Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

个 (個) ge gè

  1. ge measure word unit
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Quantity 数量
    Notes: The most common measure word, 个 is used to count a wide variety of things when each can be counted as an individual unit for nouns that do not have a more specialized measure word (CED '个' 1; CPT '个' 1; Ho, 2002, '个'). If the number of units is two then 两 should be used, not 二. For example, 把两个男孩 'two boys.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 247) 个 may also be used after an ordinal. For example, 第二个房间 'the second room.' (VOA, 2015-12-29) In literary Chinese, its use dates back to at least Northern and Southern dynasties (420–589) vernacular (Norman 1988, p. 115). For example, from the Song dynasty, 若有一个臣 'If there was a minister ...' (Zhu Xi, 1983, Preface on Commentary to the Great Learning)
  2. measure word before an approximate number
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Quantity 数量
    Notes: (CED '个' 2; CPT '个' 2)
  3. measure word after a verb and between its object
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Quantity 数量
    Notes: (CED '个' 4; ; CPT '个' 3)
  4. measure word to indicate a sudden event
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: After 一 incidating suddenness (CED '个' 6; CPT '个' 5)
  5. measure word individual
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: As part of the composite word 个人 (CED '个' 7; CPT '个' 构词)

Contained in


Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
History of Ming 《明史》 卷三百十五 列傳第二百〇三 雲南土司三 Volume 315 Biographies 203: Yunnan Tribal Headmen 3 15
History of Song 《宋史》 卷四百九十六 列傳第二百五十五 蠻夷四 西南諸夷 黎州諸蠻 敍州三路蠻 威茂渝州蠻 黔涪施高徼外諸蠻 瀘州蠻 Volume 496 Biographies 255: Man People 4 - All Peoples from the Southwest, All Man Peoples from Lizhou, Man Peoples from Xuzhou and Sanlu, Man Peoples from Weimao and Yuzhou, Man Peoples from Qianfu Shigao and Outer Areas, Man People from Luzhou 14
History of the Northern Dynasties 《北史》 卷四十七 列傳第三十五: 袁翻 陽尼 賈思伯 祖瑩 Volume 47 Biographies 35: Yuan Fan, Yang Ni, Jiao Sibo, Zu Ying 10
History of the Northern Dynasties 《北史》 卷三十三 列傳第二十一: 李靈 李順 李孝伯 李裔 李義深 Volume 33 Biographies 21: 8
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百二十九 志第八十二 樂四 Volume 129 Treatises 82: Music 4 8
History of Song 《宋史》 卷四百三十二 列傳第一百九十一 儒林二 胡旦 賈同 劉顏 高弁 孫復 石介 胡瑗 劉羲叟 林㮣 李覯 何涉 王回弟:向 周堯卿 王當 陳暘 Volume 432 Biographies 191: Confucian Scholars 2 - Hu Dan, Jia Tong, Liu Yan, Gao Bian, Sun Fu, Shi Jie, Hu Yuan, Liu Xisou, Lin Gai, Li Gou, He She, Wang Huidi:xiang, Zhou Yaoqing, Wang Dang, Chen Yang 6
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷6  志第1 禮儀一 Volume 6 Treatises 1: Rites 1 5
Canon of Supreme Mystery 《太玄經》 Full Text 4
History of Ming 《明史》 卷三百二十一 列傳第二百〇九 外國二 安南 Volume 321 Biographies 209: Foreign States 2 - Annan 4
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷十九     志第九    禮樂九 Volume 19 Treatises 9: Rites and Music 9 4