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君子 jūnzi

jūnzi noun junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign
Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
Notes: Junzi is often used in the sense of an ideal individual in Confucian literature (Yao 2000, p. 25) An essential characteristic of a junzi is benevolence 仁 (Yao 2000, p. 214). For example, 是故君子有大道,必忠信以得之 'Thus we see that the sovereign [junzi] has a great course to pursue. He must show entire self-devotion and sincerity to attain it.' (Book of Rites, Great Learning 《禮記‧大學》, trans. by Legge 1885) Also, 君子去仁,惡乎成名? 'If a superior man [junzi] abandon virtue, how can he fulfill the requirements of that name?' (Lunyu 4:5, trans. by Legge 1861)

Contained in

戊戌六君子

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

CollectionDocument TitleOccurrences
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《中庸章句》 Commentary on Doctrine of the Mean 52
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《表記》 The Record on Example 35
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《中庸》 The State of Equilibrium and Harmony, also known as the Doctrine of the Mean 34
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《離婁章句下》 Commentary on Li Lou II 26
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《衛靈公第十五》 Commentary on Wei Ling Gong XV 26
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《盡心章句上》 Commentary on Jin Xin I 24
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《里仁第四》 Commentary on Li Ren IV 22
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《大學章句》 Commentary on Great Learning 22
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《禮器》 Rites in the Formation of Character 21
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《坊記》 Record of the Dykes 20

Collocations

SimplifiedTraditionalExampleExample ReferenceFrequency
君子周 君子周 君子周而不比 The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 2. 《為政》 Wei Zheng 2
君子怀 君子懷 君子懷德 The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 4. 《里仁》 Li Ren 2

Usage

Sampled for common words

ExampleSourceOccurrences
君子 1. 《學而》 Xue Er in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 4
君子 2. 《為政》 Wei Zheng in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 3
君子 3. 《八佾》 Ba Yi in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 3
君子 4. 《里仁》 Li Ren in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 7
君子 5. 《公冶長》Gong Ye Chang in The Analects of Confucius 《論語》 3
是以君子恭敬退讓 《曲禮上》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 1 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 11
君子 《曲禮下》 Summary of the Rules of Propriety Part 2 in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 7
君子 《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 19
君子 《檀弓下》 Tan Gong II in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 8
君子盡心 《王制》 Royal Regulations in The Book of Rites 《禮記》 2
君子 《大宗師》 The Great and Most Honoured Master in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 3
君子 《外篇‧駢拇》 Outer Chapters - Webbed Toes in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 3
君子小人 《馬蹄》 Horses's Hoofs in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 1
君子不得已天下 《在宥》 Letting Be, and Exercising Forbearance in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 3
君子不可 《天地》 Heaven and Earth in Zhuangzi 《莊子》 3
君子 《釋訓》 Explanation of Instructions in Er Ya 《爾雅》 1
君子害人 《秦本紀》 Annals of Qin in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 3
是以君子 《秦始皇本紀》 Annals of Qin Shi Huang in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 1
君子 《孝文本紀》 Annals of the Xiaowen Emperor in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 1
君子 《孝武本紀》 Annals of the Xiaowu Emperor in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 1
君子左丘明弟子人人異端 《十二諸侯年表》 Yearly Chronicle of the Feudal Lords in Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 10
君子所以祿 《卷一‧序》 Scroll 1, Preface in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
君子 《羊部》 Yáng Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
出於東方君子 《鳥部》 Niǎo Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1
君子 《文部》 Wén Radical in Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 1