Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

君子 jūnzi

jūnzi noun junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign
Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
Notes: Junzi is often used in the sense of an ideal individual in Confucian literature (Yao 2000, p. 25) An essential characteristic of a junzi is benevolence 仁 (Yao 2000, p. 214). For example, 是故君子有大道,必忠信以得之 'Thus we see that the sovereign [junzi] has a great course to pursue. He must show entire self-devotion and sincerity to attain it.' (Book of Rites, Great Learning 《禮記‧大學》, trans. by Legge 1885) Also, 君子去仁,惡乎成名? 'If a superior man [junzi] abandon virtue, how can he fulfill the requirements of that name?' (Lunyu 4:5, trans. by Legge 1861)

Contained in

戊戌六君子隐君子伪君子瘾君子

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《中庸章句》 Commentary on Doctrine of the Mean 52
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 46
Garden of Stories 《說苑》 卷十九 修文 Chapter 19: Cultivation and Education 44
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 41
Garden of Stories 《說苑》 卷十七 雜言 Chapter 17: Open Discussion 40
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《表記》 The Record on Example 35
Garden of Stories 《說苑》 卷十六 談叢 Chapter 16: Abundant Discussion 35
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《中庸》 The State of Equilibrium and Harmony, also known as the Doctrine of the Mean 34
Canon of Supreme Mystery 《太玄經》 Full Text 34
Xunzi 《荀子》 不苟篇第三 Chapter 3: Nothing Carelessly 33

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
君子曰 君子曰 君子曰 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 49
见君子 見君子 未見君子 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧周南‧汝墳 Lessons from the states - Odes Of Zhou And The South - Ru Fen 34
君子谓 君子謂 君子謂 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 隱公 Lord Yin 22
弟君子 弟君子 豈弟君子 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧南有嘉魚之什‧湛露 Minor odes of the kingdom - Nan You Jia Yu Zhi Shen - Zhan Lu 16
君子万年 君子萬年 君子萬年 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧甫田之什‧瞻彼洛矣 Minor odes of the kingdom - Fu Tian Zhi Shen - Zhan Bi Luo Yi 10
人君子 人君子 淑人君子 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧曹‧鳲鳩 Lessons from the states - Odes of Cao - Shi Jiu 7
君子偕老 君子偕老 君子偕老 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧鄘‧君子偕老 Lessons from the states - Odes of Yong - Jun Zi Xie Lao 5
畴君子 疇君子 有匪君子 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧衞‧淇奧 Lessons from the states - Odes of Wei - Qi Wei 5
君子以为 君子以為 君子以為古 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 文公 Lord Wen 5
闻君子 聞君子 僑聞君子長國家者 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 5