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Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
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xiū

  1. xiū verb to rest
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Middle Chinese: xjuw; in the sense of 休息 (ABC bf 'xiū' 2; GHC '休' 1; Kroll '休' 1; NCCED '休' 1)
  2. xiū verb to stop
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 停止 (ABC bf 'xiū' 2; GHC '休' 2; Kroll '休' 1a; NCCED '休' 2)
  3. xiū verb to take leave
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 休假 (ABC bf 'xiū' 3)
  4. xiū adjective lucky / beneficial
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (ABC bf 'xiū' 4; GHC '休' 7; Kroll '休' 2; NCCED '休' 5)
  5. xiū adverb to not
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 别 (ABC adv 'xiū'; Kroll '休' 4; GHC '休' 3; NCCED '休' 3)
  6. xiū verb to cast of one's wife
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (ABC v 'xiū'; GHC '休' 5; Kroll '休' 1b; NCCED '休' 4)
  7. xiū verb to retire
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (GHC '休' 4; Kroll '休' 1b)
  8. xiū adjective first-rate / best quality
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '休' 3)
  9. xiū noun shade from a tree
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 树荫 (GHC '休' 6)

Contained in

休闲休假休息退休休战离休休养公休孙休休养生息休憩贯休太子和休经休学王日休裴休波休迦旃

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang 8
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《匈奴列傳》 Treatise on the Xiongnu 7
Zhuangzi 《莊子》 《則陽》 Ze-yang 5
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《淮陰侯列傳》 Biography of the Marquis of Huaiyin 5
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《封禪書》 Religious sacrificial ceremonies 5
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《滕文公章句下》 Commentary on Teng Wen Gong II 5
Zhuangzi 《莊子》 《達生》 The Full Understanding of Life 4
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《司馬相如列傳》 Biography of Sima Xiangru 4
Zhuangzi 《莊子》 《刻意》 Ingrained Ideas 4
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《孝武本紀》 Annals of the Xiaowu Emperor 4

Collocations

SimplifiedTraditionalExampleExample ReferenceFrequency
圣人休 聖人休 故帝王聖人休焉 Zhuangzi 《莊子》 《天道》 The Way of Heaven 2
休休 休休 其心休休焉 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《大學》 The Great Learning 2

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
《王制》 Royal Regulations in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
《月令》 Proceedings of Government in the Different Months in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 2
《內則》 The Pattern of the Family in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
《玉藻》 The Jade-Bead Pendants of the Royal Cap in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
《祭統》 A Summary Account of Sacrifices in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
《內篇‧逍遙遊》 Inner Chapters - Enjoyment in Untroubled Ease in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
《齊物論》 The Adjustment of Controversies in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
帝王聖人 《天道》 The Way of Heaven in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 2
《天運》 The Revolution of Heaven in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
聖人 《刻意》 Ingrained Ideas in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 4
《釋詁》 Explanation of Old Words in Er Ya 《爾雅》 2
《釋言》 Explanation of Words in Er Ya 《爾雅》 2
《釋訓》 Explanation of Instructions in Er Ya 《爾雅》 2
《釋木》 Explanation of Trees in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《夏本紀》 Annals of Xia in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 1
《周本紀》 Annals of Zhou in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 1
天下 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 8
《高祖本紀》 Annals of Gao Zu in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 3
《孝文本紀》 Annals of the Xiaowen Emperor in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 2
《肉部》 Ròu Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
多國 《卷六‧角部》 Scroll 6, Jiǎo Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
《卷七‧木部》 Scroll 7, Mù Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
天下 《夕部》 Xī Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 2
《鼎部》 Dǐng Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
《大學章句序》 Preface to Commentary on Great Learning in Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 1