Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

礼 (禮)

  1. noun propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Middle Chinese: lejX; In this sense, 礼 has the same meaning as 礼节. It is a central principle in Confucianism (FE '禮' 1; Guoyu '禮' n 1; Kroll '禮' 2; GHC '礼' 3; Sun 2006, loc. 1296). For example, 惡勇而無禮者 'He hates those who have valor merely, and are unobservant of propriety.' (Lunyu 17:24, trans. by Legge)
  2. noun a ritual / a ceremony / a rite
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Especially, in the context of Confucianism (FE '禮' 2; GHC '礼' 1; Guoyu '禮' n 3; Yao, 2000, p. 22) For example, 喪禮 'funeral rites' (Legge, 1885, 'Tan Gong II' in Classic of Rites; 《禮記‧檀弓下》)
  3. noun a present / a gift
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Customs 习俗
    Notes: (FE '禮' 3; GHC '礼' 4; Guoyu '禮' n 4)
  4. noun a bow
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (GHC '礼' 2; Guoyu '禮' n 2)
  5. proper noun Li / Zhou Li / Yi Li / Li Ji
    Domain: Literature 文学 , Concept: Book 书
    Notes: An abbreviation for one of the books Rites of Zhou 《周礼》, Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《仪礼》, or the Classic of Rites 《礼记》 (GHC '礼' 5; Guoyu '禮' n 5)
  6. proper noun Li
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: A surname (FE '禮' 4; GHC '礼' 6; Guoyu '禮' n 6)
  7. verb to give an offering in a religious ceremony
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 祭 (Guoyu '禮' v 1)
  8. verb to respect / to revere
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 尊敬 (Guoyu '禮' v 2)

Contained in

礼拜礼拜一礼拜二礼拜三礼拜四礼拜五礼拜六礼拜日礼拜天典礼礼拜婚礼礼品三宝典礼甘露灌顶皈依三宝典礼礼仪礼貌礼物礼堂敬礼送礼礼节葬礼颜勤礼碑礼义牛街礼拜寺礼忏礼记瞻礼礼宾祭礼周礼仪礼洗礼礼赞顶礼作礼施礼行礼皈依典礼顶礼膜拜礼生小戴礼记大戴礼记分庭抗礼礼教圣餐礼礼敬大厅三皈五戒典礼剃度典礼尸迦罗越六方礼经

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷二十 志第十 禮中 Volume 20 Treatises 10: Rites Part Two 154
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷十四 志第四 禮一 Volume 14 Treatises 4: Rituals 1 144
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷二十六 志第六: 禮儀六 Volume 26 Treatises 6: Rites 6 135
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷二十一 志第一: 禮儀一 Volume 21 Treatises 1: Rites 1 131
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷七十三 志第二十四:  祭祀二 Volume 73 Treatises 26: Offerings 2 128
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷二十五 志第五: 禮儀五 Volume 25 Treatises 5: Rites 5 125
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷二十一 志第十一 禮下 Volume 21 Treatises 11: Rites Part Three 124
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷十六 志第六 禮三 Volume 16 Treatises 6: Rituals 3 118
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 117
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷七十五 志第二十六:  祭祀四 Volume 75 Treatises 28: Offerings 4 112

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
百礼 百禮 以洽百禮 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧甫田之什‧賓之初筵 Minor odes of the kingdom - Fu Tian Zhi Shen - Bao Zhi Chu Yan 5
谓礼 謂禮 子父不奸之謂禮 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 5
大礼 大禮 君貺之以大禮 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 文公 Lord Wen 4
礼成 禮成 禮成而不反 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 桓公 Lord Huan 3
弃礼 棄禮 上棄禮而不能行 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧魚藻之什‧瓠葉 Minor odes of the kingdom - Yu Zao Zhi Shen - Hu Ye 3
败礼 敗禮 縱敗禮 Book of Documents 《尚書》 商書 太甲中 Shang Shu - Tai Jia II 2
问礼 問禮 問禮於皇武子 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 2
礼不行 禮不行 不敬則禮不行 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 2
善于礼 善於禮 魯侯不亦善於禮乎 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 2
臣礼 臣禮 以盡臣禮 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 成公 Lord Cheng 2