Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

děng

  1. děng noun et cetera / and so on
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: For example, 枪支控制和健保等问题 'gun control, health insurance, etc problems.'(VOA 2016-01-18) 等 is used in this sense in both modern (NCCED '等' 6) and literary Chinese. Middle Chinese: tongX (Kroll '等' 4)
  2. děng verb to wait
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: In this sense 等 has a similar meaning to 等候 or 等待. 等 is used in this sense in both modern (NCCED '等' v 1) and literary Chinese (Ci Yuan '等' 6; GHC '等' 5).
  3. děng measure word degree / kind
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED '等' v 1; Ci Yuan '等' 3)
  4. děng suffix plural
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense 等 used at the end of a list or after a personal pronoun (NCCED '等' 5, 7; GHC '等' 4).
  5. děng verb to be equal
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
    Notes: In this sense xx has a similar meaning to 相同 or 一样 (Kroll '等' 1; NCCED '等' 1; GHC '等' 1).
  6. děng noun degree / level
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
    Notes: In this sense 等 has a similar meaning to 级别 (Kroll '等' 2; NCCED '等' 2; GHC '等' 3; Ci Yuan '等' 1). For example, 見同等不起 'nor will he rise when he sees others (come in) of the same rank as himself.' (The Classic of Rites, Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 《禮記‧曲禮上》 , trans. Legge) Also, 客若降等 'If a guest be of lower rank ...' (ibid)
  7. děng verb to compare
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll 等 3; Ci Yuan '等' 5; GHC '等' 4)

Contained in

等待等等等离子体中等我等平等等于等到等候高等不等对等对等网络计算等级何等上等同等相等公等五等爵位一等等同等觉不平等条约等价正等觉方等本起经色究竟天等等活居士林等平等性智甲等均等初等大方等大集经大方等陀罗尼经方等汝等等韵等韵学等心经戒禁等取见无比等济诸方等学经等目菩萨所问三昧经大乘方等要慧经无量清净平等觉经方等般泥洹经等集众德三昧经大方等大方等無想经

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷五十  志第三上: 五行一 Volume 50 Treatises 3: Five Elements 1 188
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷六十三 志第十五:  地理六 Volume 63 Treatises 16: Geography 6 160
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷97 島夷桓玄 海夷馮跋 島夷劉裕 Volume 97: Huan Xuan of the Daoyi People, Feng Ba of the Haiyi, Liu Yu of the Daoyi 118
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷28 志第23 百官下 Volume 28 Treatises 23: Government Offices 3 118
History of Ming 《明史》 卷三百二十七 列傳第二百十五 外國八 韃靼 Volume 327 Biographies 215: Foreign States 8 115
History of Ming 《明史》 卷三百十七 列傳第二百〇五 廣西土司一 Volume 317 Biographies 205: Guangxi Tribal Headmen 1 111
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷27 志第22 百官中 Volume 27 Treatises 22: Government Offices 2 111
History of Ming 《明史》 卷三百十一 列傳第一百九十九 四川土司一 Volume 311 Biographies 199: Sichuan Tribal Headmen 1 107
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷八十四 志第三十四:  選舉四 Volume 84 Treatises 37: Selection of Officials 4 106
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷二十上 本紀第二十上: 昭宗 Volume 20 Annals 20: Zhaozong 104

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
五等 五等 凡五等 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《王制》 Royal Regulations 6
六等 六等 藻三采六等 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《雜記下》 Miscellaneous Records II 6
等贵贱 等貴賤 等貴賤 Huainanzi 《淮南子》 卷二 俶真訓 Chapter 2: Starting with the Truth 5
爵等 爵等 以爵等為丘封之度與其樹數 Rites of Zhou 《周禮》 春官宗伯 第三 3. Office of Spring and Minister of Rites 4
降等 降等 客若降等 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 4
臣等 臣等 若臣等藿食者 Garden of Stories 《說苑》 卷十一 善說 Chapter 11: Virtuous Speech 4
差等 差等 之則以為愛無差等 Mencius 《孟子》 滕文公上 Teng Wen Gong I 4
邯等 邯等 章邯等將其卒圍鉅鹿 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang 4
父等 父等 三父等復共令人賊殺出子 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦本紀》 Annals of Qin 4
贵贱等 貴賤等 以別貴賤等給之度 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《月令》 Proceedings of Government in the Different Months 3