Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes


  1. chén noun minister / statesman / official
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Guoyu '臣' n 2; Rouzer 2007, p. 35; Unihan '臣')
  2. chén noun Kangxi radical 131
    Domain: Radicals 部首
    Notes: (ABC back cover; GHC p. 7; Guoyu '臣' n 5)
  3. chén noun a slave
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 奴隶 (Guoyu '臣' n 1)
  4. chén pronoun you
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: A respectful form of address for a more senior figure (Guoyu '臣' n 3; Rouzer 2007, p. 235)
  5. chén proper noun Chen
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (Guoyu '臣' n 4)
  6. chén verb to obey / to comply
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of服从 (Guoyu '臣' v 1)
  7. chén verb to command / to direct
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of统率 (Guoyu '臣' v 2)

Contained in


Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷三十七 Scroll 37 238
History of Ming 《明史》 卷二百五十八 列傳第一百四十六 許譽卿 華允誠 魏呈潤 毛羽健 吳執御 章正宸 黃紹杰 傅朝佑 姜埰 熊開元 詹爾選 湯開遠 成勇 陳龍正 Volume 258 Biographies 146: Xu Yuqing, Hua Yuncheng, Wei Chengrun, Mao Yujian, Wu Zhiyu, Zhang Zhengchen, Huang Shaojie, Fu Chaoyou, Jiang 埰, Xiong Kaiyuan, Zhan Erxuan, Tang Kaiyuan, Cheng Yong, Chen Longzheng 139
History of Ming 《明史》 卷二百五十九 列傳第一百四十七 楊鎬 袁應泰 熊廷弼 袁崇煥 趙光抃 Volume 259 Biographies 147: Yang Gao, Yuan Yingtai, Xiong Tingbi, Yuan Chonghuan, Zhao Guangbian 123
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《扁鵲倉公列傳》 Biographies of Bian Que and the Duke of Cang 112
Records of the Three Kingdoms 《三國志》 卷四 魏書四 三少帝紀 Volume 4: Book of Wei 4 - Annals of the three young emperors 111
History of Ming 《明史》 卷二百五十五 列傳第一百四十三 劉宗周 黃道周 Volume 255 Biographies 143: Liu Zongzhou, Huang Daozhou 110
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷三十八 Scroll 38 108
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 106
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷二十二 本紀第二十二: 武宗一 Volume 22 Annals 22: Wuzong 1 100
Wenxuan 《文選》 卷三十九 Scroll 39 97


Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
臣闻 臣聞 臣聞愛子 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 23
小臣 小臣 越小臣 Book of Documents 《尚書》 周書 康誥 Zhou Shu - Announcement to the Prince of Kang 6
臣工 臣工 臣工 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 周頌‧臣工之什‧臣工 Sacrificial odes of Zhou - Decade Of Chen Gong - Chen Gong 4
羣臣 羣臣 衞文公能正其羣臣而刺在位 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧鄘‧相鼠 Lessons from the states - Odes of Yong - Xiang Shu 4
厥臣 厥臣 臣克艱厥臣 Book of Documents 《尚書》 虞書 大禹謨 Yu Shu - Counsels of the Great Yu 3
虎臣 虎臣 進厥虎臣 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧蕩之什‧常武 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Dang - Chang Wu 3
臣达 臣達 以厥庶民暨厥臣達大家 Book of Documents 《尚書》 周書 梓材 Zhou Shu - Timber of the Rottlera 2
为人臣 為人臣 男為人臣 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 2
仆臣 僕臣 僕臣正 Book of Documents 《尚書》 周書 冏命 Zhou Shu - Charge to Jiong 2
臣扈 臣扈 臣扈 Book of Documents 《尚書》 商書 湯誓 Shang Shu - Speech of Tang 2