Glossary and Vocabulary for The Book of Rites 《禮記》, 《燕義》 The Meaning of the Banquet

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 12 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君立阼階之東南
2 8 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 飲酒之禮也
3 6 大夫 dàifu doctor 大夫
4 6 qīng minister / high officer
5 6 xiàn to offer / to present 使宰夫為獻主
6 5 meaning / sense 燕義
7 5 shàng top / a high position 君獨升立席上
8 5 庶子 shù zǐ bastard / commoner son of royalty 有庶子官
9 5 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 則率國子而致於大子
10 5 to lift / to hold up / to raise 君舉旅於賓
11 4 shì a gentleman / a knight 士之庶子之卒
12 4 chóu to toast 君舉旅行酬
13 4 míng bright / brilliant 明嫌之義也
14 4 旅行 lǚxíng to travel / to tour 君舉旅行酬
15 4 bīn a guest / a visitor 不以公卿為賓
16 3 to join / to combine 合其卒伍
17 3 yòng to use / to apply 唯所用之
18 3 to stand 君立阼階之東南
19 3 child / son 則率國子而致於大子
20 3 chén minister / statesman / official 臣莫敢與君亢禮也
21 3 a banquet 君席阼階之上
22 2 guān an office 古者周天子之官
23 2 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 與其教治
24 2 jiǎ armor 若有甲兵之事
25 2 dào way / road / path 上必明正道以道民
26 2 zuò the steps leading to the eastern door 君立阼階之東南
27 2 bài to bow / to pay respect to 皆降再拜稽首
28 2 臣下 chénxià an official in feudal court 臣下竭力盡能以立功於國
29 2 níng Nanjing 是以國安而君寧
30 2 立功 lìgōng establish in merit 臣下竭力盡能以立功於國
31 2 zhèng upright / straight 正其位
32 2 明君 míngjūn enlightened ruler 明君上之禮也
33 2 gǎn bold / brave 莫敢適之義也
34 2 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 庶子官職諸侯
35 2 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小卿次上卿
36 2 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使之修德學道
37 2 mín the people / citizen / subjects 上必明正道以道民
38 2 to reply / to answer 禮無不答
39 2 to take / to get / to fetch 言上之不虛取於下也
40 2 shēng to ascend / to go up 君獨升立席上
41 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 君降一等而揖之
42 2 jiē stairs / steps 君立阼階之東南
43 2 上下 shàngxià up and down / top and bottom 是以上下和親而不相怨也
44 2 to die 士之庶子之卒
45 2 燕禮 Yānlǐ banquet rites 諸侯燕禮之義
46 2 néng can / able 臣下竭力盡能以立功於國
47 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 臣下竭力盡能以立功於國
48 1 進退 jìntuì to advance or retreat / knowing when to come and when to leave / a sense of propriety 以考其藝而進退之
49 1 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 言上之不虛取於下也
50 1 rate / frequency 則率國子而致於大子
51 1 qiū fall / autumn 秋合諸射
52 1 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 古者周天子之官
53 1 kǎo to examine / to test 以考其藝而進退之
54 1 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 置其有司
55 1 正道 zhèng dào the correct path / the right way 上必明正道以道民
56 1 公卿 gōngqīng high-ranking officials in the court of a Chinese emperor 不以公卿為賓
57 1 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 掌其戒令
58 1 a chopping board or block 俎豆
59 1 大事 dàshì a major event 國有大事
60 1 jué ancient bronze wine holder 及君所賜爵
61 1 上卿 shàngqīng Senior Minister 小卿次上卿
62 1 alone / independent / single / sole 君獨升立席上
63 1 jiè to quit 掌其戒令
64 1 zhǎng palm of the hand 掌其戒令
65 1 big / great / huge / large / major 則率國子而致於大子
66 1 chē a vehicle 則授之以車甲
67 1 shè to set up / to establish 設賓主
68 1 special / unique / distinguished 西面特立
69 1 學道 xuédào examiner 使之修德學道
70 1 官職 guānzhí an official position 庶子官職諸侯
71 1 yān Yan 燕義
72 1 中庭 zhōngtíng courtyard 賓入中庭
73 1 trip / journey 君舉旅於賓
74 1 zhì to place / to lay out 置其有司
75 1 děng et cetera / and so on 別其等
76 1 yuē to speak / to say 故曰
77 1 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 則率國子而致於大子
78 1 qīn relatives 是以上下和親而不相怨也
79 1 art 以考其藝而進退之
80 1 Germany 使之修德學道
81 1 shòu to teach 則授之以車甲
82 1 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 升成拜
83 1 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 與其教治
84 1 fán ordinary / common 凡國之政事
85 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 故臣下皆務竭力盡能以立功
86 1 nán south 南鄉爾卿
87 1 定位 dìngwèi position / location 定位也
88 1 kàng high / proud 臣莫敢與君亢禮也
89 1 to doubt / to disbelieve 為疑也
90 1 kuì to lack 故上用足而下不匱也
91 1 yuàn to blame / to complain 是以上下和親而不相怨也
92 1 zǎi to slaughter 使宰夫為獻主
93 1 a man / a male adult 使宰夫為獻主
94 1 答拜 dábài to return a visit 君答拜之
95 1 牲體 shēngtǐ body of an animal (or human) killed sacrificially 牲體
96 1 yóu to swim 國子存游卒
97 1 jìn to enter 大夫皆少進
98 1 to reach 及君所賜爵
99 1 to salute / to bow 君降一等而揖之
100 1 位於 wèiyú to be located at 庶子以次就位於下
101 1 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 秋合諸射
102 1 君臣 jūn chén a ruler and his ministers 此君臣上下之大義也
103 1 wèi position / location / place 正其位
104 1 shì to match 莫敢適之義也
105 1 yán to speak / to say / said 言上之不虛取於下也
106 1 to give / to bestow favors 及君所賜爵
107 1 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 是以國安而君寧
108 1 等差 děngchà degree of disparity / equal difference 皆有等差
109 1 ancient / old / palaeo- 古者周天子之官
110 1 bào newspaper 君必報之以爵祿
111 1 residence / dwelling 居主位也
112 1 xiū to decorate / to embellish 使之修德學道
113 1 西面 xīmiàn west side 西面特立
114 1 sufficient / enough 故上用足而下不匱也
115 1 爵祿 juélù rank and emolument of nobility 君必報之以爵祿
116 1 xiū to be ashamed 薦羞
117 1 卒伍 zúwǔ a deployment of five troops 合其卒伍
118 1 xiāng village / township 南鄉爾卿
119 1 xián hatred 明嫌之義也
120 1 東南 dōngnán southeast 君立阼階之東南
121 1 gōng merit 民道之而有功
122 1 政事 zhèngshì politics / government affairs 凡國之政事
123 1 shì matter / thing / item 若有甲兵之事
124 1 shǎo few 大夫皆少進
125 1 飲酒 yǐn jiǔ to consume alchoholic beverages 飲酒之禮也
126 1 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 司馬弗正
127 1 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 古者周天子之官
128 1 jiàn to recommend / to elect 薦羞
129 1 dòu bean / pea 俎豆
130 1 軍法 jūnfǎ martial law 以軍法治之
131 1 主位 zhǔ wèi ruler's position 居主位也
132 1 一等 yī děng first class / top grade 君降一等而揖之
133 1 zhǔ owner 使宰夫為獻主
134 1 chūn spring 春合諸學
135 1 之上 zhīshàng above 君席阼階之上
136 1 國有 guóyǒu nationalized / public / state-owned 國有大事
137 1 貴賤 guì jiàn the noble and the lowly 所以明貴賤也
138 1 bīng soldier / troops 若有甲兵之事
139 1 cún to exist / to survive 國子存游卒
140 1 xué to study / to learn 春合諸學
141 1 賓主 bīnzhǔ host and guest 設賓主
142 1 大義 dàyì righteousness / virtuous cause / a woman's marriage / main points of a piece of writing 此君臣上下之大義也
143 1 to enter 賓入中庭
144 1 稽首 qǐshǒu to bow / to kneel and worship 皆降再拜稽首
145 1 one 然後取其什一

Frequencies of all Words

Top 183

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 25 zhī him / her / them / that 古者周天子之官
2 17 also / too 定位也
3 12 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君立阼階之東南
4 10 so as to / in order to 則授之以車甲
5 8 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 則率國子而致於大子
6 8 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 飲酒之禮也
7 7 his / hers / its / theirs 掌其戒令
8 6 大夫 dàifu doctor 大夫
9 6 qīng minister / high officer
10 6 xiàn to offer / to present 使宰夫為獻主
11 5 yǒu is / are / to exist 有庶子官
12 5 meaning / sense 燕義
13 5 shàng top / a high position 君獨升立席上
14 5 庶子 shù zǐ bastard / commoner son of royalty 有庶子官
15 5 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 則率國子而致於大子
16 5 to lift / to hold up / to raise 君舉旅於賓
17 4 wèi for / to 使宰夫為獻主
18 4 shì a gentleman / a knight 士之庶子之卒
19 4 chóu to toast 君舉旅行酬
20 4 in / at 則率國子而致於大子
21 4 míng bright / brilliant 明嫌之義也
22 4 旅行 lǚxíng to travel / to tour 君舉旅行酬
23 4 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 大夫皆少進
24 4 not / no 不以公卿為賓
25 4 而後 érhòu after that / then 而後獻卿
26 4 bīn a guest / a visitor 不以公卿為賓
27 3 to join / to combine 合其卒伍
28 3 yòng to use / to apply 唯所用之
29 3 to stand 君立阼階之東南
30 3 child / son 則率國子而致於大子
31 3 a time 小卿次上卿
32 3 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故臣下皆務竭力盡能以立功
33 3 chén minister / statesman / official 臣莫敢與君亢禮也
34 3 xià next 言上之不虛取於下也
35 3 a banquet 君席阼階之上
36 2 guān an office 古者周天子之官
37 2 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 與其教治
38 2 jiǎ armor 若有甲兵之事
39 2 dào way / road / path 上必明正道以道民
40 2 zuò the steps leading to the eastern door 君立阼階之東南
41 2 bài to bow / to pay respect to 皆降再拜稽首
42 2 臣下 chénxià an official in feudal court 臣下竭力盡能以立功於國
43 2 and 是以上下和親而不相怨也
44 2 níng Nanjing 是以國安而君寧
45 2 立功 lìgōng establish in merit 臣下竭力盡能以立功於國
46 2 zhèng upright / straight 正其位
47 2 明君 míngjūn enlightened ruler 明君上之禮也
48 2 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 唯所用之
49 2 gǎn bold / brave 莫敢適之義也
50 2 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 庶子官職諸侯
51 2 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小卿次上卿
52 2 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使之修德學道
53 2 zhū all / many / various 春合諸學
54 2 mín the people / citizen / subjects 上必明正道以道民
55 2 to reply / to answer 禮無不答
56 2 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 所以明君臣之義也
57 2 certainly / must / will / necessarily 君必報之以爵祿
58 2 to take / to get / to fetch 言上之不虛取於下也
59 2 otherwise / but / however 則率國子而致於大子
60 2 竭力 jiélì to do one's utmost 臣下竭力盡能以立功於國
61 2 shēng to ascend / to go up 君獨升立席上
62 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 君降一等而揖之
63 2 jiē stairs / steps 君立阼階之東南
64 2 是以 shìyǐ therefore / thus / so / hence 是以國安而君寧
65 2 do not 莫敢適之義也
66 2 上下 shàngxià up and down / top and bottom 是以上下和親而不相怨也
67 2 to die 士之庶子之卒
68 2 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 古者周天子之官
69 2 燕禮 Yānlǐ banquet rites 諸侯燕禮之義
70 2 néng can / able 臣下竭力盡能以立功於國
71 2 無不 wúbù not lacking 禮無不答
72 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 臣下竭力盡能以立功於國
73 1 進退 jìntuì to advance or retreat / knowing when to come and when to leave / a sense of propriety 以考其藝而進退之
74 1 devoid of content / void / false / empty / vain 言上之不虛取於下也
75 1 rate / frequency 則率國子而致於大子
76 1 qiū fall / autumn 秋合諸射
77 1 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 古者周天子之官
78 1 kǎo to examine / to test 以考其藝而進退之
79 1 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 置其有司
80 1 正道 zhèng dào the correct path / the right way 上必明正道以道民
81 1 公卿 gōngqīng high-ranking officials in the court of a Chinese emperor 不以公卿為賓
82 1 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 掌其戒令
83 1 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 然後取其什一
84 1 a chopping board or block 俎豆
85 1 大事 dàshì a major event 國有大事
86 1 zài again / once more / re- / second / another 皆降再拜稽首
87 1 jué ancient bronze wine holder 及君所賜爵
88 1 上卿 shàngqīng Senior Minister 小卿次上卿
89 1 alone / independent / single / sole 君獨升立席上
90 1 jiè to quit 掌其戒令
91 1 zhǎng palm of the hand 掌其戒令
92 1 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 是以上下和親而不相怨也
93 1 big / great / huge / large / major 則率國子而致於大子
94 1 chē a vehicle 則授之以車甲
95 1 shè to set up / to establish 設賓主
96 1 special / unique / distinguished 西面特立
97 1 學道 xuédào examiner 使之修德學道
98 1 官職 guānzhí an official position 庶子官職諸侯
99 1 yān Yan 燕義
100 1 中庭 zhōngtíng courtyard 賓入中庭
101 1 trip / journey 君舉旅於賓
102 1 zhì to place / to lay out 置其有司
103 1 děng et cetera / and so on 別其等
104 1 yuē to speak / to say 故曰
105 1 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 則率國子而致於大子
106 1 qīn relatives 是以上下和親而不相怨也
107 1 art 以考其藝而進退之
108 1 Germany 使之修德學道
109 1 wěi yes 唯所用之
110 1 shòu to teach 則授之以車甲
111 1 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 升成拜
112 1 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 與其教治
113 1 jiù right away 庶子以次就位於下
114 1 fán ordinary / common 凡國之政事
115 1 affairs / business / matter / activity 故臣下皆務竭力盡能以立功
116 1 nán south 南鄉爾卿
117 1 定位 dìngwèi position / location 定位也
118 1 and 臣莫敢與君亢禮也
119 1 kàng high / proud 臣莫敢與君亢禮也
120 1 to doubt / to disbelieve 為疑也
121 1 kuì to lack 故上用足而下不匱也
122 1 shén what 然後取其什一
123 1 yuàn to blame / to complain 是以上下和親而不相怨也
124 1 zǎi to slaughter 使宰夫為獻主
125 1 a man / a male adult 使宰夫為獻主
126 1 答拜 dábài to return a visit 君答拜之
127 1 牲體 shēngtǐ body of an animal (or human) killed sacrificially 牲體
128 1 yóu to swim 國子存游卒
129 1 jìn to enter 大夫皆少進
130 1 to reach 及君所賜爵
131 1 to salute / to bow 君降一等而揖之
132 1 位於 wèiyú to be located at 庶子以次就位於下
133 1 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 秋合諸射
134 1 君臣 jūn chén a ruler and his ministers 此君臣上下之大義也
135 1 wèi position / location / place 正其位
136 1 shì to match 莫敢適之義也
137 1 yán to speak / to say / said 言上之不虛取於下也
138 1 to give / to bestow favors 及君所賜爵
139 1 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 是以國安而君寧
140 1 等差 děngchà degree of disparity / equal difference 皆有等差
141 1 ancient / old / palaeo- 古者周天子之官
142 1 bào newspaper 君必報之以爵祿
143 1 no 司馬弗正
144 1 residence / dwelling 居主位也
145 1 xiū to decorate / to embellish 使之修德學道
146 1 西面 xīmiàn west side 西面特立
147 1 sufficient / enough 故上用足而下不匱也
148 1 爵祿 juélù rank and emolument of nobility 君必報之以爵祿
149 1 xiū to be ashamed 薦羞
150 1 卒伍 zúwǔ a deployment of five troops 合其卒伍
151 1 xiāng village / township 南鄉爾卿
152 1 xián hatred 明嫌之義也
153 1 東南 dōngnán southeast 君立阼階之東南
154 1 gōng merit 民道之而有功
155 1 bié do not / must not 別其等
156 1 政事 zhèngshì politics / government affairs 凡國之政事
157 1 shì matter / thing / item 若有甲兵之事
158 1 shǎo few 大夫皆少進
159 1 飲酒 yǐn jiǔ to consume alchoholic beverages 飲酒之禮也
160 1 司馬 sīmǎ official post of minister of war 司馬弗正
161 1 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 古者周天子之官
162 1 jiàn to recommend / to elect 薦羞
163 1 dòu bean / pea 俎豆
164 1 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若有甲兵之事
165 1 軍法 jūnfǎ martial law 以軍法治之
166 1 主位 zhǔ wèi ruler's position 居主位也
167 1 一等 yī děng first class / top grade 君降一等而揖之
168 1 zhǔ owner 使宰夫為獻主
169 1 chūn spring 春合諸學
170 1 ěr thus / so / like that 南鄉爾卿
171 1 之上 zhīshàng above 君席阼階之上
172 1 國有 guóyǒu nationalized / public / state-owned 國有大事
173 1 與其 yǔqí it's better ... than ... 與其教治
174 1 this / these 此君臣上下之大義也
175 1 貴賤 guì jiàn the noble and the lowly 所以明貴賤也
176 1 bīng soldier / troops 若有甲兵之事
177 1 cún to exist / to survive 國子存游卒
178 1 xué to study / to learn 春合諸學
179 1 賓主 bīnzhǔ host and guest 設賓主
180 1 大義 dàyì righteousness / virtuous cause / a woman's marriage / main points of a piece of writing 此君臣上下之大義也
181 1 to enter 賓入中庭
182 1 稽首 qǐshǒu to bow / to kneel and worship 皆降再拜稽首
183 1 one 然後取其什一

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
上卿 shàngqīng Senior Minister
学道 學道 xuédào examiner

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English