Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

zuò

  1. zuò verb to sit
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Posture 身姿
    Notes: Especially, to sit cross-legged (Guoyu '坐' v 1; Rouzer 2007, p. 40; Unihan '坐')
  2. zuò verb to ride
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Transportation 交通
    Notes: A bus, airplane etc. 坐 is synonymous with 乘, in this sense (Guoyu '坐' v 4; Unihan '坐')
  3. zuò verb to visit
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Guoyu '坐' v 8)
  4. zuò noun a seat
    Domain: furniture 家具
    Notes: Variant of 座 (Guoyu '坐' n 1; Rouzer 2007, p. 40; Unihan '坐')
  5. zuò verb to hold fast to / to stick to
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 坐 is synonymous with 坚守, in this sense.
  6. zuò verb to be in a position
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Especially of a building or other architectural structure to sit in a postion and face a certain direction (Guoyu '坐' v 3)
  7. zuò preposition because / for
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
  8. zuò verb to convict / to try
    Domain: Law 法律
    Notes: 坐 is synonymous with 定罪 in this sense (Guoyu '坐' v 6; Rouzer 2007, p. 40)
  9. zuò verb to stay
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 坐 is synonymous with 居留 or 停留, in this sense (Guoyu '坐' v 3)
  10. zuò verb to kneel
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Guoyu '坐' v 2)
  11. zuò verb to violate
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 干犯 (Guoyu '坐' v 5)

Contained in

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Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 有司 第十七 17. The servant clearing the way 90
The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 大射 第七 7. The great archery meet (state level) 86
The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 鄉射禮 第五 5. Rites of the district archery meet 86
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《高祖功臣侯者年表》 Yearly Table of the Officials who became Marquises in the Time of Gaozu 71
The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 鄉飲酒禮 第四 4. Rites of the district symposium 64
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《建元已來王子侯者年表》 Yearly Table of the Nobles' Sons who became Marquises since the Jianyuan period 61
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百十三 志第六十六 禮十六 Volume 113 Treatises 66: Rites 16 61
The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 燕禮 第六 6. Banquet rites 55
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百十四 志第六十七 禮十七 Volume 114 Treatises 67: Rites 17 54
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百三十九 志第九十二 樂十四 Volume 139 Treatises 92: Music 14 52

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
坐奠 坐奠 夢坐奠於兩楹之間 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I 60
坐祭 坐祭 舉爵則坐祭立飲 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《少儀》 Smaller Rules of Demeanour 35
坐取 坐取 退則坐取屨 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《玉藻》 The Jade-Bead Pendants of the Royal Cap 34
北面坐 北面坐 堂上北面坐飲之 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《檀弓下》 Tan Gong II 30
主人坐 主人坐 主人坐於東方 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《喪大記》 The Greater Record of Mourning Rites 23
侍坐 侍坐 樂王鮒侍坐於范宣子 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 17
賔坐 賔坐 賔坐 The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 鄉飲酒禮 第四 4. Rites of the district symposium 15
南面坐 南面坐 南面坐 The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 鄉飲酒禮 第四 4. Rites of the district symposium 9
坐委 坐委 坐委之 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《少儀》 Smaller Rules of Demeanour 5
末坐 末坐 筵末坐 The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 士冠禮 第一 1. Capping rites for (the son of) a common officer 5