Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

děng

  1. děng noun et cetera / and so on
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: For example, 枪支控制和健保等问题 'gun control, health insurance, etc problems.'(VOA 2016-01-18) 等 is used in this sense in both modern (NCCED '等' 6) and literary Chinese. Middle Chinese: tongX (Kroll '等' 4)
  2. děng verb to wait
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: In this sense 等 has a similar meaning to 等候 or 等待. 等 is used in this sense in both modern (NCCED '等' v 1) and literary Chinese (Ci Yuan '等' 6; GHC '等' 5).
  3. děng measure word degree / kind
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED '等' v 1; Ci Yuan '等' 3)
  4. děng suffix plural
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense 等 used at the end of a list or after a personal pronoun (NCCED '等' 5, 7; GHC '等' 4).
  5. děng verb to be equal
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense xx has a similar meaning to 相同 or 一样 (Kroll '等' 1; NCCED '等' 1; GHC '等' 1).
  6. děng noun degree / level
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 等 has a similar meaning to 级别 (Kroll '等' 2; NCCED '等' 2; GHC '等' 3; Ci Yuan '等' 1). For example, 見同等不起 'nor will he rise when he sees others (come in) of the same rank as himself.' (The Classic of Rites, Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 《禮記‧曲禮上》 , trans. Legge) Also, 客若降等 'If a guest be of lower rank ...' (ibid)
  7. děng verb to compare
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll 等 3; Ci Yuan '等' 5; GHC '等' 4)

Contained in

等待等等等离子体中等我等平等等于等到等候高等不等对等对等网络计算等级何等上等同等相等公等五等爵位一等等同等觉不平等条约等价正等觉方等本起经色究竟天等等活居士林等平等性智甲等均等初等大方等大集经大方等陀罗尼经方等汝等等韵等韵学等心经戒禁等取见无比等济诸方等学经等目菩萨所问三昧经大乘方等要慧经无量清净平等觉经方等般泥洹经等集众德三昧经大方等大方等無想经

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang 19
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《孝文本紀》 Annals of the Xiaowen Emperor 19
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《三王世家》 House of the Three Kings 17
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《淮南衡山列傳》 Biographies of Huainan and Hengshan 14
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《晉世家》 House of Jin 13
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《樊酈滕灌列傳》 Biographies of Fan, Li, Teng and Guan 12
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《張耳陳餘列傳》 Biographies of Zhang Er and Chen Yu 11
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《酷吏列傳》 Biographies of Cruel Officials 11
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《大宛列傳》 Treatise on the Dayuan 11
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《韓信盧綰列傳》Biographies of Han Xin (King of Han) and Lu Wan 11

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
臣等 臣等 臣等謹與博士議曰 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang 7
邯等 邯等 章邯等將其卒圍鉅鹿 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang 5
降等 降等 客若降等 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 4
产等 產等 相國呂產等乃遣潁陰侯灌嬰將兵擊之 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《呂太后本紀》Annals of Empress Dowager Lü 4
父等 父等 三父等復共令人賊殺出子 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦本紀》 Annals of Qin 4
宽舒等 寬舒等 祠官寬舒等議 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《孝武本紀》 Annals of the Xiaowu Emperor 4
武等 武等 代王問左右郎中令張武等 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《孝文本紀》 Annals of the Xiaowen Emperor 4
嘉等 嘉等 淮陽守申徒嘉等十人五百戶 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《孝文本紀》 Annals of the Xiaowen Emperor 3
五等 五等 凡五等 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《王制》 Royal Regulations 3
等议 等議 張武等議曰 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《孝文本紀》 Annals of the Xiaowen Emperor 3