love III 5
足独 足獨 天子以其知力爲未足獨治天下 Mozi 《墨子》 卷三 尚同下 Book 3 - Identification with the Superior III 4
不可独 不可獨 大木不可獨伐也 Guanzi 《管子》 八觀第十三 Chapter 13: Eight Observations 3
独寐 獨寐 獨寐寤言 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧衞‧考槃 Lessons from the states - Odes of Wei - Kao Pan 3
茕独 煢獨 無虐煢獨 Book of Documents 《尚書》 周書 洪範 Zhou Shu - Great Plan 3
独王 獨王 獨王之國 Guanzi 《管子》 形勢第二 Chapter 2: Circumstances 3
独乐 獨樂 獨樂其志 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《樂記》 Record of Music 3
独入 獨入 獨出獨入 Guanzi 《管子》 七法第六 Chapter 6: Seven Methods 3
独进 獨進 我將獨進 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 2