Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

xiū

  1. xiū verb to rest
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Middle Chinese: xjuw; in the sense of 休息 (ABC bf 'xiū' 2; GHC '休' 1; Kroll '休' 1; NCCED '休' 1)
  2. xiū verb to stop
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 停止 (ABC bf 'xiū' 2; GHC '休' 2; Kroll '休' 1a; NCCED '休' 2)
  3. xiū verb to take leave
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 休假 (ABC bf 'xiū' 3)
  4. xiū adjective lucky / beneficial
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (ABC bf 'xiū' 4; GHC '休' 7; Kroll '休' 2; NCCED '休' 5)
  5. xiū adverb to not
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 别 (ABC adv 'xiū'; Kroll '休' 4; GHC '休' 3; NCCED '休' 3)
  6. xiū verb to cast of one's wife
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (ABC v 'xiū'; GHC '休' 5; Kroll '休' 1b; NCCED '休' 4)
  7. xiū verb to retire
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (GHC '休' 4; Kroll '休' 1b)
  8. xiū adjective first-rate / best quality
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '休' 3)
  9. xiū noun shade from a tree
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 树荫 (GHC '休' 6)

Contained in

休闲休假休息退休休战离休休养公休孙休休养生息休憩贯休太子和休经休学王日休裴休波休迦旃休兵休止休宁罢休休息室午休退休金荣休主教无休无止休想休止符休妻公休日休谟休会病休介休休怪休达乞休休眠

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷七十二 列傳第三十二 文九王 Volume 72 Biographies 32: Wen Jiuwang 191
History of the Southern Dynasties 《南史》 卷十四  列傳第四 宋宗室及諸王下 Volume 14 Biographies 4: Members of the Song Imperial Family 2 127
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷八 本紀第八 明帝 Volume 8 Annals 8: Emperor Ming 54
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷七十九 列傳第三十九 文五王 Volume 79 Biographies 39: Wen Wuwang 47
History of the Northern Dynasties 《北史》 卷四十七 列傳第三十五: 袁翻 陽尼 賈思伯 祖瑩 Volume 47 Biographies 35: Yuan Fan, Yang Ni, Jiao Sibo, Zu Ying 47
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷97 島夷桓玄 海夷馮跋 島夷劉裕 Volume 97: Huan Xuan of the Daoyi People, Feng Ba of the Haiyi, Liu Yu of the Daoyi 41
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷四十八 吳書三 三嗣主傳 Volume 48: Book of Wu 3 - Biographies of the three heirs 40
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷一百二十七 列傳第七十七: 姚令言 張光晟 源休 喬琳 張涉 蔣鎮 洪經綸 彭偃 Volume 127 Biographies 77: Yao Lingyan, Zhang Guangcheng, Yuan Xiu, Qiao Lin, Zhang She, Jiang Zhen, Hong Jinglun, Peng Yan 38
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷43 嚴棱 毛修之 唐和 劉休賓 房法夀 Volume 43: Yan Leng, Mao Xiuzhi, Tang He, Liu Xiubin, Fang Fashou 36
History of the Northern Dynasties 《北史》 卷二十四 列傳第十二: 崔逞 王憲 封懿 Volume 24 Biographies 12: Cui Cheng, Wang Xian, Feng Yi 34

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
休休 休休 良士休休 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧唐‧蟋蟀 Lessons from the states - Odes of Tang - Xi Shuai 8
天休 天休 以承天休 Book of Documents 《尚書》 商書 湯誥 Shang Shu - Announcement of Tang 6
休命 休命 疇敢不祗若王之休命 Book of Documents 《尚書》 商書 說命上(僞) Shang Shu - Charge to Yue I (forged) 6
用休 用休 戒之用休 Book of Documents 《尚書》 虞書 大禹謨 Yu Shu - Counsels of the Great Yu 5
仪休 儀休 公儀休相魯 Huainanzi 《淮南子》 卷十二 道應訓 Chapter 12: Responses of the Way 5
休公 休公 休公徒之怒 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 3
休曰 休曰 何休曰 Xunzi 《荀子》 儒效篇第八 Chapter 8: The Achievements of the Confucians 3
心休 心休 其心休休焉 Book of Documents 《尚書》 周書 秦誓 Zhou Shu - Speech of the Marquis of Qin 3
休明 休明 德之休明 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 宣公 Lord Xuan 3
王休 王休 以為王休 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧生民之什‧民勞 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Sheng Min - Min Lu 3