Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes


  1. jiǔ noun wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Food and Drink 饮食 , Concept: Alcoholic Beverage 酒
    Notes: 酒 is a generic word for alcoholic beverages in both literary and modern Chinese (Rouzer 2007, p. 35; Unihan '酒'). For example, in literary Chinese, 種種藥草。合和米麯甘蔗汁中。能變成酒。 'Take many kinds of medicinal herbs and mix them together with rice, yeast, and sugar cane juice and they will turn into wine.' (Collection of Meanings and Terms in Translation, Scroll 3, T 2131 《翻譯名義集‧卷第三》)
  2. jiǔ noun banquet
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Rouzer 2007, p. 35)

Contained in


Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百八十五 志第一百三十八 食貨下七 Volume 185 Treatises 138: Finance and Economics 2g 85
History of Liao 《遼史》 卷五十三 志第二十二: 禮志六 Volume 53 Treatises 23: Rites 6 68
History of Ming 《明史》 卷四十七 志第二十三 禮一 Volume 47 Treatises 23: Rites 1 45
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百三十八 志第九十一 樂十三 Volume 138 Treatises 91: Music 13 43
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百十九 志第七十二 禮二十二 Volume 119 Treatises 72: Rites 22 42
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百十三 志第六十六 禮十六 Volume 113 Treatises 66: Rites 16 41
History of Jin 《金史》 卷三十八 志第十九: 禮十一 外國使入見儀 曲宴儀 朝辭儀 新定夏使儀注 Volume 38 Treatises 19: Rites 11 - Ceremonies for Receiving Foreign Emissaries; Music for Banquets; Farewell Rituals; Ceremonies for Newly Appointed Officials 38
Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 《酉部》 Yǒu Radical 38
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷七十五 志第二十六:  祭祀四 Volume 75 Treatises 28: Offerings 4 33
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷七十六 志第二十七上: 祭祀五 Volume 76 Treatises 29: Offerings 5 32


Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
啐酒 啐酒 啐酒 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《鄉飲酒義》 The Meaning of the Drinking Festivity in the Districts 33
醴酒 醴酒 醴酒之用 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《禮器》 Rites in the Formation of Character 19
玄酒 玄酒 無玄酒 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《曾子問》 The Questions of Zeng-zi 18
旨酒 旨酒 我有旨酒 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧鹿鳴之什‧鹿鳴 Minor odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Lu Ming - Lu Ming 14
酒在 酒在 故玄酒在室 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《禮運》 Ceremonial Usages; their Origins, Development, and Intention 13
崇酒 崇酒 阼階上北面再拜崇酒 The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 鄉飲酒禮 第四 4. Rites of the district symposium 8
酒醴 酒醴 酒醴維醹 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧生民之什‧行葦 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Sheng Min - Xing Wei 7
酒肉 酒肉 備酒肉焉 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 哀公 Lord Ai 6
拜酒 拜酒 不拜酒 The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 燕禮 第六 6. Banquet rites 5
耆酒 耆酒 耆酒 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 宣公 Lord Xuan 4