Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

wài

  1. wài noun outside
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Position 位
    Notes: (Kroll '外' 1; Unihan '外')
  2. wài preposition out / outer
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: May be classified as a localizer because it can be appended to some nouns as a suffix to indicate location. For example, 户外 'outdoors.' (Guoyu '外' n 1; NCCED '外' 1; Sun 2006, loc. 903)
  3. wài adjective external / outer
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (Kroll '外' 1; NCCED '外' 1; Unihan '外')
  4. wài noun foreign countries
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In the sense of 外国 (Guoyu '外' n 2; Kroll '外' 4; NCCED '外' 2; Unihan '外')
  5. wài noun exterior / outer surface
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '外' 2)
  6. wài noun a remote place
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll '外' 5)
  7. wài prefix maternal side / wife's family members
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: For example, 外甥 'nephew' - son of mother's sister (Guoyu '外' adj 2; Kroll '外' 6; NCCED '外' 7)
  8. wài noun husband
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Term used by the husband's wife (Kroll '外' 7)
  9. wài adjective other
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: Other than one's own; in the sense of 别的 or 其他 (Guoyu '外' adj 3; NCCED '外' 3)
  10. wài verb to be extra / to be additional
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (Guoyu '外' v 2; NCCED '外' 4)
  11. wài adjective unofficial / informal / exoteric
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: For example, 外号 'alias' and 外传 'unofficial biography' (Kroll '外' 3; NCCED '外' 5)
  12. wài noun role of an old man
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Drama 戏剧
    Notes: In Chinese opera (Guoyu '外' n 3; NCCED '外' 8)
  13. wài verb to drift apart / to become estranged
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 疏远 (Guoyu '外' v 1)
  14. wài verb to betray / to forsake
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 背叛 (Guoyu '外' v 3)

Contained in

此外之外对外外资外企外资企业外地外贸外汇外部海外国外以外外观中外外交外科外交部外包外长另外额外境外外国人外语意外外国外面外边内外例外除了_以外格外外联网外部网外部网络外头外场外界外衣外祖父外祖母除此之外除外分外涉外外表外宾外出外电外行

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百五十七 志第一百一十 選舉三 Volume 157 Treatises 110: Selection and appointment of Officials 3 61
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷17 志第12 律曆中 Volume 17 Treatises 12: Measures and the Calendar 2 48
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷107下 律曆志三下 Volume 107b Treatise 3: Treatise on Music and Calendars 2 47
History of Ming 《明史》 卷四十七 志第二十三 禮一 Volume 47 Treatises 23: Rites 1 39
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《龜策列傳》 Biographies of Diviners 38
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷八十三 志第三十三:  選舉三 Volume 83 Treatises 36: Selection of Officials 3 36
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷七十九 志第二十九:  輿服二 Volume 79 Treatises 32: Carriages and Clothes 2 36
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷107上 律曆志三上 Volume 107a Treatise 3: Treatise on Music and Calendars 1 36
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷105之一 天象志一之一 Volume 105a Treatise 1: Celestial Phenomena 1 35
New History of the Five Dynasties 《新五代史》 卷五十八 新五代史考第一 Volume 58 Examination on the New Five Dynasties : 33

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
外内 外內 外內惡之 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 16
外取 外取 請外取 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 哀公 Lord Ai 9
外夫人 外夫人 外夫人不卒 Gongyang's Commentary on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋公羊傳》 莊公 Lord Zhang 6
外大夫 外大夫 外大夫不卒 Gongyang's Commentary on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋公羊傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 5
外灾 外災 外災不書 Gongyang's Commentary on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋公羊傳》 莊公 Lord Zhang 5
外异 外異 外異不書 Gongyang's Commentary on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋公羊傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 5
外为主 外為主 外為主焉爾 Gongyang's Commentary on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋公羊傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 4
通外 通外 通外內之言以事君 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 4
外嬖 外嬖 賂外嬖梁五 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 莊公 Lord Zhang 4
恃外 恃外 恃外也 Gongyang's Commentary on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋公羊傳》 桓公 Lord Huan 3