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使 shǐ

  1. shǐ verb to make / to cause
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In Literary Chinese, 使 can act as a transitive verb with two objects in a pivot construction. The first object is a noun and the second object is a verb phrase. The pattern is A 使 B C, where A is the subject, B is a noun, and C is a verb phrase (Pulleyblank 1995, pp. 40-41).
  2. shǐ noun an emissary / an envoy
    Domain: Politics 政治
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 使 is similar in meaning to 使者.
  3. shǐ noun a diplomatic mission
    Domain: Politics 政治
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 使 is similar in meaning to 使命.
  4. shǐ noun a domestic servant
    Domain: History 历史
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 使 is similar in meaning to 佣人 or 奴仆.
  5. shǐ conjunction if
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synonym discussion: in this sense 使 is similar in meaning to 假如 to 如果.

Contained in

使用即使大使促使使命使得大使馆假使使劲使用性迫使使节行使致使特使驻外使主使祈使句使者祈使使令役使驱使北使记西使记使馆节度使使用者使役设使遣使使成转运使使役态正使阎罗王五天使者经结使底哩三昧耶不动尊威怒王使者念诵法不动使者陀罗尼秘密法胜军不动明王四十八使者秘密成就仪轨播般曩结使波金刚念诵仪使呪法经大使呪法经佛使比丘迦旃延说法没尽偈百二十章北魏僧惠生使西域记使唤合理使用五利使未生的恶法,使它不生已生的恶法,使它断除公使

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《匈奴列傳》 Treatise on the Xiongnu 91
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《大宛列傳》 Treatise on the Dayuan 78
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《晉世家》 House of Jin 74
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《楚世家》 House of Chu 64
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《項羽本紀》 Annals of Xiang Yu 50
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang 49
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《高祖本紀》 Annals of Gao Zu 47
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《淮南衡山列傳》 Biographies of Huainan and Hengshan 47
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《秦本紀》 Annals of Qin 46
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《十二諸侯年表》 Yearly Chronicle of the Feudal Lords 39

Collocations

SimplifiedTraditionalExampleExample ReferenceFrequency
使民 使民 使民以時 The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1. 《學而》 Xue Er 4
使纵 使縱 仲由可使從政也與 The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 6. 《雍也》 Yong Ye 3
可使 可使 可使治其賦也 The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 5. 《公冶長》Gong Ye Chang 3
君使 君使 君使臣 The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 3. 《八佾》 Ba Yi 2
使臣 使臣 君使臣 The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 3. 《八佾》 Ba Yi 2

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
使 1. 《學而》 Xue Er in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
使 2. 《為政》 Wei Zheng in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
使 3. 《八佾》 Ba Yi in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 3
使仁者 4. 《里仁》 Li Ren in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
使漆雕 5. 《公冶長》Gong Ye Chang in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 5
使 《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 8
使 《曲禮下》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 2 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 4
使 《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 10
使 《檀弓下》 Tan Gong II in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 19
天子使大夫 《王制》 Royal Regulations in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 5
使 《內篇‧逍遙遊》 Inner Chapters - Enjoyment in Untroubled Ease in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 2
使 《齊物論》 The Adjustment of Controversies in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 12
使 《養生主》 Nourishing the Lord of Life in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
未始使 《人間世》 Man in the World, Associated with other Men in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 7
使死生 《德充符》 The Seal of Virtue Complete in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 7
楚王使大夫 Selections from Zhuang Zi in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 2
使 Sections from Records of the Historian in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 3
厲王使玉人 Selections from Han Feizi in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 4
使 Selections from Mencius in Selections of Literary Chinese Prose 4
使 《釋詁》 Explanation of Old Words in Er Ya 《爾雅》 2
使 《本紀‧五帝本紀》 Annals - Annals of the Five Emperors in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 11
使 《夏本紀》 Annals of Xia in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 4
使 《殷本紀》 Annals of Yin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 4
使西征伐 《周本紀》 Annals of Zhou in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 27
使 《秦本紀》 Annals of Qin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 46