Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

君子 jūnzi

jūnzi noun junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign
Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
Notes: Junzi is often used in the sense of an ideal individual in Confucian literature (Yao 2000, p. 25) An essential characteristic of a junzi is benevolence 仁 (Yao 2000, p. 214). For example, 是故君子有大道,必忠信以得之 'Thus we see that the sovereign [junzi] has a great course to pursue. He must show entire self-devotion and sincerity to attain it.' (Book of Rites, Great Learning 《禮記‧大學》, trans. by Legge 1885) Also, 君子去仁,惡乎成名? 'If a superior man [junzi] abandon virtue, how can he fulfill the requirements of that name?' (Lunyu 4:5, trans. by Legge 1861)

Contained in

戊戌六君子隐君子伪君子瘾君子

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《中庸章句》 Commentary on Doctrine of the Mean 52
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《表記》 The Record on Example 35
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《中庸》 The State of Equilibrium and Harmony, also known as the Doctrine of the Mean 34
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《衛靈公第十五》 Commentary on Wei Ling Gong XV 26
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《離婁章句下》 Commentary on Li Lou II 26
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《盡心章句上》 Commentary on Jin Xin I 24
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《大學章句》 Commentary on Great Learning 22
Commentaries on the Four Books by Zhu Xi 朱熹《四書章句集注》 《里仁第四》 Commentary on Li Ren IV 22
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《禮器》 Rites in the Formation of Character 21
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《樂書》 Music 20

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
见君子 見君子 未見君子 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧周南‧汝墳 Lessons from the states - Odes Of Zhou And The South - Ru Fen 35
弟君子 弟君子 豈弟君子 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧南有嘉魚之什‧湛露 Minor odes of the kingdom - Nan You Jia Yu Zhi Shen - Zhan Lu 16
君子万年 君子萬年 君子萬年 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧甫田之什‧瞻彼洛矣 Minor odes of the kingdom - Fu Tian Zhi Shen - Zhan Bi Luo Yi 10
人君子 人君子 淑人君子 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧曹‧鳲鳩 Lessons from the states - Odes of Cao - Shi Jiu 7
匪君子 匪君子 有匪君子 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧衞‧淇奧 Lessons from the states - Odes of Wei - Qi Wei 5
君子偕老 君子偕老 君子偕老 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧鄘‧君子偕老 Lessons from the states - Odes of Yong - Jun Zi Xie Lao 5
君子阳 君子陽 君子陽陽 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧王‧君子陽陽 Lessons from the states - Odes of Wang - Jun zi Yang Yang 4
君子思 君子思 故君子思古焉 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧谷風之什‧楚茨 Minor odes of the kingdom - Gu Feng Zhi Shen - Chhu Ci 4
配君子 配君子 是以關雎樂得淑女以配君子 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 序 Preface 4
君子信 君子信 君子信讒 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧節南山之什‧小弁 Minor odes of the kingdom - Jie Nan Shan Zhi Shen - Xiao Bian 4