Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

chéng

  1. chéng verb to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: For example, 君子去仁,惡乎成名? 'If a superior man [junzi] abandon virtue, how can he fulfill the requirements of that name?' (Lunyu 4:5, trans. by Legge 1861; CCD 1 '成' 1; Guoyu '成' chéng v 1; Unihan '成'; XHZD '成' 1)
  2. chéng measure word one tenth
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (CCD 2 '成'; XHZD '成' 9)
  3. chéng verb to become / to turn into
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: In the sense of 成为; for example, 把猫说成虎 'to describe a cat [to become] as a tiger' [to exaggerate] (CCD 1 '成' 3; Suyu, p. 15; XHZD '成' 3)
  4. chéng verb to grow up / to ripen / to mature
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: In the sense of 生长 (CCD 1 '成' 5; XHZD '成' 2)
  5. chéng verb to set up / to establish
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
  6. chéng verb to make peace / to reconcile
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
  7. chéng verb to get married
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Family 家
  8. chéng adjective set / established
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (CCD 1 '成' 6; XHZD '成' 8)
  9. chéng adjective to reache a certain degree / to amount to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: (CCD 1 '成' 7; XHZD '成' 7)
  10. chéng adjective pure
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
  11. chéng adverb alright / OK
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Social Interaction 交际
    Notes: In spoken Chinese, in the sense of 可以 or 行 (CCD 1 '成' 8; XHZD '成' 5)
  12. chéng verb to win
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
  13. chéng noun a result / a harvest / an achievement
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 成果 or 成就 (CCD 1 '成' 4; XHZD '成' 4)
  14. chéng adjective capable / able
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (CCD 1 '成' 9; XHZD '成' 6)
  15. chéng verb to help somebody achieve something
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 成全 (CCD 1 '成' 2)
  16. chéng proper noun Cheng
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (CCD 1 '成' 10)

Contained in

造成变成成果成就成语成为形成成绩成功成效构成成员成本集成完成成立落成系统集成生成成长成交组成成人组成员成熟达成系统集成商众志成城卓有成效渔阳成成吉思汗制成成分分成补充成分赞成合成成片成组成千上万成天速成成品现成养成成套成心老成收成成汤九成宫醴泉铭

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
History of Ming 《明史》 卷三百〇九 列傳第一百九十七 流賊 李自成 張獻忠 Volume 309 Biographies 197: Traitors - Li Zicheng, Zhang Xianzhong 169
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷六十九 志第二十:  禮樂三 Volume 69 Treatises 22: Rites and Music 3 124
History of Ming 《明史》 卷二百三十八 列傳第一百二十六 李成梁 麻貴 Volume 238 Biographies 126: Li Chengliang, Ma Gui 74
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 68
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 67
Daode Jing 《道德經》 Daode Jing 《道德經》 67
History of Ming 《明史》 卷三十七 志第十三 曆七 Volume 37 Treatises 13: Calendar 7 61
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷六十八 志第十九:  禮樂二 Volume 68 Treatises 21: Rites and Music 2 55
History of Ming 《明史》 卷二百三十一 列傳第一百十九 顧憲成 顧允成 錢一本 于孔兼 史孟麟 薛敷教 安希范 劉元珍 葉茂才 Volume 231 Biographies 119: Gu Xiancheng, Gu Yuncheng, Qian Yiben, Yu Kongjian, Shi Menglin, Xue Fujiao, An Xifan, Liu Yuanzhen, Ye Maocai 54
Guoyu 《國語》 周語下 Discourses of Zhou III 52

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
成命 成命 昊天有成命 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 周頌‧清廟之什‧昊天有成命 Sacrificial odes of Zhou - Decade Of Qing Miao - Hao Tian You Cheng Ming 6
求成 求成 而求成焉 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 6
成季 成季 成季使以君命命僖叔待于鍼巫氏 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 莊公 Lord Zhang 6
成厥 成厥 禹成厥功 Book of Documents 《尚書》 虞書 大禹謨 Yu Shu - Counsels of the Great Yu 4
厥成 厥成 虞芮質厥成 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧文王之什‧緜 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Wen Wang - Mian 3
先王成 先王成 允協于先王成德 Book of Documents 《尚書》 商書 說命中(僞) Shang Shu - Charge to Yue II (forged) 3
大成 大成 展也大成 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧南有嘉魚之什‧車攻 Minor odes of the kingdom - Nan You Jia Yu Zhi Shen - Che Gong 3
告成 告成 告成于王 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧蕩之什‧江漢 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Dang - Jiang Han 3
楚成 楚成 楚成得臣帥師伐陳 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 3
成德 成德 伊尹乃明言烈祖之成德 Book of Documents 《尚書》 商書 伊訓 Shang Shu - Instructions of Yi 3