Chinese Notes
Chinese Notes

纵 (縱) zōng zòng

  1. zōng noun warp (the vertical threads in weaving) / vertical
    Domain: Modern Chinese 现代汉语 , Subdomain: Position 位
    Notes: (Guoyu '縱' zōng n 1)
  2. zòng verb to release / to relax / to let go
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense 纵 is synonymous with 释放 or 放走 (Guoyu '縱' zòng v 1; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 158).
  3. zōng adjective footprint
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In the sense of 足跡 (Guoyu '縱' zōng n 2)
  4. zōng adjective north-south
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense 纵 is synonymous with 南北.
  5. zòng verb to send out / to fire / to discharge
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense 纵 is synonymous with 发 or 放 (Guoyu '縱' zòng v 2).
  6. zòng verb to indulge
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense 纵 is synonymous with 放纵 (Guoyu '縱' zòng v 3; Unihan '縱').
  7. zòng verb to jump / to leap
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense 纵 is synonymous with 腾跃 (Guoyu '縱' zòng v 4).
  8. zòng conjunction even if / even though
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: In this sense 纵 is synonymous with 纵然 or 即使 in modern Chinese. It may used to introduce a concessive clause in Literary Chinese (Guoyu '縱' zòng conj; Pulleyblank 1995, p. 158).
  9. zòng adjective to frown / to knit one's brows
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Dialect (NCCED '纵1 zòng' 7)
  10. zòng adjective creased
    Domain: Classical Chinese 古文
    Notes: Dialect (NCCED '纵1 zòng' 6)

Contained in

操纵纵队纵横解纵纵向纵欲放纵纵横家纵火纵长纵线纵然纵贯纵身纵观纵虎归山纵情纵言纵目纵火合纵纵声纵酒纵横纵放纵步纵身纵令纵令纵意纵言纵纹纵贯纵使纵身纵容骄纵合纵连横幕后操纵纵欲纵论纵览纵享, philosophical schools of the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods (770-220 BC), viz Confucians 儒家, Daoists 道家, Yin and Yang 阴阳家, Legalists 法家, Logicians 名家, Mohists 墨家, Diplomats 纵横家, Miscellaneous 杂家 , and Agriculturalists 农家 (CC-CEDICT '九流')纵深纵横交错纵谈娇纵失纵纵隔奢纵

Texts that the word is most frequently mentioned in

Collection Document Title Occurrences
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷一百〇 列傳第七十 王彌 張昌 陳敏 王如 杜曾 杜弢 王機 祖約 蘇峻 孫恩 盧循 譙縱 Volume 100 Biographies 70: Wang Mi; Zhang Chang; Chen Min; Wang Ru; Du Ceng; Du Tao; Wang Ji; Zu Yue; Su Jun; Sun En; Lu Xun; Qiao Zong 33
Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《酷吏列傳》 Biographies of Cruel Officials 23
Book of Han 《漢書》 卷九十 酷吏傳 Volume 90: Cruel Officials 22
New Book of Tang 《新唐書》 卷一百二十   列傳第四十五    五王 Volume 120 Biographies 45: Five Kings 18
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷一百〇八 列傳第五十八: 韋見素 崔圓 崔渙 杜鴻漸 Volume 108 Biographies 58: Wei Jiansu, Cui Yuan, Cui Huan, Du Hongjian 18
Book of Jin 《晉書》 卷七十四 列傳第四十四 桓彝 Volume 74 Biographies 44: Huan Yi 13
Old Book of Tang 《舊唐書》 卷一百二十五 列傳第七十五: 張鎰 劉從一 蕭復 柳渾 Volume 125 Biographies 75: Zhang Yi, Liu Congyi, Xiao Fu, Liu Hun 11
Book of Song 《宋書》 卷九十五 列傳第五十五 索虜 Volume 95 Biographies 55: Suo Lu 11
History of Yuan 《元史》 卷一百〇三 志第五十一: 刑法二 Volume 103 Treatises 56: Punishment and Law 2 11
History of the Northern Dynasties 《北史》 卷四十一 列傳第二十九: 楊播 楊敷 Volume 41 Biographies 29: Yangbo, Yang Fu 10

Collocations

Simplified Traditional Example Example Reference Frequency
纵诡 縱詭 無縱詭隨 The Book of Songs 《詩經》 大雅‧生民之什‧民勞 Greater odes of the kingdom - Decade Of Sheng Min - Min Lu 6
纵不能 縱不能 縱不能用 Xunzi 《荀子》 君道篇第十二 Chapter 12: The Way of the Sovereign 5
今纵 今縱 今縱無法以遺後嗣 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 文公 Lord Wen 5
纵反 縱反 陳平既多以金縱反閒於楚軍 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《陳丞相世家》 House of Chancellor Chen 5
纵马 縱馬 故縱馬華山 Huainanzi 《淮南子》 卷二十一 要略 Chapter 21: Summary 4
纵子 縱子 縱子忘之 The Commentary of Zuo on the Spring and Autumn Annals 《春秋左氏傳》 定公 Lord Ding 3
纵弃 縱棄 天亦縱棄紂而不葆 Mozi 《墨子》 卷七 天志中 Book 7 - Will of Heaven II 3
归纵 歸縱 而襄公敗秦師於殽而歸縱淫 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《趙世家》 House of Zhao 2
纵淫 縱淫 而襄公敗秦師於殽而歸縱淫 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《趙世家》 House of Zhao 2
纵兵 縱兵 莫敢縱兵 Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》 《項羽本紀》 Annals of Xiang Yu 2