Glossary and Vocabulary for The Book of Rites 《禮記》, 《投壺》 The Game of Pitch-Pot

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 23 yuē to speak / to say 主人請曰
2 15 qǐng to ask / to inquire 主人請曰
3 10 shǐ arrow / dart 主人奉矢
4 10 horse 一馬從二馬
5 10 bīn a guest / a visitor 請以樂賓
6 9 suàn to count / to calculate / to figure 執八算興
7 9 Kangxi radical 80 毋去其皮
8 8 a jar / a jug / a vase 使人執壺
9 7 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 敢辭
10 7 èr two 間以二矢半
11 7 主人 zhǔrén master / host 主人奉矢
12 6 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 司射奉中
13 6 bàn half 間以二矢半
14 5 tóu to throw / to cast / to fling / to pitch 順投為入
15 5 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 司射奉中
16 5 gǎn bold / brave 敢辭
17 5 zhōng middle 司射奉中
18 5 one 一馬從二馬
19 5 to stand 三馬既立
20 4 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 請慶多馬
21 4 strange / unusual / uncanny 一算為奇
22 4 jué ancient bronze wine holder 正爵既行
23 4 xíng to walk / to move 正爵既行
24 4 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 投壺之禮
25 4 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 請以樂賓
26 4 dǎng political party 賓黨於右
27 3 child / son 子有旨酒嘉肴
28 3 bèi not facing 毋偝立
29 3 five 室中五扶
30 3 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 毋逾言
31 3 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 左右告矢具
32 3 nuò to promise
33 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 敢固辭
34 3 to support /to help 室中五扶
35 3 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 使人執壺
36 3 to give / to bestow favors 某既賜矣
37 3 投壺 tóuhú pitch pot 投壺
38 3 wǎng useless / in vain 某有枉矢哨壺
39 3 fèng to offer / to present 主人奉矢
40 3 yán to speak / to say / said 毋逾言
41 3 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 勝飲不勝者
42 3 a drum
43 3 zhèng upright / straight 正爵既行
44 3 mìng life 某固辭不得命
45 3 chún pure 二算為純
46 3 shào to whistle / to blow a whistle 某有枉矢哨壺
47 2 bài to bow / to pay respect to 主人阼階上拜送
48 2 zhǔ owner 主黨於左
49 2 gào to tell / to say / said / told 左右告矢具
50 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 賓再拜受
51 2 a law / a rule
52 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 退反位
53 2 guì to kneel 當飲者皆跪奉觴
54 2 令弟 lìngdì honorable little brother 魯令弟子辭曰
55 2 sān three 三馬既立
56 2 to enter 順投為入
57 2 to take / to get / to fetch 一純以取
58 2 zhuó to pour wine 命酌曰
59 2 to go 壺去席二矢半
60 2 shāng a goblet 請行觴
61 2 xiū to decorate / to embellish 頸修七寸
62 2 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 不足辭也
63 2 arrogant / rude 毋幠
64 2 to reach 庭長及冠士立者皆屬賓黨
65 2 shì to release / to set free 比投不釋
66 2 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 庭長及冠士立者皆屬賓黨
67 2 yǐn to drink 勝飲不勝者
68 2 bān sort / kind / class 主人般還
69 2 áo to ramble 毋敖
70 2 zhòng heavy 又重以樂
71 2 shàng top / a high position 主人阼階上拜送
72 2 rén person / people / a human being 使人執壺
73 2 zuò to sit 則司射坐而釋一算焉
74 2 jūn great / your (honorific) 鈞則曰左右鈞
75 2 wèi position / location / place 退反位
76 2 to die 卒投
77 2 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 請慶多馬
78 2 seven 堂上七扶
79 2 Shandong 魯令弟子辭曰
80 2 xuē Xue 薛令弟子辭曰
81 1 yòng to use / to apply 盡用之為射禮
82 1 xīng to flourish / to be popular 執八算興
83 1 jiē stairs / steps 主人阼階上拜送
84 1 shēng to ascend / to go up 容斗五升
85 1 shì a gentleman / a knight 庭長及冠士立者皆屬賓黨
86 1 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使人執壺
87 1 zhè cudrang / mandarin melon berry / silkworm thorn / Chinese mulberry 矢以柘若棘
88 1 shì to look at / to see 算多少視其坐
89 1 shì room / bedroom 室中五扶
90 1 tíng a courtyard 庭中九扶
91 1 skin / hide / fur / feather 毋去其皮
92 1 yuè to jump / to leap 為其矢之躍而出也
93 1 róng to hold / to contain 容斗五升
94 1 庭長 tíngzhǎng presiding judge 庭長及冠士立者皆屬賓黨
95 1 xián a string / a bowstring 命弦者曰
96 1 yáo prepared meat / meat dishes / mixed viands 子有旨酒嘉肴
97 1 jìn to enter 進即兩楹間
98 1 不敬 bù jìng to disrespect / to be irreverent 敢不敬從
99 1 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 子有旨酒嘉肴
100 1 guàn to pour in 賜灌
101 1 chóu a chip / a tally / a token
102 1 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂以奇算告曰
103 1 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 主人阼階上拜送
104 1 yíng a pillar / a column 進即兩楹間
105 1 to salute / to bow 揖賓就筵
106 1 shí ten 請拾投
107 1 若干 ruògān a certain number or amount of 某賢於某若干純
108 1 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 取半以下為投壺禮
109 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 三馬既備
110 1 to float / to drift / to waft 若是者浮
111 1 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 左右告矢具
112 1 若一 ruòyī similar 間若一
113 1 liǎng two 進即兩楹間
114 1 童子 tóngzǐ boy 童子皆屬主黨
115 1 zòu to present / to offer 請奏
116 1 jiǔ nine 庭中九扶
117 1 shǔ to count 請數
118 1 to associate with / be near 比投不釋
119 1 yán a feast 揖賓就筵
120 1 進度 jìndù pace / tempo / degree of progress (on project) / work schedule 司射進度壺
121 1 chè to pervade / to penetrate 請徹馬
122 1 táng main hall / a large room 堂上七扶
123 1 小豆 xiǎodòu azuki bean / red bean 壺中實小豆焉
124 1 zhí straight 馬各直其算
125 1 jiā excellent 子有旨酒嘉肴
126 1 zuò the steps leading to the eastern door 主人阼階上拜送
127 1 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 敬養
128 1 abdomen / stomach / belly 腹修五寸
129 1 shí real / true 壺中實小豆焉
130 1 a fox-like animal 貍首
131 1 賓主 bīnzhǔ host and guest 賓主皆曰
132 1 a banquet 壺去席二矢半
133 1 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 子有旨酒嘉肴
134 1 jǐng neck / throat 頸修七寸
135 1 再拜 zàibài to bow repeatedly 賓再拜受
136 1 shùn to obey 順投為入
137 1 yòu right / right-hand 賓黨於右
138 1 東面 dōngmiàn east side 東面
139 1 shè to set up / to establish 設中
140 1 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 勝飲不勝者
141 1 zuǒ left 主黨於左
142 1 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡用之為射禮
143 1 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 退反位
144 1 eight 執八算興
145 1 guān cap / crown / headgear 庭長及冠士立者皆屬賓黨
146 1 xián virtuous / worthy 某賢於某若干純
147 1 dòu to struggle / to fight 容斗五升
148 1 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 樂人及使者
149 1 jìng to respect /to honor 敬養
150 1 大師 dàshī venerable master / great master / master 大師曰
151 1 shǒu head 貍首
152 1 thorns / brambles 矢以柘若棘
153 1 口徑 kǒujìng caliber / diameter of an opening 口徑二寸半

Frequencies of all Words

Top 190

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 23 yuē to speak / to say 主人請曰
2 15 qǐng to ask / to inquire 主人請曰
3 10 so as to / in order to 請以樂賓
4 10 shǐ arrow / dart 主人奉矢
5 10 horse 一馬從二馬
6 10 bīn a guest / a visitor 請以樂賓
7 9 suàn to count / to calculate / to figure 執八算興
8 9 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 勝飲不勝者
9 9 Kangxi radical 80 毋去其皮
10 8 a jar / a jug / a vase 使人執壺
11 7 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 敢辭
12 7 èr two 間以二矢半
13 7 already / since 某既賜矣
14 7 主人 zhǔrén master / host 主人奉矢
15 7 wèi for / to 順投為入
16 6 mǒu some / certain 某有枉矢哨壺
17 6 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 司射奉中
18 6 bàn half 間以二矢半
19 5 tóu to throw / to cast / to fling / to pitch 順投為入
20 5 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 司射奉中
21 5 gǎn bold / brave 敢辭
22 5 zhōng middle 司射奉中
23 5 one 一馬從二馬
24 5 to stand 三馬既立
25 4 his / hers / its / theirs 馬各直其算
26 4 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 請慶多馬
27 4 strange / unusual / uncanny 一算為奇
28 4 jué ancient bronze wine holder 正爵既行
29 4 xíng to walk / to move 正爵既行
30 4 zhī him / her / them / that 投壺之禮
31 4 cùn a unit of length / inch / thumb 算長尺二寸
32 4 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 投壺之禮
33 4 yǒu is / are / to exist 某有枉矢哨壺
34 4 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 當飲者皆跪奉觴
35 4 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 請以樂賓
36 4 dǎng political party 賓黨於右
37 3 in / at 賓黨於右
38 3 cóng from 敢不敬從
39 3 child / son 子有旨酒嘉肴
40 3 bèi not facing 毋偝立
41 3 five 室中五扶
42 3 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 毋逾言
43 3 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 左右告矢具
44 3 nuò to promise
45 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 敢固辭
46 3 to support /to help 室中五扶
47 3 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 使人執壺
48 3 to give / to bestow favors 某既賜矣
49 3 投壺 tóuhú pitch pot 投壺
50 3 wǎng useless / in vain 某有枉矢哨壺
51 3 fèng to offer / to present 主人奉矢
52 3 yán to speak / to say / said 毋逾言
53 3 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 勝飲不勝者
54 3 a drum
55 3 also / too 不足辭也
56 3 zhèng upright / straight 正爵既行
57 3 mìng life 某固辭不得命
58 3 chún pure 二算為純
59 3 shào to whistle / to blow a whistle 某有枉矢哨壺
60 3 otherwise / but / however 則司射坐而釋一算焉
61 3 jiān measure word for rooms, houses, luggage, etc 進即兩楹間
62 2 立馬 lìmǎ at once / immediately / promptly / swiftly 請為勝者立馬
63 2 bài to bow / to pay respect to 主人阼階上拜送
64 2 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 則司射坐而釋一算焉
65 2 zhǔ owner 主黨於左
66 2 gào to tell / to say / said / told 左右告矢具
67 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 賓再拜受
68 2 yān where / how 則司射坐而釋一算焉
69 2 a law / a rule
70 2 hái also / in addition / more 主人般還
71 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 退反位
72 2 guì to kneel 當飲者皆跪奉觴
73 2 令弟 lìngdì honorable little brother 魯令弟子辭曰
74 2 sān three 三馬既立
75 2 to enter 順投為入
76 2 to take / to get / to fetch 一純以取
77 2 final particle 某既賜矣
78 2 zhuó to pour wine 命酌曰
79 2 to go 壺去席二矢半
80 2 shāng a goblet 請行觴
81 2 xiū to decorate / to embellish 頸修七寸
82 2 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 不足辭也
83 2 arrogant / rude 毋幠
84 2 to reach 庭長及冠士立者皆屬賓黨
85 2 shì to release / to set free 比投不釋
86 2 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 庭長及冠士立者皆屬賓黨
87 2 yǐn to drink 勝飲不勝者
88 2 bān sort / kind / class 主人般還
89 2 áo to ramble 毋敖
90 2 yòu again / also 又重以樂
91 2 zhòng heavy 又重以樂
92 2 shàng top / a high position 主人阼階上拜送
93 2 rén person / people / a human being 使人執壺
94 2 zuò to sit 則司射坐而釋一算焉
95 2 jūn great / your (honorific) 鈞則曰左右鈞
96 2 wèi position / location / place 退反位
97 2 to die 卒投
98 2 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 請慶多馬
99 2 seven 堂上七扶
100 2 Shandong 魯令弟子辭曰
101 2 xuē Xue 薛令弟子辭曰
102 1 not / no 比投不釋
103 1 yòng to use / to apply 盡用之為射禮
104 1 xīng to flourish / to be popular 執八算興
105 1 jiē stairs / steps 主人阼階上拜送
106 1 each 馬各直其算
107 1 shēng to ascend / to go up 容斗五升
108 1 shì a gentleman / a knight 庭長及冠士立者皆屬賓黨
109 1 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使人執壺
110 1 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 有常爵
111 1 zhè cudrang / mandarin melon berry / silkworm thorn / Chinese mulberry 矢以柘若棘
112 1 shì to look at / to see 算多少視其坐
113 1 already / afterwards 已拜
114 1 shì room / bedroom 室中五扶
115 1 tíng a courtyard 庭中九扶
116 1 ruò to seem / to be like / as 矢以柘若棘
117 1 skin / hide / fur / feather 毋去其皮
118 1 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當飲者皆跪奉觴
119 1 yuè to jump / to leap 為其矢之躍而出也
120 1 róng to hold / to contain 容斗五升
121 1 庭長 tíngzhǎng presiding judge 庭長及冠士立者皆屬賓黨
122 1 xián a string / a bowstring 命弦者曰
123 1 yáo prepared meat / meat dishes / mixed viands 子有旨酒嘉肴
124 1 jìn to enter 進即兩楹間
125 1 不敬 bù jìng to disrespect / to be irreverent 敢不敬從
126 1 jiǔ wine / liquor / spirits / alcoholic beverage 子有旨酒嘉肴
127 1 chǐ chi / a Chinese foot / a foot 算長尺二寸
128 1 guàn to pour in 賜灌
129 1 chóu a chip / a tally / a token
130 1 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂以奇算告曰
131 1 promptly / right away / immediately 進即兩楹間
132 1 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 主人阼階上拜送
133 1 yíng a pillar / a column 進即兩楹間
134 1 to salute / to bow 揖賓就筵
135 1 shí ten 請拾投
136 1 若干 ruògān a certain number or amount of 某賢於某若干純
137 1 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 取半以下為投壺禮
138 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 三馬既備
139 1 to float / to drift / to waft 若是者浮
140 1 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 左右告矢具
141 1 若一 ruòyī similar 間若一
142 1 liǎng two 進即兩楹間
143 1 童子 tóngzǐ boy 童子皆屬主黨
144 1 zòu to present / to offer 請奏
145 1 jiǔ nine 庭中九扶
146 1 shǔ to count 請數
147 1 to associate with / be near 比投不釋
148 1 yán a feast 揖賓就筵
149 1 進度 jìndù pace / tempo / degree of progress (on project) / work schedule 司射進度壺
150 1 chè to pervade / to penetrate 請徹馬
151 1 táng main hall / a large room 堂上七扶
152 1 小豆 xiǎodòu azuki bean / red bean 壺中實小豆焉
153 1 zhí straight 馬各直其算
154 1 jiù right away 揖賓就筵
155 1 jiā excellent 子有旨酒嘉肴
156 1 zuò the steps leading to the eastern door 主人阼階上拜送
157 1 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 敬養
158 1 abdomen / stomach / belly 腹修五寸
159 1 shí real / true 壺中實小豆焉
160 1 a fox-like animal 貍首
161 1 賓主 bīnzhǔ host and guest 賓主皆曰
162 1 a banquet 壺去席二矢半
163 1 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 子有旨酒嘉肴
164 1 such as / for example / for instance 請主人亦如之
165 1 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 某固辭不得命
166 1 also / too 請主人亦如之
167 1 jǐng neck / throat 頸修七寸
168 1 再拜 zàibài to bow repeatedly 賓再拜受
169 1 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 算長尺二寸
170 1 shùn to obey 順投為入
171 1 yòu right / right-hand 賓黨於右
172 1 東面 dōngmiàn east side 東面
173 1 若是 ruòshì if 若是者浮
174 1 shè to set up / to establish 設中
175 1 不勝 bùshèng cannot bear or stand / to be unequal to 勝飲不勝者
176 1 zuǒ left 主黨於左
177 1 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡用之為射禮
178 1 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 退反位
179 1 eight 執八算興
180 1 guān cap / crown / headgear 庭長及冠士立者皆屬賓黨
181 1 xián virtuous / worthy 某賢於某若干純
182 1 dòu to struggle / to fight 容斗五升
183 1 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 樂人及使者
184 1 多少 duōshǎo number / amount / how much / how many 算多少視其坐
185 1 jìng to respect /to honor 敬養
186 1 大師 dàshī venerable master / great master / master 大師曰
187 1 shǒu head 貍首
188 1 thorns / brambles 矢以柘若棘
189 1 chū to go out / to leave 為其矢之躍而出也
190 1 口徑 kǒujìng caliber / diameter of an opening 口徑二寸半

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
xuē
  1. Xue
  2. Xue

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English