Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

wèi

  1. wèi noun Eighth earthly branch
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文 , Concept: Earthly Branch 地支
    Notes: (GHC '未' 2; Kroll '未' 4; NCCED 2 '未')
  2. wèi adverb not yet / still not
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: As an aspectual negative (Kroll '未' 1; NCCED 1 '未' 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 109)
  3. wèi adverb not / did not / have not
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 未 is a simple not in the sense of 不. For example, 見牛未見羊也 'You saw the ox, and had not seen the sheep' (Mengzi: 1.7/4/19, translation by Legge; GHC '未' 3; Kroll '未' 2; NCCED 1 '未' 2; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 109).
  4. wèi particle or not?
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 未 is used at as a final particle to form a question (GHC '未' 5; Kroll '未' 3).
  5. wèi noun 1-3 p.m.
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: A two hour time period in historic China (Kroll '未' 4a)
  6. wèi verb to taste
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense 未 means 滋味. It is an early form. later written as 味. (GHC '未' 1)

Contained in

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Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷十六 志第六 禮三 Volume 16 Treatises 6: Rituals 3 53
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷十三 魏書十三 鍾繇華歆王朗傳 Volume 13: Book of Wei 13 - Biographies of Zhong Yao, Hua Xin, and Wang Lang 51
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷四十七 吳書二 吳主傳 Volume 47: Book of Wu 2 - Biography of the Lord of Wu 50
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷二十 志第十 禮中 Volume 20 Treatises 10: Rites Part Two 49
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 48
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷二 魏書二 文帝紀 Volume 2: Book of Wei 2 - Annals of Emperor Wen 44
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷一 魏書一 武帝紀 Volume 1: Book of Wei 1 - Annals of Emperor Wu 38
History of the Northern Dynasties 《北史》 卷四十三 列傳第三十一: 郭祚 張彝 邢巒 李崇 Volume 43 Biographies 31: Gao Zuo, Zhang Yi, Xing Luan, Li Chong 37
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷六 魏書六 董二袁劉傳 Volume 6: Book of Wei 6 - Biographies of Dong, the two Yuans, and Liu 36
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷四十二 Scroll 42 36

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
未见 未見 未見君子 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧周南‧汝墳 Lessons from the states - Odes Of Zhou And The South - Ru Fen 13
东方未 東方未 東方未明 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧齊‧東方未明 Lessons from the states - Odes of Qi - Dong Fang Wei Ming 5
未葬 未葬 王未葬也 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 4
未明 未明 東方未明 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧齊‧東方未明 Lessons from the states - Odes of Qi - Dong Fang Wei Ming 4
难未 難未 文公遭麗姬之難未反 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧秦‧渭陽 Lessons from the states - Odes of Qin - Wei Yang 3
未歇 未歇 憂未歇也 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 宣公 Lord Xuan 3
未反 未反 文公遭麗姬之難未反 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧秦‧渭陽 Lessons from the states - Odes of Qin - Wei Yang 3
未获 未獲 未獲 Book of Documents 《尚書》 周書 金縢 Zhou Shu - Metal-bound Coffer 3
未亡 未亡 而於未亡人之側 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 莊公 Lord Zhang 3
未陈 未陳 宋師未陳而薄之 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 莊公 Lord Zhang 2