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Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

shǐ

  1. shǐ verb to begin / to start
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Unihan '始')
  2. shǐ adverb then / only then
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Unihan '始')
  3. shǐ adverb first / for the first time
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 始 may be used as an adverb in Literary Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 121). For example, 臣始至於境 'When I first arrived at the borders of your kingdom' (Mengzi: 2.2/8/12, translation by Legge)

Contained in

始终开始原始秦始皇创始人始终如一自始至终始建创始初始有始无终始皇帝汉更始帝呾叉始罗起始始末原始七佛倡始昙始肇始始兴寺泰始弘始玄始原始資料原始分数原始价值原始森林始觉无始无明原始佛教时期

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang 61
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦楚之際月表》 Monthly Table of (the Events) between Qin and Chu 44
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《封禪書》 Religious sacrificial ceremonies 39
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《月令》 Proceedings of Government in the Different Months 29
Zhuangzi 《莊子》 《齊物論》 The Adjustment of Controversies 17
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《滕文公章句上》 Commentary on Teng Wen Gong I 16
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《十二諸侯年表》 Yearly Chronicle of the Feudal Lords 15
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《孝武本紀》 Annals of the Xiaowu Emperor 14
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《晉世家》 House of Jin 14
Zhuangzi 《莊子》 《則陽》 Ze-yang 13

Collocations

SimplifiedTraditionalExampleExample ReferenceFrequency
始死 始死 始死 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I 3
始可 始可 始可與言詩已矣 The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1. 《學而》 Xue Er 2

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
1. 《學而》 Xue Er in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
3. 《八佾》 Ba Yi in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
5. 《公冶長》Gong Ye Chang in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
8. 《泰伯》 Tai Bo in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
13. 《子路》 Zi Lu in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
相見 《曲禮下》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 2 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 2
子思 《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 7
《檀弓下》 Tan Gong II in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 7
五十 《王制》 Royal Regulations in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
蟄蟲 《月令》 Proceedings of Government in the Different Months in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 29
《齊物論》 The Adjustment of Controversies in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 17
《養生主》 Nourishing the Lord of Life in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 2
《人間世》 Man in the World, Associated with other Men in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 7
《德充符》 The Seal of Virtue Complete in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 3
《大宗師》 The Great and Most Honoured Master in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 6
《釋詁》 Explanation of Old Words in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《本紀‧五帝本紀》 Annals - Annals of the Five Emperors in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 2
冀州 《夏本紀》 Annals of Xia in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 3
《殷本紀》 Annals of Yin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 2
《周本紀》 Annals of Zhou in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 5
於是 《秦本紀》 Annals of Qin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 4
於是 《卷一‧序》 Scroll 1, Preface in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 3
《示部》Shì Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
《王部》 Wáng Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 3
《士部》 Shì Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1