Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

děng

  1. děng noun et cetera / and so on
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: For example, 枪支控制和健保等问题 'gun control, health insurance, etc problems.'(VOA 2016-01-18) 等 is used in this sense in both modern (NCCED '等' 6) and literary Chinese. Middle Chinese: tongX (Kroll '等' 4)
  2. děng verb to wait
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: In this sense 等 has a similar meaning to 等候 or 等待. 等 is used in this sense in both modern (NCCED '等' v 1) and literary Chinese (Ci Yuan '等' 6; GHC '等' 5).
  3. děng measure word degree / kind
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED '等' v 1; Ci Yuan '等' 3)
  4. děng suffix plural
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense 等 used at the end of a list or after a personal pronoun (NCCED '等' 5, 7; GHC '等' 4).
  5. děng verb to be equal
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense xx has a similar meaning to 相同 or 一样 (Kroll '等' 1; NCCED '等' 1; GHC '等' 1).
  6. děng noun degree / level
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 等 has a similar meaning to 级别 (Kroll '等' 2; NCCED '等' 2; GHC '等' 3; Ci Yuan '等' 1). For example, 見同等不起 'nor will he rise when he sees others (come in) of the same rank as himself.' (The Classic of Rites, Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 《禮記‧曲禮上》 , trans. Legge) Also, 客若降等 'If a guest be of lower rank ...' (ibid)
  7. děng verb to compare
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll 等 3; Ci Yuan '等' 5; GHC '等' 4)

Contained in

等待等等等离子体中等我等平等等于等到等候高等不等对等对等网络计算等级何等上等同等相等公等五等爵位一等等同等觉不平等条约等价正等觉方等本起经色究竟天等等活居士林等平等性智甲等均等初等大方等大集经大方等陀罗尼经方等汝等等韵等韵学等心经戒禁等取见无比等济诸方等学经等目菩萨所问三昧经大乘方等要慧经无量清净平等觉经方等般泥洹经等集众德三昧经大方等大方等無想经

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷28 志第23 百官下 Volume 28 Treatises 23: Government Offices 3 118
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷97 島夷桓玄 海夷馮跋 島夷劉裕 Volume 97: Huan Xuan of the Daoyi People, Feng Ba of the Haiyi, Liu Yu of the Daoyi 118
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷27 志第22 百官中 Volume 27 Treatises 22: Government Offices 2 111
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷二十上 本紀第二十上: 昭宗 Volume 20 Annals 20: Zhaozong 104
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷26 志第21 百官上 Volume 26 Treatises 21: Government Offices 1 103
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷一 魏書一 武帝紀 Volume 1: Book of Wei 1 - Annals of Emperor Wu 92
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷十九下 本紀第十九下: 僖宗 Volume 19 Annals 19: Xizong 87
History of Song 《宋史》 卷四百九十六 列傳第二百五十五 蠻夷四 西南諸夷 黎州諸蠻 敍州三路蠻 威茂渝州蠻 黔涪施高徼外諸蠻 瀘州蠻 Volume 496 Biographies 255: Man People 4 - All Peoples from the Southwest, All Man Peoples from Lizhou, Man Peoples from Xuzhou and Sanlu, Man Peoples from Weimao and Yuzhou, Man Peoples from Qianfu Shigao and Outer Areas, Man People from Luzhou 86
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷五十九 列傳第二十九 汝南王亮 楚王瑋 趙王倫 齊王冏 長沙王乂 成都王潁 河間王顒 東海王越 Volume 59 Biographies 29: Liang, Prince Wencheng of Ru'nan; Wei, Prince Yin of Chu; Lun, Prince of Zhao; Jiong, Prince of Qi; Ai, Prince of Changsha; Ying, Prince of Chengdu; Yong, Prince of Hejian; Yue, Prince Xiaoxian of Donghai 83
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷十九上 本紀第十九上: 懿宗 Volume 19 Annals 19: Yizong 78

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
五等 五等 凡五等 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《王制》 Royal Regulations 6
六等 六等 藻三采六等 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《雜記下》 Miscellaneous Records II 6
等贵贱 等貴賤 等貴賤 Huainanzi 《淮南子》 卷二 俶真訓 Chapter 2: Starting with the Truth 5
降等 降等 客若降等 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 4
差等 差等 之則以為愛無差等 Mencius 《孟子》 滕文公上 Teng Wen Gong I 4
邯等 邯等 章邯等將其卒圍鉅鹿 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang 4
臣等 臣等 若臣等藿食者 Garden of Stories 《說苑》 卷十一 善說 Chapter 11: Virtuous Speech 4
爵等 爵等 以爵等為丘封之度與其樹數 Rites of Zhou 《周禮》 春官宗伯 第三 3. Office of Spring and Minister of Rites 4
父等 父等 三父等復共令人賊殺出子 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦本紀》 Annals of Qin 4
贵贱等 貴賤等 以別貴賤等給之度 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《月令》 Proceedings of Government in the Different Months 3