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小人 xiǎorén

xiǎorén phrase a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren
Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
Notes: Literally, 小人 means 'a small man' but in Confucian thought it means the opposite of 君子 'a benevolent person.' (Yao, 2000, p. 214) For example, 君子周而不比,小人比而不周。 'The superior man [junzi] is catholic [broad-minded] and not partisan. The mean man [xiaoren] is partisan and not catholic [broad-minded.' (Lunyu 2:14, trans. by Legge 1861)

Contained in

小人物

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《子路第十三》 Commentary on Zi Lu XIII 11
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《中庸章句》 Commentary on Doctrine of the Mean 11
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《里仁第四》 Commentary on Li Ren IV 9
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《陽貨第十七》 Commentary on Yang Huo XVII 9
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《衛靈公第十五》 Commentary on Wei Ling Gong XV 8
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《大學章句》 Commentary on Great Learning 7
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《滕文公章句下》 Commentary on Teng Wen Gong II 6
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《中庸》 The State of Equilibrium and Harmony, also known as the Doctrine of the Mean 5
The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 13. 《子路》 Zi Lu 5
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《滕文公章句上》 Commentary on Teng Wen Gong I 5

Collocations

SimplifiedTraditionalExampleExample ReferenceFrequency
小人怀 小人懷 小人懷土 The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 4. 《里仁》 Li Ren 2

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
小人 2. 《為政》 Wei Zheng in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
小人 4. 《里仁》 Li Ren in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 3
無為小人 6. 《雍也》 Yong Ye in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
小人戚戚 7. 《述而》 Shu Er in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 1
小人 12. 《顏淵》 Yan Yuan in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2
小人 《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 2
小人 《禮運》 Ceremonial Usages; their Origins, Development, and Intention in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
君子小人不同 《玉藻》 The Jade-Bead Pendants of the Royal Cap in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
小人 《樂記》 Record of Music in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 2
小人 《哀公問》 Questions of Duke Ai in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 1
小人 《大宗師》 The Great and Most Honoured Master in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 2
小人 《外篇‧駢拇》 Outer Chapters - Webbed Toes in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 4
君子小人 《馬蹄》 Horses's Hoofs in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
小人 《山木》 The Tree on the Mountain in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 2
小人所以合時 《外物》 What comes from Without in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
小人 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 1
小人 《項羽本紀》 Annals of Xiang Yu in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 1
小人 《高祖本紀》 Annals of Gao Zu in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 3
小人不能 《書‧禮書》 Treatises - Rites in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 1
小人 《樂書》 Music in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 2
小人 《卷九‧人部》 Scroll 9, Rén Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
小人 《髟部》 Biāo Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
小人 《女部》 Nǚ Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 2
小人不幸不得至治 《大學章句序》 Preface to Commentary on Great Learning in Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 1
小人 《大學章句》 Commentary on Great Learning in Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 7