niàn

  1. niàn verb to read aloud
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Language
    Notes: (CC-CEDICT '念'; Guoyu '念' v 4; NCCED '念' 1; XHZD '念' 2, p. 535)
  2. niàn verb to remember / to expect
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: For example, 伯夷、叔齊不念舊惡 'Bo Yi and Shu Qi did not keep the former wickednesses of men in mind.' (Lunyu 5:23) In this sense, 念 is a transitive verb with the object being the thing remembered (Guoyu '念' v 2; Kroll 2015 '念' 2).
  3. niàn verb to miss
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense, is a transient verb in the sense of 怀念 (CC-CEDICT '念'; GHC '念' 2; Guoyu '念' v 1; NCCED '念' 1; XHZD '念' 1, p. 535). It is defined in Shuo Wen, 念:常思也 'Nian: to think of often.' (Shuo Wen '心部')
  4. niàn verb to consider
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: This sense of 念 is similar to 思考 or 考虑 (Kroll 2015 '念' 3; Ci Yuan '念' 1; GHC '念' 2)
  5. niàn verb to recite / to chant
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense, 念 means 诵 or 读诵, often but not always to recite from memory. 念 is used in this sense in both modern and literary Chinese. Middle Chinese: nemH (Ci Yuan '念' 2; Guoyu '念' v 3; Kroll 2015 '念' 4)
  6. niàn verb to show affection for
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: This sense of 念 is similar to 爱怜 (Guoyu '念' v 7; Kroll 2015 '念' 4)
  7. niàn noun a thought / an idea
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: This sense of 念 is similar to 念头 (CC-CEDICT '念'; Ci Yuan '念' 3; Guoyu '念' n 2). For example, 念終始典于學 'The thoughts from first to last should be fixed on learning.' (Classic of Rites, Record on the Subject of Education 《禮記‧學記》, trans. Legge)
  8. niàn number twenty
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: This sense of 念 is the same as 二十 or 廿 (CC-CEDICT '念'; Ci Yuan '念' 4; GHC '念' 4; Guoyu '念' n 3; XHZD '念' 3, p. 535)
  9. niàn noun memory
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Synonym discussion: this sense of 念 is the same as 记忆 (CC-CEDICT '念'; Kroll 2015 '念' 2)
  10. niàn noun mindfulness / smṛti
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教 , Concept: Mental Factor 心所
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: smṛti, Pāli: sati. Mindfulness is understood as awareness or presence of mind, a key concept in Buddhist meditation theory. It is the third of the pañcabala 'five powers' (Kroll 2015 '念' 1).
  11. niàn noun an instant
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Guoyu '念' n 1)
  12. niàn proper noun Nian
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Names , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Guoyu '念' n 3)

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