Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

rén

  1. rén noun person / people / a human being
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: The measure word 个 is most frequently used. For example, 他们四个人 'the four of them' (Lao She, 2003, p. 224). However, other measure words, such as 口 and 名, may also be used. No measure word is used when referring to large numbers of people. For example, 数百万人 'millions of people.' (VOA, 2015-07-25) 人 is a common word in both modern and literary Chinese (Kroll '人' 1). 人 is the eighth most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (CCD '人' 1; FE '人' 1; Ho, 2002, '人' 1, NCCED '人' 1).
  2. rén noun Kangxi radical 9
    Domain: Radicals 部首
    Notes: Person (ABC back cover; GHC p. 7)
  3. rén noun a kind of person
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: For example, 中国人 'a Chinese person,' 北京人 'a person frm Beijing,' or 发言人 'spokesperson.' (CCD '人' 4; Ho, 2002, '人' 2, NCCED '人' 2) In literary Chinese, the formula [name] ... [place of birth] 人 is frequently used in biographies. For example, 孫子武者,齊人也 'Sun Zi was a military strategist from the state of Qi.' (Shiji, Biographies of Sun Tzu and Wu Qi《史記‧孫子吳起列傳》)
  4. rén noun everybody
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (CCD '人' 2; NCCED '人' 3)
  5. rén noun adult
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (CCD '人' 3; NCCED '人' 4)
  6. rén noun somebody / others
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (CCD '人' 5; NCCED '人' 5) For example, 祥子几乎和人打起来 'Xiangzi nearly got into a fight with some people.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 189) This sense is also used in literary Chinese (Kroll '人' 2). For example in literary Chinese, 其恕乎!己所不欲,勿施於人。 'Is not reciprocity such a word? What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others.' (Lunyu 17:24, trans. by Legge 1861)
  7. rén noun an upright person
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: Referring to a person's moral character (CCD '人' 6; NCCED '人' 6)
  8. rén proper noun Human Realm
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: FGS translation standard: Human Realm (Faxiang)

Contained in

人民币人员神职人员女人男人人群中国人人均人数人口负责人人民人们人大人民大会堂全国人大人民群众人民日报最高人民法院人士个人个人电脑收件人人性人体人体工程学他人别人人民代表残疾人人次中国人民大学发言人佛说八大人觉经私人创始人人权西方人人才人心八大人觉人事人间亲人人物唐人街人类成人人力人人无人

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷四十四 志第二十四: 職官三 Volume 44 Treatises 24: Government Service 3 1402
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷四十八    志第三十八  百官三 Volume 48 Treatises 43: Official Posts 3 822
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷四十九上   志第三十九上 百官四上 Volume 49a Treatises 44: Official Posts 4a 611
History of Ming 《明史》 卷七十四 志第五十 職官三 Volume 74 Treatises 50: Official Posts 3 530
History of Jin 《金史》 卷四十一 志第二十二: 儀衞上 常朝儀衛內外立仗、常行儀衛行仗 法駕黃麾仗 Volume 41 Treatises 22: Ceremonial Guards 1 - Inner and Outer Armed Guards of Honor in Regular Court Assemblies; Marching Armed Guards; Armed Imperial Command Carriage 511
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷七十九 志第二十九:  輿服二 Volume 79 Treatises 32: Carriages and Clothes 2 482
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷28 志第23 百官下 Volume 28 Treatises 23: Government Offices 3 469
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷四十九下   志第三十九下 百官四下 Volume 49b Treatises 45: Official Posts 4b 446
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷四十七    志第三十七  百官二 Volume 47 Treatises 42: Official Posts 2 443
Rites of Zhou 《周禮》 地官司徒 第二 2. Office of Earth and Minster of Education and Social Welfare 397

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
硕人 碩人 碩人俁俁 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧邶‧簡兮 Lessons from the states - Odes of Bei - Jian Xi 12
一人 一人 繫一人之本 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 序 Preface 10
人刺 人刺 衞人刺其上也 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧鄘‧牆有茨 Lessons from the states - Odes of Yong - Qiang You Ci 7
人君子 人君子 淑人君子 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧曹‧鳲鳩 Lessons from the states - Odes of Cao - Shi Jiu 7
淑人 淑人 淑人君子 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧曹‧鳲鳩 Lessons from the states - Odes of Cao - Shi Jiu 7
谮人 譖人 彼譖人者 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧節南山之什‧巷伯 Minor odes of the kingdom - Jie Nan Shan Zhi Shen - Xiang Bo 5
二人 二人 維予二人 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧鄭‧揚之水 Lessons from the states - Odes of Zheng - Yang Zhi Shui 5
周人 周人 周人怨思焉 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧王‧揚之水 Lessons from the states - Odes of Wang - Yang Zhi Shui 5
候人 候人 候人 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧曹‧候人 Lessons from the states - Odes of Cao - Hou Ren 4
谅人 諒人 不諒人只 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧邶‧柏舟 Lessons from the states - Odes of Bei - Bo Zhou 4