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shàng shang

  1. shàng noun top / a high position
    Domain: Position 位
    Notes: 上 is the 14th most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '上' 2; NCCED '上' shàng 1).
  2. shang noun top / the position on or above something
    Domain: Position 位
    Notes: In this sense, 上 usually follows a noun to indicate the position on top of or attached to the object referred to by the noun (Ho, 2002, '上' 2; NCCED '上' shang noun). For example, 树枝上 'on tree branches ...' (Lao She, 2003, p. 236)
  3. shàng verb to go up / to go forward
    Domain: Movement 移动 , Concept: Direction 方向
    Notes: For example, 猫上了树 'a cat climbed up a tree.' (XHN 2015-11-02) (NCCED '上' shàng 7, 8; Ho, 2002, '上' 5)
  4. shàng foreign shang
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Used for the sound in mantras and Sanskrit names
  5. shàng adjective previous / last
    Domain: Time 时间
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 5; Ho, 2002, '上' 8) For example, 上个月 'last month' (VOA, 2015-12-23) and 上周五 'last Friday.' (VOA 2015-07-25)
  6. shàng adjective high / higher
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 2; Ho, 2002, '上' 1)
  7. shàng adjective advanced
    Domain: Comparison 比较
    Notes: Synonymous with 上级 in this sense (NCCED '上' shàng 4)
  8. shàng adjective a monarch / a sovereign
    Domain: Comparison 比较
    Notes: Synonymous with 君主 in this sense (NCCED '上' shàng 3)
  9. shàng noun time
    Domain: Time 时间
    Notes: Synonymous with 时间 in this sense
  10. shàng verb to do something / to do something at a set time / to go to
    Domain: Time 时间
    Notes: For example, 上班 'go to work' or 上学 'go to school' (NCCED '上' shàng 11; Ho, 2002, '上' 7)
  11. shàng adjective far
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonymous with 远 in this sense
  12. shàng verb big / as big as
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 12)
  13. shàng adjective abundant / plentiful
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonymous with 丰足 in this sense
  14. shàng verb to report
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonymous with 上报 or 呈报 in this sense (NCCED '上' shàng 9)
  15. shàng verb to offer
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonymous with 进献 or 送上 in this sense
  16. shàng verb to go on stage
    Domain: Drama 戏剧
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 13)
  17. shàng verb to take office / to assume a post
    Domain: Movement 移动
    Notes: Synonymous with 就职 in this sense
  18. shàng verb to install / to erect
    Domain: Process 过程
    Notes: Synonymous with 安装 in this sense
  19. shàng verb to suffer / to sustain
    Domain: Process 过程
    Notes: Synonymous with 陷入 or 遭受 in this sense
  20. shàng verb to burn
    Domain: Process 过程
    Notes: Synonymous with 上火 in this sense
  21. shàng verb to remember
    Domain: Process 过程
    Notes: Synonymous with 上心 in this sense
  22. shang preposition on / in
    Domain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (Ho, 2002, '上' 3)
  23. shàng adverb upward
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 10)
  24. shàng verb to add
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 14)
  25. shàng verb to fix / to install / to apply (powder, makeup, etc)
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 16)
  26. shàng verb to meet
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 16)
  27. shàng noun falling then rising (4th) tone
    Domain: Linguistics 语言学
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 26)
  28. shang verb used after a verb indicating a result
    Domain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shang verb) For example, 一切的路都封上了 'all the roads were closed' (Lao She, 2003, p. 175) and 加上 'to add on.' (VOA, 2015-07-25)
  29. shàng noun a musical note
    Domain: Music 音乐
    Notes: (NCCED '上' shàng 26)

Contained in

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Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《封禪書》 Religious sacrificial ceremonies 125
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《孝武本紀》 Annals of the Xiaowu Emperor 99
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang 69
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《酷吏列傳》 Biographies of Cruel Officials 57
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《淮南衡山列傳》 Biographies of Huainan and Hengshan 56
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《留侯世家》 House of Marquis of Liu 50
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《李斯列傳》 Biography of Li Si 50
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《袁盎鼂錯列傳》 Biographies of Yuan Ang and Chao Cuo 45
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《孝文本紀》 Annals of the Xiaowen Emperor 44
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《平津侯主父列傳》 Biographies of the Marquis of Pingjin and Zhufu 42

Collocations

SimplifiedTraditionalExampleExample ReferenceFrequency
上好 上好 上好禮 The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 13. 《子路》 Zi Lu 3
犯上 犯上 而好犯上者 The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1. 《學而》 Xue Er 2
语上 語上 可以語上也 The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 6. 《雍也》 Yong Ye 2

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
1. 《學而》 Xue Er in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
3. 《八佾》 Ba Yi in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
其事 5. 《公冶長》Gong Ye Chang in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
6. 《雍也》 Yong Ye in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 3
9. 《子罕》 Zi Han in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 17
天子 《曲禮下》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 2 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 3
《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 3
以來 《檀弓下》 Tan Gong II in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 2
農夫 《王制》 Royal Regulations in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 13
萬里 《內篇‧逍遙遊》 Inner Chapters - Enjoyment in Untroubled Ease in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 3
以下 《人間世》 Man in the World, Associated with other Men in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 8
《大宗師》 The Great and Most Honoured Master in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 2
是以仁義 《外篇‧駢拇》 Outer Chapters - Webbed Toes in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
《胠篋》 Cutting open Satchels in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 4
Selections from Stories by Liu Xiang in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 1
Selections from Zhuang Zi in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 1
Sections from Records of the Historian in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 3
梁惠王 Selections from Mencius in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 2
《釋訓》 Explanation of Instructions in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《釋宮》 Explanation of the Court in Er Ya 《爾雅》 3
《釋器》 Explanation of Utensils in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《釋天》 Explanation of Heaven in Er Ya 《爾雅》 2
《釋丘》 Explanation of Hills in Er Ya 《爾雅》 5
正月 《本紀‧五帝本紀》 Annals - Annals of the Five Emperors in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 3