History of the Northern Dynasties 北史

The fifteenth of the standard Chinese histories, compiled by 李延壽 Li Yanshou, covering the Northern Wei, Western Wei, Eastern Wei, Northern Zhou, Northern Qi, and Sui dynasties


Wikisource, accessed 2018-06-02, https://zh.wikisource.org/wiki/北史.

English translations



  1. Graff, David 2015, “Bei shi 北史,” In Early Medieval Chinese Texts: A Bibliographical Guide, edited by Albert E Dien, Cynthia Louise Chennault, Keith Nathaniel Knapp, and Alan J Berkowitz, Berkeley: Institute of East Asian Studies University of California, pp. 18-23.
  2. Wu, Huaiqi and Chi Zhen 2018, An Historical Sketch of Chinese Historiographyi>, E-Book. Berlin: Springer, p.406.

Collection vocabulary analysis