Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

业 (業)

  1. noun business / industry
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 行业 (CCD 1 '业' 1; FE '業' 1)
  2. adverb immediately
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 即 (GHDC '业' 9)
  3. noun action / actions
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
  4. noun karma / kamma / karmic deeds / actions
    Domain: Buddhism 佛教
    Notes: Sanskrit equivalent: karma, Pali: kamma, Japanese: gō; used in Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism to literally mean 'actions.' Importantly, all these beliefs affirm the consequences will certainly follow from all actions, either in this life or a future life. Hence karma has become a doctrine as well (BL 'karma'; CCD 1 '业' 6; JEBD 'Gō'; GHDC '业' 11; Mittal and Thursby 2006, p. 19).
  5. noun board
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synomomous with 版 in this sense.
  6. noun a course of study
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synomomous with 学业 in this sense (CCD 1 '业' 3; GHDC '业' 4).
  7. noun a cause / an undertaking / an enterprise / an achievment / a pursuit
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synomomous with 事业 or 功业 in this sense (CCD 1 '业' 4).
  8. noun an estate / a property
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synomomous with 产业 in this sense (CCD 1 '业' 5; FE '業' 2; GHDC '业' 7).
  9. noun sin / karmic retribution
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synomomous with 罪孽 in this sense.
  10. verb to engage in
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synomomous with 从事 in this sense (CCD 1 '业' 7).
  11. proper noun Ye
    Domain: Names 名字 , Concept: Surname 姓氏
    Notes: (CCD 1 '业' 8)
  12. adverb already
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Synomomous with 已经 in this sense (CCD 2 '业'; FE '業' 3).
  13. noun an occupation
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 职业; for example, 安居乐乐业 'to live with joy and be content in one's work' (CCD 1 '业' 2; FE '業' 1; GHDC '业' 4)
  14. noun a kind of musical instrument
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In ancient times (GHDC '业' 1)
  15. noun a book
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In ancient times (GHDC '业' 3)

Contained in

农业就业失业企业专业毕业生毕业外资企业事业行业信用鸟鞋业产业业务工业林业渔业重工业专业化商业制造业企业内网企业间物业业务流程企业资源计划业界职业业余副业商业机构商业机构对商业机构企业对企业商业机构对消费者企业对消费者作业营业電子商业业绩综合业务数字网企业内部网络创业待业各行各业结业兢兢业业旅游业牧业轻工业专业户工业化正业

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
History of the Northern Dynasties 《北史》 卷八十一 列傳第六十九: 儒林上 Volume 81 Biographies 69: Confucian Scholars 1 62
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷84 儒林:梁越 盧醜 張偉 梁祚 平恆 陳奇 常爽 劉獻之 Volume 84: Renowned Confucians - Liang Yue, Lu Chou, Zhang Wei, Liang Zuo, Ping Heng, Chen Qi, Chang Shuang, Liu Xianzhi 60
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷71 裴叔業 夏侯道遷 李元護 席法友 王世弼 江悦之 淳于誕 李苗 Volume 71: Pei Shuye, Xiahou Daoqian, Li Yuanhu, Xi Fayou, Wang Shibi, Jiang Yuezhi, Chun Yudan, Li Miao 53
History of the Northern Dynasties 《北史》 卷四十五 列傳第三十三: 裴叔業 夏侯道遷 李元護 席法友 王世弼 江悅之 淳于誕 沈文秀 張讜 李苗 劉藻 傅永 傅竪眼 張烈 李叔彪 路恃慶 房亮 曹世表 潘永基 朱元旭 Volume 45 Biographies 33: Pei Shuye, Xiahou Daoqian, Li Yuanhu, Xi Fayou, Wang Shibi, Jiang Yuezhi, Chun Yudan, Shen Wenxiu, Zhang Dang, Li Miao, Liu Zao, Fu Yong, Fu Shuyan, Zhang Lie, Li Shubiao, Lu Shiqing, Fang Liang, Cao Shibiao, Pan Yongji, Zhu Yuanxu 53
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷一百二十九 載記第二十九 沮渠蒙遜 Volume 129 Records 29: Juqu Mengxun 49
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷八十七 列傳第五十七 涼武昭王李玄盛(李暠) Volume 87 Biographies 57: Li Xuansheng, Prince Wuzhao of Liang 43
Old History of the Five Dynasties 《舊五代史》 卷七十二 唐書48: 列傳24 張承業 張居翰 馬紹宏 孟漢瓊 Volume 72 Book of Later Tang 48: Biographies 24 - Zhang Chengye, Zhang Juhan, Ma Shaohong, Meng Hangqiong 42
Book of Southern Qi 《南齊書》 卷五十一 列傳第三十二 裴叔業 崔慧景 張欣泰 Volume 51 Biographies 32: Pei Shuye, Cui Huijing, Zhang Xintai 41
History of Song 《宋史》 卷二百七十二 列傳第三十一 楊業子:延昭 等 附:王貴 荊罕儒從孙:嗣 曹光實從子:克明 張暉 司超 Volume 272 Biographies 31: Yang Ye and sons: Yanzhao and others, relative: Wang Gui, Jing Hanru and nephew: Si, Cao Guangshi and nephew: Keming, Zhang Hui, Si Chao 40
Book of Wei 《魏書》 卷98 島夷蕭道成 島夷蕭衍 Volume 98: Xiao Daocheng of the Daoyi People, Xiaoyan of the Daoyi 37

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
王业 王業 陳王業也 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 國風‧豳‧七月 Lessons from the states - Odes of Cao - Qi Yue 13
业业 業業 四牡業業 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 小雅‧鹿鳴之什‧采薇 Minor odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Lu Ming - Cai Wei 8
帝业 帝業 使秦有帝業 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《范睢蔡澤列傳》 Biographies of Fan Sui and Cai Ze 5
脩业 脩業 君子進德脩業 Book of Changes 《易經》 乾 Qian 4
业成 業成 而霸王之業成矣 Han Feizi 《韓非子》 六反第四十六 Chapter 46: Six Contraries 4
生业 生業 生業不修矣 Huainanzi 《淮南子》 卷九 主術訓 Chapter 9: The Sovereign's Methods 4
其事业 其事業 是皆以其事業交接於君上也 Guanzi 《管子》 國蓄第七十三 Chapter 73: State Reserves 4
余业 餘業 蓄積餘業以稽市物 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《平準書》 Equalization 3
变业 變業 工人數變業則失其功 Han Feizi 《韓非子》 解老第二十 Chapter 20: Commentaries on Laozi's Teachings 3
业卒 業卒 許男業卒 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 文公 Lord Wen 3