Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

着 (著) zhāo zhù zhe zháo zhuó

  1. zhe particle indicates that an action is continuing
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Aspectual Particle 动态助词
    Notes: In this sense 着 is an aspectual particle 动态助词 attached after a verb or adjective to indicate that an action is continuing. For example, 我不能这么闲着! 'I cannot relax like this!' (Lao She, 2003, p. 216) 着 is the 15th most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Guoyu '着' zhe particle 1; Ho, 2002, '着' 1; NCCED '着' zhe 1; Li Shaoqi, 2003, '着' zhe 1).
  2. zháo verb to catch / to receive / to suffer / to touch / to contact
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: In the sense of 接触 (Guoyu '著' zháo v 2; NCCED '着' zháo 2-3)
  3. zhuó verb to contact / to use / to apply / to attach to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: In the sense of 附 (Guoyu '着' zhuó v 2; NCCED '着' zhuó 1; Unihan '著')
  4. zhuó verb to wear (clothes)
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: For example, 下面着条青裤子 '[She] was wearing green pants.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 306; Guoyu '着' zhuó v 1; NCCED '着' zhuó 4)
  5. zhe auxiliary verb expresses a command
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Used at the end of an imperative sentence (Guoyu '着' zhe particle 4; NCCED '着' zhe 4)
  6. zháo verb to attach / to grasp
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zháo 1; Unihan '著')
  7. zhe particle indicates an accompanying action
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词 , Concept: Aspectual Particle 动态助词
    Notes: In this sense 着 is placed between two verbs to indicate an accompanying action (NCCED '着' zhe 2; Li Shaoqi, 2003, '着' zhe 2). For example, 两个孩子抱着妈妈哭起来 'The two children held their mother and started to cry.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 242) The particle 着 is placed between the two verbs 抱 'hold' and 哭 'cry.'
  8. zhāo verb to add / to put
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In the sense of 放置 (Guoyu '着' zhāo v 1; NCCED '着' zhāo 1)
  9. zhuó noun a chess move
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: For example, 棋高一着 'to be a [chess] move ahead' (Guoyu '着' zhuó n 1; NCCED '着' zhāo 2)
  10. zhāo noun a trick / a move / a method
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In the sense of 方法 (Guoyu '着' zhāo n 1; NCCED '着' zhāo 3)
  11. zhāo verb OK
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (Guoyu '着' zhāo adv; NCCED '着' zhāo 4)
  12. zháo verb to fall into [a trap]
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In the sense of 陷入 or 中计 (Guoyu '着' zháo v 3)
  13. zháo verb to ignite
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zháo 4)
  14. zháo verb to fall asleep
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '着' zháo 5)
  15. zhuó noun whereabouts / end result
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: (Guoyu '着' zhuó n 3; NCCED '着' zhuó 3)
  16. zhù verb to appear
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 显露 or 表現 (Guoyu '著' zhù v 1)
  17. zhù verb to indicate
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 标示 (Guoyu '著' zhù v 2)
  18. zhù verb to write
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 撰述 or 写作 (Guoyu '著' zhù v 3)
  19. zhù verb to record
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 记载 (Guoyu '著' zhù v 4)
  20. zhù noun a document / writings
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 文章 (Guoyu '著' zhù n 1)
  21. zhù proper noun Zhu
    Domain: Literature 文学 , Subdomain: China 中国
    Notes: A section of the 诗经 Book of Songs (Guoyu '著' zhù n 1)
  22. zháo verb expresses that a continuing process has a result
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: For example, 睡着 'fall asleep' (Guoyu '著' zháo v 1)
  23. zháo adverb as it turns out / coincidentally
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语
    Notes: In the sense of 恰好 (Guoyu '着' zháo adv)
  24. zhuó verb to arrive
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 及 or 到; for example, 着陆 'to land' (Guoyu '着' zhuó v 3)
  25. zhuó verb to result in
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 结果 (Guoyu '着' zhuó v 4)
  26. zhuó verb to command
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 命令 (Guoyu '着' zhuó v 5)
  27. zhuó noun a strategy
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 计策; for example, 失着 'miscalculation' (Guoyu '着' zhuó n 2)
  28. zhāo verb to happen / to occur
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 发生 (Guoyu '着' zhāo v 3)

Contained in

随着本着着手着想意味着着急接着用不着闹着玩儿怎么着着凉着重着眼沉着这么着着力着落着装执着着墨有着着实无着跟着附着词素着地着弊纳衣着弊衲衣沿着顺着活着逢着衣着附着着笔粘着粘着词素黏着弯着无着菩萨金刚般若波罗蜜经破取着不坏假名论着语活着顺着取着念着破着贪着爱着味着住着

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第三十七回 Chapter 37 65
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第四十二回 Chapter 42 63
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第十四回 Chapter 14 62
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第五十四回 Chapter 54 61
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第三回 Chapter 3 56
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第六回 Chapter 6 52
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第三十八回 Chapter 38 52
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第二十二回 Chapter 22 50
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第四十八回 Chapter 48 47
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第十六回 Chapter 16 46