děng

  1. děng noun et cetera / and so on
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: For example, 枪支控制和健保等问题 'gun control, health insurance, etc problems.'(VOA 2016-01-18) 等 is used in this sense in both modern (NCCED '等' 6) and literary Chinese. Middle Chinese: tongX (Kroll 2015 '等' 4)
  2. děng verb to wait
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: In this sense 等 has a similar meaning to 等候 or 等待. 等 is used in this sense in both modern (NCCED '等' v 1) and literary Chinese (Ci Yuan '等' 6; GHC '等' 5).
  3. děng measure word degree / kind
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (NCCED '等' v 1; Ci Yuan '等' 3)
  4. děng suffix plural
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 等 used at the end of a list or after a personal pronoun (NCCED '等' 5, 7; GHC '等' 4).
  5. děng verb to be equal
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
    Notes: In this sense xx has a similar meaning to 相同 or 一样 (Kroll 2015 '等' 1; NCCED '等' 1; GHC '等' 1).
  6. děng noun degree / level
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
    Notes: In this sense 等 has a similar meaning to 级别 (Kroll 2015 '等' 2; NCCED '等' 2; GHC '等' 3; Ci Yuan '等' 1). For example, 見同等不起 'nor will he rise when he sees others (come in) of the same rank as himself.' (The Classic of Rites, Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 《禮記‧曲禮上》 , trans. Legge) Also, 客若降等 'If a guest be of lower rank ...' (ibid)
  7. děng verb to compare
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll 等 3; Ci Yuan '等' 5; GHC '等' 4)

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