Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

lìng

  1. lìng verb to make / to cause to be / to lead
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In this sense 令 is synonymous with 使 or 让. In Literary Chinese 令 can be used as a transitory verb with two arguments in a pivot construction. This has the pattern A 令 B C, where A leads B to do C (Guoyu '令' v 2; Kroll '令' 7; Pulleyblank 1995, pp. 40-41; Unihan '令').
  2. lìng noun to issue a command
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Guoyu '令' v 1; Kroll '令' 1)
  3. lìng verb rules of behavior / customs
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: For example, 辞令 polite speech (Kroll '令' 6a)
  4. lìng noun an order / a command / an edict / a decree / a statute
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 令 is synonymous with 命令 or 法令 (Guoyu '令' n 1; Kroll '令' 6; Unihan '令').
  5. lìng noun a season
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 令 is synonymous with 时令 or 季节 (Guoyu '令' n 2; Kroll '令' 4).
  6. lìng noun respected / good reputation
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Guoyu '令' adj 2; Kroll '令' 3a)
  7. lìng adjective good
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 令 is synonymous with 美善 (Guoyu '令' adj 1).
  8. lìng adjective pretentious
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '令' 3b)
  9. lìng noun a transcending state of existence
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '令' 7)
  10. lìng noun a commander
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: For example, 县令 'county magistrate' (Kroll '令' 2)
  11. lìng noun a commanding quality / an impressive character
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '令' 3)
  12. lìng noun lyrics
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 小令 xiaoling - a particular form of verse (Guoyu '令' n 3)
  13. lìng proper noun Ling
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Guoyu '令' n 4)

Contained in

马来西亚令吉肯尼亚先令索马里先令乌干达先令命令口令司令法令司令部指令宏指令口令破解下令总司令令尹夏令时饶口令命令行使令令人推恩令挟天子以令诸侯禁令月令夏令营命令法敕令遣令假令教令发令时令丹马令单马令丁令令狐德棻小令冬令救济冬令政令司令员大圣妙吉祥菩萨说除灾教令法轮巧言令色节令已生的善法,令它增长未生的善法,令它生起令人钦佩诏令号令县令夏令

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷三十八 志第二十八 州郡四 Volume 38 Treatises 28: Administrative Districts 4 319
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷三十五 志第二十五 州郡一 Volume 35 Treatises 25: Administrative Districts 1 265
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷三十六 志第二十六 州郡二 Volume 36 Treatises 26: Administrative Districts 2 236
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷三十七 志第二十七 州郡三 Volume 37 Treatises 27: Administrative Districts 3 224
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷四十四 志第二十四: 職官三 Volume 44 Treatises 24: Government Service 3 188
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷八十四 志第三十四:  選舉四 Volume 84 Treatises 37: Selection of Officials 4 183
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷四十二 志第二十二: 職官一 Volume 42 Treatises 22: Government Service 1 171
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷七十五上   表第十五上 宰相世系五上 Volume 75a Tables 21: Chancellors Genealogy 5a 159
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷七十二上   表第十二上 宰相世系二上 Volume 72a Tables 14: Chancellors Genealogy 2a 156
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷八十三 志第三十三:  選舉三 Volume 83 Treatises 36: Selection of Officials 3 154

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
令德 令德 令德壽豈 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧南有嘉魚之什‧蓼蕭 Minor odes of the kingdom - Nan You Jia Yu Zhi Shen - Liao Xiao 20
令闻 令聞 令聞不已 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧文王之什‧文王 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Wen Wang - Wen Wang 8
戒令 戒令 掌其戒令 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《燕義》 The Meaning of the Banquet 6
卢令 盧令 盧令 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧齊‧盧令 Lessons from the states - Odes of Qi - Lu Ling 4
令仪 令儀 莫不令儀 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧南有嘉魚之什‧湛露 Minor odes of the kingdom - Nan You Jia Yu Zhi Shen - Zhan Lu 3
令诸侯 令諸侯 令諸侯三歲而聘 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 3
征令 徵令 掌百官府之徵令 Rites of Zhou 《周禮》 天官冢宰 第一 1. Office of the Heaven and Prime Minister 3
令曰 令曰 荀偃令曰 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 3
令龟 令龜 惠伯令龜 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 文公 Lord Wen 3
令终 令終 高朗令終 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧生民之什‧既醉 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Sheng Min - Ji Jiu 3