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Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

  1. noun desire
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Emotion 感情
  2. verb to desire / to wish
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: 欲 is a full verb in this sense. For example, 其恕乎!己所不欲,勿施於人。 'Is not reciprocity such a word? What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others.' (Lunyu 17:24, trans. by Legge 1861)
  3. adjective almost / nearly
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 欲 has the same meaning as 快要
  4. noun desire / intention / interest / aspiration
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教 , Concept: Mental Factor 心所
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: canda, Pāli: canda; one of the five object-determining mental factors in the Mahayana teachings
  5. auxiliary verb to desire / to intend
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In Literary Chinese, 欲 is an auxiliary verb in this sense (Pulleyblank 1995, p. 122).

Contained in

欲望食欲贪欲欲壑难填纵欲禁欲情欲欲界物欲五欲欲海贪欲欲界六天六欲天淫欲随心所欲了菴清欲了菴清欲禅师语录欲念离欲舍家弃欲人本欲生经求欲经欲漏欲贪欲贪随眠欲取比丘避女恶名欲自杀经菩萨诃色欲法经所欲致患经人本欲生经注己所不欲勿施于人欲瞋无明欲界系乐欲欲乐爱欲婬欲欲邪行欲心欲绝未离欲未离欲者欲爱欲求性欲情欲欲火欲染说欲

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《晉世家》 House of Jin 63
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《淮南衡山列傳》 Biographies of Huainan and Hengshan 38
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《項羽本紀》 Annals of Xiang Yu 38
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《楚世家》 House of Chu 36
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《張儀列傳》 Biography of Zhang Yi 34
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《淮陰侯列傳》 Biography of the Marquis of Huaiyin 33
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《匈奴列傳》 Treatise on the Xiongnu 33
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《高祖本紀》 Annals of Gao Zu 33
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《雍也第六》 Commentary on Yong Ye VI 32
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《離婁章句上》 Commentary on Li Lou I 32

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
心所 2. 《為政》 Wei Zheng in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
3. 《八佾》 Ba Yi in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
4. 《里仁》 Li Ren in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
5. 《公冶長》Gong Ye Chang in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
6. 《雍也》 Yong Ye in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 3
不可 《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 3
《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 15
《檀弓下》 Tan Gong II in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 8
不同 《王制》 Royal Regulations in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 3
《月令》 Proceedings of Government in the Different Months in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 4
《齊物論》 The Adjustment of Controversies in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 3
《養生主》 Nourishing the Lord of Life in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
《人間世》 Man in the World, Associated with other Men in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 4
《大宗師》 The Great and Most Honoured Master in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 3
規矩 《馬蹄》 Horses's Hoofs in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 2
Selections from Stories by Liu Xiang in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 5
Selections from Zhuang Zi in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 4
Sections from Records of the Historian in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 2
Selections from Mencius in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 8
炎帝諸侯 《本紀‧五帝本紀》 Annals - Annals of the Five Emperors in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 5
左右 《夏本紀》 Annals of Xia in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 3
《殷本紀》 Annals of Yin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 6
《周本紀》 Annals of Zhou in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 21
孝王以為 《秦本紀》 Annals of Qin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 15
古人 《卷一‧序》 Scroll 1, Preface in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1