Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes


jiǔ noun wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage
Domain: Food and Drink 饮食 , Concept: Alcoholic Beverage 酒
Notes: 酒 is a generic word for alcoholic beverages in both literary and modern Chinese (Unihan '酒'). For example, in literary Chinese, 種種藥草。合和米麯甘蔗汁中。能變成酒。 'Take many kinds of medicinal herbs and mix them together with rice, yeast, and sugar cane juice and they will turn into wine.' (Collection of Meanings and Terms in Translation, Scroll 3, T 2131 《翻譯名義集‧卷第三》)

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Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 《酉部》 Yǒu Radical 38
Rites of Zhou 《周禮》 天官冢宰 第一 1. Office of the Heaven and Prime Minister 30
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷四十九 列傳第十九 阮籍 嵇康 向秀 劉伶 謝鯤 胡毋輔之 畢卓 王尼 羊曼 光逸 Volume 49 Biographies 19: Ruan Ji; Ji Kang; Xiang Xiu; Liu Ling; Xie Kun; Huwu Fuzhi; Bi Zhuo; Wang Ni; Yang Man; Guang Yi 25
Book of Later Han 《後漢書》 卷七十 鄭孔荀列傳 Volume 70: Biographies of Zheng, Kong, Xun 23
The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 士丧礼 第十二 12. Mourning rites for the common officer 19
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷二十二 志第十二 樂四 Volume 22 Treatises 12: Music 4 19
Han Feizi 《韓非子》 外儲說右上第三十四 Chapter 34: A Collection of Sayings V 18
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷十四 志第四 禮一 Volume 14 Treatises 4: Rituals 1 18
Stratagems of the Warring States 《戰國策》 卷二十九 燕一 Chapter 29: Yan I 17
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷二十四下 食貨志 Volume 24b: Treatise on Food and Money 2 14


Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
啐酒 啐酒 啐酒 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《鄉飲酒義》 The Meaning of the Drinking Festivity in the Districts 33
醴酒 醴酒 醴酒之用 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《禮器》 Rites in the Formation of Character 19
玄酒 玄酒 無玄酒 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《曾子問》 The Questions of Zeng-zi 18
旨酒 旨酒 我有旨酒 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧鹿鳴之什‧鹿鳴 Minor odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Lu Ming - Lu Ming 14
酒在 酒在 故玄酒在室 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《禮運》 Ceremonial Usages; their Origins, Development, and Intention 13
崇酒 崇酒 阼階上北面再拜崇酒 The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 鄉飲酒禮 第四 4. Rites of the district symposium 8
酒醴 酒醴 酒醴維醹 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧生民之什‧行葦 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Sheng Min - Xing Wei 7
酒肉 酒肉 備酒肉焉 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 哀公 Lord Ai 6
拜酒 拜酒 不拜酒 The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 燕禮 第六 6. Banquet rites 5
耆酒 耆酒 耆酒 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 宣公 Lord Xuan 4