Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

lǎo

  1. lǎo adjective old / aged / elderly / aging
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: For example, in literary Chinese, 老馬識途 'an old horse knows the road', from Han Feizi's Shuo Lin Shang. FGS translation standard: aged (ABC 'lǎo' 老 sv 1; DCP 'L50'; Kroll '老' 1; Unihan '老')
  2. lǎo noun Kangxi radical 125
    Domain: Radicals 部首
    Notes: (ABC back cover; GHC p. 7)
  3. lǎo prefix indicates seniority or age
    Domain: Affixes 附类
    Notes: In this use, 老 is a prefix used with a person's surname to indicate seniority or with numbers to indicate order or birth amongst brothers and sisters in a familar. For example, 老大 'eldest child' (ABC 'lǎo' 老 prefix 1; Kroll '老' 1a; Norman 1988, p. 113; Sun 2006, loc. 691).
  4. lǎo adjective vegetables that have become old and tough
    Domain: Food and Drink 饮食
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 sv 4)
  5. lǎo adverb always
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Note that in this sense 老 is used before the verb it modifies (ABC 'lǎo' 老 adv 2; Sun 2006, loc. 2053)
  6. lǎo adverb very
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 adv 1)
  7. lǎo adjective experienced
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: (Unihan '老')
  8. lǎo bound form humble self-reference
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Bound with 老身 'oldy' (Kroll '老' 1b)
  9. lǎo adjective of long standing
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 sv 2)
  10. lǎo adjective dark
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Color 颜色
    Notes: Of colors (ABC 'lǎo' 老 sv 5)
  11. lǎo adjective outdated
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 sv 3)
  12. lǎo noun old people / the elderly
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Life 生活
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 n 1)
  13. lǎo noun parents
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Family 家
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 n 2)
  14. lǎo prefix indicates familiarity
    Domain: Affixes 附类
    Notes: In this use, 老 is a diminutive venacular form used with a person's surname to indicate familiarity. For example, Lao Wang 老王, for somebody whose surname is Wang (ABC 'lǎo' 老 prefix 2; Kroll '老' 1a; Norman 1988, p. 113; Sun 2006, loc. 691).
  15. lǎo adverb for a long time
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 adv 3)

Contained in

老挝养老老鼠老师老百姓长老老子古老老实生老病死老人老虎老是老板老大妈老大娘老大爷老太太老头儿老头老舍老婆老式老年老人家老乡老成老汉老化老家老太婆老天爷老爷老一辈衰老老婆饼老舍纪念馆老气横秋小老婆老头子孤老老套子老吾老以及人之老老鹰老聃年老长生不老法老老龄化龙头老大苍老

Word is mentioned most frequently in

Truncated for common words

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 24
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 18
Shuo Wen Jie Zi 《說文解字》 《老部》 Lǎo Radical 17
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《王制》 Royal Regulations 16
The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《內則》 The Pattern of the Family 12
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《滑稽列傳》 Biographies of Jesters 12
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 10
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《趙世家》 House of Zhao 10
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 成公 Lord Cheng 10
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 宣公 Lord Xuan 9

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
国老 國老 國老皆賀子文 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 10
庶老 庶老 養庶老於下庠 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《王制》 Royal Regulations 8
耆老 耆老 天不遺耆老 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I 7
三老 三老 而三老凍餒 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 6
室老 室老 室老聞之曰 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 6
老幼 老幼 無有老幼 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 5
襄老 襄老 射連尹襄老 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 宣公 Lord Xuan 5
老五 老五 遂設三老五更群老之席位焉 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《文王世子》King Wen as Son and Heir 4
叔老 叔老 季孫宿叔老會晉士匄 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 4
师老 師老 師老矣 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 4