Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

使 shǐ

  1. shǐ verb to make / to cause
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In Literary Chinese, 使 can act as a transitive verb with two objects in a pivot construction. The first object is a noun and the second object is a verb phrase. The pattern is A 使 B C, where A is the subject, B is a noun, and C is a verb phrase (Pulleyblank 1995, pp. 40-41).
  2. shǐ noun an emissary / an envoy
    Domain: Politics 政治
    Notes: In this sense 使 is similar in meaning to 使者.
  3. shǐ noun a diplomatic mission
    Domain: Politics 政治
    Notes: In this sense 使 is similar in meaning to 使命.
  4. shǐ noun a domestic servant
    Domain: History 历史
    Notes: In this sense 使 is similar in meaning to 佣人 or 奴仆.
  5. shǐ conjunction if
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense 使 is similar in meaning to 假如 to 如果.

Contained in

使用即使大使促使使命使得大使馆假使使劲使用性迫使使节行使致使特使驻外使主使祈使句使者祈使使令役使驱使北使记西使记使馆节度使使用者使役设使遣使使成转运使使役态正使阎罗王五天使者经结使底哩三昧耶不动尊威怒王使者念诵法不动使者陀罗尼秘密法胜军不动明王四十八使者秘密成就仪轨播般曩结使波金刚念诵仪使呪法经大使呪法经佛使比丘迦旃延说法没尽偈百二十章北魏僧惠生使西域记使唤合理使用五利使未生的恶法,使它不生已生的恶法,使它断除公使

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 274
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 264
History of Jin 《金史》 卷六十  表第二: 交聘表上 Volume 60 Tables 2: Communication between States 1 260
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百六十九 志第一百二十二 職官九 Volume 169 Treatises 122: Offical Posts 9 209
History of Jin 《金史》 卷六十一 表第三: 交聘表中 Volume 61 Tables 3: Communication between States 2 197
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷六十七 志第十八:  禮樂一 Volume 67 Treatises 20: Rites and Music 1 183
History of Jin 《金史》 卷三十八 志第十九: 禮十一 外國使入見儀 曲宴儀 朝辭儀 新定夏使儀注 Volume 38 Treatises 19: Rites 11 - Ceremonies for Receiving Foreign Emissaries; Music for Banquets; Farewell Rituals; Ceremonies for Newly Appointed Officials 174
History of Song 《宋史》 卷四百六十六 列傳第二百二十五 宦者一 竇神寶 王仁睿 王繼恩 李神福弟:神祐 劉承規 閻承翰 秦翰 周懷政 張崇貴 張繼能 衛紹欽 石知顒孫:全彬 鄧守恩 Volume 466 Biographies 225: Eunuchs 1 - Dou Shenbao, Wang Renrui, Wang Jien, Li Shenfu and younger brother: Shen You, Liu Chenggui, Yan Chenghan, Qin Han, Zhou Huaizheng, Zhang Chonggui, Zhang Jineng, Wei Shaoqin, Shi Zhiyong and grandson: Quan Bin, Deng Shouen 168
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷八十六 志第三十六:  百官二 Volume 86 Treatises 39: Official Posts 2 150
History of Song 《宋史》 卷二百十一 表第二 宰輔二 Volume 211 Tables 2: Chancellors 2 148

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
侯使 侯使 齊侯使其弟年來聘 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 8
伯使 伯使 鄭伯使宛來歸祊 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 8
天王使 天王使 天王使宰咺來歸惠公仲子之賵 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 8
子使 子使 邾子使私於公子豫 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 5
王使 王使 王使尹氏 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 5
人使 人使 衛人使右宰醜涖殺州吁于濮 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 4
使其弟 使其弟 齊侯使其弟年來聘 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 3
使家父 使家父 天王使家父來聘 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 桓公 Lord Huan 3
使䓕 使薳 使薳章求成焉 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 桓公 Lord Huan 3
使宰 使宰 天王使宰咺來歸惠公仲子之賵 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 3