Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

来 (來) lái

  1. lái verb to come
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Motion 运动
    Notes: An intransitive verb indicating motion towards the speaker. For example, 你回来啦! 'You have come back!' (Lao She, 2003, p. 176) 来 is used in this sense in both modern and literary Chinese (Kroll '來' 2). 来 is the 11th most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '来' 1; NCCED '来' 1).
  2. lái particle indicates an approximate quantity
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Quantity 数量
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 助2)
  3. lái verb please
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Social Interaction 交际
    Notes: (Ho, 2002, '来' 3)
  4. lái verb used to substitute for another verb
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 5; Ho, 2002, '来' 2)
  5. lái verb used between two word groups to express purpose and effect
    Domain: Spoken Language 口语
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 9)
  6. lái particle ever since
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense, 来 is used after a time expression (NCCED '来' 3). For example, 几十年来 'n the last few years.' (VOA, 2015-07-25) This sense is also used in literary Chinese (Kroll '來' 4).
  7. lái noun wheat
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '來' 1)
  8. lái adjective next / future
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 以来 (NCCED '来' 1; Kroll '來' 3). For example, 来日绮窗前 'In future days in front of the carved window ...' (Wang Wei, Lines in Complete Tang Poems, Scroll 118)
  9. lái verb a simple complement of direction
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Motion 运动
    Notes: 来 is used in this sense after a verb or verb phrase to indicate movement towards the speaker (NCCED '来' 5). For example, 一出来 'as soon as he came out ...' (Lao She, 2003, p. 260)
  10. lái verb to occur / to arise
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 4)
  11. lái verb to earn
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 11)

Contained in

马来西亚马来西亚令吉来源以来带来出来原来起来来自未来从来西来寺本来到来即将来临来临如来突如其来素来过来回来将来进来上来下来后来近来看来来不及来得及来信越来越_对_来说来宾来回来客来往拿_来说往来向来这样一来自来水从_看来胡来看起来来访来回来去来看来历来年_来说_

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
History of Liao 《遼史》 卷七十 表第八: 屬國表 Volume 70 Tables 8: Vassal States 276
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷三十九 志第十九: 地理二 Volume 39 Treatises 19: Geography 2 135
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《龜策列傳》 Biographies of Diviners 126
History of Liao 《遼史》 卷一百十五 列傳第四十五: 二國外記 Volume 115 Biographies 45: Two Records of Foreign Countries 107
History of Liao 《遼史》 卷六十九 表第七: 部族表 Volume 69 Tables 7: Tribes 91
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百三十四 志第八十七 樂九 Volume 134 Treatises 87: Music 9 88
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷三十八 志第十八: 地理一 Volume 38 Treatises 18: Geography 1 87
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 79
History of Liao 《遼史》 卷四  本紀第四: 太宗下 Volume 4 Annals 4: Taizong 2 76
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 72

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
来思 來思 今我來思 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧鹿鳴之什‧采薇 Minor odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Lu Ming - Cai Wei 9
尸来 屍來 公尸來燕來寧 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧生民之什‧鳧鷖 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Sheng Min - Fu Yi 5
福禄来 福祿來 福祿來成 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧生民之什‧鳧鷖 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Sheng Min - Fu Yi 5
燕来 燕來 公尸來燕來寧 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧生民之什‧鳧鷖 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Sheng Min - Fu Yi 4
来燕 來燕 公尸來燕來寧 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧生民之什‧鳧鷖 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Sheng Min - Fu Yi 4
夷来 夷來 淮夷來求 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧蕩之什‧江漢 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Dang - Jiang Han 3
伻来 伻來 伻來以圖 Book of Documents 《尚書》 周書 洛誥 Zhou Shu - Announcement concerning Luo 3
来止 來止 曾孫來止 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧甫田之什‧甫田 Minor odes of the kingdom - Fu Tian Zhi Shen - Fu Tian 3
王来 王來 我王來 Book of Documents 《尚書》 商書 盤庚上 Shang Shu - Pan Geng I 2
来求 來求 萬福來求 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧甫田之什‧桑扈 Minor odes of the kingdom - Fu Tian Zhi Shen - Sang Hu 2