Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

给 (給) gěi jǐ

  1. gěi verb to give
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: In this sense 给 means 交付 as a transient verb with two arguments: 1. the person given to and 2. the object given, in addition to the subject. For example, 送给我碗茶喝 'Give me a cup of tea to drink.' (Lao She, 2010, p. 12; Guoyu '給' gěi v 1; Unihan '給')
  2. gěi preposition to / for / for the benefit of
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Object 对象
    Notes: Used in this sense as a preposition, 给 can (1) introduce the object of an action with the meaning of for or to, (2) introduce an agent to express the passive. It may occur after the main verb when the focus is more on the object of the verb. For example, 我送给你 'I am giving this to you.' It may only be used in this sense for a small number of verbs (Norman 1988, p. 131; Guoyu '給' gěi prep 2; Unihan '給').
  3. verb to supply / to provide
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 供应 (Guoyu '給' jǐ v 1; Sun 2006, loc. 1296)
  4. noun salary for government employees
    Domain: Government 政府
    Notes: (Guoyu '給' jǐ n)
  5. verb to confer / to award
    Domain: Government 政府
    Notes: In the sense of 授与 (Guoyu '給' jǐ v 2)
  6. adjective prosperous / abundant / plentiful
    Domain: Government 政府
    Notes: In the sense of 富裕 or 丰足 (Guoyu '給' jǐ adj 1)
  7. adjective agile / nimble
    Domain: Government 政府
    Notes: In the sense of 敏捷 (Guoyu '給' jǐ adj 2)
  8. gěi auxiliary verb an auxilliary verb adding emphasis
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Guoyu '給' gěi aux 1)

Contained in

舍卫国祗树给孤独园给予献给供给给以带给补给给孤独园给孤独长者呈给留给给孤长者女得度因缘经家给人足给孤独长者给孤独给孤给独只树给孤独园交给送给传给给事赐给捐给发给颁给分给付给借给输给转给配给给人利用才有价值给人利用才能成功补给站给面子塞给给与俸给献给旅行者日中华文化佛教宝典

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百七十一 志第一百二十四 職官十一 Volume 171 Treatises 124: Offical Posts 11 104
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百七十二 志第一百二十五 職官十二 Volume 172 Treatises 125: Offical Posts 12 93
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百九十八 志第一百五十一 兵十二 Volume 198 Treatises 151: Military 12 79
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百七十五 志第一百二十八 食貨上三 Volume 175 Treatises 128: Finance and Economics 1c 68
History of Jin 《金史》 卷五十八 志第三十九: 百官四 符制 印製 鐵券 官誥 百官俸給 Volume 58 Treatises 39: Official Posts 4 - Counting Systems, Printing, Iron Certificates, Official Proclamations, Official Salaries 68
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷十二 本紀第十二: 世祖九 Volume 12 Annals 12: Shizu 9 63
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百八十三 志第一百三十六 食貨下五 Volume 183 Treatises 136: Finance and Economics 2e 63
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷五十五    志第四十五  食貨五 Volume 55 Treatises 51: Finance and Economics 4 62
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷一百〇一 志第四十九: 兵四 Volume 101 Treatises 54: Military 4 62
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百九十四 志第一百四十七 兵八 Volume 194 Treatises 147: Military 8 60

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
给上 給上 則民倍貸以給上之徵矣 Guanzi 《管子》 治國第四十八 Chapter 48: Ruling the State 10
仰给 仰給 衣食仰給縣官 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《平準書》 Equalization 7
齐给 齊給 齊給便利 Xunzi 《荀子》 修身篇第二 Chapter 2: Cultivation 7
给食 給食 若貧人食不能自給食者 Mozi 《墨子》 卷十五 號令 Book 15 - Commands and Orders 5
给鱼 給魚 不能自給魚 Huainanzi 《淮南子》 卷十二 道應訓 Chapter 12: Responses of the Way 4
给便利 給便利 齊給便利 Xunzi 《荀子》 修身篇第二 Chapter 2: Cultivation 3
给大农 給大農 皆仰給大農 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《平準書》 Equalization 3
人给 人給 而燕人給牲 Garden of Stories 《說苑》 卷二 臣術 Chapter 2: The Art of the Statesman 3
给县官 給縣官 衣食仰給縣官 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《平準書》 Equalization 3
给郊 給郊 以給郊廟之服 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《月令》 Proceedings of Government in the Different Months 3