Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

忧 (憂) yōu

  1. yōu verb to worry / to be concerned
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 发愁 (Guoyu '憂' v; Rouzer 2007, p. 13)
  2. yōu noun a worry / a concern / grief
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: For example, 报喜不报忧 'return kindness not grief' (Guoyu '憂' n 1; Suyu, p. 37; Unihan '憂')
  3. yōu adjective sad / grieved
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 愁闷 (Guoyu '憂' adj; Unihan '憂')
  4. yōu noun funeral arrangements for parents
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Guoyu '憂' n 2)
  5. yōu noun a sickness / an ailment
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: In the sense of 疾病 (Guoyu '憂' n 3)

Contained in

忧虑忧患高枕无忧担忧忧郁后顾之忧忧悲忧愁忧伤无忧树忧苦烦忧忧忆愁忧无忧忧思堪忧忧婆憍舍罗佛说解忧经解忧经妙法莲华经忧波提舍宝髻经四法忧波提舍转法轮经忧波提舍三具足经忧波提舍忧波利忧受排忧解难报喜不报忧忧昙波花忧昙波忧心忧惧忧世分忧隐忧忧郁症忧闷报忧衣食无忧忧悒忧灼丁忧忧郁症忧色忧慼无忧王忽喜忽忧忧恼

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
History of Song 《宋史》 卷五十一 志第四 天文四 Volume 51 Treatises 4: Astronomy 4 135
History of Song 《宋史》 卷五十 志第三 天文三 Volume 50 Treatises 3: Astronomy 3 126
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷十三 志第三 天文下 Volume 13 Treatises 3: Astronomy Part Three 74
History of Song 《宋史》 卷四十九 志第二 天文二 Volume 49 Treatises 2: Astronomy 2 67
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 41
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷二十四 志第十四 天文二 Volume 24 Treatises 14: Astronomy 2 38
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷105之二 天象志一之二 Volume 105b Treatise 1: Celestial Phenomena 2 32
Book of Sui 《隋書》 卷21 志第16 天文下 Volume 21 Treatises 16: Astronomy 3 30
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷二十六 志第十六 天文四 Volume 26 Treatises 16: Astronomy 4 30
Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 《心部》 Xīn Radical 28

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
君忧 君憂 又以為君憂 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 莊公 Lord Zhang 6
解忧 解憂 而不足以解憂 Mencius 《孟子》 萬章上 Wan Zhang I 6
内忧 內憂 外寧必有內憂 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 成公 Lord Cheng 5
忧中国 憂中國 桓公有憂中國之心 Gongyang's Commentary on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋公羊傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 5
心忧 心憂 謂我心憂 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧王‧黍離 Lessons from the states - Odes of Wang - Shu Li 4
百忧 百憂 逢此百憂 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧王‧兔爰 Lessons from the states - Odes of Wang - Tu Yuan 4
乐忧 樂憂 子招樂憂 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 3
大夫忧 大夫憂 大夫憂其君國小而迫 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧魏‧園有桃 Lessons from the states - Odes of Wei - Yuan You Tao 3
忘忧 忘憂 臨禍忘憂 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 莊公 Lord Zhang 3
为己忧 為己憂 堯以不得舜為己憂 Mencius 《孟子》 滕文公上 Teng Wen Gong I 3