Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

dào Dào

  1. dào noun way / road / path
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Frequently Used Words 常用词汇
    Notes: 道 is the 69th most frequently used word in the 1985 Beijing Institute of Languages frequency wordlist. In this sense 道 means 道路 (Ho, 2002, '道'; NCCED '道' n 1). For example, 风过去了,只剩下直的雨道 'The wind went away and all that was left was the rainy path.' (Lao She, 2003, p. 264) Middle Chinese: daoX. 道 is used in the same sense in literary Chinese (Kroll '道' 1). For example, 通九道 'made the roads communicable.' (Records of the Historian, Annals of Xia 《史記‧夏本紀》)
  2. dào noun principle / a moral / morality
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 道 means 规律,道理, or 道德 in this sense (NCCED '道' 4; GHC '道' 3).
  3. Dào proper noun Tao / the Way
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Religion 宗教
    Notes: Used in a similar sence in both Taoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism a doctrinal concept of the fundamental truth and as cultivation of moral character (Yao, 2000, p. 26; Kroll '道' 2a). For example, 率性之謂道 'an accordance with this nature is called The Path of duty.' (Classic of Rites, Doctrine of the Mean 《禮記‧中庸》, translation by Legge 1885)
  4. dào measure word measure word for long things
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Quantity 数量
    Notes: Such as for rivers, rays of sun, etc (NCCED '道' mw 1) For example, 金光一道一道的射出 'golden rays of light radiating out one-by-one' (Lao She, 2003, p. 34)
  5. dào verb to say / to speak / to talk
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (NCCED '道' v 1; Kroll '道' 6)
  6. dào verb to think
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (NCCED '道' v 4; Kroll '道' 4)
  7. dào measure word times
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Quantity 数量
    Notes: For orders, etc (NCCED '道' mw 3)
  8. dào noun the path leading to the cessation of suffering
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: mārga, Pāli: magga; For example, 八正道 'Noble Eightfold Path.'
  9. dào noun circuit / a province
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In this sense, 道 refers to an adminsistrative area in Tang dynasty times (NCCED '道' v 4; ; Kroll '道' 7). This sense is still used in modern day Korea as a Hanja word.
  10. dào noun a course / a channel
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Geography 地理学
    Notes: As in a water course (NCCED '道' n 2)
  11. dào noun a method / a way of doing something
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 道 means 方法 in this sense (NCCED '道' n 3; Kroll '道' 3; GHC '道' 2).
  12. dào measure word measure word for doors and walls
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Quantity 数量
    Notes: (NCCED '道' mw 2)
  13. dào measure word measure word for courses of a meal
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Quantity 数量
    Notes: (NCCED '道' mw 3)
  14. dào measure word a centimeter
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Quantity 数量
    Notes: Informal (NCCED '道' mw 4)
  15. dào noun a doctrine
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Informal (NCCED '道' n 5; Kroll '道' 5)
  16. Dào proper noun Taoism / Daoism
    Domain: Taoism 道教
    Notes: (NCCED '道' n 6)
  17. dào noun a skill
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (NCCED '道' n 7; Kroll '道' 4)
  18. dào noun a sect
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (NCCED '道' n 8)
  19. dào noun a line
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (NCCED '道' n 8)

Contained in

安道尔赤道几内亚报道街道道德渠道通道频道知道轨道道具航道道场管道苦集灭道呼吸道八正道大道肠道邪道道路道理道光柔道跆拳道道教味道地道道歉难道一道走道赤道打交道修道楼道霸道霸王之道便道东道主东道隧道点对点隧道协议公道河道隧道技术跑道人道主义铁道微不足道道琼斯指数

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
History of Ming 《明史》 卷七十五 志第五十一 職官四 Volume 75 Treatises 51: Official Posts 4 242
Daode Jing 《道德經》 Daode Jing 《道德經》 162
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《中庸章句》 Commentary on Doctrine of the Mean 119
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第五十四回 Chapter 54 104
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第三十四回 Chapter 34 102
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第三十一回 Chapter 31 95
Old History of the Five Dynasties 《舊五代史》 卷一百二十六 周書17: 列傳六 馮道 Volume 126 Book of Later Zhou 28: Biographies 6 - Feng Dao 95
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第三十二回 Chapter 32 91
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第三回 Chapter 3 81
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第四十六回 Chapter 46 80

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
周道 周道 思周道也 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧檜‧匪風 Lessons from the states - Odes of Gui - Fei Feng 9
鲁道 魯道 魯道有蕩 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧齊‧南山 Lessons from the states - Odes of Qi - Nan Shan 6
妇道 婦道 化天下以婦道也 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧周南‧葛覃 Lessons from the states - Odes Of Zhou And The South - Ge Tan 5
道终 道終 先君不以其道終 Gongyang's Commentary on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋公羊傳》 桓公 Lord Huan 3
道阻 道阻 道阻且長 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧秦‧蒹葭 Lessons from the states - Odes of Qin - Jian Jia 3
足道 足道 無足道焉爾 Gongyang's Commentary on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋公羊傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 3
道尽 道儘 展道盡矣 Gongyang's Commentary on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋公羊傳》 成公 Lord Cheng 3
使道 使道 楚子使道朔將巴客以聘于鄧 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 桓公 Lord Huan 3
道微 道微 逆之道微 Gongyang's Commentary on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋公羊傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 3
言道 言道 言道也 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 成公 Lord Cheng 3