Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

给 (給) gěi jǐ

  1. gěi verb to give
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: In this sense 给 means 交付 as a transient verb with two arguments: 1. the person given to and 2. the object given, in addition to the subject. For example, 送给我碗茶喝 'Give me a cup of tea to drink.' (Lao She, 2010, p. 12; Guoyu '給' gěi v 1; Unihan '給')
  2. gěi preposition to / for / for the benefit of
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Object 对象
    Notes: Used in this sense as a preposition, 给 can (1) introduce the object of an action with the meaning of for or to, (2) introduce an agent to express the passive. It may occur after the main verb when the focus is more on the object of the verb. For example, 我送给你 'I am giving this to you.' It may only be used in this sense for a small number of verbs (Norman 1988, p. 131; Guoyu '給' gěi prep 2; Unihan '給').
  3. verb to supply / to provide
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 供应 (Guoyu '給' jǐ v 1; Sun 2006, loc. 1296)
  4. noun salary for government employees
    Domain: Government 政府
    Notes: (Guoyu '給' jǐ n)
  5. verb to confer / to award
    Domain: Government 政府
    Notes: In the sense of 授与 (Guoyu '給' jǐ v 2)
  6. adjective prosperous / abundant / plentiful
    Domain: Government 政府
    Notes: In the sense of 富裕 or 丰足 (Guoyu '給' jǐ adj 1)
  7. adjective agile / nimble
    Domain: Government 政府
    Notes: In the sense of 敏捷 (Guoyu '給' jǐ adj 2)
  8. gěi auxiliary verb an auxilliary verb adding emphasis
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Guoyu '給' gěi aux 1)

Contained in

舍卫国祗树给孤独园给予献给供给给以带给补给给孤独园给孤独长者呈给留给给孤长者女得度因缘经家给人足给孤独长者给孤独给孤给独只树给孤独园交给送给传给给事赐给捐给发给颁给分给付给借给输给转给配给给人利用才有价值给人利用才能成功补给站给面子塞给给与俸给献给旅行者日中华文化佛教宝典

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷二十四 志第十四 職官 Volume 24 Treatises 14: Government Service 22
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《平準書》 Equalization 15
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷二十四下 食貨志 Volume 24b: Treatise on Food and Money 2 14
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷二十五 志第十五 輿服 Volume 25 Treatises 15: Travel and Dress 11
Guanzi 《管子》 輕重丁第八十三 Chapter 83: Weight IV 9
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《大宛列傳》 Treatise on the Dayuan 9
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷四十八 吳書三 三嗣主傳 Volume 48: Book of Wu 3 - Biographies of the three heirs 9
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷二十六 志第十六 食貨 Volume 26 Treatises 16: Food and Commodities 9
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷五十九 列傳第二十九 汝南王亮 楚王瑋 趙王倫 齊王冏 長沙王乂 成都王潁 河間王顒 東海王越 Volume 59 Biographies 29: Liang, Prince Wencheng of Ru'nan; Wei, Prince Yin of Chu; Lun, Prince of Zhao; Jiong, Prince of Qi; Ai, Prince of Changsha; Ying, Prince of Chengdu; Yong, Prince of Hejian; Yue, Prince Xiaoxian of Donghai 9
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷二十二 禮樂志 Volume 22: Treatise on Rites and Music 8

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
给上 給上 則民倍貸以給上之徵矣 Guanzi 《管子》 治國第四十八 Chapter 48: Ruling the State 10
仰给 仰給 衣食仰給縣官 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《平準書》 Equalization 7
齐给 齊給 齊給便利 Xunzi 《荀子》 修身篇第二 Chapter 2: Cultivation 7
给食 給食 若貧人食不能自給食者 Mozi 《墨子》 卷十五 號令 Book 15 - Commands and Orders 5
给军 給軍 今所以給軍之具于諝馬近臣 Han Feizi 《韓非子》 解老第二十 Chapter 20: Commentaries on Laozi's Teachings 4
给鱼 給魚 不能自給魚 Huainanzi 《淮南子》 卷十二 道應訓 Chapter 12: Responses of the Way 4
给郊 給郊 以給郊廟之服 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《月令》 Proceedings of Government in the Different Months 3
给大 給大 皆仰給大農 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《平準書》 Equalization 3
给便利 給便利 齊給便利 Xunzi 《荀子》 修身篇第二 Chapter 2: Cultivation 3
人给 人給 而燕人給牲 Garden of Stories 《說苑》 卷二 臣術 Chapter 2: The Art of the Statesman 3