Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

着 (著) zhe zháo zhuó zhāo

  1. zhe particle indicates that an action is continuing
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Aspectual Particle 动态助词
    Notes: In this sense 着 is an aspectual particle 动态助词 attached after a verb or adjective to indicate that an action is continuing (NCCED '着' zhe 1; Li Shaoqi, 2003, '着' zhe 1). For example, 我不能这么闲着! 'I cannot relax like this!' (Lao She, 2003, p. 216) 着 is the 15th most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '着' 1).
  2. zháo verb to catch / to receive / to suffer
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zháo 3)
  3. zhuó verb to contact / to use / to apply
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zhuó 1; Unihan '著')
  4. zhuó verb to wear (clothes)
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zhuó 4) For example, 下面着条青裤子 '[She] was wearing green pants.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 306)
  5. zhe auxiliary verb expresses a command
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Used at the end of an imperative sentence (NCCED '着' zhe 4)
  6. zháo verb to attach / to grasp
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zháo 1; Unihan '著')
  7. zhe particle indicates an accompanying action
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Aspectual Particle 动态助词
    Notes: In this sense 着 is placed between two verbs to indicate an accompanying action (NCCED '着' zhe 2; Li Shaoqi, 2003, '着' zhe 2). For example, 两个孩子抱着妈妈哭起来 'The two children held their mother and started to cry.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 242) The particle 着 is placed between the two verbs 抱 'hold' and 哭 'cry.'
  8. zhāo verb to add
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zhāo 1)
  9. zhāo noun a chess move
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zhāo 2)
  10. zhāo noun a trick / a move
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zhāo 3)
  11. zhāo verb OK
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zhāo 4)
  12. zháo verb to touch / to contact
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zháo 2)
  13. zháo verb to ignite
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zháo 4)
  14. zháo verb to fall asleep
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zháo 5)
  15. zhuó noun whereabouts
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zhuó 3)
  16. zhe verb to make a move / to take action
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: As an archaic variant of 著 (UniHan '着')

Contained in

随着本着着手着想意味着着急接着用不着闹着玩儿怎么着着凉着重着眼沉着这么着着力着落着装执着着墨有着着实无着跟着附着词素着地着弊纳衣着弊衲衣沿着顺着活着逢着衣着附着着笔粘着粘着词素黏着弯着无着菩萨金刚般若波罗蜜经破取着不坏假名论着语活着顺着取着念着破着贪着爱着味着住着

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
History of Song 《宋史》 卷三百三十六 列傳第九十五 司馬光子:康 呂公著子:希哲 希純 Volume 336 Biographies 95: Sima Guang and sons:Kang, Lu Gongzhe and son: Xizhe, Xi Chun 42
History of Ming 《明史》 卷二百八十二 列傳第一百七十 儒林一 Volume 282 Biographies 170: Confucian Scholars 1 32
History of the Northern Dynasties 《北史》 卷八十九 列傳第七十七: 藝術上 Volume 89 Biographies 77: Diviners 1 27
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷11 志第6 禮儀六 Volume 11 Treatises 6: Rites 6 27
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷二十一 律曆志 Volume 21: Treatise on Rhythm and the Calendar 27
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷四十五 志第二十五: 輿服 Volume 45 Treatises 25: Carriages and Clothes 26
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷二 魏書二 文帝紀 Volume 2: Book of Wei 2 - Annals of Emperor Wen 24
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷二十一 魏書二十一 王衛二劉傅傳 Volume 21: Book of Wei 21 - Biographies of Wang, Wei, and the two Lius 23
History of Song 《宋史》 卷二百九十六 列傳第五十五 韓丕 師頏 張茂直 梁顥 楊徽之 呂文仲 王著 呂祐之 潘慎修 杜鎬 查道 Volume 296 Biographies 55: Han Pi, Shi Hang, Zhang Maozhi, Liang Hao, Yang Huizhi, Lu Wenzhong, Wang Zhe, Lu Youzhi, Pan Shenxiu, Du Gao, Cha Dao 22
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷十八 志第八 禮五 Volume 18 Treatises 8: Rituals 5 22