Chinese Notes

Options
Match type:

{{results.msg}}

Dictionary Search Results
Chinese Text Pinyin English Notes
{{word.text}} {{word.text}} {{word.pinyin}} {{word.english}} {{word.notes | limitTo: 100}} ... details All {{word.count}} word senses

niàn

  1. niàn verb to read aloud / to recite
    Domain: Language 语言
    Notes: In this sense, 念 means 诵 or 读诵, often but not always to recite from memory. 念 is used in this sense in both modern and literary Chinese. Middle Chinese: nemH (NCCED '念' 1; Kroll '念' 4; Ci Yuan '念' 2)
  2. niàn verb to remember / to expect
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: For example, 伯夷、叔齊不念舊惡 'Bo Yi and Shu Qi did not keep the former wickednesses of men in mind.' (Lunyu 5:23) In this sense, 念 is a transitive verb with the object being the thing remembered (Kroll '念' 2).
  3. niàn verb to miss
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense, is a transient verb in the sense of 怀念 (NCCED '念' 1; GHC '念' 2). It is defined in Shuo Wen, 念:常思也 'Nian: to think of often.' (Shuo Wen '心部')
  4. niàn verb to consider
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: This sense of 念 is similar to 思考 or 考虑 (Kroll '念' 3; Ci Yuan '念' 1; GHC '念' 2)
  5. niàn verb to worry
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 惦记
  6. niàn verb to show affection for
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: This sense of 念 is similar to 爱怜 (Kroll '念' 4)
  7. niàn noun a thought / an idea
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: This sense of 念 is similar to 念头 (Ci Yuan '念' 3). For example, 念終始典于學 'The thoughts from first to last should be fixed on learning.' (Classic of Rites, Record on the Subject of Education 《禮記‧學記》 , trans. Legge)
  8. niàn number twenty
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: This sense of 念 is the same as 二十 or 廿 (Ci Yuan '念' 4; GHC '念' 4).
  9. niàn noun memory
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Synonym discussion: this sense of 念 is the same as 记忆 (Kroll '念' 2)
  10. niàn noun mindfulness / smṛti
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教 , Concept: Mental Factor 心所
    Notes: From Sanskrit: smṛti, Pāli: sati. Mindfulness is understood as awareness or presence of mind, a key concept in Buddhist meditation theory. It is the third of the pañcabala 'five powers' (Kroll '念' 1).

Contained in

纪念日理念纪念诵念观念悬念概念杂念留念想念念头怀念念书思念信念悼念祷念挂念念珠志念正念四念住人民英雄纪念碑纪念馆老舍纪念馆念佛念经念诵念佛禅无念默念系念恶念万念俱灰动念纪念品纪念堂忆念念佛观忆念胜四念处四止念四念一念三千念佛会意念念持护念影护念念住念处经

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《酈生陸賈列傳》 Biographies of Li Yiji and Lu Gu 5
Selections of Tang Poetry Smallholders' Homes by the Wei River 3
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《太史公自序》 Autobiographical Afterword of the Grand Historian 3
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《張丞相列傳》 Biography of Chancellor Zhang 3
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《淮南衡山列傳》 Biographies of Huainan and Hengshan 3
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《三王世家》 House of the Three Kings 3
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang 3
Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 《心部》 Xīn Radical 3
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《張儀列傳》 Biography of Zhang Yi 2
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《盡心章句上》 Commentary on Jin Xin I 2

Collocations

SimplifiedTraditionalExampleExample ReferenceFrequency
念终 念終 念終始典於學 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《文王世子》King Wen as Son and Heir 2

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
5. 《公冶長》Gong Ye Chang in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
君子 《檀弓下》 Tan Gong II in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
《文王世子》King Wen as Son and Heir in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
《學記》 Record on the Subject of Education in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
康王周公所以 《祭統》 A Summary Account of Sacrifices in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
壽命 《盜跖》 The Robber Zhi in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
《釋詁》 Explanation of Old Words in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《釋言》 Explanation of Words in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《釋訓》 Explanation of Instructions in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
《夏本紀》 Annals of Xia in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 2
《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 3
《孝文本紀》 Annals of the Xiaowen Emperor in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 1
方士人人 《孝武本紀》 Annals of the Xiaowu Emperor in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 1
《律書》 Bells in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 1
《口部》 Kǒu Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
《言部》 Yán Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
《攴部》 Pū Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
《禾部》 Hé Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
《心部》 Xīn Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 3
天地悠悠 Song on Ascending the Youzhou Terrace in Selections of Tang Poetry 2
Smallholders' Homes by the Wei River in Selections of Tang Poetry 3
《八佾第三》 Commentary on Ba Yi III in Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 1
《里仁第四》 Commentary on Li Ren IV in Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 1
《公冶長第五》 Commentary on Gong Ye Zhang V in Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 2