Glossary and Vocabulary for Old History of the Five Dynasties 舊五代史, 卷一百〇六 漢書8: 列傳三 王周 劉審交 武漢球 張瓘 李殷 劉在明 馬萬 李彥從 郭謹 皇甫立 白再榮 張鵬 Volume 106 Book of Later Jin 8: Biographies 3 - Wang Zhou, Liu Shenjiao, Wu Hanqiu, Zhang Guan, Li Yin, Liu Zaiming, Ma Wan, Li Yancong, Guo Jin, Huang Fuli, Bai Zairong, Zhang Peng

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 57 zhōu a state / a province 魏州人
2 28 使 shǐ to make / to cause 以審交為轉運供軍使
3 27 jūn army / military 以審交為轉運供軍使
4 24 rén person / people / a human being 魏州人
5 22 zhèn town 安重榮以鎮州叛
6 22 shòu to teach 以功授貝州節度使
7 21 nián year 不出累年
8 17 jìn shanxi 晉天福初
9 17 shì matter / thing / item 從軍事唐莊宗
10 17 róng glory / honor 安重榮以鎮州叛
11 17 mín the people / citizen / subjects 部民逃者五千餘戶
12 17 yuē to speak / to say 周泣曰
13 16 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 刺史之過也
14 16 契丹 Qìdān Khitan 杜重威降於契丹
15 16 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi 以功授貝州節度使
16 16 zài in / at 前帥張彥澤在任苛虐
17 15 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 王周
18 15 yòu divine intervention / protection 乾祐元年二月
19 15 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖定天下
20 14 xíng to walk / to move 何面南行見人主與士大夫乎
21 13 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 劉審交
22 13 gān dry 乾祐元年二月
23 13 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 劉審交
24 12 píng flat / level / smooth 加同平章事
25 12 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 入為奉國軍都指揮使
26 12 to die 以疾卒於鎮
27 11 Li 李從益在汴州
28 11 míng bright / brilliant 明宗
29 10 shí time / a point or period of time 周時為定州節度使
30 10 chéng a city / a town 足以把城
31 10 留後 liúhòu Provisional Governor 授鄜州留後
32 10 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 時有燕軍千人守捉諸門
33 10 zhōng middle 贈中書令
34 10 day of the month / a certain day 輟視朝二日
35 10 檢校 jiǎnxiào to check / to verify / to proof-read 檢校太師
36 10 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 安重榮以鎮州叛
37 10 to reach 及下車
38 9 yòng to use / to apply 用為諸府從事
39 9 sān three 乾祐三年夏
40 9 lèi to be tired 以戰功累歷郡守
41 9 fèng to offer / to present 繇是從益遣使往太原貢奉
42 9 guāng light 範延光叛於魏州
43 9 qiān to move / to shift 稍遷裨校
44 9 wáng Wang 王周
45 9 guó a country / a nation 受國重恩
46 9 èr two 陜二鎮
47 8 zuǒ left 為捧聖左廂都指揮使
48 8 disease / sickness / ailment 以疾卒於鎮
49 8 extra / surplus / remainder 歲餘
50 8 太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan 歸於太原
51 8 bīng soldier / troops 而以兵降
52 8 lǐng neck 領和州刺史
53 8 péng fabulous bird of enormous size 張鵬
54 8 防禦使 fángyùshǐ Defense Commissioner 出為陳州防禦使
55 8 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 朝廷以內官馬紹宏為北面轉運使
56 8 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 範延光叛於魏州
57 8 xiào school 稍遷裨校
58 8 suì to comply with / to follow along 父師遂
59 8 guān an office 朝廷以內官馬紹宏為北面轉運使
60 8 hàn Han Chinese
61 8 qiú a ball / a sphere / a globe 朝廷命王晏球進討
62 8 to move / to shift / to remove 移鎮涇州
63 7 to go through / to experience / to take place 以戰功累歷郡守
64 7 wén to hear 尋聞高祖起義於太原
65 7 yàn elegant / handsome 前帥張彥澤在任苛虐
66 7 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 本府召補牙職
67 7 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 贈中書令
68 7 天福 tiānfú good fortune granted by heaven 晉天福初
69 7 yīn flourishing / abundant 李殷
70 7 shǎo few 少勇健
71 7 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能死戰
72 7 zhī to know 莊宗知之
73 7 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 郡人聚哭柩前所
74 7 yán to speak / to say / said 諸君勿言
75 7 zōng school / sect 明宗
76 7 to enter 入為奉國軍都指揮使
77 7 wàn ten thousand 馬萬
78 7 莊宗 Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang 莊宗知之
79 7 xiāng a wing room 為捧聖左廂都指揮使
80 7 guī to go back / to return 逃民歸復
81 6 horse 朝廷以內官馬紹宏為北面轉運使
82 6 zèng to give a present 贈中書令
83 6 enemy / foe 破敵必矣
84 6 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 出私財以修之
85 6 hòu after / later 後歷鄧
86 6 zhǔ owner 引契丹主臨城諭之
87 6 to stand 承業立捕斬之
88 6 Germany 武行德將委以軍事
89 6 guàn jade 張瓘
90 6 qián front 前帥張彥澤在任苛虐
91 6 yān Yan 燕亡
92 6 zhèng government / administration 其或政能殊異
93 6 liú Liu 劉審交
94 6 jiā to add 加同平章事
95 5 a government official / a magistrate 尤精吏道
96 5 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 不殺無辜之民
97 5 gōng merit 以功授貝州節度使
98 5 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 刺史之過也
99 5 少帝 Shǎodì Emperor Shao 晉少帝御契丹於澶淵
100 5 to go 去官就養
101 5 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor 檢校太師
102 5 secret / hidden / confidential 為密州刺史
103 5 mìng life 朝廷命王晏球進討
104 5 to break / to split / to smash 契丹破晉
105 5 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 開運末
106 5 Biàn Bian River 高祖至汴
107 5 zhòng heavy 安重榮以鎮州叛
108 5 qǐng to ask / to inquire 吏民所請宜依
109 5 què a watchtower / a guard tower 供饋無闕
110 5 承業 chéng yè to receive an inheritance 故太原監軍使承業之猶子也
111 5 Ye 鄴中平
112 5 néng can / able 其或政能殊異
113 5 yáng Yang 周從楊光遠攻降之
114 5 kāi to open 開運末
115 5 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 範延光叛於魏州
116 5 幽州 yōuzhōu Youzhou / Fanyang 幽州文安人也
117 5 shēn human body / torso 然身死之日
118 5 zéi thief 汝車渡村百姓劉開道下賊
119 4 thorn / sting / prick 初刺信都
120 4 mother 以母年高
121 4 yòu right / right-hand 授右衛大將軍
122 4 jìn to enter 朝廷命王晏球進討
123 4 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未易輕言
124 4 yuǎn far / distant 周從楊光遠攻降之
125 4 a river / a stream 復河患不至於令名哉
126 4 wěi to delegate / to commission 武行德將委以軍事
127 4 jiàn to trample / to tread upon / to walk on 晉高祖踐阼
128 4 從軍 cóngjūn to join the army / to enlist 從軍事唐莊宗
129 4 magnet / magnetism 改磁州刺史
130 4 jiàn to see 乃見契丹主
131 4 deputy / assistant / vice- 一侄為磁州副使
132 4 gōng to present to / to supply / to provide 供饋無闕
133 4 zuò the steps leading to the eastern door 晉高祖踐阼
134 4 gōng to attack / to assault 周從楊光遠攻降之
135 4 shùn to obey 會奉國右廂都指揮使盧順密亦以兵至
136 4 tóng like / same / similar 加同平章事
137 4 xìng gender 周性寬恕
138 4 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 謹身節用
139 4 běi north 安既北走
140 4 視朝 shìcháo court audience 輟視朝二日
141 4 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓歌之
142 4 chuò to stop / to suspend / to halt 輟視朝二日
143 4 zhài a fence / a stockade 莊宗於德勝渡夾河立南北寨
144 4 end / final stage / latter part 開運末
145 4 wèi Wei Dynasty 魏州人
146 4 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 比無贈典
147 4 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 審交治襄
148 4 suì age 歲餘
149 4 wèi to call 謂之康泰
150 4 shǔ to sign 起家署北平主簿
151 4 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 前帥張彥澤在任苛虐
152 4 sōng eminent / lofty 再榮以李崧
153 4 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 俄而安退
154 4 easy / simple 未易輕言
155 4 軍士 jūnshì soldier / noncommssioned officer (NCO) 令軍士數百人環迫崧
156 4 to take / to get / to fetch 取在明軍從
157 4 to cross, ferry over 同州車渡村人
158 4 明年 míngnián next year 明年
159 4 唐莊宗 Táng Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang 從軍事唐莊宗
160 4 Míng Ming River 授洺州刺史
161 4 Fu 授鄜州留後
162 4 to die 然身死之日
163 4 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 周從楊光遠攻降之
164 4 to give 予子母在洛
165 4 yún skin of bamboo 李筠
166 4 ancestor / forefather 祖海
167 4 jiā house / home / residence 家無餘財
168 4 supreme ruler / emperor 隱帝嗣位
169 4 huá smooth / slippery 朝廷遣侍衛馬軍都指揮使白奉進領兵渡滑州
170 4 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 周稟性寬惠
171 4 bái white 朝廷遣侍衛馬軍都指揮使白奉進領兵渡滑州
172 4 reason / logic / truth 審交矜恤撫理
173 3 太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military 可特贈太尉
174 3 北面 běimiàn north side 朝廷以內官馬紹宏為北面轉運使
175 3 Wu 漢球雖出自行伍
176 3 qīng clear / pure / clean 清泰中
177 3 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 審交以代歸
178 3 nán south 何面南行見人主與士大夫乎
179 3 liù six 六年夏
180 3 一日 yī rì one [whole] day 一日
181 3 desire 乃痛飲欲引決
182 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 引契丹主臨城諭之
183 3 to coerce / to force / to compel 為軍吏所迫
184 3 家人 jiārén family members 家人止之
185 3 dào way / road / path 尤精吏道
186 3 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉興唐令
187 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 審交盡去煩弊
188 3 bèi cowry / shellfish / shell 以功授貝州節度使
189 3 shuǐ water 同拒我師於洺水
190 3 huì can / be able to 會晉高祖引契丹為援
191 3 Lu 降平盧軍為防禦州
192 3 increase / benefit 字求益
193 3 lēi to tighten / to strangle 何福晉相率殺北帥滿達勒
194 3 親信 qīnxìn a trusted aide 潞帥李嗣昭倚為親信
195 3 太保 Tàibǎo Grand Protector 太保遣人召我
196 3 汴州 Biànzhōu Bianzhou / Kaifeng 李從益在汴州
197 3 to go / to visit / to attend 高祖嘉其首赴朝闕
198 3 chē a vehicle 覆民租車
199 3 chēng to call / to address 皆稱平允
200 3 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 漢球以目疾年高辭郡
201 3 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 範延光叛於魏州
202 3 禁軍 jìnjūn imperial guard 繼為禁軍裨校
203 3 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 少帝即位
204 3 滿 mǎn full 秩滿入居環衛
205 3 tǎo to seek 朝廷命王晏球進討
206 3 ráo to forgive 時滑州節度使符彥饒潛通鄴下
207 3 liǎn to collect 杼柚空而賦斂繁
208 3 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 牙將孫銳率兵至黎陽
209 3 xiāng to aid / to help / to assist 移襄州防禦使
210 3 evil / wrong / fraud 革前弊二十餘事
211 3 tooth / tusk 牙將孫銳率兵至黎陽
212 3 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 乾祐元年二月
213 3 青州 Qīngzhōu Qingzhou 青州楊光遠平
214 3 móu to plan 非謀也
215 3 zhào an imperial decree 賜詔褒美
216 3 本州 běnzhōu Honshū 列狀乞留葬本州界
217 3 定州 dìngzhōu Dingzhou 周時為定州節度使
218 3 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 致令及此
219 3 fán foreign things 翰歸蕃
220 3 letter / symbol / character 字求益
221 3 cháo to face 晉高祖朝
222 3 gōng public/ common / state-owned 秦國公馮道聞之曰
223 3 huái bosom / breast 民庶懷之
224 3 níng to coagulate / to congeal 和凝攜家在彼
225 3 xià summer 六年夏
226 3 chán still / placid / tranquil 晉少帝御契丹於澶淵
227 3 shǒu head 首納降款
228 3 child / son 予子母在洛
229 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜從太妃處分
230 3 hàn a writing brush / a pen / a pencil 蕭翰在都
231 3 wēi prestige / majesty 從杜重威討平之
232 3 tài great / exalted / superior 清泰中
233 3 sufficient / enough 即劉君之政安足稱耶
234 3 zhāng a chapter / a section 加同平章事
235 3 kuān wide / broad 周稟性寬惠
236 3 ministry / department 部民逃者五千餘戶
237 3 之後 zhīhòu after / following / later 時用軍之後
238 3 táng Tang Dynasty 轉興唐令
239 3 zhòng many / numerous 餘眾幸存
240 3 děng et cetera / and so on 常誡瓘等曰
241 3 shù numerous / various 人庶便之
242 3 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 收拾諸處守營兵士與燕軍
243 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 褒賢獎善
244 3 Lu River 史宏肇在澤潞
245 3 bài to defeat / to vanquish 州城西橋敗
246 3 an item 漢球以目疾年高辭郡
247 3 chén minister / statesman / official 臣之此行
248 2 táo to escape / to run away / to flee 部民逃者五千餘戶
249 2 xìng fortunate / lucky 從幸汴州
250 2 上將軍 shàngjiāngjūn top general / commander-in-chief 授上將軍
251 2 zàng to bury the dead 列狀乞留葬本州界
252 2 a shepherd 牧守之官
253 2 yóu to swim 善水遊
254 2 定天下 dìng tiānxià to give a universal command 高祖定天下
255 2 cūn village 同州車渡村人
256 2 鄧州 dèngzhōu Dengzhou 授鄧州節度使
257 2 shū book 贈中書令
258 2 thing / matter 不忤物情
259 2 遣人 qiǎnrén to send a person 但遣人迎請太原
260 2 之際 zhījì at that moment / during that time 鎮州逐敵之際
261 2 special / unique / distinguished 可特贈太尉
262 2 dìng to decide 京都事定
263 2 to instruct / to expound / to explain 引契丹主臨城諭之
264 2 qiū fall / autumn 乾祐二年秋
265 2 團練 tuánliàn local militia formed to suppress peasant rebellion 遷耀州團練使
266 2 private 出私財以修之
267 2 以軍 yǐjūn Israeli soldiers 武行德將委以軍事
268 2 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 偽署兵部尚書
269 2 xìn to believe / to trust 初刺信都
270 2 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 列狀乞留葬本州界
271 2 huí to go back / to return 有管回者
272 2 to benefit / to aid 稍遷裨校
273 2 huò to reap / to harvest 事不獲已
274 2 idea 遂無相忌之意
275 2 a talisman / a charm 時滑州節度使符彥饒潛通鄴下
276 2 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 廣平小郡
277 2 gāo high / tall 召高行周
278 2 to stop / to prevent 從杜重威討平之
279 2 tǒng to unify 入為左神武統軍
280 2 inside / interior 自故裏奔於太原
281 2 to rent 覆民租車
282 2 汝州 rǔzhōu Ruzhou 用為汝州防禦使
283 2 a law / a rule 辟審交為判官
284 2 to stop / to cease / to suspend 罷使歸班
285 2 趙州 zhàozhōu Zhouzhou 授趙州刺史
286 2 can / may / permissible 以俟河北救應可也
287 2 small / petty 前帥張彥澤在任苛虐
288 2 兵士 bīngshì an ordinary soldier 收拾諸處守營兵士與燕軍
289 2 侍中 shìzhōng Shizhong / Palace Attendant 贈侍中
290 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 生有令名
291 2 to leave behind 無復遺類
292 2 to bestow on / to endow with 民之租賦不能減也
293 2 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 予嘗為劉汝州僚佐
294 2 nüè cruel / harsh / oppressive 前帥張彥澤在任苛虐
295 2 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 人庶便之
296 2 侍衛 shìwèi Imperial bodyguard 朝廷遣侍衛馬軍都指揮使白奉進領兵渡滑州
297 2 martial / military 武行德將委以軍事
298 2 black 惠及蒸黎
299 2 to open 啟少帝曰
300 2 trip / journey 殷典禁旅
301 2 xiāo mournful / dejected 蕭翰在都
302 2 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 其將解裏遣殷與契丹首領楊安
303 2 shì a gentleman / a knight 字士元
304 2 to console / to comfort 審交矜恤撫理
305 2 tōng to go through / to open 通鑒
306 2 power / force / strength 民力空匱
307 2 任用 rènyòng to appoint 莊宗皆任用之
308 2 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 為捧聖左廂都指揮使
309 2 tiān day 唐天祐中
310 2 to strike / to hit / to beat 即奮刃擊之
311 2 hóng wide / spacious / great / vast 朝廷以內官馬紹宏為北面轉運使
312 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 家人止之
313 2 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 毀瘠過禮
314 2 劉守光 liúshǒuguāng Liu Shouguang 劉守光之僭號
315 2 jiǎ armor 據甲仗庫
316 2 gǎi to change / to alter 改磁州刺史
317 2 Si River 泗州防禦使
318 2 dōng winter 乾祐三年冬
319 2 báo thin / slight / weak 薄罰宥過
320 2 zhào Zhao 趙暉討王景崇於岐下
321 2 bēn to run fast / to flee 自故裏奔於太原
322 2 誅求 zhūqiú exorbitant demands / demanding with menaces / extortion 故瓘所至不敢誅求
323 2 pond / pool / marsh / swamp 前帥張彥澤在任苛虐
324 2 節度 jiédù a solar term 以節度副使駱知朗知州事
325 2 馬步 mǎ bù horse stance (martial arts) 授汴州馬步軍都指揮使
326 2 監軍 jiànjūn a military overseer 故太原監軍使承業之猶子也
327 2 liáng a bridge 唐莊宗與梁軍對壘於河上
328 2 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 受國重恩
329 2 京師 jīngshī a capital city 卒於京師
330 2 往來 wǎnglái to come and go / to return 大軍往來
331 2 yuè pleased 民庶悅焉
332 2 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 都人大懼
333 2 kuì food 供饋無闕
334 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 無害之良吏也
335 2 前鋒 qiánfēng vanguard / front line / a forward (sports) 用為前鋒
336 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 故瓘所至不敢誅求
337 2 bāo to praise / to commend / to honor / to cite 賜詔褒美
338 2 hào number 劉守光之僭號
339 2 逐出 zhúchū to expel / to evict / to drive out 逐出床答勒
340 2 gěi to give 以求賞給
341 2 七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month 其年閏七月晦
342 2 判官 pàn guān a magistrate / a judge 辟審交為判官
343 2 to attain / to reach 何福晉相率殺北帥滿達勒
344 2 轉運使 Zhuǎnyùn Shǐ Shipping Administrator 朝廷以內官馬紹宏為北面轉運使
345 2 jiù old / ancient 以鄉里之舊
346 2 zhāng clear / obvious 授彰德軍節度使
347 2 趙德鈞 zhào déjūn Zhao Dejun 趙德鈞鎮幽州
348 2 Jīng Jing 移鎮涇州
349 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 孤危自處
350 2 to reply / to answer 逐出床答勒
351 2 lín female of Chinese unicorn 瓘天祐十三年補麟州刺史
352 2 residence / dwelling 秩滿入居環衛
353 2 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 再榮貪昧無決
354 2 an official institution / a state bureau 本府召補牙職
355 2 從事 cóngshì to deal with / to handle / to do 用為諸府從事
356 2 chén Chen 出為陳州防禦使
357 2 father 父師遂
358 2 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今城有燕軍
359 2 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 寨將氏延賞告急於莊宗
360 2 one 一侄為磁州副使
361 2 chuán to transmit 有傳
362 2 致仕 zhìshì to retire from a government post 以目疾致仕
363 2 馮道 féng dào Feng Dao 秦國公馮道聞之曰
364 2 唐末 Táng mò late Tang period 唐末帝令與萇從簡同守河陽
365 2 神武 shénwǔ wise and brave 入為左神武統軍
366 2 yǒng brave / courageous 少拳勇
367 2 郡守 jùnshǒu senior provincial official in imperial China 以戰功累歷郡守
368 2 hurried / worried 會梁軍急攻南寨
369 2 rèn to bear / to undertake 前帥張彥澤在任苛虐
370 2 rèn edged tool / cutlery / knife edge 露刃註矢
371 2 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 與順密急趨公府
372 2 zhù to help / to assist 又助燒船艦
373 2 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋譏令公也
374 2 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 其將解裏遣殷與契丹首領楊安
375 2 行營 xíngyíng to conduct a campaign 兼北面行營馬軍都指揮使
376 2 年高 niángāo old 以母年高
377 2 令名 lìngmíng good name / reputation 生有令名
378 2 fèn to strive / to exert effort 即奮刃擊之
379 2 應順 yīngshùn Yingshun 應順初
380 2 歸於 guīyú to belong to / affiliated to 歸於太原
381 2 to help / to assist 汝為近輔
382 2 to ward off with hand / to defend 閉門拒守
383 2 to draw water 百姓自汲汲然
384 2 valley / gorge / ravine 前磁州刺史李穀謂再榮曰
385 2 fēi an imperial concubine 妃曰
386 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 繇是從益遣使往太原貢奉
387 2 chén to sink / to submerge 乃還其所沈粟
388 2 zhuàng form / appearance / shape 列狀乞留葬本州界
389 2 clothes / dress / garment 服闋
390 2 常山 chángshān Changshan 後隨契丹至常山
391 2 三司 sān sī three offices 命審交為三司使
392 2 jiè to warn / to admonish 常誡瓘等曰
393 2 zòu to present / to offer 予主奏事而已
394 2 wáng to die 燕亡
395 2 liáo Liaoning 以勞授遼州刺史
396 2 yuán to aid / to assist 會晉高祖引契丹為援
397 2 chūn spring 乾祐二年春
398 2 shī to lose 少帝任用失人
399 2 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 而使君何有於我哉
400 2 miǎn to spare 復以目疾請代而免
401 2 不以 bùyǐ not because of 不以國家為意
402 2 shī teacher 父師遂
403 2 太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor 累官至檢校太傅
404 2 不行 bùxíng will not do / will not work 誠以不行鞭樸
405 1 to wait for / to wait until / as soon as 以俟河北救應可也
406 1 今天 jīntiān today 今天下戎馬之後
407 1 長於 zhǎngyú to be adept in / to excel at 然長於撫理
408 1 寧江 níngjiāng Ningjiang 授侍衛步軍都指揮使兼寧江軍節度使
409 1 yòu to forgive / to pardon / to indulge 薄罰宥過
410 1 chóng high / dignified / lofty 趙暉討王景崇於岐下
411 1 yōu to worry / to be concerned 旦夕憂死
412 1 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 不顯殊尤
413 1 遲疑 chíyí to hesitate 遲疑久之
414 1 沐浴 mùyù to take a shower / to take a bath 遂沐浴
415 1 ruì sharp / keen / acute / pointed 牙將孫銳率兵至黎陽
416 1 rùn intercalary 其年閏七月晦
417 1 qiān one thousand 時有燕軍千人守捉諸門
418 1 其間 qíjiān during this time / in between 其間有及民之惠者無幾焉
419 1 a step 授侍衛步軍都指揮使兼寧江軍節度使
420 1 名次 míngcì position in a ranking of names 諸軍以再榮名次在諸校之右
421 1 tǎng unconventional 儻有所問
422 1 戰功 zhàngōng outstanding military service / military achievements 以戰功累歷郡守
423 1 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 授右衛大將軍
424 1 lüè plan / strategy 威略無聞
425 1 晉朝 Jìn Cháo Jin Dynasty 鵬因言及晉朝傾亡之事
426 1 shì power / authority 敵勢未退
427 1 史臣 shǐ chén official in charge of public records 史臣曰
428 1 dàn dawn 旦夕憂死
429 1 jīn gold 李金全以安州叛
430 1 seven 七年
431 1 shú to buy / to redeem 後家人以帛贖葬之
432 1 因公 yīngōng in the course of doing one's work / on business 不因公而循私
433 1 jiàn mirror / looking glass 通鑒
434 1 一月 yīyuè January / the First Month 一月之內
435 1 alone / independent / single / sole 豈獨公等之功
436 1 a period of time / phase / stage 至郡未期
437 1 xiá narrow 陜二鎮
438 1 多疑 duōyí mistrustful / suspicious / paranoid 舉止多疑
439 1 統攝 tǒngshè to command 諸校不相統攝
440 1 é Russia 俄加檢校太保
441 1 主簿 zhǔbù official registrar (of a county etc) in imperial China 起家署北平主簿
442 1 zuò to do 慣作非為
443 1 yáng sun 牙將孫銳率兵至黎陽
444 1 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 朝廷之制
445 1 chì keep in order / to order / to direct 橋梁不飭
446 1 tuó a camel 殷以橐裝駝馬遺安
447 1 武漢 wǔhàn Wuhan 武漢球
448 1 yáo a folk-song 繇是從益遣使往太原貢奉
449 1 lián upright / honorable / honest 知其為人廉平慈善
450 1 shàng top / a high position 唐莊宗與梁軍對壘於河上
451 1 shāo to burn 又助燒船艦
452 1 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 故朝廷降詔就誅於常山
453 1 honor / reputation 審交之民譽
454 1 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 致黎民懷感如此者
455 1 què a watch tower 服闋
456 1 民不聊生 mín bù liáoshēng The people have no way to make a living 民不聊生
457 1 zhì matter / material / substance 安重誨策名委質
458 1 愛慕 àimù to adore / to admire 是以汝民咨嗟愛慕
459 1 wèi position / location / place 卒於位
460 1 代州 dàizhōu Daizhou / Dai prefecture 唐明宗之刺代州
461 1 太子 tàizǐ a crown prince 太子太師致仕
462 1 無幾 wújǐ very little / hardly any 其間有及民之惠者無幾焉
463 1 hán cold / wintry / chilly 寒者不能衣也
464 1 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 行周左右謂行周曰
465 1 to press down 張瓘抑又次焉
466 1 昆仲 kūnzhòng brothers / elder and younger brother 與昆仲五人
467 1 從簡 cóngjiǎn simple and practical 唐末帝令與萇從簡同守河陽
468 1 hòu thick 性沈厚
469 1 來往 láiwǎng to come and go 乃來往解釋
470 1 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 列狀乞留葬本州界
471 1 shù reciprocity 小過無所容恕
472 1 水軍 shuǐjūn navy 由此升為水軍小校
473 1 luò camel 以節度副使駱知朗知州事
474 1 十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month 是歲冬十月
475 1 shēn deep 明宗深委信之
476 1 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 甚見委遇
477 1 邦本 bāngběn the foundation of a state 民為邦本
478 1 zhú bamboo 取旌旄符竹者多矣
479 1 兵馬 bīngmǎ troops and horses / military forces 即以順密為涇州兵馬留後
480 1 qīng minister / high officer 卿臥理有餘
481 1 guest / visitor 以其殺河西賣羊客
482 1 bān class / a group / a grade 罷使歸班
483 1 zhuō to clutch / to grab 時有燕軍千人守捉諸門
484 1 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 不以國家為意
485 1 thin / emaciated 毀瘠過禮
486 1 rǎo to disturb / to annoy / to agitate 無擾於民
487 1 jìn nearby 汝為近輔
488 1 無相 wúxiāng animitta / signlessness / without an appearance 遂無相忌之意
489 1 明朝 míngcháo Ming Dynasty 建雄留後劉在明朝於契丹
490 1 中山 zhōngshān Dr Sun Yat-sen / Zhongshan, prefecture-level city in Guangdong, close to Sun Yat-sen's birthplace / Nakayama (Japanese surname) 時契丹守中山
491 1 huì to instruct / to teach 安重誨策名委質
492 1 luò Luo 予子母在洛
493 1 a fork in the road 趙暉討王景崇於岐下
494 1 quán perfect 李金全以安州叛
495 1 bǐng a natural property / endowment 人民稀而倉稟匱
496 1 póu to extract 常以掊斂為戒
497 1 mào to be hardworking 有以懋軍功
498 1 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 時有燕軍千人守捉諸門
499 1 force / compel / force 一旦為蕭翰所逼
500 1 河北 héběi Hebei 以俟河北救應可也

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 69 zhī him / her / them / that 周從楊光遠攻降之
2 62 wèi for / to 周時為定州節度使
3 57 zhōu a state / a province 魏州人
4 53 so as to / in order to 以戰功累歷郡守
5 32 in / at 範延光叛於魏州
6 28 使 shǐ to make / to cause 以審交為轉運供軍使
7 27 jūn army / military 以審交為轉運供軍使
8 24 rén person / people / a human being 魏州人
9 22 also / too 刺史之過也
10 22 zhèn town 安重榮以鎮州叛
11 22 shòu to teach 以功授貝州節度使
12 21 nián year 不出累年
13 18 his / hers / its / theirs 其或政能殊異
14 17 dōu all 初刺信都
15 17 jìn shanxi 晉天福初
16 17 shì matter / thing / item 從軍事唐莊宗
17 17 zài again / once more / re- / repeatedly 敵再至
18 17 róng glory / honor 安重榮以鎮州叛
19 17 cóng from 周從楊光遠攻降之
20 17 mín the people / citizen / subjects 部民逃者五千餘戶
21 17 yuē to speak / to say 周泣曰
22 16 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 刺史之過也
23 16 契丹 Qìdān Khitan 杜重威降於契丹
24 16 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi 以功授貝州節度使
25 16 zài in / at 前帥張彥澤在任苛虐
26 15 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 王周
27 15 yǒu is / are / to exist 撫綏有術
28 15 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 部民逃者五千餘戶
29 15 yòu divine intervention / protection 乾祐元年二月
30 15 zhì to / until 累官至檢校太傅
31 15 高祖 gāozǔ Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang 高祖定天下
32 14 xíng to walk / to move 何面南行見人主與士大夫乎
33 13 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃痛飲欲引決
34 13 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 劉審交
35 13 gān dry 乾祐元年二月
36 13 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 劉審交
37 13 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 晉天福初
38 12 píng flat / level / smooth 加同平章事
39 12 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 入為奉國軍都指揮使
40 12 no 供饋無闕
41 12 to die 以疾卒於鎮
42 12 and 何面南行見人主與士大夫乎
43 11 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而以兵降
44 11 again / more / repeatedly 逃民歸復
45 11 Li 李從益在汴州
46 11 míng bright / brilliant 明宗
47 10 shí time / a point or period of time 周時為定州節度使
48 10 chéng a city / a town 足以把城
49 10 留後 liúhòu Provisional Governor 授鄜州留後
50 10 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 時有燕軍千人守捉諸門
51 10 zhōng middle 贈中書令
52 10 day of the month / a certain day 輟視朝二日
53 10 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 一旦為蕭翰所逼
54 10 檢校 jiǎnxiào to check / to verify / to proof-read 檢校太師
55 10 not / no 事不獲已
56 10 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 安重榮以鎮州叛
57 10 to reach 及下車
58 9 yòng to use / to apply 用為諸府從事
59 9 sān three 乾祐三年夏
60 9 lèi to be tired 以戰功累歷郡守
61 9 fèng to offer / to present 繇是從益遣使往太原貢奉
62 9 guāng light 範延光叛於魏州
63 9 qiān to move / to shift 稍遷裨校
64 9 wáng Wang 王周
65 9 guó a country / a nation 受國重恩
66 9 èr two 陜二鎮
67 8 zuǒ left 為捧聖左廂都指揮使
68 8 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 武行德將委以軍事
69 8 disease / sickness / ailment 以疾卒於鎮
70 8 extra / surplus / remainder 歲餘
71 8 太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan 歸於太原
72 8 bīng soldier / troops 而以兵降
73 8 lǐng neck 領和州刺史
74 8 péng fabulous bird of enormous size 張鵬
75 8 防禦使 fángyùshǐ Defense Commissioner 出為陳州防禦使
76 8 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 朝廷以內官馬紹宏為北面轉運使
77 8 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆不受命
78 8 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 範延光叛於魏州
79 8 xiào school 稍遷裨校
80 8 suì to comply with / to follow along 父師遂
81 8 guān an office 朝廷以內官馬紹宏為北面轉運使
82 8 hàn Han Chinese
83 8 qiú a ball / a sphere / a globe 朝廷命王晏球進討
84 8 to move / to shift / to remove 移鎮涇州
85 7 to go through / to experience / to take place 以戰功累歷郡守
86 7 wén to hear 尋聞高祖起義於太原
87 7 yàn elegant / handsome 前帥張彥澤在任苛虐
88 7 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 本府召補牙職
89 7 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 贈中書令
90 7 天福 tiānfú good fortune granted by heaven 晉天福初
91 7 yīn flourishing / abundant 李殷
92 7 shǎo few 少勇健
93 7 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 不能死戰
94 7 zhī to know 莊宗知之
95 7 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 郡人聚哭柩前所
96 7 yán to speak / to say / said 諸君勿言
97 7 zōng school / sect 明宗
98 7 zhū all / many / various 用為諸府從事
99 7 to enter 入為奉國軍都指揮使
100 7 wàn ten thousand 馬萬
101 7 莊宗 Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang 莊宗知之
102 7 xiāng a wing room 為捧聖左廂都指揮使
103 7 guī to go back / to return 逃民歸復
104 7 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故相國
105 6 horse 朝廷以內官馬紹宏為北面轉運使
106 6 zèng to give a present 贈中書令
107 6 enemy / foe 破敵必矣
108 6 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 前帥張彥澤在任苛虐
109 6 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 出私財以修之
110 6 hòu after / later 後歷鄧
111 6 zhǔ owner 引契丹主臨城諭之
112 6 to stand 承業立捕斬之
113 6 Germany 武行德將委以軍事
114 6 chū to go out / to leave 出私財以修之
115 6 guàn jade 張瓘
116 6 qián front 前帥張彥澤在任苛虐
117 6 yān Yan 燕亡
118 6 zhèng government / administration 其或政能殊異
119 6 liú Liu 劉審交
120 6 jiā to add 加同平章事
121 5 a government official / a magistrate 尤精吏道
122 5 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 不殺無辜之民
123 5 gōng merit 以功授貝州節度使
124 5 yòu again / also 又安有異哉
125 5 xià next 今天下戎馬之後
126 5 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 刺史之過也
127 5 少帝 Shǎodì Emperor Shao 晉少帝御契丹於澶淵
128 5 to go 去官就養
129 5 rán correct / right / certainly 然事機有所不可
130 5 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor 檢校太師
131 5 what / where / which 何面南行見人主與士大夫乎
132 5 secret / hidden / confidential 為密州刺史
133 5 mìng life 朝廷命王晏球進討
134 5 to break / to split / to smash 契丹破晉
135 5 yùn to move / to transport / to use / to apply 開運末
136 5 Biàn Bian River 高祖至汴
137 5 zhòng heavy 安重榮以鎮州叛
138 5 qǐng to ask / to inquire 吏民所請宜依
139 5 què a watchtower / a guard tower 供饋無闕
140 5 承業 chéng yè to receive an inheritance 故太原監軍使承業之猶子也
141 5 yān where / how 民庶悅焉
142 5 Ye 鄴中平
143 5 néng can / able 其或政能殊異
144 5 yáng Yang 周從楊光遠攻降之
145 5 kāi to open 開運末
146 5 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 範延光叛於魏州
147 5 I / me / my 我子母亡國之餘
148 5 幽州 yōuzhōu Youzhou / Fanyang 幽州文安人也
149 5 shēn human body / torso 然身死之日
150 5 zéi thief 汝車渡村百姓劉開道下賊
151 5 běn measure word for books 本府召補牙職
152 4 thorn / sting / prick 初刺信都
153 4 mother 以母年高
154 4 yòu right / right-hand 授右衛大將軍
155 4 jìn to enter 朝廷命王晏球進討
156 4 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未易輕言
157 4 yuǎn far / distant 周從楊光遠攻降之
158 4 a river / a stream 復河患不至於令名哉
159 4 wěi to delegate / to commission 武行德將委以軍事
160 4 未幾 wèijǐ before long / soon 未幾
161 4 jiàn to trample / to tread upon / to walk on 晉高祖踐阼
162 4 從軍 cóngjūn to join the army / to enlist 從軍事唐莊宗
163 4 magnet / magnetism 改磁州刺史
164 4 jiàn to see 乃見契丹主
165 4 deputy / assistant / vice- 一侄為磁州副使
166 4 gōng to present to / to supply / to provide 供饋無闕
167 4 zuò the steps leading to the eastern door 晉高祖踐阼
168 4 gōng to attack / to assault 周從楊光遠攻降之
169 4 shùn to obey 會奉國右廂都指揮使盧順密亦以兵至
170 4 tóng like / same / similar 加同平章事
171 4 you / thou 汝為近輔
172 4 promptly / right away / immediately 即劉君之政安足稱耶
173 4 xìng gender 周性寬恕
174 4 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 謹身節用
175 4 běi north 安既北走
176 4 視朝 shìcháo court audience 輟視朝二日
177 4 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓歌之
178 4 chuò to stop / to suspend / to halt 輟視朝二日
179 4 according to 王都據定州叛
180 4 zhài a fence / a stockade 莊宗於德勝渡夾河立南北寨
181 4 end / final stage / latter part 開運末
182 4 wèi Wei Dynasty 魏州人
183 4 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 比無贈典
184 4 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 審交治襄
185 4 suì age 歲餘
186 4 naturally / of course / certainly 孤危自處
187 4 wèi to call 謂之康泰
188 4 shǔ to sign 起家署北平主簿
189 4 shuài handsome / graceful / smart 前帥張彥澤在任苛虐
190 4 sōng eminent / lofty 再榮以李崧
191 4 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 俄而安退
192 4 easy / simple 未易輕言
193 4 軍士 jūnshì soldier / noncommssioned officer (NCO) 令軍士數百人環迫崧
194 4 to take / to get / to fetch 取在明軍從
195 4 to cross, ferry over 同州車渡村人
196 4 明年 míngnián next year 明年
197 4 唐莊宗 Táng Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang 從軍事唐莊宗
198 4 Míng Ming River 授洺州刺史
199 4 Fu 授鄜州留後
200 4 shì is / are / am / to be 先是
201 4 to die 然身死之日
202 4 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 周從楊光遠攻降之
203 4 to give 予子母在洛
204 4 hái also / in addition / more 乃還其所沈粟
205 4 yún skin of bamboo 李筠
206 4 ancestor / forefather 祖海
207 4 jiā house / home / residence 家無餘財
208 4 supreme ruler / emperor 隱帝嗣位
209 4 huá smooth / slippery 朝廷遣侍衛馬軍都指揮使白奉進領兵渡滑州
210 4 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 周稟性寬惠
211 4 bái white 朝廷遣侍衛馬軍都指揮使白奉進領兵渡滑州
212 4 reason / logic / truth 審交矜恤撫理
213 3 太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military 可特贈太尉
214 3 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 常以掊斂為戒
215 3 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若更謀之不臧
216 3 北面 běimiàn north side 朝廷以內官馬紹宏為北面轉運使
217 3 Wu 漢球雖出自行伍
218 3 qīng clear / pure / clean 清泰中
219 3 this / these 致令及此
220 3 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 審交以代歸
221 3 nán south 何面南行見人主與士大夫乎
222 3 liù six 六年夏
223 3 一日 yī rì one [whole] day 一日
224 3 desire 乃痛飲欲引決
225 3 yǐn to lead / to guide 引契丹主臨城諭之
226 3 to coerce / to force / to compel 為軍吏所迫
227 3 and 領和州刺史
228 3 zāi exclamatory particle 又安有異哉
229 3 家人 jiārén family members 家人止之
230 3 dào way / road / path 尤精吏道
231 3 zhuǎn to transmit / to convey / to forward (mail) 轉興唐令
232 3 jiù right away 去官就養
233 3 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 審交盡去煩弊
234 3 bèi cowry / shellfish / shell 以功授貝州節度使
235 3 shuǐ water 同拒我師於洺水
236 3 huì can / be able to 會晉高祖引契丹為援
237 3 Lu 降平盧軍為防禦州
238 3 increase / benefit 字求益
239 3 lēi to tighten / to strangle 何福晉相率殺北帥滿達勒
240 3 親信 qīnxìn a trusted aide 潞帥李嗣昭倚為親信
241 3 太保 Tàibǎo Grand Protector 太保遣人召我
242 3 汴州 Biànzhōu Bianzhou / Kaifeng 李從益在汴州
243 3 to go / to visit / to attend 高祖嘉其首赴朝闕
244 3 chē a vehicle 覆民租車
245 3 chēng to call / to address 皆稱平允
246 3 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 漢球以目疾年高辭郡
247 3 fàn a pattern / model / rule / law 範延光叛於魏州
248 3 禁軍 jìnjūn imperial guard 繼為禁軍裨校
249 3 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 少帝即位
250 3 滿 mǎn full 秩滿入居環衛
251 3 final particle 死無日矣
252 3 tǎo to seek 朝廷命王晏球進討
253 3 ráo to forgive 時滑州節度使符彥饒潛通鄴下
254 3 liǎn to collect 杼柚空而賦斂繁
255 3 rate / frequency / proportion / ratio 牙將孫銳率兵至黎陽
256 3 xiāng to aid / to help / to assist 移襄州防禦使
257 3 evil / wrong / fraud 革前弊二十餘事
258 3 already / since 安既北走
259 3 tooth / tusk 牙將孫銳率兵至黎陽
260 3 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 乾祐元年二月
261 3 青州 Qīngzhōu Qingzhou 青州楊光遠平
262 3 móu to plan 非謀也
263 3 zhào an imperial decree 賜詔褒美
264 3 本州 běnzhōu Honshū 列狀乞留葬本州界
265 3 定州 dìngzhōu Dingzhou 周時為定州節度使
266 3 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 致令及此
267 3 fán foreign things 翰歸蕃
268 3 letter / symbol / character 字求益
269 3 cháo to face 晉高祖朝
270 3 gōng public/ common / state-owned 秦國公馮道聞之曰
271 3 shén what 甚見委遇
272 3 huái bosom / breast 民庶懷之
273 3 níng to coagulate / to congeal 和凝攜家在彼
274 3 xià summer 六年夏
275 3 chán still / placid / tranquil 晉少帝御契丹於澶淵
276 3 shǒu head 首納降款
277 3 child / son 予子母在洛
278 3 proper / suitable / appropriate 宜從太妃處分
279 3 hàn a writing brush / a pen / a pencil 蕭翰在都
280 3 wēi prestige / majesty 從杜重威討平之
281 3 tài great / exalted / superior 清泰中
282 3 sufficient / enough 即劉君之政安足稱耶
283 3 zhāng a chapter / a section 加同平章事
284 3 kuān wide / broad 周稟性寬惠
285 3 ministry / department 部民逃者五千餘戶
286 3 之後 zhīhòu after / following / later 時用軍之後
287 3 táng Tang Dynasty 轉興唐令
288 3 zhòng many / numerous 餘眾幸存
289 3 děng et cetera / and so on 常誡瓘等曰
290 3 shù numerous / various 人庶便之
291 3 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 收拾諸處守營兵士與燕軍
292 3 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 褒賢獎善
293 3 Lu River 史宏肇在澤潞
294 3 bài to defeat / to vanquish 州城西橋敗
295 3 an item 漢球以目疾年高辭郡
296 3 also / too 萬亦預其行
297 3 chén minister / statesman / official 臣之此行
298 2 táo to escape / to run away / to flee 部民逃者五千餘戶
299 2 xìng fortunate / lucky 從幸汴州
300 2 上將軍 shàngjiāngjūn top general / commander-in-chief 授上將軍
301 2 zàng to bury the dead 列狀乞留葬本州界
302 2 a shepherd 牧守之官
303 2 yóu to swim 善水遊
304 2 定天下 dìng tiānxià to give a universal command 高祖定天下
305 2 cūn village 同州車渡村人
306 2 yóu especially / particularly 尤精吏道
307 2 鄧州 dèngzhōu Dengzhou 授鄧州節度使
308 2 shū book 贈中書令
309 2 thing / matter 不忤物情
310 2 遣人 qiǎnrén to send a person 但遣人迎請太原
311 2 之際 zhījì at that moment / during that time 鎮州逐敵之際
312 2 special / unique / distinguished 可特贈太尉
313 2 dìng to decide 京都事定
314 2 to instruct / to expound / to explain 引契丹主臨城諭之
315 2 qiū fall / autumn 乾祐二年秋
316 2 團練 tuánliàn local militia formed to suppress peasant rebellion 遷耀州團練使
317 2 jiàn gradually / drop by drop 漸典禁軍
318 2 private 出私財以修之
319 2 marker for direct-object 足以把城
320 2 以軍 yǐjūn Israeli soldiers 武行德將委以軍事
321 2 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 偽署兵部尚書
322 2 yīn because 鵬因言及晉朝傾亡之事
323 2 xìn to believe / to trust 初刺信都
324 2 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 列狀乞留葬本州界
325 2 huí to go back / to return 有管回者
326 2 to benefit / to aid 稍遷裨校
327 2 huò to reap / to harvest 事不獲已
328 2 idea 遂無相忌之意
329 2 a talisman / a charm 時滑州節度使符彥饒潛通鄴下
330 2 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 廣平小郡
331 2 gāo high / tall 召高行周
332 2 to stop / to prevent 從杜重威討平之
333 2 tǒng to unify 入為左神武統軍
334 2 inside / interior 自故裏奔於太原
335 2 to rent 覆民租車
336 2 汝州 rǔzhōu Ruzhou 用為汝州防禦使
337 2 a law / a rule 辟審交為判官
338 2 to stop / to cease / to suspend 罷使歸班
339 2 而已 éryǐ that is all 守禮分而已
340 2 趙州 zhàozhōu Zhouzhou 授趙州刺史
341 2 can / may / permissible 以俟河北救應可也
342 2 small / petty 前帥張彥澤在任苛虐
343 2 兵士 bīngshì an ordinary soldier 收拾諸處守營兵士與燕軍
344 2 侍中 shìzhōng Shizhong / Palace Attendant 贈侍中
345 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 生有令名
346 2 to leave behind 無復遺類
347 2 to bestow on / to endow with 民之租賦不能減也
348 2 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 予嘗為劉汝州僚佐
349 2 nüè cruel / harsh / oppressive 前帥張彥澤在任苛虐
350 2 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 人庶便之
351 2 侍衛 shìwèi Imperial bodyguard 朝廷遣侍衛馬軍都指揮使白奉進領兵渡滑州
352 2 martial / military 武行德將委以軍事
353 2 black 惠及蒸黎
354 2 to open 啟少帝曰
355 2 trip / journey 殷典禁旅
356 2 according to 吏民所請宜依
357 2 xiāo mournful / dejected 蕭翰在都
358 2 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 其將解裏遣殷與契丹首領楊安
359 2 shì a gentleman / a knight 字士元
360 2 to console / to comfort 審交矜恤撫理
361 2 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 遷相州留後
362 2 tōng to go through / to open 通鑒
363 2 power / force / strength 民力空匱
364 2 dàn but / yet / however 但遣人迎請太原
365 2 任用 rènyòng to appoint 莊宗皆任用之
366 2 huò or / either / else 或曰
367 2 shèng divine / holy / sacred / ārya 為捧聖左廂都指揮使
368 2 tiān day 唐天祐中
369 2 shāo a little / slightly 稍遷裨校
370 2 to strike / to hit / to beat 即奮刃擊之
371 2 hóng wide / spacious / great / vast 朝廷以內官馬紹宏為北面轉運使
372 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 家人止之
373 2 jiān simultaneously 兼北面行營馬軍都指揮使
374 2 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 毀瘠過禮
375 2 劉守光 liúshǒuguāng Liu Shouguang 劉守光之僭號
376 2 jiǎ armor 據甲仗庫
377 2 gǎi to change / to alter 改磁州刺史
378 2 Si River 泗州防禦使
379 2 dōng winter 乾祐三年冬
380 2 báo thin / slight / weak 薄罰宥過
381 2 zhào Zhao 趙暉討王景崇於岐下
382 2 yīng should / ought 以俟河北救應可也
383 2 bēn to run fast / to flee 自故裏奔於太原
384 2 誅求 zhūqiú exorbitant demands / demanding with menaces / extortion 故瓘所至不敢誅求
385 2 pond / pool / marsh / swamp 前帥張彥澤在任苛虐
386 2 節度 jiédù a solar term 以節度副使駱知朗知州事
387 2 expresses question or doubt 何面南行見人主與士大夫乎
388 2 馬步 mǎ bù horse stance (martial arts) 授汴州馬步軍都指揮使
389 2 監軍 jiànjūn a military overseer 故太原監軍使承業之猶子也
390 2 liáng a bridge 唐莊宗與梁軍對壘於河上
391 2 do not 勿以予子母為事
392 2 ēn kindness / grace / graciousness 受國重恩
393 2 京師 jīngshī a capital city 卒於京師
394 2 往來 wǎnglái to come and go / to return 大軍往來
395 2 yuè pleased 民庶悅焉
396 2 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 都人大懼
397 2 kuì food 供饋無闕
398 2 already / afterwards 事不獲已
399 2 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 無害之良吏也
400 2 前鋒 qiánfēng vanguard / front line / a forward (sports) 用為前鋒
401 2 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 故瓘所至不敢誅求
402 2 bāo to praise / to commend / to honor / to cite 賜詔褒美
403 2 hào number 劉守光之僭號
404 2 逐出 zhúchū to expel / to evict / to drive out 逐出床答勒
405 2 gěi to give 以求賞給
406 2 七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month 其年閏七月晦
407 2 判官 pàn guān a magistrate / a judge 辟審交為判官
408 2 to attain / to reach 何福晉相率殺北帥滿達勒
409 2 轉運使 Zhuǎnyùn Shǐ Shipping Administrator 朝廷以內官馬紹宏為北面轉運使
410 2 jiù old / ancient 以鄉里之舊
411 2 zhāng clear / obvious 授彰德軍節度使
412 2 趙德鈞 zhào déjūn Zhao Dejun 趙德鈞鎮幽州
413 2 Jīng Jing 移鎮涇州
414 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 孤危自處
415 2 to reply / to answer 逐出床答勒
416 2 lín female of Chinese unicorn 瓘天祐十三年補麟州刺史
417 2 residence / dwelling 秩滿入居環衛
418 2 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 再榮貪昧無決
419 2 an official institution / a state bureau 本府召補牙職
420 2 從事 cóngshì to deal with / to handle / to do 用為諸府從事
421 2 chén Chen 出為陳州防禦使
422 2 such as / for example / for instance 無如之何
423 2 father 父師遂
424 2 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今城有燕軍
425 2 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 寨將氏延賞告急於莊宗
426 2 one 一侄為磁州副使
427 2 chuán to transmit 有傳
428 2 致仕 zhìshì to retire from a government post 以目疾致仕
429 2 馮道 féng dào Feng Dao 秦國公馮道聞之曰
430 2 唐末 Táng mò late Tang period 唐末帝令與萇從簡同守河陽
431 2 神武 shénwǔ wise and brave 入為左神武統軍
432 2 yǒng brave / courageous 少拳勇
433 2 郡守 jùnshǒu senior provincial official in imperial China 以戰功累歷郡守
434 2 hurried / worried 會梁軍急攻南寨
435 2 rèn to bear / to undertake 前帥張彥澤在任苛虐
436 2 rèn edged tool / cutlery / knife edge 露刃註矢
437 2 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 與順密急趨公府
438 2 zhù to help / to assist 又助燒船艦
439 2 gài a lid / top / cover 蓋譏令公也
440 2 míng measure word for people 所蒞無苛暴之名
441 2 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 其將解裏遣殷與契丹首領楊安
442 2 行營 xíngyíng to conduct a campaign 兼北面行營馬軍都指揮使
443 2 年高 niángāo old 以母年高
444 2 令名 lìngmíng good name / reputation 生有令名
445 2 fèn to strive / to exert effort 即奮刃擊之
446 2 應順 yīngshùn Yingshun 應順初
447 2 歸於 guīyú to belong to / affiliated to 歸於太原
448 2 有所 yǒusuǒ somewhat / to some extent 然事機有所不可
449 2 to help / to assist 汝為近輔
450 2 to ward off with hand / to defend 閉門拒守
451 2 to draw water 百姓自汲汲然
452 2 valley / gorge / ravine 前磁州刺史李穀謂再榮曰
453 2 fēi an imperial concubine 妃曰
454 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 繇是從益遣使往太原貢奉
455 2 chén to sink / to submerge 乃還其所沈粟
456 2 zhuàng form / appearance / shape 列狀乞留葬本州界
457 2 clothes / dress / garment 服闋
458 2 常山 chángshān Changshan 後隨契丹至常山
459 2 三司 sān sī three offices 命審交為三司使
460 2 jiè to warn / to admonish 常誡瓘等曰
461 2 zòu to present / to offer 予主奏事而已
462 2 wáng to die 燕亡
463 2 liáo Liaoning 以勞授遼州刺史
464 2 yuán to aid / to assist 會晉高祖引契丹為援
465 2 fēi not / non- / un- 非謀也
466 2 chūn spring 乾祐二年春
467 2 shī to lose 少帝任用失人
468 2 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 而使君何有於我哉
469 2 miǎn to spare 復以目疾請代而免
470 2 不以 bùyǐ not because of 不以國家為意
471 2 一旦 yīdàn in one day 一旦為蕭翰所逼
472 2 how can it be that? 豈限彜章
473 2 shī teacher 父師遂
474 2 太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor 累官至檢校太傅
475 2 不行 bùxíng will not do / will not work 誠以不行鞭樸
476 1 to wait for / to wait until / as soon as 以俟河北救應可也
477 1 今天 jīntiān today 今天下戎馬之後
478 1 長於 zhǎngyú to be adept in / to excel at 然長於撫理
479 1 寧江 níngjiāng Ningjiang 授侍衛步軍都指揮使兼寧江軍節度使
480 1 yòu to forgive / to pardon / to indulge 薄罰宥過
481 1 chóng high / dignified / lofty 趙暉討王景崇於岐下
482 1 yōu to worry / to be concerned 旦夕憂死
483 1 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 不顯殊尤
484 1 遲疑 chíyí to hesitate 遲疑久之
485 1 沐浴 mùyù to take a shower / to take a bath 遂沐浴
486 1 ruì sharp / keen / acute / pointed 牙將孫銳率兵至黎陽
487 1 rùn intercalary 其年閏七月晦
488 1 qiān one thousand 時有燕軍千人守捉諸門
489 1 final interogative 即劉君之政安足稱耶
490 1 其間 qíjiān during this time / in between 其間有及民之惠者無幾焉
491 1 a step 授侍衛步軍都指揮使兼寧江軍節度使
492 1 名次 míngcì position in a ranking of names 諸軍以再榮名次在諸校之右
493 1 entirely / without exception 司天監趙延乂俱與之善
494 1 tǎng unconventional 儻有所問
495 1 戰功 zhàngōng outstanding military service / military achievements 以戰功累歷郡守
496 1 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 授右衛大將軍
497 1 lüè plan / strategy 威略無聞
498 1 晉朝 Jìn Cháo Jin Dynasty 鵬因言及晉朝傾亡之事
499 1 shì power / authority 敵勢未退
500 1 史臣 shǐ chén official in charge of public records 史臣曰

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
北平 Běipíng Beiping
本州 běnzhōu Honshū
Biàn
  1. Bian River
  2. Henan
  3. Bian
汴州 Biànzhōu Bianzhou / Kaifeng
兵部 bīngbù Ministry of War
  1. cypress / cedar
  2. Berlin
  3. Bai
常山 chángshān Changshan
长兴 長興 Chángxīng Changxing
代州 dàizhōu Daizhou / Dai prefecture
dèng Deng
邓州 鄧州 dèngzhōu Dengzhou
定州 dìngzhōu Dingzhou
东都 東都 Dōng Dū Luoyang
东门 東門 Dōng mén East Gate
东京 東京 Dōngjīng
  1. Tokyo
  2. Luoyang
  3. Dongjing Circuit
都监 都監 dūjiàn Executive
二月 èryuè February / the Second Month
防御使 防禦使 fángyùshǐ Defense Commissioner
冯道 馮道 féng dào Feng Dao
汾州 fénzhōu Fenzhou
Fu
高祖 gāozǔ
  1. Han Gao Zu / Liu Bang
  2. great great grandfather
  3. Gaozu
广平 廣平 guǎngpíng Guangping
国军 國軍 guó jūn National Revolutionary Army
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man / a chap
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
汉人 漢人 Hàn rén Han Chinese person or people
河西 Héxī Hexi
河中 hézhōng Hezhong
后唐 後唐 Hòu Táng Later Tang
华州 華州 huá zhōu Washington state
huái Huai River
怀感 懷感 Huái Gǎn Huai Gan
皇甫 huángfǔ Huangfu
滑台 滑臺 huátái Huatai
节度使 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
晋朝 晉朝 Jìn Cháo Jin Dynasty
金吾卫 金吾衛 jīnwúwèi Imperial Insignia Guard
晋阳 晉陽 Jìnyáng Jinyang
晋州 晉州 jìnzhōu
  1. Jinzhou
  2. Jin Prefecture
郡守 jùnshǒu senior provincial official in imperial China
康泰 Kāng Tài Kang Tai
  1. black
  2. Li
  3. Lebanon
  4. Li People
  5. numerous / many
  6. at the time of
  7. State of Li
李嗣昭 lǐ sìzhāo Li Sizhao
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
临城 臨城 línchéng Lincheng
留后 留後 liúhòu Provisional Governor
刘守光 劉守光 liúshǒuguāng Liu Shouguang
六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month
Lu River
luò
  1. Luo
  2. Luo River
潞州 Lùzhōu Luzhou
Míng Ming River
宁江 寧江 níngjiāng Ningjiang
  1. Pu River
  2. Pu
契丹 Qìdān Khitan
青州 Qīngzhōu
  1. Qingzhou
  2. Qingzhou
七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month
人大 Rén Dà
  1. National Peoples Congress (in China) / Great Hall of the People
  2. Renmin University of China
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
汝州 rǔzhōu Ruzhou
少帝 Shǎodì Emperor Shao
士大夫 Shì Dàifu Scholar-official / Scholar-gentlemen / Scholar-bureaucrats / Scholar-gentry
十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month
侍中 shìzhōng Shizhong / Palace Attendant
司空 Sīkōng
  1. Minster of Land and Water
  2. Sikong
四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month
太保 Tàibǎo Grand Protector
太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor
太师 太師 tàishī Grand Preceptor / Grand Master / Imperial Tutor
太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military
太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan
唐书 唐書 Táng Shū Old Book of Tang
唐庄宗 唐莊宗 Táng Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang
唐明宗 Tángmíngzōng Emperor Mingzong of Later Tang
天监 天監 Tiān Jiàn Tian Jian reign
同州 Tóngzhōu Tongzhou / Weinan
王建 wángjiàn Wang Jian
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
文安 Wén'ān Wen'an
武汉 武漢 wǔhàn Wuhan
五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month
相国 相國 xiāngguó Chancellor of State
荥阳 滎陽 Xíngyáng Xingyang
邢州 Xíngzhōu Xingzhou
忻州 Xīnzhōu Xinzhou
徐州 Xúzhōu
  1. Xuzhou
  2. Xuzhou
阳城 陽城 yángchéng Yangcheng
耀州 yàozhōu Yaozhou
  1. Ye
  2. Ye
应顺 應順 yīngshùn Yingshun
幽州 yōuzhōu Youzhou / Fanyang
宰相 zǎixiàng chancellor / prime minister
泽州 澤州 zézhōu Zezhou
zhào
  1. Zhao
  2. Zhao Dynasty
  3. State of Zhao
  4. to rush
  5. to visit
  6. Zhao
  7. to dig
赵德钧 趙德鈞 zhào déjūn Zhao Dejun
赵州 趙州 zhàozhōu
  1. Zhouzhou
  2. Zhouzhou / Zhouzhou Congshen
中山 zhōngshān
  1. Dr Sun Yat-sen / Zhongshan, prefecture-level city in Guangdong, close to Sun Yat-sen's birthplace / Nakayama (Japanese surname)
  2. Zhongshan
  3. Nakayama
庄宗 莊宗 Zhuāngzōng Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang
转运使 轉運使 Zhuǎnyùn Shǐ Shipping Administrator
主簿 zhǔbù official registrar (of a county etc) in imperial China

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English