Glossary and Vocabulary for Guanzi 《管子》, 立政第四 Chapter 4: Establishing Governance

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 24 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 國之所以治亂者三
2 21 xiàn constitution / statute / law 君乃出令布憲于國
3 18 yuē to speak / to say 一曰德不當其位
4 16 shì matter / thing / item 臨事不信於民者
5 15 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 君乃出令布憲于國
6 15 xiāng village / township 分國以為五鄉
7 14 five 國之所以富貧者五
8 13 shī teacher 鄉為之師
9 12 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 君乃出令布憲于國
10 12 wèi Eighth earthly branch 故國有德義未明於朝者
11 12 sān three 國之所以治亂者三
12 11 mín the people / citizen / subjects 臨事不信於民者
13 11 cháo to face 故國有德義未明於朝者
14 11 to reach 及于長家
15 11 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 則下不敢求
16 10 使 shǐ to make / to cause 則不可使任大官
17 10 clothes / dress / garment 修生則有軒冕服位穀祿田宅之分
18 10 inside / interior 分州以為十里
19 9 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 寢兵之說勝
20 9 a period of time / phase / stage 明詔期
21 9 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 寢兵之說勝
22 9 yóu to swim 分里以為十游
23 9 zài in / at 若在長家子弟臣妾屬役賓客
24 8 wèi a military officer 里為之尉
25 8 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 圈屬群徒
26 8 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君之所審者三
27 8 zōng school / sect 游為之宗
28 8 shí time / a period of time 以時開閉
29 7 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 則不可加以尊位
30 7 one 一曰德不當其位
31 7 shě to give 然後敢就舍
32 7 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 遂于鄉官致于鄉屬
33 7 jiā house / home / residence 四曰六畜不育於家
34 7 four 國之所以安危者四
35 7 wèi position / location / place 一曰德不當其位
36 7 Wu 五家為伍
37 7 yòu right / right-hand 右三本
38 7 shàng top / a high position 則邪臣上通
39 7 rich / wealthy 國之所以富貧者五
40 6 wèi to call 故德厚而位卑者謂之過
41 6 zuì crime / sin / vice 論罰罪刑殺
42 6 xíng to walk / to move 則威行於鄰敵
43 6 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 君之所審者三
44 6 pín poor / impoverished 國之所以富貧者五
45 6 shè to forgive / to pardon 三則不赦
46 6 xiū to decorate / to embellish 修火憲
47 6 jiàn to see 功力未見於國者
48 6 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分國以為五鄉
49 6 day of the month / a certain day 而邪事日長
50 6 祿 good fortune 二曰功不當其祿
51 6 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 不足用也
52 6 to die 罪死不赦
53 5 to punish / to penalize 三曰罰避親貴
54 5 míng bright / brilliant 故國有德義未明於朝者
55 5 shuǐ water 鄣水不安其藏
56 5 yòng to use / to apply 不足用也
57 5 fán ordinary / common 凡出入不時
58 5 Germany 一曰德不當其位
59 5 Kangxi radical 80 而毋失於小人
60 5 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 閭有司觀出入者
61 4 六畜 liùxù the six domestic animals 四曰六畜不育於家
62 4 affairs / business / matter / activity 不務地利
63 4 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 草木不植成
64 4 xián virtuous / worthy 二曰見賢不能讓
65 4 the gate of a village / a village 審閭閈
66 4 jué ancient bronze wine holder 論爵賞校官
67 4 hair 乃發使者致令以布憲之日蚤晏之時
68 4 cáng to hide 鄣水不安其藏
69 4 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 夫財之所出
70 4 zhí a plant / trees 草木不植成
71 4 chén minister / statesman / official 則良臣不進
72 4 guì expensive / costly / valuable 三曰罰避親貴
73 4 州長 zhōuzhǎng a governor 里尉以復于州長
74 4 guān an office 三曰能不當其官
75 4 qiáo a drum tower 則里尉以譙于游宗
76 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 分國以為五鄉
77 4 wéi dangerous / precarious 國之危也
78 4 大夫 dàifu doctor 五屬大夫
79 4 zhòng heavy 則不可授與重祿
80 4 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 國之所以治亂者三
81 4 suì to comply with / to follow along 溝瀆遂於隘
82 4 bǎi one hundred 百吏在朝
83 4 五穀 wǔ gǔ the five grains 五穀不宜其地
84 3 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 以時禁發焉
85 3 èr two 二曰功不當其祿
86 3 zūn to honor / to respect 則不可加以尊位
87 3 賞罰 shǎngfá reward and punishment 其賞罰之數
88 3 五事 wǔ shì five dharmas / five categories 而富國有五事
89 3 刻鏤 kèlòu to engrave 五曰工事競於刻鏤
90 3 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 故德厚而位卑者謂之過
91 3 wēi power / might / prestige 而便辟制威
92 3 rèn to bear / to undertake 則不可使任大官
93 3 lùn to comment / to discuss 論爵賞校官
94 3 zhòng many / numerous 朝不合眾
95 3 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 國之所以治亂者三
96 3 sāng mulberry tree 三曰桑麻不植於野
97 3 a ditch / a sluice / a gutter / a drain 二曰溝瀆不遂於隘
98 3 xīn heart 百姓舍己以上為心者
99 3 bīng soldier / troops 不可使主兵
100 3 不合 bùhé to not conform to / to be unsuited to / to be out of keeping with 朝不合眾
101 3 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 乃發使者致令以布憲之日蚤晏之時
102 3 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 置閭有司
103 3 hemp / flax 三曰桑麻不植於野
104 3 shì a gentleman / a knight 鄉師以著于士師
105 3 pond / pool / marsh / swamp 一曰山澤不救於火
106 3 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 皆受憲于太史
107 3 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 而便辟制威
108 3 shī to lose 德薄而位尊者謂之失
109 3 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 鄣水安其藏
110 3 to bestow on / to endow with 薄賦斂
111 3 soil / ground / land 五穀不宜其地
112 3 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 賞有功不專與
113 3 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 度爵而制服
114 3 gōu a ditch / a drain / a narrow waterway 二曰溝瀆不遂於隘
115 3 xíng punishment / penalty 刑省治寡
116 3 百姓 bǎixìng common people 勸勉百姓
117 3 shí ten 分州以為十里
118 3 宮室 gōngshì home / dwelling 使民足於宮室之用
119 3 huǒ fire / flame 一曰山澤不救於火
120 3 gōng merit 二曰功不當其祿
121 3 huái bosom / breast 民不懷其產
122 3 to calculate / to compute / to count 州長以計于鄉師
123 3 zhōu a state / a province 分鄉以為五州
124 3 出入 chūrù to go out and come in 博出入
125 3 gǎn bold / brave 然後敢就舍
126 3 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 一曰山澤不救於火
127 3 liǎn to collect 薄賦斂
128 3 apprentice / disciple 圈屬群徒
129 2 to avoid / to shun 三曰罰避親貴
130 2 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 二曰見賢不能讓
131 2 無害 wúhài harmless 無害于五穀
132 2 wilderness 三曰桑麻不植於野
133 2 不當 bùdàng unsuitable / improper / inappropriate 一曰德不當其位
134 2 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 懷樂家室
135 2 鄉里 xiānglǐ hometown 行鄉里
136 2 báo thin / slight / weak 薄賦斂
137 2 shǐ history 皆受憲于太史
138 2 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 大臣不和同
139 2 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 寧過於君子
140 2 大德 dàdé most virtuous 一曰大德不至仁
141 2 hǎo good 好本事
142 2 qīn relatives 三曰罰避親貴
143 2 to criticize 私議自貴之說勝
144 2 chǎn to bear / to reproduce / to give birth 民不懷其產
145 2 meaning / sense 故國有德義未明於朝者
146 2 jiù to save / to rescue 一曰山澤不救於火
147 2 文章 wénzhāng an article / an essay 女事繁於文章
148 2 an official institution / a state bureau 入籍于太府
149 2 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 則邪臣上通
150 2 不信 bùxìn disbelief / lack of faith 臨事不信於民者
151 2 安危 ānwēi safety and danger 國之所以安危者四
152 2 功力 gōnglì diligence 功力未見於國者
153 2 草木 cǎo mù vegetation 草木不植成
154 2 賓客 bīnkè a visitor / a guest 若在長家子弟臣妾屬役賓客
155 2 xiān first 令必先出
156 2 rén a kernel / a pit 一曰大德不至仁
157 2 guǎn a key 慎筦鍵
158 2 big / great / huge / large / major 大朝之日
159 2 a law / a rule 而便辟制威
160 2 shì to look at / to see 視肥墝
161 2 zhāng to block / to obstruct 鄣水不安其藏
162 2 liàng a quantity / an amount 量祿而用財
163 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 是故國有德義未明於朝而處尊位者
164 2 險阻 xiǎn zǔ dangerous and difficult (path) 城郭險阻
165 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 修生則有軒冕服位穀祿田宅之分
166 2 to lift / to hold up / to raise 請謁任舉之說勝
167 2 shèn cautious 君之所慎者四
168 2 cái material / stuff 則材臣不用
169 2 a gourd / a calabash 瓜瓠葷菜百果不備具
170 2 rén person / people / a human being 六畜人徒有數
171 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 止于帶緣
172 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終五日
173 2 zhàng to separate 築障塞匿
174 2 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 而毋失於小人
175 2 gōng an artisan / a craftsman / a worker 論百工
176 2 不行 bùxíng will not do / will not work 有不行憲者
177 2 wèi to fear / to dread 兵主不足畏
178 2 本事 běnshì ability / skill 四曰不好本事
179 2 地利 dìlì favorable location / in the right place / productivity of land 不務地利
180 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 使而往
181 2 qīng light / not heavy 輕稅租
182 2 service 若在長家子弟臣妾屬役賓客
183 2 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 瓜瓠葷菜百果不備具
184 2 勸勉 quànmiǎn to advise / to encourage 勸勉百姓
185 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 而安國有四固
186 2 zhǔ owner 不可使主兵
187 2 shǒu head 首憲既布
188 2 miào temple / shrine 遂於廟致屬吏
189 2 jìng to respect /to honor 譙敬而勿復
190 2 female / feminine 女事繁於文章
191 2 to store 林藪積草
192 2 guā melon / gourd / squash 瓜瓠葷菜百果不備具
193 2 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 則明塞於上
194 2 popular / common 竭俗之所期也
195 2 a human or animal body 雖有賢身貴體
196 2 ài narrow / confined 二曰溝瀆不遂於隘
197 2 tōng to go through / to open 則邪臣上通
198 2 luàn chaotic / disorderly 國之所以治亂者三
199 2 舉事 jǔshì to rise in revolt 凡將舉事
200 2 jiā to add 復賞罰之所加
201 2 tīng to listen 君自聽朝
202 2 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 然後可以布憲
203 2 百果 bǎiguǒ all kinds of fruits 瓜瓠葷菜百果不備具
204 2 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 謂之留令
205 2 葷菜 hūncài non-vegetarian dish 瓜瓠葷菜百果不備具
206 2 lín to face / to overlook 臨事不信於民者
207 2 qián front 皆身習憲于君前
208 2 tóng like / same / similar 大臣不和同
209 2 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 圈屬群徒
210 2 younger brother 若在長家子弟臣妾屬役賓客
211 2 家子 jiāzǐ household / family 若在長家子弟臣妾屬役賓客
212 2 jūn great / your (honorific) 以時鈞修焉
213 2 proper / suitable / appropriate 五穀宜其地
214 2 大官 dàguān senior official 則不可使任大官
215 2 qiú to request 則下不敢求
216 2 右首 yòushǒu right-hand side 右首憲
217 2 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 而便辟制威
218 2 record / register / list / census 憲籍分于君前
219 2 臣妾 chénqiè I, your servant (self-appellation of a lower-rank female) / male and female slaves / subjects (of a ruler) 若在長家子弟臣妾屬役賓客
220 2 衣服 yīfu clothing / clothes / attire 衣服不中
221 2 shǔ to count 其賞罰之數
222 2 專制 zhuānzhì an autocracy / a dictatorship 侈曰專制
223 2 shēn human body / torso 皆身習憲于君前
224 2 工事 gōngshì defensive structure / fortification 五曰工事競於刻鏤
225 1 田宅 tiánzhái a farmhouse 修生則有軒冕服位穀祿田宅之分
226 1 guǎ few 刑省治寡
227 1 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 舟車陳器有禁
228 1 jìn to enter 則良臣不進
229 1 農夫 nóngfū a peasant / a farmer 前後農夫
230 1 入籍 rùjí to become naturalized / to become a citizen 入籍于太府
231 1 yōng to obstruct / to stop up / to heap soil around the roots of a plant 而治壅於下
232 1 治國 zhìguó to rule a country 治國有三本
233 1 hàn a village 審閭閈
234 1 to associate with / be near 群徒比周之說勝
235 1 cāo to conduct / to run / to manage 則操國得眾
236 1 zhì to place / to lay out 置閭有司
237 1 yòu to forgive / to pardon / to indulge 一再則宥
238 1 不從 bùcóng not following / not joining 謂之不從令
239 1 不和 bùhé not to get along well / to be on bad terms / to be at odds / discord 大臣不和同
240 1 cǎo grass / straw / herbs 林藪積草
241 1 城郭 chéngGuō a city wall 城郭險阻
242 1 shòu to teach 不可以授國柄
243 1 棺槨 guānguǒ inner and outer coffins / coffin 死則有棺槨絞衾壙壟之度
244 1 jùn talented / capable 賢良俊材
245 1 děng et cetera / and so on 凡上賢不過等
246 1 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 不可以授國柄
247 1 to hide / to go into hiding 築障塞匿
248 1 kuàng a tomb 死則有棺槨絞衾壙壟之度
249 1 kuī to lose / to reduce / to diminish 不足曰虧令
250 1 疏遠 shūyuǎn to drift apart / to become estranged / to alienate 疏遠無蔽獄
251 1 五家 wǔ jiā a five household unit 五家為伍
252 1 shù tree 觀樹蓺
253 1 xiǎng to host a banquet 而夫人不敢以燕以饗廟
254 1 jiǎ Jia 百工商賈不得服長鬈貂
255 1 to flatter 諂諛飾過之說勝
256 1 軒冕 xuānmiǎn chariot and crown (symbols of important persons) / fig. royals and dignitaries 修生則有軒冕服位穀祿田宅之分
257 1 chǎn to flatter / to cajole 諂諛飾過之說勝
258 1 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此
259 1 國有 guóyǒu nationalized / public / state-owned 是故國有德義未明於朝而處尊位者
260 1 所謂 suǒwèi so-called 有不合於令之所謂者
261 1 官吏 guānlì a government official 將軍大夫不敢以朝官吏
262 1 féi fat / plump / obese 視肥墝
263 1 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 則士卒不戰
264 1 shuì taxes / duties 輕稅租
265 1 zhēng to steam 薪蒸之所積
266 1 shǐ beginning / start 始於不足見
267 1 hàn dry 歲雖凶旱
268 1 huò to reap / to harvest 有所秎穫
269 1 wide / broad 博出入
270 1 zhōu boat / ship 舟車陳器有禁
271 1 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 正月之朔
272 1 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 決水潦
273 1 十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month 十二月一著
274 1 varied / complex / not simple 散民不敢服雜采
275 1 不分 bùfēn to not differentiate / to not distinguish 則賢不肖不分
276 1 正道 zhèngdào the right road 正道捐棄
277 1 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 天子服文有章
278 1 天道 Tiān Dào Heavenly Realm / Deva Realm 天道之所期也
279 1 to stand 立事者
280 1 zhōng middle 衣服不中
281 1 高下 gāoxià high and low / up and down 相高下
282 1 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 則良臣不進
283 1 功利 gōnglì utility 雖有功利
284 1 jiān to supervise / to inspect 監壹五鄉
285 1 飲食 yǐn shí food and drink 飲食有量
286 1 金玉 jīn yù gold and jade / precious 金玉貨財之說勝
287 1 desire 上之所欲
288 1 舍己 shějǐ selfless / self-sacrifice (to help others) / self-renunciation / altruism 百姓舍己以上為心者
289 1 殺戮 shālù to massacre / to slaughter 殺戮刑罰
290 1 誠信 chéngxìn honesty / good faith / integrity 誠信之所期也
291 1 private 私議自貴之說勝
292 1 前後 qiánhòu front and back 前後農夫
293 1 捐棄 juānqì to relinquish / to abandon 正道捐棄
294 1 sufficient / enough 使民足於宮室之用
295 1 xiōng to b evicious / fierce / terrible / fearful 歲雖凶旱
296 1 制服 zhìfú to subdue / to check / to bring under control 度爵而制服
297 1 季冬 jìdōng final month of winter 季冬之夕
298 1 shěng province 右省官
299 1 valley / gorge / ravine 修生則有軒冕服位穀祿田宅之分
300 1 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 百姓化於下
301 1 chén Chen 舟車陳器有禁
302 1 qín birds / fowl 道塗無行禽
303 1 zǎo a flea / a louse 乃發使者致令以布憲之日蚤晏之時
304 1 chē a vehicle 舟車陳器有禁
305 1 兼愛 jiān'ài universal love / to love two people at the same time 兼愛之說勝
306 1 富國 fù guó rich country / make the country wealthy (political slogan) 而富國有五事
307 1 chǐ luxurious / extravagant / wasteful 侈曰專制
308 1 工商 gōngshāng industry and commerce 百工商賈不得服長鬈貂
309 1 one 監壹五鄉
310 1 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 三月一復
311 1 萬人 wàn rén ten thousand people / all the people / everybody 萬人從之
312 1 下流 xiàliú low-class / mean and lowly / vulgar / obscene 則爵服下流
313 1 diāo sable / marten / mink 百工商賈不得服長鬈貂
314 1 qiǎn shallow 其為怨淺
315 1 a government official / a magistrate 百吏在朝
316 1 文采 wéncǎi literary talent 使刻鏤文采
317 1 concerned about / anxious / worried 虞師之事也
318 1 六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month 六月一計
319 1 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 二曰見賢不能讓
320 1 行車 xíngchē to drive a vehicle 皆以行車朝
321 1 lǎo to flood 決水潦
322 1 dài to carry / to bring 止于帶緣
323 1 xīn fuel / firewood 薪蒸之所積
324 1 qīng minister / high officer 卿相不得眾
325 1 賢能 xiánnéng a sage 見賢能讓
326 1 hòu thick 故德厚而位卑者謂之過
327 1 以上 yǐshàng more than / above / over / the above-mentioned 百姓舍己以上為心者
328 1 seven 右七觀
329 1 yàn late in the day 乃發使者致令以布憲之日蚤晏之時
330 1 jié to exhaust 竭俗之所期也
331 1 林藪 línsǒu woods and marshes 林藪積草
332 1 xùn to teach / to train 訓之所期也
333 1 力作 lìzuò to put effort into (work, farming, writing etc) / a masterpiece 使力作毋偷
334 1 to fly 皆身習憲于君前
335 1 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 則賢不肖不分
336 1 shì to rely upon 不足恃也
337 1 to raise animals 不敢畜連乘車
338 1 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 教之所期也
339 1 lín neighbor 則威行於鄰敵
340 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 瓜瓠葷菜百果備具
341 1 to shut / to close 以時開閉
342 1 qiāo stony 視肥墝
343 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 不足守也
344 1 上位 shàng wèi top seat / person occupying leading position 則姦民在上位
345 1 enemy / foe 則威行於鄰敵
346 1 不順 bùshùn unfavorable / adverse 不順於常者
347 1 wén writing / text 天子服文有章
348 1 níng Nanjing 寧過於君子
349 1 xíng appearance 好惡形於心
350 1 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 簡六畜
351 1 bēi low / base / vulgar / inferior / humble 故德厚而位卑者謂之過
352 1 zhàn war / fighting / battle 則士卒不戰
353 1 廉恥 liánchǐ honor and shame / sense of honor 則廉恥不立
354 1 好惡 hǎoè lit. likes and dislikes / preferences / taste 好惡形於心
355 1 biàn to distinguish / to recognize 辨功苦
356 1 road / path / way 一道路
357 1 wán to complete / to finish / to settle 上完利
358 1 時事 shíshì current events 審時事
359 1 在朝 zàicháo to act in a capacity 百吏在朝
360 1 司空 Sīkōng Minster of Land and Water 司空之事也
361 1 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 散民不敢服雜采
362 1 fèn \N 有所秎穫
363 1 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請謁任舉之說勝
364 1 五經 Wǔ Jīng Five Classics 五事五經也
365 1 wán to play / to amuse oneself / to have fun 觀樂玩好之說勝
366 1 授與 shòuyǔ to award / to confer 則不可授與重祿
367 1 過度 guòdù exceeding / excessive / lavish 使時水雖過度
368 1 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 乃反致令焉
369 1 qǐn to rest / to sleep 寢兵之說勝
370 1 zhèng government / administration 政之所期也
371 1 Tu 道塗無行禽
372 1 不遂 bùsuì to fail / to fail to materialize / not to get one's way 二曰溝瀆不遂於隘
373 1 miǎn to encourage 上不加勉
374 1 fáng to protect / to defend / to guard 修障防
375 1 zhù to build / to construct 築障塞匿
376 1 乘車 chéngchē to ride (in a car or carriage) / to drive / to motor 不敢畜連乘車
377 1 to kill / to massacre 刑餘戮民不敢服絻
378 1 jìng to contend / to vie / to compete 五曰工事競於刻鏤
379 1 jiǎo to twist / to entangle / to wring / to hang 死則有棺槨絞衾壙壟之度
380 1 evening / night 季冬之夕
381 1 cǎi to pick / to pluck / to collect / to select / to choose / to gather 散民不敢服雜采
382 1 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 群徒比周之說勝
383 1 不守 bù shǒu to not protect 則險阻不守
384 1 故國 gùguó country with an ancient history 故國有德義未明於朝者
385 1 zhāng a chapter / a section 天子服文有章
386 1 yǐn to hide / to conceal 孤寡無隱治
387 1 dào way / road / path 道塗無行禽
388 1 不立 bùlì unsuccessful / unstable 則廉恥不立
389 1 自盡 zìjìn to kill oneself / to commit suicide 而民自盡
390 1 夫人 fūren wife 而夫人不敢以燕以饗廟
391 1 gain / advantage / benefit 上完利
392 1 a man / a male adult 夫財之所出
393 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 論罰罪刑殺
394 1 to produce / to give birth to / to breed 六畜育於家
395 1 dǎng political party 凡過黨
396 1 在家 zàijiā lay person / laity 其在家屬
397 1 shuò first day of the lunar month 正月之朔
398 1 néng can / able 得而莫之能爭
399 1 孟春 mèngchūn the first month of spring 孟春之朝
400 1 無行 wúxíng immoral 道塗無行禽
401 1 miǎn mourning 刑餘戮民不敢服絻
402 1 yān Yan 而夫人不敢以燕以饗廟
403 1 mìng life 以命士
404 1 shēn deep 其為禍深
405 1 to rent 輕稅租
406 1 yuán fate / predestined affinity 止于帶緣
407 1 suì age 歲雖凶旱
408 1 不備 bùbèi unprepared / off guard 瓜瓠葷菜百果不備具
409 1 kāi to open 以時開閉
410 1 不好 bù hǎo not good 四曰不好本事
411 1 kǎo to examine / to test 考憲而有不合于太府之籍者
412 1 láo to toil 則勞臣不勸
413 1 nìng to flatter / to praise 則巧佞者用
414 1 to visit 請謁任舉之說勝
415 1 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 則勞臣不勸
416 1 繩墨 shéngmò carpenter's straight line marker 則繩墨不正
417 1 zhèng upright / straight 則繩墨不正
418 1 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 得而莫之能爭
419 1 zhào an imperial decree 明詔期
420 1 孝悌忠信 xiào tì zhōng xìn Confucian moral injunctions of fidelity 凡孝悌忠信
421 1 jiàn key 慎筦鍵
422 1 huò goods / products / commodities 金玉貨財之說勝
423 1 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 將軍大夫不敢以朝官吏
424 1 fán complicated / complex 女事繁於文章
425 1 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 雖有富家多資
426 1 bǐng handle / hilt 不可以授國柄
427 1 quán perfect 全生之說勝
428 1 家室 jiāshì wife / family / (literary) residence 懷樂家室
429 1 qīn coverlet / quilt 死則有棺槨絞衾壙壟之度
430 1 qiǎo opportune / coincidental / as it happens / timely 則巧佞者用
431 1 bitterness / bitter flavor 辨功苦
432 1 孤寡 gūguǎ orphans and widows / to be lonely / loneliness 孤寡無隱治
433 1 不育 bùyù to be infertile / to have no offspring 四曰六畜不育於家
434 1 yuàn to blame / to complain 其為怨淺
435 1 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 罰未行而民畏恐
436 1 tōu to steal 使力作毋偷
437 1 quān circle / ring / loop 圈屬群徒
438 1 安國 Ān Guó Parthia 而安國有四固
439 1 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 則姦民在上位
440 1 賢良 xiánliáng (of a man) able and virtuous 賢良俊材
441 1 yuán source / origin 治亂之原也
442 1 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 其為禍深
443 1 不安 bù ān not peaceful / unstable / uneasy / disturbed / restless 鄣水不安其藏
444 1 刑罰 xíngfá punishment 殺戮刑罰
445 1 to go 重去鄉里
446 1 zào to make / to build / to manufacture 毋敢造于鄉
447 1 jiǔ nine 右九敗
448 1 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 諂諛飾過之說勝
449 1 jūn equal / even 以時均修焉
450 1 bài to defeat / to vanquish 右九敗
451 1 尊者 zūnzhě senior monk / honored sir 德薄而位尊者謂之失
452 1 art / craft 觀樹蓺
453 1 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal 疏遠無蔽獄
454 1 tián field / farmland 由田之事也
455 1 prison 疏遠無蔽獄
456 1 省治 shěngzhì a provincial capital 刑省治寡
457 1 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小大必舉
458 1 有罪 yǒuzuì guilty 罰有罪不獨及
459 1 都邑 dōuyì capital city 不可與都邑
460 1 quán fine growth of hair curly hair 百工商賈不得服長鬈貂
461 1 校官 xiàoguān military officer / ranked officer in Chinese army 論爵賞校官
462 1 wealth / capital / money / expenses 雖有富家多資
463 1 lǒng ridge between fields / row of crops / grave mound 死則有棺槨絞衾壙壟之度
464 1 extra / surplus / remainder 刑餘戮民不敢服絻
465 1 屬吏 shǔlì subordinate / underling 遂於廟致屬吏
466 1 謹守 jǐnshǒu to adhere strictly (to the rules) 謹守令以行賞罰

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 84 zhī him / her / them / that 君之所審者三
2 32 otherwise / but / however 則不可加以尊位
3 32 also / too 不足用也
4 29 in / at 筦藏于里尉
5 29 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而安國有四固
6 29 in / at 故國有德義未明於朝者
7 26 yǒu is / are / to exist 治國有三本
8 26 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 國之所以治亂者三
9 24 his / hers / its / theirs 一曰德不當其位
10 24 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 國之所以治亂者三
11 22 so as to / in order to 以時開閉
12 21 xiàn constitution / statute / law 君乃出令布憲于國
13 20 not / no 則良臣不進
14 18 yuē to speak / to say 一曰德不當其位
15 16 shì matter / thing / item 臨事不信於民者
16 16 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 君之所審者三
17 15 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 君乃出令布憲于國
18 15 xiāng village / township 分國以為五鄉
19 14 five 國之所以富貧者五
20 13 wèi for / to 其為怨淺
21 13 shī teacher 鄉為之師
22 12 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 君乃出令布憲于國
23 12 wèi Eighth earthly branch 故國有德義未明於朝者
24 12 sān three 國之所以治亂者三
25 11 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 而邪事日長
26 11 mín the people / citizen / subjects 臨事不信於民者
27 11 cháo to face 故國有德義未明於朝者
28 11 to reach 及于長家
29 11 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 則下不敢求
30 10 使 shǐ to make / to cause 則不可使任大官
31 10 clothes / dress / garment 修生則有軒冕服位穀祿田宅之分
32 10 inside / interior 分州以為十里
33 9 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 寢兵之說勝
34 9 a period of time / phase / stage 明詔期
35 9 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 寢兵之說勝
36 9 yóu to swim 分里以為十游
37 9 zài in / at 若在長家子弟臣妾屬役賓客
38 8 wèi a military officer 里為之尉
39 8 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 圈屬群徒
40 8 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君之所審者三
41 8 zōng school / sect 游為之宗
42 8 shí time / a period of time 以時開閉
43 8 again / more / repeatedly 以復于里尉
44 7 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 什伍皆有長焉
45 7 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 則不可加以尊位
46 7 one 一曰德不當其位
47 7 shě to give 然後敢就舍
48 7 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 遂于鄉官致于鄉屬
49 7 jiā house / home / residence 四曰六畜不育於家
50 7 shén what 十家為什
51 7 four 國之所以安危者四
52 7 wèi position / location / place 一曰德不當其位
53 7 Wu 五家為伍
54 7 already / since 太史既布憲
55 7 yòu right / right-hand 右三本
56 7 shàng top / a high position 則邪臣上通
57 7 jiù right away 然後敢就舍
58 7 rich / wealthy 國之所以富貧者五
59 7 běn measure word for books 治國有三本
60 6 wèi to call 故德厚而位卑者謂之過
61 6 zuì crime / sin / vice 論罰罪刑殺
62 6 yān where / how 什伍皆有長焉
63 6 xíng to walk / to move 則威行於鄰敵
64 6 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 君之所審者三
65 6 pín poor / impoverished 國之所以富貧者五
66 6 shè to forgive / to pardon 三則不赦
67 6 xiū to decorate / to embellish 修火憲
68 6 jiàn to see 功力未見於國者
69 6 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 分國以為五鄉
70 6 no 則便辟無威於國
71 6 day of the month / a certain day 而邪事日長
72 6 祿 good fortune 二曰功不當其祿
73 6 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 不足用也
74 6 to die 罪死不赦
75 5 to punish / to penalize 三曰罰避親貴
76 5 míng bright / brilliant 故國有德義未明於朝者
77 5 suī although / even though 雖有功利
78 5 shuǐ water 鄣水不安其藏
79 5 yòng to use / to apply 不足用也
80 5 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故德厚而位卑者謂之過
81 5 chū to go out / to leave 君乃出令布憲于國
82 5 fán ordinary / common 凡出入不時
83 5 Germany 一曰德不當其位
84 5 Kangxi radical 80 而毋失於小人
85 5 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 閭有司觀出入者
86 4 六畜 liùxù the six domestic animals 四曰六畜不育於家
87 4 affairs / business / matter / activity 不務地利
88 4 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 草木不植成
89 4 xián virtuous / worthy 二曰見賢不能讓
90 4 the gate of a village / a village 審閭閈
91 4 jué ancient bronze wine holder 論爵賞校官
92 4 hair 乃發使者致令以布憲之日蚤晏之時
93 4 cáng to hide 鄣水不安其藏
94 4 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 夫財之所出
95 4 zhí a plant / trees 草木不植成
96 4 chén minister / statesman / official 則良臣不進
97 4 guì expensive / costly / valuable 三曰罰避親貴
98 4 tài very / extremely 皆受憲于太史
99 4 州長 zhōuzhǎng a governor 里尉以復于州長
100 4 guān an office 三曰能不當其官
101 4 qiáo a drum tower 則里尉以譙于游宗
102 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 分國以為五鄉
103 4 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 然後敢就舍
104 4 wéi dangerous / precarious 國之危也
105 4 大夫 dàifu doctor 五屬大夫
106 4 zhòng heavy 則不可授與重祿
107 4 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 國之所以治亂者三
108 4 suì to comply with / to follow along 溝瀆遂於隘
109 4 bǎi one hundred 百吏在朝
110 4 五穀 wǔ gǔ the five grains 五穀不宜其地
111 3 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 以時禁發焉
112 3 èr two 二曰功不當其祿
113 3 zūn to honor / to respect 則不可加以尊位
114 3 賞罰 shǎngfá reward and punishment 其賞罰之數
115 3 五事 wǔ shì five dharmas / five categories 而富國有五事
116 3 刻鏤 kèlòu to engrave 五曰工事競於刻鏤
117 3 certainly / must / will / necessarily 令必先出
118 3 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 故德厚而位卑者謂之過
119 3 wēi power / might / prestige 而便辟制威
120 3 rèn to bear / to undertake 則不可使任大官
121 3 lùn to comment / to discuss 論爵賞校官
122 3 zhòng many / numerous 朝不合眾
123 3 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 國之所以治亂者三
124 3 sāng mulberry tree 三曰桑麻不植於野
125 3 a ditch / a sluice / a gutter / a drain 二曰溝瀆不遂於隘
126 3 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 君乃出令布憲于國
127 3 xīn heart 百姓舍己以上為心者
128 3 bīng soldier / troops 不可使主兵
129 3 不合 bùhé to not conform to / to be unsuited to / to be out of keeping with 朝不合眾
130 3 使者 shǐzhě an emissary / an envoy 乃發使者致令以布憲之日蚤晏之時
131 3 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 置閭有司
132 3 hemp / flax 三曰桑麻不植於野
133 3 and 不可與尊位
134 3 shì a gentleman / a knight 鄉師以著于士師
135 3 pond / pool / marsh / swamp 一曰山澤不救於火
136 3 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 皆受憲于太史
137 3 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 而便辟制威
138 3 shī to lose 德薄而位尊者謂之失
139 3 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 鄣水安其藏
140 3 to bestow on / to endow with 薄賦斂
141 3 naturally / of course / certainly 君自聽朝
142 3 soil / ground / land 五穀不宜其地
143 3 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 賞有功不專與
144 3 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 度爵而制服
145 3 gōu a ditch / a drain / a narrow waterway 二曰溝瀆不遂於隘
146 3 zhì to / until 一曰大德不至仁
147 3 xíng punishment / penalty 刑省治寡
148 3 百姓 bǎixìng common people 勸勉百姓
149 3 shí ten 分州以為十里
150 3 宮室 gōngshì home / dwelling 使民足於宮室之用
151 3 xià next 則下不敢求
152 3 huǒ fire / flame 一曰山澤不救於火
153 3 gōng merit 二曰功不當其祿
154 3 huái bosom / breast 民不懷其產
155 3 to calculate / to compute / to count 州長以計于鄉師
156 3 zhōu a state / a province 分鄉以為五州
157 3 出入 chūrù to go out and come in 博出入
158 3 gǎn bold / brave 然後敢就舍
159 3 de potential marker 則操國得眾
160 3 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 一曰山澤不救於火
161 3 liǎn to collect 薄賦斂
162 3 apprentice / disciple 圈屬群徒
163 2 to avoid / to shun 三曰罰避親貴
164 2 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 二曰見賢不能讓
165 2 無害 wúhài harmless 無害于五穀
166 2 wilderness 三曰桑麻不植於野
167 2 不當 bùdàng unsuitable / improper / inappropriate 一曰德不當其位
168 2 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 懷樂家室
169 2 鄉里 xiānglǐ hometown 行鄉里
170 2 báo thin / slight / weak 薄賦斂
171 2 shǐ history 皆受憲于太史
172 2 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 大臣不和同
173 2 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 寧過於君子
174 2 大德 dàdé most virtuous 一曰大德不至仁
175 2 hǎo good 好本事
176 2 qīn relatives 三曰罰避親貴
177 2 to criticize 私議自貴之說勝
178 2 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 卿相不得眾
179 2 chǎn to bear / to reproduce / to give birth 民不懷其產
180 2 meaning / sense 故國有德義未明於朝者
181 2 jiù to save / to rescue 一曰山澤不救於火
182 2 文章 wénzhāng an article / an essay 女事繁於文章
183 2 an official institution / a state bureau 入籍于太府
184 2 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 則邪臣上通
185 2 不信 bùxìn disbelief / lack of faith 臨事不信於民者
186 2 安危 ānwēi safety and danger 國之所以安危者四
187 2 功力 gōnglì diligence 功力未見於國者
188 2 草木 cǎo mù vegetation 草木不植成
189 2 能不 néngbù is it not? 三曰能不當其官
190 2 賓客 bīnkè a visitor / a guest 若在長家子弟臣妾屬役賓客
191 2 xiān first 令必先出
192 2 rén a kernel / a pit 一曰大德不至仁
193 2 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 凡將舉事
194 2 guǎn a key 慎筦鍵
195 2 big / great / huge / large / major 大朝之日
196 2 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 卿相不得眾
197 2 a law / a rule 而便辟制威
198 2 shì to look at / to see 視肥墝
199 2 zhāng to block / to obstruct 鄣水不安其藏
200 2 liàng a quantity / an amount 量祿而用財
201 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 是故國有德義未明於朝而處尊位者
202 2 險阻 xiǎn zǔ dangerous and difficult (path) 城郭險阻
203 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 修生則有軒冕服位穀祿田宅之分
204 2 to lift / to hold up / to raise 請謁任舉之說勝
205 2 shèn cautious 君之所慎者四
206 2 cái material / stuff 則材臣不用
207 2 a gourd / a calabash 瓜瓠葷菜百果不備具
208 2 zhe indicates that an action is continuing 鄉師以著于士師
209 2 rén person / people / a human being 六畜人徒有數
210 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 止于帶緣
211 2 cóng from 萬人從之
212 2 zhōng end / finish / conclusion 終五日
213 2 zhàng to separate 築障塞匿
214 2 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 而毋失於小人
215 2 gōng an artisan / a craftsman / a worker 論百工
216 2 不行 bùxíng will not do / will not work 有不行憲者
217 2 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若在長家子弟臣妾屬役賓客
218 2 wèi to fear / to dread 兵主不足畏
219 2 本事 běnshì ability / skill 四曰不好本事
220 2 地利 dìlì favorable location / in the right place / productivity of land 不務地利
221 2 wǎng to go (in a direction) 使而往
222 2 qīng light / not heavy 輕稅租
223 2 service 若在長家子弟臣妾屬役賓客
224 2 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 瓜瓠葷菜百果不備具
225 2 勸勉 quànmiǎn to advise / to encourage 勸勉百姓
226 2 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 而安國有四固
227 2 zhǔ owner 不可使主兵
228 2 shǒu head 首憲既布
229 2 miào temple / shrine 遂於廟致屬吏
230 2 jìng to respect /to honor 譙敬而勿復
231 2 female / feminine 女事繁於文章
232 2 to store 林藪積草
233 2 guā melon / gourd / squash 瓜瓠葷菜百果不備具
234 2 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 則明塞於上
235 2 popular / common 竭俗之所期也
236 2 a human or animal body 雖有賢身貴體
237 2 this / these 此三本者
238 2 ài narrow / confined 二曰溝瀆不遂於隘
239 2 tōng to go through / to open 則邪臣上通
240 2 luàn chaotic / disorderly 國之所以治亂者三
241 2 舉事 jǔshì to rise in revolt 凡將舉事
242 2 jiā to add 復賞罰之所加
243 2 tīng to listen 君自聽朝
244 2 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 然後可以布憲
245 2 百果 bǎiguǒ all kinds of fruits 瓜瓠葷菜百果不備具
246 2 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 謂之留令
247 2 葷菜 hūncài non-vegetarian dish 瓜瓠葷菜百果不備具
248 2 lín to face / to overlook 臨事不信於民者
249 2 qián front 皆身習憲于君前
250 2 tóng like / same / similar 大臣不和同
251 2 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 圈屬群徒
252 2 younger brother 若在長家子弟臣妾屬役賓客
253 2 家子 jiāzǐ household / family 若在長家子弟臣妾屬役賓客
254 2 jūn great / your (honorific) 以時鈞修焉
255 2 proper / suitable / appropriate 五穀宜其地
256 2 大官 dàguān senior official 則不可使任大官
257 2 qiú to request 則下不敢求
258 2 右首 yòushǒu right-hand side 右首憲
259 2 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 而便辟制威
260 2 record / register / list / census 憲籍分于君前
261 2 臣妾 chénqiè I, your servant (self-appellation of a lower-rank female) / male and female slaves / subjects (of a ruler) 若在長家子弟臣妾屬役賓客
262 2 衣服 yīfu clothing / clothes / attire 衣服不中
263 2 shǔ to count 其賞罰之數
264 2 專制 zhuānzhì an autocracy / a dictatorship 侈曰專制
265 2 shēn human body / torso 皆身習憲于君前
266 2 工事 gōngshì defensive structure / fortification 五曰工事競於刻鏤
267 2 過於 guòyú excessively 寧過於君子
268 1 田宅 tiánzhái a farmhouse 修生則有軒冕服位穀祿田宅之分
269 1 guǎ few 刑省治寡
270 1 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 舟車陳器有禁
271 1 jìn to enter 則良臣不進
272 1 農夫 nóngfū a peasant / a farmer 前後農夫
273 1 入籍 rùjí to become naturalized / to become a citizen 入籍于太府
274 1 yōng to obstruct / to stop up / to heap soil around the roots of a plant 而治壅於下
275 1 治國 zhìguó to rule a country 治國有三本
276 1 不用 búyòng need not 則材臣不用
277 1 hàn a village 審閭閈
278 1 jiān simultaneously 使能不兼官
279 1 不專 bùzhuān not only 賞有功不專與
280 1 also / too 亦終五日
281 1 to associate with / be near 群徒比周之說勝
282 1 cāo to conduct / to run / to manage 則操國得眾
283 1 zhì to place / to lay out 置閭有司
284 1 yòu to forgive / to pardon / to indulge 一再則宥
285 1 不從 bùcóng not following / not joining 謂之不從令
286 1 不和 bùhé not to get along well / to be on bad terms / to be at odds / discord 大臣不和同
287 1 cǎo grass / straw / herbs 林藪積草
288 1 城郭 chéngGuō a city wall 城郭險阻
289 1 do not 得而莫之能爭
290 1 shòu to teach 不可以授國柄
291 1 棺槨 guānguǒ inner and outer coffins / coffin 死則有棺槨絞衾壙壟之度
292 1 jùn talented / capable 賢良俊材
293 1 děng et cetera / and so on 凡上賢不過等
294 1 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 不可以授國柄
295 1 to hide / to go into hiding 築障塞匿
296 1 kuàng a tomb 死則有棺槨絞衾壙壟之度
297 1 有所 yǒusuǒ somewhat / to some extent 有所秎穫
298 1 kuī to lose / to reduce / to diminish 不足曰虧令
299 1 疏遠 shūyuǎn to drift apart / to become estranged / to alienate 疏遠無蔽獄
300 1 五家 wǔ jiā a five household unit 五家為伍
301 1 shù tree 觀樹蓺
302 1 xiǎng to host a banquet 而夫人不敢以燕以饗廟
303 1 jiǎ Jia 百工商賈不得服長鬈貂
304 1 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 三曰能不當其官
305 1 to flatter 諂諛飾過之說勝
306 1 軒冕 xuānmiǎn chariot and crown (symbols of important persons) / fig. royals and dignitaries 修生則有軒冕服位穀祿田宅之分
307 1 chǎn to flatter / to cajole 諂諛飾過之說勝
308 1 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此
309 1 國有 guóyǒu nationalized / public / state-owned 是故國有德義未明於朝而處尊位者
310 1 所謂 suǒwèi so-called 有不合於令之所謂者
311 1 官吏 guānlì a government official 將軍大夫不敢以朝官吏
312 1 féi fat / plump / obese 視肥墝
313 1 士卒 shìzú a soldier / a private 則士卒不戰
314 1 shuì taxes / duties 輕稅租
315 1 zhēng to steam 薪蒸之所積
316 1 shǐ beginning / start 始於不足見
317 1 hàn dry 歲雖凶旱
318 1 huò to reap / to harvest 有所秎穫
319 1 wide / broad 博出入
320 1 zhōu boat / ship 舟車陳器有禁
321 1 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 正月之朔
322 1 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 決水潦
323 1 十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month 十二月一著
324 1 varied / complex / not simple 散民不敢服雜采
325 1 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 由田之事也
326 1 不分 bùfēn to not differentiate / to not distinguish 則賢不肖不分
327 1 終於 zhōngyú at last / in the end / finally / eventually 終於不可及
328 1 正道 zhèngdào the right road 正道捐棄
329 1 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 天子服文有章
330 1 天道 Tiān Dào Heavenly Realm / Deva Realm 天道之所期也
331 1 to stand 立事者
332 1 zhōng middle 衣服不中
333 1 do not 譙敬而勿復
334 1 高下 gāoxià high and low / up and down 相高下
335 1 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 則良臣不進
336 1 功利 gōnglì utility 雖有功利
337 1 jiān to supervise / to inspect 監壹五鄉
338 1 飲食 yǐn shí food and drink 飲食有量
339 1 金玉 jīn yù gold and jade / precious 金玉貨財之說勝
340 1 desire 上之所欲
341 1 舍己 shějǐ selfless / self-sacrifice (to help others) / self-renunciation / altruism 百姓舍己以上為心者
342 1 殺戮 shālù to massacre / to slaughter 殺戮刑罰
343 1 誠信 chéngxìn honesty / good faith / integrity 誠信之所期也
344 1 private 私議自貴之說勝
345 1 前後 qiánhòu front and back 前後農夫
346 1 捐棄 juānqì to relinquish / to abandon 正道捐棄
347 1 sufficient / enough 使民足於宮室之用
348 1 xiōng to b evicious / fierce / terrible / fearful 歲雖凶旱
349 1 制服 zhìfú to subdue / to check / to bring under control 度爵而制服
350 1 季冬 jìdōng final month of winter 季冬之夕
351 1 不過 bùguò but / however 凡上賢不過等
352 1 不宜 bùyí unsuitable / inadvisable / inappropriate 五穀不宜其地
353 1 shěng province 右省官
354 1 valley / gorge / ravine 修生則有軒冕服位穀祿田宅之分
355 1 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 百姓化於下
356 1 chén Chen 舟車陳器有禁
357 1 qín birds / fowl 道塗無行禽
358 1 zǎo a flea / a louse 乃發使者致令以布憲之日蚤晏之時
359 1 chē a vehicle 舟車陳器有禁
360 1 兼愛 jiān'ài universal love / to love two people at the same time 兼愛之說勝
361 1 富國 fù guó rich country / make the country wealthy (political slogan) 而富國有五事
362 1 chǐ luxurious / extravagant / wasteful 侈曰專制
363 1 工商 gōngshāng industry and commerce 百工商賈不得服長鬈貂
364 1 one 監壹五鄉
365 1 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 三月一復
366 1 萬人 wàn rén ten thousand people / all the people / everybody 萬人從之
367 1 下流 xiàliú low-class / mean and lowly / vulgar / obscene 則爵服下流
368 1 diāo sable / marten / mink 百工商賈不得服長鬈貂
369 1 qiǎn shallow 其為怨淺
370 1 a government official / a magistrate 百吏在朝
371 1 文采 wéncǎi literary talent 使刻鏤文采
372 1 concerned about / anxious / worried 虞師之事也
373 1 六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month 六月一計
374 1 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 二曰見賢不能讓
375 1 行車 xíngchē to drive a vehicle 皆以行車朝
376 1 lǎo to flood 決水潦
377 1 dài to carry / to bring 止于帶緣
378 1 xīn fuel / firewood 薪蒸之所積
379 1 qīng minister / high officer 卿相不得眾
380 1 賢能 xiánnéng a sage 見賢能讓
381 1 hòu thick 故德厚而位卑者謂之過
382 1 以上 yǐshàng more than / above / over / the above-mentioned 百姓舍己以上為心者
383 1 seven 右七觀
384 1 yàn late in the day 乃發使者致令以布憲之日蚤晏之時
385 1 jié to exhaust 竭俗之所期也
386 1 林藪 línsǒu woods and marshes 林藪積草
387 1 xùn to teach / to train 訓之所期也
388 1 力作 lìzuò to put effort into (work, farming, writing etc) / a masterpiece 使力作毋偷
389 1 to fly 皆身習憲于君前
390 1 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 則賢不肖不分
391 1 shì to rely upon 不足恃也
392 1 to raise animals 不敢畜連乘車
393 1 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 教之所期也
394 1 lín neighbor 則威行於鄰敵
395 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 瓜瓠葷菜百果備具
396 1 to shut / to close 以時開閉
397 1 qiāo stony 視肥墝
398 1 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 不足守也
399 1 上位 shàng wèi top seat / person occupying leading position 則姦民在上位
400 1 enemy / foe 則威行於鄰敵
401 1 不順 bùshùn unfavorable / adverse 不順於常者
402 1 wén writing / text 天子服文有章
403 1 níng Nanjing 寧過於君子
404 1 xíng appearance 好惡形於心
405 1 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 簡六畜
406 1 bēi low / base / vulgar / inferior / humble 故德厚而位卑者謂之過
407 1 zhàn war / fighting / battle 則士卒不戰
408 1 dōu all 遂行至都之日
409 1 不加 bùjiā without / not / un- 上不加勉
410 1 廉恥 liánchǐ honor and shame / sense of honor 則廉恥不立
411 1 好惡 hǎoè lit. likes and dislikes / preferences / taste 好惡形於心
412 1 biàn to distinguish / to recognize 辨功苦
413 1 road / path / way 一道路
414 1 wán to complete / to finish / to settle 上完利
415 1 時事 shíshì current events 審時事
416 1 在朝 zàicháo to act in a capacity 百吏在朝
417 1 司空 Sīkōng Minster of Land and Water 司空之事也
418 1 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 散民不敢服雜采
419 1 fèn \N 有所秎穫
420 1 加以 jiāyǐ in addition / moreover 則不可加以尊位
421 1 qǐng to ask / to inquire 請謁任舉之說勝
422 1 五經 Wǔ Jīng Five Classics 五事五經也
423 1 wán to play / to amuse oneself / to have fun 觀樂玩好之說勝
424 1 授與 shòuyǔ to award / to confer 則不可授與重祿
425 1 過度 guòdù exceeding / excessive / lavish 使時水雖過度
426 1 不獨 bùdú not only 罰有罪不獨及
427 1 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 乃反致令焉
428 1 qǐn to rest / to sleep 寢兵之說勝
429 1 zhèng government / administration 政之所期也
430 1 是故 shìgù therefore / so / consequently 是故國有德義未明於朝而處尊位者
431 1 Tu 道塗無行禽
432 1 不遂 bùsuì to fail / to fail to materialize / not to get one's way 二曰溝瀆不遂於隘
433 1 miǎn to encourage 上不加勉
434 1 fáng to protect / to defend / to guard 修障防
435 1 zhù to build / to construct 築障塞匿
436 1 乘車 chéngchē to ride (in a car or carriage) / to drive / to motor 不敢畜連乘車
437 1 to kill / to massacre 刑餘戮民不敢服絻
438 1 jìng to contend / to vie / to compete 五曰工事競於刻鏤
439 1 jiǎo to twist / to entangle / to wring / to hang 死則有棺槨絞衾壙壟之度
440 1 evening / night 季冬之夕
441 1 cǎi to pick / to pluck / to collect / to select / to choose / to gather 散民不敢服雜采
442 1 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 群徒比周之說勝
443 1 不守 bù shǒu to not protect 則險阻不守
444 1 故國 gùguó country with an ancient history 故國有德義未明於朝者
445 1 zhāng a chapter / a section 天子服文有章
446 1 yǐn to hide / to conceal 孤寡無隱治
447 1 dào way / road / path 道塗無行禽
448 1 不立 bùlì unsuccessful / unstable 則廉恥不立
449 1 自盡 zìjìn to kill oneself / to commit suicide 而民自盡
450 1 夫人 fūren wife 而夫人不敢以燕以饗廟
451 1 gain / advantage / benefit 上完利
452 1 a man / a male adult 夫財之所出
453 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 論罰罪刑殺
454 1 to produce / to give birth to / to breed 六畜育於家
455 1 dǎng political party 凡過黨
456 1 在家 zàijiā lay person / laity 其在家屬
457 1 shuò first day of the lunar month 正月之朔
458 1 néng can / able 得而莫之能爭
459 1 一道 yīdào together 一道路
460 1 孟春 mèngchūn the first month of spring 孟春之朝
461 1 一再 yīzài repeatedly / time and again 一再則宥
462 1 無行 wúxíng immoral 道塗無行禽
463 1 lián even 不敢畜連乘車
464 1 miǎn mourning 刑餘戮民不敢服絻
465 1 yān Yan 而夫人不敢以燕以饗廟
466 1 mìng life 以命士
467 1 shēn deep 其為禍深
468 1 to rent 輕稅租
469 1 yuán fate / predestined affinity 止于帶緣
470 1 suì age 歲雖凶旱
471 1 不備 bùbèi unprepared / off guard 瓜瓠葷菜百果不備具
472 1 kāi to open 以時開閉
473 1 不好 bù hǎo not good 四曰不好本事
474 1 kǎo to examine / to test 考憲而有不合于太府之籍者
475 1 láo to toil 則勞臣不勸
476 1 nìng to flatter / to praise 則巧佞者用
477 1 to visit 請謁任舉之說勝
478 1 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 不順於常者
479 1 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 則勞臣不勸
480 1 繩墨 shéngmò carpenter's straight line marker 則繩墨不正
481 1 zhèng upright / straight 則繩墨不正
482 1 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 得而莫之能爭
483 1 zhào an imperial decree 明詔期
484 1 孝悌忠信 xiào tì zhōng xìn Confucian moral injunctions of fidelity 凡孝悌忠信
485 1 jiàn key 慎筦鍵
486 1 huò goods / products / commodities 金玉貨財之說勝
487 1 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 將軍大夫不敢以朝官吏
488 1 fán complicated / complex 女事繁於文章
489 1 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 雖有富家多資
490 1 bǐng handle / hilt 不可以授國柄
491 1 quán perfect 全生之說勝
492 1 家室 jiāshì wife / family / (literary) residence 懷樂家室
493 1 qīn coverlet / quilt 死則有棺槨絞衾壙壟之度
494 1 qiǎo opportune / coincidental / as it happens / timely 則巧佞者用
495 1 bitterness / bitter flavor 辨功苦
496 1 孤寡 gūguǎ orphans and widows / to be lonely / loneliness 孤寡無隱治
497 1 不育 bùyù to be infertile / to have no offspring 四曰六畜不育於家
498 1 yuàn to blame / to complain 其為怨淺
499 1 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 罰未行而民畏恐
500 1 tōu to steal 使力作毋偷

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安国 安國 Ān Guó
  1. Parthia
  2. Anguo
六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month
十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month
司空 Sīkōng
  1. Minster of Land and Water
  2. Sikong
天道 Tiān Dào Heavenly Realm / Deva Realm
五经 五經 Wǔ Jīng Five Classics
正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English