Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

炼 (煉) liàn

  1. liàn verb to smelt
    Domain: Metallurgy 冶金
    Notes: (Guoyu '煉' v 1; Unihan '煉'; XHZD '炼' 1)
  2. liàn verb to refine / to distill / to condense
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Guoyu '煉' v 2; Unihan '煉'; XHZD '炼' 3)
  3. liàn verb to choose the right words
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (XHZD '炼' 2)
  4. liàn verb to heat / to burn
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Guoyu '煉' v 3)

Contained in

精炼锻炼提炼冶炼千锤百炼磨炼修炼千锤百炼试炼炼钢炼狱炼油炼钢厂炼油厂炼铁洗炼精炼厂炼丹百炼钢煅炼炼化

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Huainanzi 《淮南子》 卷四 墜形訓 Chapter 4: Terrestrial Forms 10
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷五十五 列傳第二十五 夏侯湛 潘岳 張載 Volume 55 Biographies 25: Xiahou Zhan; Pan Yue; Zhang Zai 2
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷二十五 志第十五 輿服 Volume 25 Treatises 15: Travel and Dress 1
Book of Later Han 《後漢書》 卷四十二 光武十王列傳 Volume 42: Biographies of Ten Princes of Guangwu 1
Book of Later Han 《後漢書》 卷二十六 伏侯宋蔡馮趙牟韋列傳 Volume 26: Biographies of Fu, Hou, Song, Cai, Feng, Zhao, Mou, Wei 1
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷三十五 列傳第五 陳騫 裴秀 Volume 35 Biographies 5: Chen Qian; Pei Xiu 1
Garden of Stories 《說苑》 卷五 貴德 Chapter 5: Valuing Virtue 1
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷六十二 列傳第三十二 劉琨 祖逖 Volume 62 Biographies 32: Liu Kun; Zu Di 1
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷九十二 列傳第六十二 文苑 Volume 92 Biographies 62: Writers 1
Huainanzi 《淮南子》 卷六 覽冥訓 Chapter 6: Observing the Obscure 1

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
百炼 百煉 百煉不耗 Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷二十五 志第十五 輿服 Volume 25 Treatises 15: Travel and Dress 3
锻炼 鍛煉 則鍛煉而周內之 Garden of Stories 《說苑》 卷五 貴德 Chapter 5: Valuing Virtue 2