Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

将 (將) jiàng qiāng jiāng

  1. jiāng adverb will / shall (future tense)
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: 将 has a similar use in Modern and Liteary Chinese in this sense (ABC 'jiāng' 将 adv 2; Kroll '將' jiāng 4; NCCED 2 '将' jiāng 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 120; Unihan '將'). For example, 將以釁鐘。'We are going to consecrate a bell with its blood.' (Mengzi: 1.7/4/4, translation by Legge)
  2. jiāng preposition to get / to use / marker for direct-object
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: In this sense, 将 is used in a pretransitive construction to mark an instrument in written Chinese but not often in spoken Chinese in a similar way to 把 (ABC 'jiāng' 将 cov; Kroll '將' jiāng 2; NCCED 1 '将' jiāng 5; Norman 1988, p. 131)
  3. jiàng noun a general
    Domain: Military 军事
    Notes: (ABC 'jiàng' 将 n 1; NCCED '将' jiàng 3)
  4. jiāng proper noun Jiang
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
  5. jiāng conjunction and / or
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '將' jiāng 6)
  6. jiàng verb to command / to lead
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (ABC 'jiàng' 将 v; Kroll '將' jiàng; NCCED '将' jiàng 1)
  7. qiāng verb to request
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED '将' qiāng 5)
  8. jiāng adverb approximately
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In Literary Chinese, when used in front of a numeric expression the meaning is 'approximately.' (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 58)
  9. jiāng verb to bring / to take / to use
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 将 is a full verb in Liteary Chinese in this sense (ABC 'jiāng' 将 v 1; Kroll '將' jiāng 1; NCCED 1 '将' 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 120).
  10. jiāng verb to support / to wait upon / to take care of
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED 1 '将' jiāng 2).
  11. jiāng verb checkmate
    Domain: Leisure 休闲 , Subdomain: Chinese Chess 象棋
    Notes: (ABC 'jiāng' 将 v 3; NCCED 1 '将' jiāng 7).
  12. jiāng verb to goad / to incite
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED 1 '将' jiāng 8).
  13. jiāng verb to do / to handle
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (ABC 'jiāng' 将 v 2; NCCED 1 '将' jiāng 9).
  14. jiāng auxiliary verb placed between a verb and a complement of direction
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED 2 '将' jiāng 2).
  15. jiàng noun a high ranking officer
    Domain: Military 军事
    Notes: (NCCED '将' jiàng 2)
  16. jiàng noun backbone
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (NCCED '将' jiàng 4)
  17. jiàng noun king
    Domain: Leisure 休闲 , Subdomain: Chinese Chess 象棋
    Notes: Piece in Chinese chess (ABC 'jiàng' 将 n 2; NCCED '将' jiàng 5)
  18. jiāng adverb might / possibly
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Modal marker indicating uncertainty (ABC 'jiāng' 将 adv 3; Kroll '將' jiāng 5)
  19. jiāng adverb just / a short time ago
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (ABC 'jiāng' 将 adv 1)

Contained in

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Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 264
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 207
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 哀公 Lord Ai 112
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 99
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 成公 Lord Cheng 92
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 定公 Lord Ding 76
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《高祖本紀》 Annals of Gao Zu 74
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《趙世家》 House of Zhao 70
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《項羽本紀》 Annals of Xiang Yu 67
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《高祖功臣侯者年表》 Yearly Table of the Officials who became Marquises in the Time of Gaozu 56