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děi de dé

  1. de particle potential marker
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Structural Particle 结构助词
    Notes: In this use, 得 is a sentence particle used after a verb to show possibility. 得 must be placed after a verb or adjective and before a complement of degree (ABC 'de' 得 sp; Kroll '得' 3; NCCED de '得' 1).
  2. verb to obtain / to get / to gain / to attain
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Actions 行为
    Notes: The verb 得 may be used before a noun or pronoun or with a following verb. 得 is used in this sense in both literary and modern Chinese (ABC 'dé' 得 v 1; GCED '得'; Kroll '得' 1; NCCED dé '得' 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 122). For example, in literary Chinese, 是故君子有大道,必忠信以得之 'Thus we see that the sovereign [junzi] has a great course to pursue. He must show entire self-devotion and sincerity to attain it.' (Book of Rites, Great Learning 《禮記‧大學》, trans. by Legge 1885)
  3. děi adverb must / ought to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (ABC 'děi' 得 aux; NCCED děi '得' 2)
  4. děi verb to want to / to need to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (ABC 'děi' 得 v 1; NCCED děi '得' 1)
  5. děi auxiliary verb must / ought to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense, 得 is an auxiliary verb expressing obligation. The negative form is 不用 or 不要. It began to be used in this sense from the Tang (ABC 'děi' 得 v 2; NCCED děi '得' 3; Norman 1988, p. 125).
  6. foreign de
    Domain: Foreign Language 外语
    Notes: Used to transliterate foreign names
  7. de infix infix potential marker
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: 得 is one of the two infixes in Chinese, the other being 不 'not'. For example, 看得见 'can see' and 找得到 'can find' (ABC 'de' 得 infix; Kroll '得' 2; NCCED de '得' 2; Sun 2006, loc. 728).
  8. verb to result in
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Actions 行为
    Notes: (ABC 'dé' 得 v 2; NCCED dé '得' 9)
  9. verb to be proper / to fit / to suit
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Actions 行为
    Notes: (ABC 'dé' 得 v 3; NCCED dé '得' 4)
  10. verb to be satisfied
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Condition 状况
    Notes: (ABC 'dé' 得 v 4; NCCED dé '得' 5)
  11. verb to be finished
    Domain: Spoken Language 口语
    Notes: (ABC 'dé' 得 v 5; NCCED dé '得' 6)
  12. de particle result of degree
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Structural Particle 结构助词
    Notes: In this use, 得 is a sentence particle used after a verb to show effect or degree (NCCED de '得' 3). For example, 他都知道得清清楚楚 'he knows everything very clearly.' (Ye Shengtao, 1999, p. 6)
  13. de particle marks completion of an action
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this use in spoken Chinese, 得 is a sentence particle used after a verb to show completion of an action (NCCED de '得' 4).
  14. děi adjective satisfying
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (NCCED děi '得' 4)
  15. verb to contract
    Domain: Health 健康
    Notes: a disease (NCCED dé '得' 2)
  16. particle marks permission or possibility
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (NCCED dé '得' 3)
  17. particle expressing frustration
    Domain: Spoken Language 口语
    Notes: (NCCED dé '得' 8)
  18. verb to hear
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: To obtain information by hearing it (Kroll '得' 1a)
  19. verb to have / there is
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '得' 4)
  20. verb marks time passed
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense 得 is used before a time word (Kroll '得' 5)

Contained in

佛得角佛得角埃斯库多取得得到赢得获得所见即所得所得税不得懂得得知所得得了觉得使得难得夺得记得值得显得得很不得不不得了来得及认得晓得心得不见得不由得得病得意对得起多劳多得怪不得恨不得免得舍不得舍得省得得罪只得总得不得已得不偿失得力得以顾不得求得自得憋得慌必得

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《龜策列傳》 Biographies of Diviners 62
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《匈奴列傳》 Treatise on the Xiongnu 52
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《扁鵲倉公列傳》 Biographies of Bian Que and the Duke of Cang 50
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang 39
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《盡心章句上》 Commentary on Jin Xin I 37
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《封禪書》 Religious sacrificial ceremonies 32
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《高祖本紀》 Annals of Gao Zu 32
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《晉世家》 House of Jin 32
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《蘇秦列傳》 Biography of Su Qin 31
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《范睢蔡澤列傳》 Biographies of Fan Sui and Cai Ze 29

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
1. 《學而》 Xue Er in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
3. 《八佾》 Ba Yi in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
4. 《里仁》 Li Ren in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
5. 《公冶長》Gong Ye Chang in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 5
6. 《雍也》 Yong Ye in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
孔子 《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 7
《檀弓下》 Tan Gong II in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 6
《王制》 Royal Regulations in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 2
《月令》 Proceedings of Government in the Different Months in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
《內篇‧逍遙遊》 Inner Chapters - Enjoyment in Untroubled Ease in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
《齊物論》 The Adjustment of Controversies in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 9
養生 《養生主》 Nourishing the Lord of Life in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
使 《人間世》 Man in the World, Associated with other Men in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 4
《德充符》 The Seal of Virtue Complete in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 3
不能 Selections from Stories by Liu Xiang in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 2
於是 Selections from Zhuang Zi in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 1
Sections from Records of the Historian in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 1
山中 Selections from Han Feizi in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 2
二者不可 Selections from Mencius in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 7
然後 《本紀‧五帝本紀》 Annals - Annals of the Five Emperors in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 10
《夏本紀》 Annals of Xia in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 3
《殷本紀》 Annals of Yin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 4
天下 《周本紀》 Annals of Zhou in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 12
《秦本紀》 Annals of Qin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 21