Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

shàng shang

  1. shàng noun top / a high position
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Position 位
    Notes: 上 is the 14th most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '上' 2; NCCED '上' shàng 1).
  2. shang noun top / the position on or above something
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Position 位
    Notes: In this sense, 上 usually follows a noun to indicate the position on top of or attached to the object referred to by the noun (Ho, 2002, '上' 2; NCCED '上' shang noun). For example, 树枝上 'on tree branches ...' (Lao She, 2003, p. 236)
  3. shàng verb to go up / to go forward
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Motion 运动 , Concept: Direction 方向
    Notes: For example, 猫上了树 'a cat climbed up a tree.' (XHN 2015-11-02) (NCCED '上' shàng 7, 8; Ho, 2002, '上' 5)
  4. shàng foreign shang
    Domain: Foreign Language 外语
    Notes: Used for the sound in mantras and Sanskrit names
  5. shàng adjective previous / last
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 5; Ho, 2002, '上' 8) For example, 上个月 'last month' (VOA, 2015-12-23) and 上周五 'last Friday.' (VOA 2015-07-25)
  6. shàng adjective high / higher
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 2; Ho, 2002, '上' 1)
  7. shàng adjective advanced
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
    Notes: Synonymous with 上级 in this sense (NCCED '上' shàng 4)
  8. shàng adjective a monarch / a sovereign
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
    Notes: Synonymous with 君主 in this sense (NCCED '上' shàng 3)
  9. shàng noun time
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: Synonymous with 时间 in this sense
  10. shàng verb to do something / to do something at a set time / to go to
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: For example, 上班 'go to work' or 上学 'go to school' (NCCED '上' shàng 11; Ho, 2002, '上' 7)
  11. shàng adjective far
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonymous with 远 in this sense
  12. shàng verb big / as big as
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 12)
  13. shàng adjective abundant / plentiful
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonymous with 丰足 in this sense
  14. shàng verb to report
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonymous with 上报 or 呈报 in this sense (NCCED '上' shàng 9)
  15. shàng verb to offer
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonymous with 进献 or 送上 in this sense
  16. shàng verb to go on stage
    Domain: Drama 戏剧
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 13)
  17. shàng verb to take office / to assume a post
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Motion 运动
    Notes: Synonymous with 就职 in this sense
  18. shàng verb to install / to erect
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: Synonymous with 安装 in this sense
  19. shàng verb to suffer / to sustain
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: Synonymous with 陷入 or 遭受 in this sense
  20. shàng verb to burn
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: Synonymous with 上火 in this sense
  21. shàng verb to remember
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Process 过程
    Notes: Synonymous with 上心 in this sense
  22. shang preposition on / in
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Ho, 2002, '上' 3)
  23. shàng adverb upward
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 10)
  24. shàng verb to add
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 14)
  25. shàng verb to fix / to install / to apply (powder, makeup, etc)
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 16)
  26. shàng verb to meet
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 16)
  27. shàng noun falling then rising (4th) tone
    Domain: Linguistics 语言学
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 26)
  28. shang verb used after a verb indicating a result
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shang verb) For example, 一切的路都封上了 'all the roads were closed' (Lao She, 2003, p. 175) and 加上 'to add on.' (VOA, 2015-07-25)
  29. shàng noun a musical note
    Domain: Music 音乐
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 26)

Contained in

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Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Classic of Mountains and Seas 《山海經》 卷五 中山經 Chapter 5: Classic of the Mountains - Central 113
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《封禪書》 Religious sacrificial ceremonies 113
The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 鄉射禮 第五 5. Rites of the district archery meet 103
Daode Jing 《道德經》 With commentary by 王弼 Wang Bi 98
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷四十 張陳王周傳 Volume 40: Zhang, Chen, Wang and Zhou 95
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷二十五上 郊祀志 Volume 25a: Treatise on Sacrifices 1 93
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《孝武本紀》 Annals of the Xiaowu Emperor 91
The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 聘禮 第八 8. Rites of courtesy calls 84
The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 大射 第七 7. The great archery meet (state level) 82
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷六十八 霍光金日磾傳 Volume 68: Huo Guang and Jin Midi 81

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
上军 上軍 公將上軍 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 閔公 Lord Min 19
在上 在上 文王在上 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧文王之什‧文王 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Wen Wang - Wen Wang 12
子上 子上 楚令尹子上侵陳 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 9
河上 河上 作新臺于河上而要之 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧邶‧新臺 Lessons from the states - Odes of Bei - Xin Tai 9
上曰 上曰 使謂子上曰 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 5
上卿 上卿 則上卿送之 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 桓公 Lord Huan 5
城上 城上 曹人尸諸城上 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 5
上上 上上 厥賦惟上上錯 Book of Documents 《尚書》 夏書 禹貢 Xia Shu - Tribute of Yu 4
佐上 佐上 荀林父佐上軍 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 文公 Lord Wen 4
上大夫 上大夫 則上大夫送之 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 桓公 Lord Huan 3