Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

诵 (誦) sòng

  1. sòng verb to recite / to read aloud / to recite from memory
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 诵 is the same as 背诵, emphasing memorization, or 朗诵, emphasizing performance, in this sense (GHC '诵' 1, 3). 誦:諷也。 'Sòng: to recite.' (Shuo Wen, Yán Radical 《說文解字‧言部》) 讀:誦書也。 'Dú: to recite a text.' (Shuo Wen, Yán Radical 《說文解字‧言部》) For example, 俱誦《墨經》 'all repeated the texts of Mo' (Zhuangzi, Tian Xia 《莊子‧天下》) Also, in the Diamond Sūtra, 受持讀誦此經 'receive, retain, read and recite this sūtra' (T 235)
  2. sòng verb to recount / to narrate
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 诵 is the same as 陈述 or 述说 in this sense (GHC '诵' 2).
  3. sòng noun a poem
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 诵 is the same as 诗篇 in this sense (GHC '诵' 4).

Contained in

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Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷六十三 列傳第三十三 邵續 李矩 段匹磾 魏浚 郭默 Volume 63 Biographies 33: Shao Xu; Li Ju; Duan Pidi; Wei Jun 25
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷一百九十  列傳第七十七: 儒學二 Volume 190 Biographies 77: Confucian Scholars 2 9
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang 9
History of Jin 《金史》 卷五十一 志第三十二: 選舉一 進士諸科律科 經童科 制舉 武舉 試學士院官 司天、醫學試科 Volume 51 Treatises 32: Selection of Officials 1 - Jinshi in all Subjects and Legal Articles; Children Passing Examinations; Processes for Selecting Talented People; Successful Candidates in the Military Examinations; Institutions Administering Examinations; Astronomy Bureau; Examinations for Medicine 9
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷63 王肅 宋弁 Volume 63: Wang Su, Song Bian 8
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百五十六 志第一百〇九 選舉二 Volume 156 Treatises 109: Selection and appointment of Officials 2 8
History of the Southern Dynasties 《南史》 卷七十六 列傳第六十六 隱逸下 Volume 76 Biographies 66: Recluses 2 7
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷二十八 魏書二十八 王毌丘諸葛鄧鍾傳 Volume 28: Book of Wei 28 - Biographies of Wang, Guanqiu, Zhuge, Deng and Zhong 7
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷82 李琰之 祖瑩 常景 Volume 82: Li Yanzhi, Zu Ying, Chang Jing 7
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 7

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
诵诗 誦詩 誦詩三百 The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 13. 《子路》 Zi Lu 9
诵习 誦習 循誦習傳 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《司馬相如列傳》 Biography of Sima Xiangru 6
称诵 稱誦 左右未有所稱誦 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《平原君虞卿列傳》 Biographies of Lord Pingyuan and Yu Qing 6
讲诵 講誦 孔子講誦弦歌不衰 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《孔子世家》 House of Confucius 6
诵说 誦說 誦說舊事 Han Feizi 《韓非子》 難言第三 Chapter 3: The Difficulty with Language 5
诵圣 誦聖 祗誦聖烈 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang 4
工诵 工誦 工誦箴諫 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 4
群臣诵 群臣誦 群臣誦功 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang 3
能诵 能誦 智者弗能誦 Huainanzi 《淮南子》 卷九 主術訓 Chapter 9: The Sovereign's Methods 3
诵言 誦言 誦言如醉 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧蕩之什‧桑柔 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Dang - Sang Rou 3