Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

shǐ

  1. shǐ verb to begin / to start
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Unihan '始')
  2. shǐ adverb then / only then
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Unihan '始')
  3. shǐ adverb first / for the first time
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 始 may be used as an adverb in Literary Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 121). For example, 臣始至於境 'When I first arrived at the borders of your kingdom' (Mengzi: 2.2/8/12, translation by Legge)

Contained in

始终开始原始秦始皇创始人始终如一自始至终始建创始初始有始无终始皇帝汉更始帝呾叉始罗起始始末原始七佛倡始昙始肇始始兴寺泰始弘始玄始原始資料原始分数原始价值原始森林始觉无始无明原始佛教时期原始码未始秦始皇帝建始始祖秦始皇陵旬始始兴原始佛教伊始贯彻始终开始以前原始社会始发固始始点创始者皇始始光正始

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Book of Later Han 《後漢書》 卷十一 劉玄劉盆子列傳 Volume 11: Biographies of Liu Xuan; Liu Penzi 66
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷八十五 志第三十五:  百官一 Volume 85 Treatises 38: Official Posts 1 63
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷二十一 律曆志 Volume 21: Treatise on Rhythm and the Calendar 63
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang 61
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷八十二    列傳第七 十一宗諸子 Volume 82 Biographies 7: Sons of the Eleven Zongs 60
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷八十三    列傳第八 諸帝公主 Volume 83 Biographies 8: The Princesses of all Emperors 56
Daode Jing 《道德經》 With commentary by 王弼 Wang Bi 46
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦楚之際月表》 Monthly Table of (the Events) between Qin and Chu 43
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷二十七上   志第十七上  曆三上 Volume 27a Treatises 18: Calendar 3a 43
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷七十  志第二十一:  禮樂四 Volume 70 Treatises 23: Rites and Music 4 40

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
始朝 始朝 始朝桓王也 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 8
始通 始通 始通也 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 4
终始 終始 終始慎厥與 Book of Documents 《尚書》 商書 太甲下 Shang Shu - Tai Jia III 3
始用 始用 始用六佾也 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 3
经始 經始 經始靈臺 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧文王之什‧靈臺 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Wen Wang - Ling Tai 3
四始 四始 是謂四始 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 序 Preface 2
子始 子始 陳桓子始大於齊 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 莊公 Lord Zhang 2
始见 始見 諸侯始見乎武王廟也 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 周頌‧臣工之什‧載見 Sacrificial odes of Zhou - Decade Of Chen Gong - Zai Jian 2
始征 始徵 湯始征之 Book of Documents 《尚書》 夏書 胤征 Xia Shu - Punitive Expedition of Yin 2
楚始 楚始 楚始得曹 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 2