Records of the Grand Historian 史記

By 司馬遷 Sima Qian, the first of the standard Chinese histories


English translations

  1. Allen, Herbert J trans. 1894, Ssŭma Ch'ien's Historical Records, Royal Asiatic Society,
  2. Watson, Burton, trans. 1961, Records of the Grand Historian of China, New York: Columbia University Press.


  1. Durrant, Stephen 2017, 'Chapter 13: Histories (Shi 史),' in Denecke, Wiebke, Wai-Yee Li, and Xiaofei Tian (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Classical Chinese Literature (1000 BCE-900CE), e-book, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 190-192.
  2. Klein, E S 2018, Reading Sima Qian from Han to Song: The Father of History in Pre-Modern China, Brill.
  3. Wilkinson, E P 2015, Chinese History: a New Manual, Harvard University Asia Center, Cambridge and London, p. 704-711.

Collection vocabulary analysis