Book of Han 漢書

The second of the standard Chinese histories by 班固 Ban Gu with others, covering the 西漢 Western [Former] Han dynasty 206 BCE - 25 CE


漢書 Han Shu by Ban Gu at Wikisource, accessed 2018-05-13,漢書.

English translations (partial)

  1. Cullen, Christopher 2017, Foundations of Celestial Reckoning - Three Ancient Chinese Astronomical Systems, E-Book=, London and New York: Routledge. This book contains translations of some passages relating to astronomy and calendrics.
  2. Chinese Text Project, Hanshu,, accessed 2020-09-27.
  3. Dubs, Homer H trans. 1938-55, The History of the Former Han Dynasty, 3 vols. Baltimore: Waverly, Digitized text, accessed 2018-05-13. Includes volumes 1-12.
  4. Hulsewe, A F P 1955, Remnants of Han Law, Leiden: Brill. Volumes 22 (partial) and 23.
  5. Hulsewe, A F P and M A N Loewe 1979, China in Central Asia; the Early Stage: 125 BC - AD 23: An Annotated Translation of Chapters 61 and 96 of the History of the Former Han Dynasty, Leiden: Brill.
  6. Owen, Stephen 1997 An Anthology of Chinese Literature: Beginnings to 1911, New York: W.W. Norton, pp. 215-218. Partial translation.
  7. Sargent, Clyde Bailey, Wang Mang, a Translation of the Official Account of his Rise to Power as Given in the History of the Former Han Dynasty, Shanghai: Graphic Art Book Co.
  8. Swan, Nancy Lee 1950, Food and Money in Ancient China: the Earliest Economic History of China to AD 25, Han Shu 24 with related texts 91 and Shiji 129, Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press, pp. 109-359.
  9. Watson, Burton, trans. 1974, Courtier and Commoner in Ancient China. Selections from the History of the Former Han, New York: Columbia University Press. A translation of 10 chapters: 54, 63, 65, 67, 68, 71, 74, 78, 92, and 96.
  10. Wylie, A 1880, “History of the South-Western Barbarians and Chaou-Seen,” The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 9, pp.53-96, at, accessed 2020-00-04. Translation of volume 95.


  1. Bielenstein, H 1980, The Bureaucracy of Han Times, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  2. Clark, Anthony E 2008, Ban Gu's History of Early China, Amherst, New York: Cambria Press.
  3. de Crespigny, Rafe 1967, Official Titles of the Former Han Dynasty, Oriental Monograph Series No. 2, Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  4. Durrant, Stephen 2017, 'Chapter 13: Histories (Shi 史),' in Denecke, Wiebke, Wai-Yee Li, and Xiaofei Tian (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Classical Chinese Literature (1000 BCE-900CE), e-book, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 193-194.
  5. Lin, C., Peach, T. and Fang, W. eds. 2019, The Political Economy of the Han Dynasty and Its Legacy. Routledge.
  6. Hulsewé, A.F.P. 1961, “Notes on the Historiography of the Han Period,” in WG Beasly and EG Pulleyblank, Historians of China and Japan, London: Oxford University Press, pp. 31-43.
  7. Hulsewe, A F P 1993, “Han Shu 漢書,” In Michael Loewe, (ed.) Early Chinese Texts: A Bibliographical Guide, Berkeley: Society for the Study of Early China, pp. 129-136.
  8. Lowe, Michael 2000, A Biographical Dictionary of the Qin, Former Han and Xin Periods, 221 BC - AD 24, Leiden: Brill.
  9. Wang Xianqian 1900, 漢書補注 Hanshu Buzhu ‘Book of Han Supplementary Notes,’ Changsha; Wang Shi, index at, accessed 2020-10-08.
  10. Wilkinson, E P 2015, Chinese History: a New Manual, Harvard University Asia Center, Cambridge and London, p. 711-713.
  11. Yang Shuda 2007, 漢書管窺, Hanshu Kuiguan ‘Critical and Explanatory Notes on the Book of Han,’ Kindle Ed., 湖南教育出版社 Changsha: Hunan Education Publishing House.

Collection vocabulary analysis