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Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
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礼 (禮)

  1. noun propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Middle Chinese: lejX; In this sense, 礼 has the same meaning as 礼节. It is a central principle in Confucianism (FE '禮' 1; Kroll '禮' 2; GHC '礼' 3; Sun 2006, loc. 1296). For example, 惡勇而無禮者 'He hates those who have valor merely, and are unobservant of propriety.' (Lunyu 17:24, trans. by Legge)
  2. noun a ritual / a ceremony / a rite
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Especially, in the context of Confucianism (FE '禮' 2; GHC '礼' 1; Yao, 2000, p. 22) For example, 喪禮 'funeral rites' (Legge, 1885, 'Tan Gong II' in Classic of Rites; 《禮記‧檀弓下》)
  3. noun a present / a gift
    Domain: Customs 习俗
    Notes: (FE '禮' 3; GHC '礼' 4)
  4. verb to bow
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (GHC '礼' 2)
  5. proper noun Li / Zhou Li / Yi Li / Li Ji
    Domain: Literature 文学 , Concept: Book 书
    Notes: An abbreviation for one of the books Rites of Zhou 《周礼》, Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《仪礼》, or the Classic of Rites 《礼记》 (GHC '礼' 5)
  6. proper noun Li
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: A surname (FE '禮' 4; GHC '礼' 6)

Contained in

礼拜礼拜一礼拜二礼拜三礼拜四礼拜五礼拜六礼拜日礼拜天典礼礼拜婚礼礼品三宝典礼甘露灌顶皈依三宝典礼礼仪礼貌礼物礼堂敬礼送礼礼节葬礼颜勤礼碑礼义牛街礼拜寺礼忏礼记瞻礼礼宾祭礼周礼仪礼洗礼礼赞顶礼作礼施礼行礼皈依典礼顶礼膜拜礼生小戴礼记大戴礼记分庭抗礼礼教圣餐礼礼敬大厅三皈五戒典礼剃度典礼尸迦罗越六方礼经

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《樂書》 Music 69
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《八佾第三》 Commentary on Ba Yi III 63
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《樂記》 Record of Music 60
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《禮器》 Rites in the Formation of Character 54
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《禮運》 Ceremonial Usages; their Origins, Development, and Intention 47
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 42
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《封禪書》 Religious sacrificial ceremonies 42
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《仲尼燕居》 Zhong-ni at Home at Ease 38
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《曾子問》 The Questions of Zeng-zi 36
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《中庸章句》 Commentary on Doctrine of the Mean 32

Collocations

SimplifiedTraditionalExampleExample ReferenceFrequency
学礼 學禮 學禮乎 The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 16. 《季氏》 Ji Shi 3
好礼 好禮 富而好禮者也 The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1. 《學而》 Xue Er 3
殷礼 殷禮 周因於殷禮 The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2. 《為政》 Wei Zheng 2
礼让 禮讓 能以禮讓為國乎 The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 4. 《里仁》 Li Ren 2
夏礼 夏禮 殷因於夏禮 The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2. 《為政》 Wei Zheng 2

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
1. 《學而》 Xue Er in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 3
2. 《為政》 Wei Zheng in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 6
3. 《八佾》 Ba Yi in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 11
4. 《里仁》 Li Ren in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 3
6. 《雍也》 Yong Ye in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 42
《曲禮下》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 2 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 9
先王 《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 25
《檀弓下》 Tan Gong II in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 27
《王制》 Royal Regulations in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 15
《人間世》 Man in the World, Associated with other Men in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 2
《大宗師》 The Great and Most Honoured Master in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 4
《馬蹄》 Horses's Hoofs in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
《在宥》 Letting Be, and Exercising Forbearance in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 3
《天運》 The Revolution of Heaven in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
Sections from Records of the Historian in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 1
《釋言》 Explanation of Words in Er Ya 《爾雅》 2
《本紀‧五帝本紀》 Annals - Annals of the Five Emperors in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 5
《殷本紀》 Annals of Yin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 1
賢者 《周本紀》 Annals of Zhou in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 5
諸侯使 《秦本紀》 Annals of Qin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 7
尉繚 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 7
《卷一‧序》 Scroll 1, Preface in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 4
《示部》Shì Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 2
《王部》 Wáng Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1