Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

xiàng

  1. xiàng noun figure / image / appearance
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 形状 (ABC 'xiàng' 象 bf 1; Guoyu '象' n 2; Kroll '象' 2; NCCED '象' 2; Unihan '象')
  2. xiàng noun elephant
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Concept: Animal 动物
    Notes: In the sense of 大象. Measure word: 头 individual, 只 individual, or 群 group. Also used in this sense in classical Chinese. For example, in Shuo Wen Jie Zi, Scroll 10 《說文解字‧卷十》: 象:長鼻牙,南越大獸 'Elephant: a large beast from Nanyue [Vietnam] with a long snout and tusks.' (ABC 'xiàng' 象 n; Guoyu '象' n 1; Kroll '象' 1; NCCED '象' 1; Unihan '象')
  3. xiàng verb to be like
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Comparison 比较
  4. xiàng noun ivory
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '象' 1; Unihan '象')
  5. xiàng verb to seem
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 相似, same as 像 (Guoyu '象' v 1)
  6. xiàng noun premier
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: A piece in Chinese chess (NCCED '象' 4)
  7. xiàng noun a representation / an icon / an effigy
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Kroll '象' 2b)
  8. xiàng noun phenomena
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: As in 天象 celestial phenomena (Kroll '象' 2c)
  9. xiàng noun a decree / an ordinance / a law
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 法令 or 法律 (Guoyu '象' n 3)
  10. xiàng noun image commentary
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: A short passage in the 《易經》 Book of Changes interpreting an image (Guoyu '象' n 3; Schaberg 2017, p. 180)
  11. xiàng noun a kind of weapon
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: With a sharp point, used in ancient China in war and dancing. For example, in the 《詩經·周頌·維清》 Book of Songs, Sacrificial odes of Zhou - Qing Miao: 奏象舞也 'with music for the xiang dance' (Guoyu '象' n 5)
  12. xiàng proper noun Xiang
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Guoyu '象' n 6)
  13. xiàng verb to imitate
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 效法 (ABC 'xiàng' 象 bf 2; Guoyu '象' v 2; Kroll '象' 2a; NCCED '象' 3). For example, in the 《左傳·昭公》 Zuo Zhuan, Lord Zhao: 言則而象之也 'This is saying that he followed the example and took it as a model' (Durant 2016, p. 1380).

Contained in

现象气象气象局对象大象形象象征想象象词象声词抽象景象抽象窗口工具库印象象棋组件对象模式组件对象模型对象标识文件对象模式联合图象专家组图象移动图象专家组移动图象专家组格式对象连接与嵌入简单对象访问协议迹象象形观象台古观象台天象包罗万象森罗万象意象象形文字星象象牙象泉河白象乘象入胎象征主义骑象罗汉脉象现象学幻象象郡象林县象林气象预报国家气象局气象卫星气象学

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷二十七下之下 五行志 Volume 27e: Treatise on the Five Elements 5 43
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷十七 志第七 律曆中 Volume 17 Treatises 7: Rhythm and the Calendar Part Two 41
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷二十一 律曆志 Volume 21: Treatise on Rhythm and the Calendar 41
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷十一 志第一 天文上 Volume 11 Treatises 1: Astronomy Part One 37
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷十二 志第二 天文中 Volume 12 Treatises 2: Astronomy Part Two 32
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷二十七下之上 五行志 Volume 27d: Treatise on the Five Elements 4 31
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷三十 志第二十 五行一 Volume 30 Treatises 20: Five Elements 1 30
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷二十七中之下 五行志 Volume 27c: Treatise on the Five Elements 3 27
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷二十七 志第十七 五行上 Volume 27 Treatises 17: Five Elements Part One 27
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《萬章章句上》 Commentary on Wan Zhang I 26

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
象曰 象曰 象曰 Book of Changes 《易經》 乾 Qian 445
洗象 洗象 洗象觚 The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 燕禮 第六 6. Banquet rites 9
象觯 象觶 媵爵者洗象觶 The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 燕禮 第六 6. Banquet rites 6
象天 象天 王被袞以象天 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《郊特牲》 The Single Victim at the Border Sacrifices 5
象魏 象魏 御公立于象魏之外 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 哀公 Lord Ai 5
象日月 象日月 曆象日月星辰 Book of Documents 《尚書》 虞書 堯典 Yu Shu - Canon of Yao 4
象德 象德 善則行象德矣 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《樂記》 Record of Music 3
治象 治象 乃縣治象之法于象魏 Rites of Zhou 《周禮》 天官冢宰 第一 1. Office of the Heaven and Prime Minister 3
象贤 象賢 崇德象賢 Book of Documents 《尚書》 周書 微子之命 Zhou Shu - Charge to the Count of Wei 3
曰象 曰象 南方曰象 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《王制》 Royal Regulations 3