诚 (誠) chéng

  1. chéng noun honesty / sincerity
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: 诚 is an important Confucian concept (Kroll 2015 '誠' 1a; Yao, 2000, p. 217). For example, 所謂誠其意者,毋自欺也 What is meant by 'making the thoughts sincere.' is the allowing no self-deception.' (The Classic of Rites, The Great Learning《禮記‧大學》, trans. by Legge 1885)
  2. chéng adverb if
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: May be used in Literary Chinese to emphasize a supposition in a complex sentence with a subordinating conjunction, like 'if' (Kroll 2015 '誠' 3; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 153).
  3. chéng adverb truly
    Domain: Literary Chinese 文言文
    Notes: (Kroll 2015 '誠' 2)

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有诚洪自诚奉诚寺诚斋乐府道诚

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