Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

lǎo

  1. lǎo adjective old / aged / elderly / aging
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: For example, in literary Chinese, 老馬識途 'an old horse knows the road', from Han Feizi's Shuo Lin Shang. FGS translation standard: aged (ABC 'lǎo' 老 sv 1; DCP 'L50'; Kroll '老' 1; Unihan '老')
  2. lǎo noun Kangxi radical 125
    Domain: Radicals 部首
    Notes: (ABC back cover; GHC p. 7)
  3. lǎo prefix indicates seniority or age
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Affixes 附类
    Notes: In this use, 老 is a prefix used with a person's surname to indicate seniority or with numbers to indicate order or birth amongst brothers and sisters in a familar. For example, 老大 'eldest child' (ABC 'lǎo' 老 prefix 1; Kroll '老' 1a; Norman 1988, p. 113; Sun 2006, loc. 691).
  4. lǎo adjective vegetables that have become old and tough
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Food and Drink 饮食
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 sv 4)
  5. lǎo adverb always
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: Note that in this sense 老 is used before the verb it modifies (ABC 'lǎo' 老 adv 2; Sun 2006, loc. 2053)
  6. lǎo adverb very
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 adv 1)
  7. lǎo adjective experienced
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Unihan '老')
  8. lǎo bound form humble self-reference
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: Bound with 老身 'oldy' (Kroll '老' 1b)
  9. lǎo adjective of long standing
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 sv 2)
  10. lǎo adjective dark
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Color 颜色
    Notes: Of colors (ABC 'lǎo' 老 sv 5)
  11. lǎo adjective outdated
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Time 时间
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 sv 3)
  12. lǎo noun old people / the elderly
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Life 生活
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 n 1)
  13. lǎo noun parents
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Family 家
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 n 2)
  14. lǎo prefix indicates familiarity
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Affixes 附类
    Notes: In this use, 老 is a diminutive venacular form used with a person's surname to indicate familiarity. For example, Lao Wang 老王, for somebody whose surname is Wang (ABC 'lǎo' 老 prefix 2; Kroll '老' 1a; Norman 1988, p. 113; Sun 2006, loc. 691).
  15. lǎo adverb for a long time
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Function Words 虚词
    Notes: (ABC 'lǎo' 老 adv 3)

Contained in

老挝养老老鼠老师老百姓长老老子古老老实生老病死老人老虎老是老板老大妈老大娘老大爷老太太老头儿老头老舍老婆老式老年老人家老乡老成老汉老化老家老太婆老天爷老爷老一辈衰老老婆饼老舍纪念馆老气横秋小老婆老头子孤老老套子老吾老以及人之老老鹰老聃年老长生不老法老老龄化龙头老大苍老

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第二十一回 Chapter 21 74
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第三十八回 Chapter 38 50
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第一回 Chapter 1 45
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷十九     志第九    禮樂九 Volume 19 Treatises 9: Rites and Music 9 40
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第三十九回 Chapter 39 37
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第四十六回 Chapter 46 36
The Scholars 《儒林外史》 第四十九回 Chapter 49 34
History of Song 《宋史》 卷三百八十七 列傳第一百四十六 黃洽 汪應辰 王十朋 吳芾 陳良翰 杜莘老 Volume 387 Biographies 146: Huang Qia, Wang Yingchen, Wang Shipeng, Wu Fei, Chen Lianghan, Du Shenlao 33
History of Song 《宋史》 卷一百十四 志第六十七 禮十七 Volume 114 Treatises 67: Rites 17 32
The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 24

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
叔老 叔老 季孫宿叔老會晉士匄 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 12
国老 國老 國老皆賀子文 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 11
耆老 耆老 天不遺耆老 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《檀弓上》 Tan Gong I 10
老幼 老幼 無有老幼 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 僖公 Lord Xi 9
庶老 庶老 養庶老於下庠 The Book of Rites 《禮記》 《王制》 Royal Regulations 8
室老 室老 室老聞之曰 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 7
三老 三老 而三老凍餒 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 昭公 Lord Zhao 6
老会 老會 季孫宿叔老會晉士匄 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 襄公 Lord Xiang 6
襄老 襄老 射連尹襄老 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 宣公 Lord Xuan 5
授老 授老 授老鴈 The Book of Etiquette and Ceremonial 《儀禮》 士昬禮 第二 2. Nuptial rites for a common officer 5