什 (甚) shén

  1. shén pronoun what
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Traditional and simplified: 甚, also pronounced shèn; synonymous with 什么 in this sense (Guoyu '甚' shén; Han Dian '甚' shén pronoun 1; Kroll 2015 '甚' shèn 3, p. 408; XHZD '甚' shèn 1, p. 669)
  2. shèn adverb extremely
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Traditional and simplified: 甚; in the sense of 很 or 非常 (Guoyu '甚' shèn adv 1; Han Dian '甚' shèn adv 1; Kroll 2015 '甚' shèn 2, p. 408; XHZD '甚' shèn 1, p. 669)
  3. shèn adverb excessive / more than
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Traditional: 甚; synonymous with 过分 in this sense (Guoyu '甚' shèn adv 2; Kroll 2015 '甚' shèn 1, p. 408; XHZD '甚' shèn 2, p. 669)
  4. shén pronoun why?
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Traditional: 甚; synonymous with 为什么 in this sense (Han Dian '甚' shén pronoun 2; Kroll 2015 '甚' shèn 3, p. 408; )
  5. shèn adverb definitely / certainly
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Traditional: 甚; in the sense of 真 (Han Dian '甚' shèn adv 3; Kroll 2015 '甚' shèn 2a, p. 408; )

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