Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

xiàng

  1. xiàng noun figure / image / appearance
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 形状 (ABC 'xiàng' 象 bf 1; Guoyu '象' n 2; Kroll '象' 2; NCCED '象' 2; Unihan '象')
  2. xiàng noun elephant
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Concept: Animal 动物
    Notes: In the sense of 大象. Measure word: 头 individual, 只 individual, or 群 group. Also used in this sense in classical Chinese. For example, in Shuo Wen Jie Zi, Scroll 10 《說文解字‧卷十》: 象:長鼻牙,南越大獸 'Elephant: a large beast from Nanyue [Vietnam] with a long snout and tusks.' (ABC 'xiàng' 象 n; Guoyu '象' n 1; Kroll '象' 1; NCCED '象' 1; Unihan '象')
  3. xiàng verb to be like
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
  4. xiàng noun ivory
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '象' 1; Unihan '象')
  5. xiàng verb to seem
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 相似, same as 像 (Guoyu '象' v 1)
  6. xiàng noun premier
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: A piece in Chinese chess (NCCED '象' 4)
  7. xiàng noun a representation / an icon / an effigy
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '象' 2b)
  8. xiàng noun phenomena
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: As in 天象 celestial phenomena (Kroll '象' 2c)
  9. xiàng noun a decree / an ordinance / a law
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 法令 or 法律 (Guoyu '象' n 3)
  10. xiàng noun image commentary
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: A short passage in the 《易經》 Book of Changes interpreting an image (Guoyu '象' n 3; Schaberg 2017, p. 180)
  11. xiàng noun a kind of weapon
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: With a sharp point, used in ancient China in war and dancing. For example, in the 《詩經·周頌·維清》 Book of Songs, Sacrificial odes of Zhou - Qing Miao: 奏象舞也 'with music for the xiang dance' (Guoyu '象' n 5)
  12. xiàng proper noun Xiang
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Guoyu '象' n 6)
  13. xiàng verb to imitate
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 效法 (ABC 'xiàng' 象 bf 2; Guoyu '象' v 2; Kroll '象' 2a; NCCED '象' 3). For example, in the 《左傳·昭公》 Zuo Zhuan, Lord Zhao: 言則而象之也 'This is saying that he followed the example and took it as a model' (Durant 2016, p. 1380).

Contained in

现象气象气象局对象大象形象象征想象象词象声词抽象景象抽象窗口工具库印象象棋组件对象模式组件对象模型对象标识文件对象模式联合图象专家组图象移动图象专家组移动图象专家组格式对象连接与嵌入简单对象访问协议迹象象形观象台古观象台天象包罗万象森罗万象意象象形文字星象象牙象泉河白象乘象入胎象征主义骑象罗汉历象脉象现象学幻象象郡象林县象林气象预报国家气象局气象卫星

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
History of Ming 《明史》 卷二百六十一 列傳第一百四十九 盧象昇 劉之綸 丘民仰 Volume 261 Biographies 149: Lu Xiangsheng, Liu Zhilun, Qiu Minyang 74
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷19 志第14 天文上 Volume 19 Treatises 14: Astronomy 1 56
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷10 志第5 禮儀五 Volume 10 Treatises 5: Rites 5 50
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷二百二十二下 列傳第一百四十七下 南蠻下 Volume 222c Biographies 147c: Southern Man 3 47
History of Jin 《金史》 卷二十二 志第三: 曆下 步月離第五 步交會第六 步五星第七 Volume 22 Treatises 3: Calendar 2 - Phases of the Month 5, Phases of Convergence 6, Phases of the Five Planets 7 44
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷三十四 志第十四: 曆三 Volume 34 Treatises 14: Calendar 3 43
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷二十七下之下 五行志 Volume 27e: Treatise on the Five Elements 5 43
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷二十一 律曆志 Volume 21: Treatise on Rhythm and the Calendar 40
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷23 志第18 五行下 Volume 23 Treatises 18: Five Elements 2 39
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷十七 志第七 律曆中 Volume 17 Treatises 7: Rhythm and the Calendar Part Two 38

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
象曰 象曰 象曰 Book of Changes 《易經》 乾 Qian 445
洗象 洗象 洗象觚 The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 燕禮 第六 6. Banquet rites 9
象觯 象觶 媵爵者洗象觶 The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 燕禮 第六 6. Banquet rites 6
象天 象天 王被袞以象天 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《郊特牲》 The Single Victim at the Border Sacrifices 5
象魏 象魏 御公立于象魏之外 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 哀公 Lord Ai 5
象贤 象賢 崇德象賢 Book of Documents 《尚書》 周書 微子之命 Zhou Shu - Charge to the Count of Wei 3
象物 象物 鑄鼎象物 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 宣公 Lord Xuan 3
象觚 象觚 洗象觚 The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 燕禮 第六 6. Banquet rites 3
治象 治象 乃縣治象之法于象魏 Rites of Zhou 《周禮》 天官冢宰 第一 1. Office of the Heaven and Prime Minister 3
犧象 犧象 且犧象不出門 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 定公 Lord Ding 3