Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

着 (著) zhāo zhe zháo zhuó

  1. zhe particle indicates that an action is continuing
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Aspectual Particle 动态助词
    Notes: In this sense 着 is an aspectual particle 动态助词 attached after a verb or adjective to indicate that an action is continuing (NCCED '着' zhe 1; Li Shaoqi, 2003, '着' zhe 1). For example, 我不能这么闲着! 'I cannot relax like this!' (Lao She, 2003, p. 216) 着 is the 15th most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '着' 1).
  2. zháo verb to catch / to receive / to suffer
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zháo 3)
  3. zhuó verb to contact / to use / to apply
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zhuó 1; Unihan '著')
  4. zhuó verb to wear (clothes)
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zhuó 4) For example, 下面着条青裤子 '[She] was wearing green pants.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 306)
  5. zhe auxiliary verb expresses a command
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Used at the end of an imperative sentence (NCCED '着' zhe 4)
  6. zháo verb to attach / to grasp
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zháo 1; Unihan '著')
  7. zhe particle indicates an accompanying action
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Aspectual Particle 动态助词
    Notes: In this sense 着 is placed between two verbs to indicate an accompanying action (NCCED '着' zhe 2; Li Shaoqi, 2003, '着' zhe 2). For example, 两个孩子抱着妈妈哭起来 'The two children held their mother and started to cry.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 242) The particle 着 is placed between the two verbs 抱 'hold' and 哭 'cry.'
  8. zhāo verb to add
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zhāo 1)
  9. zhāo noun a chess move
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zhāo 2)
  10. zhāo noun a trick / a move
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zhāo 3)
  11. zhāo verb OK
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zhāo 4)
  12. zháo verb to touch / to contact
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zháo 2)
  13. zháo verb to ignite
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zháo 4)
  14. zháo verb to fall asleep
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zháo 5)
  15. zhuó noun whereabouts
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zhuó 3)
  16. zhe verb to make a move / to take action
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: As an archaic variant of 著 (UniHan '着')

Contained in

随着本着着手着想意味着着急接着用不着闹着玩儿怎么着着凉着重着眼沉着这么着着力着落着装执着着墨有着着实无着跟着附着词素着地着弊纳衣着弊衲衣沿着顺着活着逢着衣着附着着笔粘着粘着词素黏着弯着无着菩萨金刚般若波罗蜜经破取着不坏假名论着语活着顺着取着念着破着贪着爱着味着住着

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第三十七回 Chapter 37 65
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第四十二回 Chapter 42 64
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第五十四回 Chapter 54 63
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第十四回 Chapter 14 62
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第三回 Chapter 3 56
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第六回 Chapter 6 53
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第三十八回 Chapter 38 52
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第二十二回 Chapter 22 50
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第四十八回 Chapter 48 48
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第五十三回 Chapter 53 47