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Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

来 (來) lái

  1. lái verb to come
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Motion 运动
    Notes: An intransitive verb indicating motion towards the speaker. For example, 你回来啦! 'You have come back!' (Lao She, 2003, p. 176) 来 is used in this sense in both modern and literary Chinese (Kroll '來' 2). 来 is the 11th most frequently used word in the Beijing Language Institute's 1985 frequency wordlist (Ho, 2002, '来' 1; NCCED '来' 1).
  2. lái particle indicates an approximate quantity
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Quantity 数量
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 助2)
  3. lái verb please
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Social Interaction 交际
    Notes: (Ho, 2002, '来' 3)
  4. lái verb used to substitute for another verb
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 5; Ho, 2002, '来' 2)
  5. lái verb used between two word groups to express purpose and effect
    Domain: Spoken Language 口语
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 9)
  6. lái particle ever since
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense, 来 is used after a time expression (NCCED '来' 3). For example, 几十年来 'n the last few years.' (VOA, 2015-07-25) This sense is also used in literary Chinese (Kroll '來' 4).
  7. lái noun wheat
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '來' 1)
  8. lái adjective next / future
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 以来 (NCCED '来' 1; Kroll '來' 3). For example, 来日绮窗前 'In future days in front of the carved window ...' (Wang Wei, Lines in Complete Tang Poems, Scroll 118)
  9. lái verb a simple complement of direction
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Motion 运动
    Notes: 来 is used in this sense after a verb or verb phrase to indicate movement towards the speaker (NCCED '来' 5). For example, 一出来 'as soon as he came out ...' (Lao She, 2003, p. 260)
  10. lái verb to occur / to arise
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 4)
  11. lái verb to earn
    Domain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: (NCCED '来' 11)

Contained in

马来西亚马来西亚令吉来源以来带来出来原来起来来自未来从来西来寺本来到来即将来临来临如来突如其来素来过来回来将来进来上来下来后来近来看来来不及来得及来信越来越_对_来说来宾来回来客来往拿_来说往来向来这样一来自来水从_看来胡来看起来来访来回来去来看来历来年_来说_

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《漢興以來諸侯王年表》 Yearly Table of the Nobles of the Imperial Clan since the Han Dynasty's Founding 168
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《龜策列傳》 Biographies of Diviners 127
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《十二諸侯年表》 Yearly Chronicle of the Feudal Lords 51
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《六國年表》 Yearly Chronicle of the Six States 30
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦本紀》 Annals of Qin 24
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《晉世家》 House of Jin 16
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《淮南衡山列傳》 Biographies of Huainan and Hengshan 16
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《滑稽列傳》 Biographies of Jesters 15
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《扁鵲倉公列傳》 Biographies of Bian Que and the Duke of Cang 15
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《趙世家》 House of Zhao 15

Collocations

SimplifiedTraditionalExampleExample ReferenceFrequency
知来 知來 告諸往而知來者 The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1. 《學而》 Xue Er 2

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
不见 Song on Ascending the Youzhou Terrace in Selections of Tang Poetry 2
何处 Random Lines on Home-Coming in Selections of Tang Poetry 1
风雨 Spring Dawn in Selections of Tang Poetry 1
明月 Bamboo Grove Cabin in Selections of Tang Poetry 1
故乡 Lines in Selections of Tang Poetry 3
探讨一番年度运势 猴年 Year of the Monkey - Fragment a (2016-01-30) in Media articles 2
猴子 猴年 Year of the Monkey - Fragment d (2016-01-30) in Media articles 1
近年 中国美术馆 China National Art Gallery - Fragment b (2015-12-25) in Media articles 2
近年 中国美术馆 China National Art Gallery - Fragment c (2015-12-25) in Media articles 1
地面卫星电信号复原绘制云层 气象卫星 Weather satellites - Fragment a (2015-11-28) in Media articles 1
Luotuo Xiangzi 《骆驼祥子》 in A small number of phrases from the writings of Lao She 2
王利发 Teahouse - Act I (Part) 《茶馆》 第一幕 (部分) in A small number of phrases from the writings of Lao She 1
可是 Teahouse - Act II (Part) 《茶馆》 第二幕 (部分) in A small number of phrases from the writings of Lao She 1
遠方 1. 《學而》 Xue Er in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
不如 9. 《子罕》 Zi Han in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
13. 《子路》 Zi Lu in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
16. 《季氏》 Ji Shi in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
17. 《陽貨》 Yang Huo in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 5
《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 6
使門外 《檀弓下》 Tan Gong II in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 8
諸侯 《王制》 Royal Regulations in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
《月令》 Proceedings of Government in the Different Months in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 12
《養生主》 Nourishing the Lord of Life in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
《人間世》 Man in the World, Associated with other Men in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 2
《德充符》 The Seal of Virtue Complete in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 2
然而而已 《大宗師》 The Great and Most Honoured Master in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 7
《應帝王》 The Normal Course for Rulers and Kings in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 6
如此 Selections from Stories by Liu Xiang in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 1
莊子 Selections from Zhuang Zi in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 1
後人 Sections from Records of the Historian in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 2
《釋詁》 Explanation of Old Words in Er Ya 《爾雅》 2
《釋言》 Explanation of Words in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《釋訓》 Explanation of Instructions in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
玄孫 《釋親》 Explanation of Family Relations in Er Ya 《爾雅》 2
《釋木》 Explanation of Trees in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《本紀‧五帝本紀》 Annals - Annals of the Five Emperors in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 2
西 《夏本紀》 Annals of Xia in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 3