Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

实 (實) shí

  1. shí adjective real / true
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 真正 or 真確; for example, the idiom 实事求是 'to handle matters according to the actual situation' (CCI '实事求是'; Guoyu '實' adj 4; Unihan '實')
  2. shí noun nut / seed / fruit
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 种子 (Guoyu '實' n 1; Han Dian '实' n 3)
  3. shí noun substance / content / material
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 内容; for example, the idiom 有名无实 'having a reputation but no substance' (Guoyu '實' n 3; Han Dian '实' n 7)
  4. shí adjective honest / sincere
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 真诚 (Guoyu '實' adj 3; Han Dian '实' adj 4; Unihan '實')
  5. shí adjective vast / extensive
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 广大 (Han Dian '实' adj 6)
  6. shí adjective solid
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Guoyu '實' adj 2; Han Dian '实' adj 7; Unihan '實')
  7. shí adjective abundant / prosperous
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 充足 or 富裕 (Guoyu '實' adj 1; Han Dian '实' adj 2)
  8. shí noun reality / a fact / an event
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 事实 or 事跡 (Guoyu '實' n 2; Han Dian '实' n 5)
  9. shí noun wealth
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Han Dian '实' n 2)
  10. shí noun effect
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 结果 (Han Dian '实' n 8)
  11. shí noun an honest person
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Han Dian '实' n 9)
  12. shí adverb truly / in reality / in fact / actually
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Han Dian '实' adv 1)
  13. shí verb to fill
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 充满 (Guoyu '實' v; Han Dian '实' v 1)
  14. shí adverb finally
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 终于 (Han Dian '实' adv 4)
  15. shí adverb in fact
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 实际上 (Han Dian '实' adv 5)
  16. shí verb to strengthen
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 加强 (Guoyu '實' v; Han Dian '实' v 5)
  17. shí verb to practice
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Han Dian '实' v 2)
  18. shí verb namely
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 就是 (Han Dian '实' v 7)
  19. shí verb to verify / to check
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Han Dian '实' v 6)
  20. shí pronoun this
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 實 (simplified 实) was used as a demonstrative pronoun in Classical Chinese (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 89)

Contained in

实行实际上实用实施现实充实实惠实际实现实事求是落实实力切实实践核实证实其实实体事实真实实物实例事实上实时名实实质实验果实老实明实录实词诚实确实结实实在实话实况实习踏实扎实忠实坚实虚拟现实造型语言虚拟现实建模语言名副其实朴实练实实验室实分析实业壮实

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷十二     志第二    禮樂二 Volume 12 Treatises 2: Rites and Music 2 61
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷一百五十三  列傳第七十八    段秀實 顏真卿 Volume 153 Biographies 78: Duan Xiushi, Yan Zhenqing 58
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 56
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷一百二十八 列傳第七十八: 段秀實 顏真卿 Volume 128 Biographies 78: Duan Xiushi, Yan Zhenqing 53
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷一百四十八 列傳第三十五: 董俊 嚴實 Volume 148 Biographies 35: Dong Jun, Yan Shi 42
History of Jin 《金史》 卷二十九 志第十: 禮二 方丘儀 朝日夕月儀 高禖 Volume 29 Treatises 10: Rites 2 - Fang Qiu Ceremonies; Dawn, Sunset, and Lunar Ceremonies; Gaomei 41
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷七十六 志第二十七上: 祭祀五 Volume 76 Treatises 29: Offerings 5 38
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 36
History of Jin 《金史》 卷三十  志第十一: 禮三 宗廟 禘袷 朝享、時享儀 Volume 30 Treatises 11: Rites 3 - Ancestral Temples, Dijia, Worshipping, Seasonal Rituals 35
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百七十三 志第一百二十六 食貨上一 Volume 173 Treatises 126: Finance and Economics 1a 32

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
实维 實維 實維我儀 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧邶‧柏舟 Lessons from the states - Odes of Bei - Bo Zhou 12
实多 實多 忘我實多 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧秦‧晨風 Lessons from the states - Odes of Qin - Chen Feng 6
阅实 閱實 閱實其罪 Book of Documents 《尚書》 周書 呂刑 Zhou Shu - Marquis of Lu on Punishments 5
实劳 實勞 實勞我心 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧邶‧燕燕 Lessons from the states - Odes of Bei - Yan Yan 4
天实 天實 天實為之 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧邶‧北門 Lessons from the states - Odes of Bei - Bei Men 4
军实 軍實 以數軍實 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 3
庭实 庭實 庭實旅百 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 莊公 Lord Zhang 3
君实 君實 君實不察其罪 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 3
实难 實難 衛實難 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 3
实旅 實旅 庭實旅百 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 莊公 Lord Zhang 3