Glossary and Vocabulary for History of Yuan 《元史》, 卷二百〇七  列傳第九十四: 逆臣 Volume 207 Biographies 94: Rebellious Ministers

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 62 帖木兒 Tièmù'ér Timur / Tamerlane 孛羅帖木兒
2 40 luó Luo 孛羅
3 40 bèi a comet 孛羅
4 24 bīng soldier / troops 孛羅帖木兒引兵退駐井陘口
5 19 tiě iron 鐵失者
6 17 shī to lose 鐵失者
7 16 禿 bald / bare / stripped 大司農失禿兒
8 15 mìng life 特命領中都威衛指揮使
9 14 jūn army / military 遣參政匡福統苗軍自西門入
10 14 shū book 凡簿書宜悉令御史檢覈
11 14 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 遣參政匡福統苗軍自西門入
12 14 使 shǐ to make / to cause 宣徽院使
13 13 jiān hard / strong / firm 遣部將會禿堅帖木兒提兵犯闕
14 13 huā Hua 及諸王按梯不花
15 12 zhōng middle 以中書左丞相拜住為亞獻官
16 11 zhào an imperial decree 詔孛羅帖木兒移兵至大同
17 11 皇太子 Huáng Tàizǐ Crown Prince 而皇太子累遣官索之
18 11 ér son 鐵木迭兒之子也
19 11 píng flat / level / smooth 前中書平章政事赤斤鐵木兒
20 11 děng et cetera / and so on 故用卿等為耳目
21 11 zhāng a chapter / a section 前中書平章政事赤斤鐵木兒
22 9 speed 既而又命領左右阿速衛
23 9 to think / consider / to ponder 監察御史嘗舉八思吉思可任大事
24 9 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 以中書左丞相拜住為亞獻官
25 9 shā sand / gravel / pebbles 自武安由彭城邀截沙劉等
26 9 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 殺右丞相拜住
27 9 lǐng neck 特命領中都威衛指揮使
28 9 英宗 Yīngzōng Yingzong 當英宗即位之初
29 8 kuò to expand / to enlarge / to stretch 孛羅帖木兒復南侵擴廓帖木兒所守地
30 8 nián year 至正十八年正月
31 8 yuàn a school 為太醫院使
32 8 supreme ruler / emperor 帝別遣宦官密諭孛羅帖木兒
33 8 rén person / people / a human being 其人雖死
34 8 kuò wide / open / empty 孛羅帖木兒復南侵擴廓帖木兒所守地
35 8 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 朝廷既黜御史大夫老的沙
36 7 shì matter / thing / item 兼領廣惠司事
37 7 to enter 遣參政匡福統苗軍自西門入
38 7 zhōu a state / a province 進克濮州
39 7 to attain / to reach 詔緫領一應達達
40 7 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 命守石嶺關以北
41 6 suǒ lock / padlock 治書侍御史鎖南
42 6 政事 zhèngshì politics / government affairs 前中書平章政事赤斤鐵木兒
43 6 zhī to know 朕知嚮所劾者
44 6 上都 Shàngdū Shangdu / Xanadu / Shangtu / Chandu / Xandu / Kemenfu / Kaipingfu 英宗自上都南還
45 6 zhù to dwell / to live / to reside 以中書左丞相拜住為亞獻官
46 6 tóng like / same / similar 朕視之與諸司同
47 6 wood / lumber 鐵木迭兒之子也
48 6 guān to close 與關先生戰
49 6 day of the month / a certain day 罪惡日彰
50 6 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 三月
51 6 大同 Dàtóng Datong 回駐大同
52 6 guān an office 以中書左丞相拜住為亞獻官
53 5 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 仍緫領其父元管諸軍
54 5 九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month 九月四日
55 5 lǐng mountain ridge / mountain peak 命守石嶺關以北
56 5 nán south 治書侍御史鎖南
57 5 to stop / to cease / to suspend 鐵失奏罷之
58 5 太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan 擴廓帖木兒自將至太原
59 5 伯顏 bóyán Bayan 遣驍將姚伯顏不花統兵出禦
60 5 御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary 御史大夫
61 5 cháng to taste 英宗嘗御鹿頂殿
62 5 Shandong 月魯鐵木兒
63 5 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 又明年正月
64 5 qián front 依前太醫院使
65 5 十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month 冬十月
66 5 yòu right / right-hand 英宗委任拜住為右丞相
67 4 bài to bow / to pay respect to 以中書左丞相拜住為亞獻官
68 4 京師 jīngshī a capital city 保障京師
69 4 tǎo to seek 命討上都程思忠
70 4 wǎng to go (in a direction) 參政七十往諭解之
71 4 residence / dwelling 朕深居九重
72 4 yuè month 未逾月
73 4 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 未得旨輒去職
74 4 horse 節制天下軍馬
75 4 yáng Yang 時有楊誠者
76 4 七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month 七月
77 4 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 朝廷既黜御史大夫老的沙
78 4 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 特命領中都威衛指揮使
79 4 cháo to face 江南行臺御史大夫脫脫以疾請于朝
80 4 zhù to be stationed at / reside at 駐蹕南坡
81 4 sān three 三日
82 4 dào way / road / path 高脫因倍道趨之
83 4 to lift / to hold up / to raise 振舉臺綱
84 4 tún to station (soldiers) / to store up 專督屯種
85 4 kuì a flooding river 收山東潰將孟本周諸軍
86 4 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 擒殺偽官武宰相
87 4 to supervise 置大都督兵農司
88 4 qǐng to ask / to inquire 江南行臺御史大夫脫脫以疾請于朝
89 4 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 仍緫領其父元管諸軍
90 4 御史 yùshǐ a censor 凡簿書宜悉令御史檢覈
91 4 zhōng loyalty / devotion 忠翊侍衛親軍都指揮使
92 4 調 tiáo to harmonize 調諸道軍分討大同
93 4 chéng honesty / sincerity 時有楊誠者
94 4 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 特命領中都威衛指揮使
95 4 zuǒ left 以中書左丞相拜住為亞獻官
96 3 chéng a city / a town 圍其城
97 3 to reach 及諸王按梯不花
98 3 child / son 鐵木迭兒之子也
99 3 chén minister / statesman / official 英宗嘗謂臺臣曰
100 3 tǒng to unify 遣參政匡福統苗軍自西門入
101 3 to die 其人雖死
102 3 伏誅 fúzhū to punish by execution 以貪墨伏誅
103 3 jìn to enter 進克濮州
104 3 eight 監察御史嘗舉八思吉思可任大事
105 3 jiān to supervise / to inspect 揚言索右丞相搠思監
106 3 yáo handsome / elegant 遣驍將姚伯顏不花統兵出禦
107 3 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 與禿堅帖木兒分院之地相近
108 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未逾月
109 3 zhèn to flap 振舉臺綱
110 3 shí a rock / a stone 命守石嶺關以北
111 3 zòu to present / to offer 鐵失奏罷之
112 3 jīn gold 仍金虎符
113 3 太保 Tàibǎo Grand Protector 仍以孛羅帖木兒為太保
114 3 soil / ground / land 孛羅帖木兒復南侵擴廓帖木兒所守地
115 3 明年 míngnián next year 明年
116 3 shí time / a period of time 時鐵木迭兒既死
117 3 太醫 tàiyī imperial physician 為太醫院使
118 3 to hide / to go into hiding 孛羅帖木兒匿不發
119 3 fàn to commit crime / to violate 遣部將會禿堅帖木兒提兵犯闕
120 3 yuē to speak / to say 謂鐵失曰
121 3 to aid / to assist / to help 張良弼來受節制
122 3 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂玷其人
123 3 jiàn to see 其語見父傳
124 3 樞密院 shūmì yuàn Bureau of Military Affairs 鐵失與知樞密院事也先鐵木兒
125 3 lái to come 陳秉直以兵來爭
126 3 to give / to bestow favors 有珍珠燕服之賜
127 3 zhí straight 而鐵失直犯禁幄
128 3 察罕帖木兒 cháhǎn tièmùér Chaghan Temur 察罕帖木兒守石嶺關以南
129 3 shuò to daub 揚言索右丞相搠思監
130 3 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 臣下奸貪
131 3 二月 èryuè February / the Second Month 十九年二月
132 3 yán to speak / to say / said 汝等拱默不言
133 3 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 走之
134 3 八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month 秋八月癸亥
135 3 yōng ordinary / normal 入居庸
136 3 tián field / farmland 擊銑田豐偽將王士誠於臺州
137 3 wáng Wang 及諸王按梯不花
138 3 zuì crime / sin / vice 加之以罪
139 3 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 遣兵自石嶺關直趨圍其城
140 3 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 朕視之與諸司同
141 3 big / great / huge / large / major 良弼伏兵大破之
142 3 shì a gentleman / a knight 罷為翰林侍講學士
143 3 wèi to call 謂鐵失曰
144 3 shì to attend on 治書侍御史鎖南
145 3 dǎng political party 鐵失以姦黨不自安
146 3 què a watchtower 遣部將會禿堅帖木兒提兵犯闕
147 3 遣人 qiǎnrén to send a person 遣人白其非罪
148 3 to stand 振立紀綱
149 3 road / path / way 既而御史臺請降旨開言路
150 3 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 以進賢退不肖為急務
151 3 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 凡簿書宜悉令御史檢覈
152 3 也先 yěxiān Esen Taishi 鐵失與知樞密院事也先鐵木兒
153 3 qīn relatives 英宗親祀太廟
154 3 親軍 qīnjūn an escort / a guard / a bodyguard 忠翊侍衛親軍都指揮使
155 3 rate / frequency 率因宿怨
156 3 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 張良弼來受節制
157 3 běi north 乃命屏搠思監于嶺北
158 3 chamber / pavilion 見帝延春閣
159 2 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 數遣使請皇太子還朝
160 2 qīng minister / high officer 故用卿等為耳目
161 2 甘肅 gānsù Gansu 竄朴不花于甘肅
162 2 yàn a feast / a banquet 帝賜宴慰勉
163 2 gāng guiding principle / key link / outline / program 振舉臺綱
164 2 Germany 禿堅帖木兒自健德門入
165 2 jiàn strong / robust 禿堅帖木兒自健德門入
166 2 liú Liu 擊劉福通於衛輝
167 2 guī to go back / to return 而歸永平
168 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 羅織成獄
169 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 降其潰卒
170 2 zhuó to cut / to chop / to lop off 斫孛羅帖木兒
171 2 to strike / to hit / to beat 擊劉福通於衛輝
172 2 wēi power / might / prestige 特命領中都威衛指揮使
173 2 móu to plan / to scheme 日夜謀除內難
174 2 zhòng heavy 朕深居九重
175 2 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 治書侍御史鎖南
176 2 壬寅 rényín thirty-ninth year I3 of the 60 year cycle 四月壬寅
177 2 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 見帝延春閣
178 2 ancestor / forefather 殷興祖
179 2 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 當英宗即位之初
180 2 通州 Tōngzhōu Tongzhou District 至通州
181 2 good fortune / happiness / luck 擊劉福通於衛輝
182 2 secret / hidden / confidential 帝別遣宦官密諭孛羅帖木兒
183 2 dùn to escape 誠棄軍遁
184 2 to answer / to agree 荅失八都魯之子也
185 2 wài outside 以鐵失所領阿速衛兵為外應
186 2 清河 qīnghé Qinghe 至清河列營
187 2 nèi inside / interior 雲內
188 2 huǒ fire / flame 典瑞院使脫火赤
189 2 to attack by surprise 欲追襲皇太子
190 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 孛羅帖木兒追誠至飛狐縣東關
191 2 chì red / scarlet 前中書平章政事赤斤鐵木兒
192 2 跋扈 báhù domineering / bossy 朝廷知其跋扈
193 2 tuō to take off 典瑞院使脫火赤
194 2 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 至清河列營
195 2 樞密 shūmì Bureau of Military Affairs 樞密副使阿散
196 2 xíng to walk / to move 江南行臺御史大夫脫脫以疾請于朝
197 2 to defend / to resist 調也速南禦擴廓帖木兒軍
198 2 十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month 十二月
199 2 zhì to place / to lay out 置大都督兵農司
200 2 qīng green 以其部下青軍楊同僉守居庸
201 2 六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month 六月
202 2 參政 cān zhèng to be involved in politics / participation in politics 遣參政匡福統苗軍自西門入
203 2 huò to reap / to harvest 獲偽印信金牌等物
204 2 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 緫攬國柄
205 2 father 其語見父傳
206 2 to arrest / to catch / to seize 督兵捕之
207 2 to sob 泣拜訴冤
208 2 to prevail 進克濮州
209 2 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 擒殺偽官武宰相
210 2 desire 孛羅帖木兒欲得冀寧
211 2 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 圍其城
212 2 huí to go back / to return 命回兵
213 2 其父 qí fù his father 仍緫領其父元管諸軍
214 2 shòu to teach 特授光祿大夫
215 2 以南 yǐnán south 察罕帖木兒守石嶺關以南
216 2 至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign 詔孛羅帖木兒移兵至大同
217 2 夾攻 jiāgōng attack from two sides / pincer movement / converging attack / attack on a flank / fork in chess, with one piece making two attacks 命統領諸軍夾攻曹州
218 2 cáo Cao 命統領諸軍夾攻曹州
219 2 èr two 資正院使朴不花二人
220 2 西 The West 禁西番僧人佛事
221 2 xiān first 先是
222 2 xiàn to offer / to present 以中書左丞相拜住為亞獻官
223 2 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 孛羅帖木兒陰使人殺其叔父左丞亦只兒不花
224 2 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 金那海
225 2 zhèng upright / straight 至正十八年正月
226 2 suǒ to search / to inquire 而皇太子累遣官索之
227 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 既而又命領左右阿速衛
228 2 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 孛羅帖木兒部將脫列伯戰敗之
229 2 四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month 四月
230 2 jiā house / home / residence 宜籍其家
231 2 宦官 huànguān an imperial official / a court eunuch 帝別遣宦官密諭孛羅帖木兒
232 2 Hebei 孛羅帖木兒欲得冀寧
233 2 special / unique / distinguished 特命領中都威衛指揮使
234 2 lèi to be tired 而皇太子累遣官索之
235 2 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 潛蓄異圖
236 2 bǎo to defend / to protect 遣保保
237 2 部將 bùjiāng commander / chieftain 孛羅帖木兒部將脫列伯戰敗之
238 2 遼陽 Liáoyáng Liaoyang 遼陽
239 2 to assist / to be ready to fly / to respect 忠翊侍衛親軍都指揮使
240 2 lán Lan 詹事不蘭奚軍於昌平
241 2 bēn to run fast / to flee 關軍奔潰
242 2 dōng east 孛羅帖木兒追誠至飛狐縣東關
243 2 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 但卿等選人未當爾
244 2 kāi to open 言路何嘗不開
245 2 sincere / honest / simple 資正院使朴不花二人
246 2 yīn cloudy / overcast 孛羅帖木兒陰使人殺其叔父左丞亦只兒不花
247 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 張良弼來受節制
248 2 戰敗 zhànbài to be efeated / to lose a war 孛羅帖木兒部將脫列伯戰敗之
249 2 to break / to ruin / to destroy 良弼伏兵大破之
250 2 chūn spring 見帝延春閣
251 2 Li 偽平章左李遣楊榮祖至大同降
252 2 to instruct / to expound / to explain 參政七十往諭解之
253 2 dōng winter 冬十月
254 2 fēng abundant / rich / lush / bountiful 當月領兵豐州
255 2 proper / suitable / appropriate 凡簿書宜悉令御史檢覈
256 2 安置 ānzhì to find a place for / to arrange for 安置東勝州
257 2 真定 Zhēndìng Zhending / Zhengding 屯兵真定
258 2 níng Nanjing 孛羅帖木兒欲得冀寧
259 2 節制 jiézhì to control / to restrict / to moderate / to temper 張良弼來受節制
260 1 to defend / to resist 英宗嘗御鹿頂殿
261 1 火兒 huǒér fire / fury / angry 火兒忽達
262 1 chóu an enemy / an opponent 與孛羅帖木兒連年相讎殺
263 1 to die 降其潰卒
264 1 Yu 據蔚州
265 1 xiǎn mill 擊銑田豐偽將王士誠於臺州
266 1 martial / military 擒殺偽官武宰相
267 1 造作 zàozuò to make / to manufacture 罷三宮不急造作
268 1 大雨 dà yǔ heavy rain 三日大雨而還
269 1 御史臺 yùshǐtái a censor 既而御史臺請降旨開言路
270 1 shí real / true 實執送與之
271 1 wife 擁孛羅帖木兒母妻及其子天寶奴北遁
272 1 武安 wǔān Wu'an 自武安由彭城邀截沙劉等
273 1 shì to murder a superior 手弒英宗于卧所
274 1 不測 bùcè unexpected / measureless / unexpected circumstance / contingency / mishap 喜怒不測
275 1 皇后 huánghòu an empress 出皇后于外
276 1 wàn ten thousand 兵不滿萬
277 1 yān Yan 有珍珠燕服之賜
278 1 moth / an insect that eats into books, clothing etc 鐵木迭兒貪蠹無厭
279 1 to record 振立紀綱
280 1 é Russia 俄有旨
281 1 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 參政七十往諭解之
282 1 命中 mìngzhōng hit / search hit 嘗命中書右丞也先不花提督
283 1 講和 jiǎnghé to make peace / to reconcile 朝廷累命官講和
284 1 十八 shíbā eighteen 至正十八年正月
285 1 xiàn county 孛羅帖木兒追誠至飛狐縣東關
286 1 to arise / to get up 孛羅帖木兒起入奏
287 1 shè to forgive / to pardon 詔赦其罪
288 1 良鄉 liáng xiāng Liangxiang / Liang township 也速次良鄉不進
289 1 永平 Yǒngpíng Yong Ping reign 而歸永平
290 1 布列 bùliè to arrange in sequence 布列臺省
291 1 yǐn to lead / to guide 孛羅帖木兒引兵退駐井陘口
292 1 jìng to contend / to vie / to compete 上都馬及金那海等競前斫死
293 1 deputy / assistant / vice- 樞密副使阿散
294 1 shēn to extend 申命大夫鐵失
295 1 chéng to punish / to discipline 以懲後也
296 1 先生 xiānsheng Mr. / sir / mister / teacher / title of respect / gentleman 與關先生戰
297 1 to give an offering in a religious ceremony 英宗親祀太廟
298 1 珍珠 zhēnzhū pearl 有珍珠燕服之賜
299 1 zhòng many / all 伯顏達兒自衆中奮出
300 1 é fixed 老的沙傷額
301 1 寶寶 bǎobao darling / baby 洪寶寶等
302 1 hóng a flood 洪寶寶等
303 1 不軌 bùguǐ errant 又匿不軌之臣
304 1 連年 liánnián successive years 與孛羅帖木兒連年相讎殺
305 1 zhàn war / fighting / battle 與關先生戰
306 1 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 英宗不允
307 1 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 修舉廢墜
308 1 不已 bùyǐ endlessly / incessantly 皇太子恚怒不已
309 1 hán an envelope / a case 遣使函孛羅帖木兒首級往太原
310 1 虎符 Hǔfú Hufu 仍金虎符
311 1 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 收山東潰將孟本周諸軍
312 1 jiǎo to wear out 再命勦捕
313 1 yōu quiet / secluded / tranquil / serene 幽置百日
314 1 驍將 xiāojiāng valiant general 遣驍將姚伯顏不花統兵出禦
315 1 王子 wángzǐ a prince 威順王子和尚
316 1 thing / matter 獲偽印信金牌等物
317 1 並進 bìngjìn to advance together 四門並進
318 1 乙巳 yǐSì forty-second year B6 of the 60 year cycle 乙巳
319 1 井陘 jǐngxíng Jingxing 孛羅帖木兒引兵退駐井陘口
320 1 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace 鎖住脅東宮官僚從太子出奔太原
321 1 酗酒 xùjiǔ to indulge in binge drinking 酗酒殺人
322 1 南坡 nánpō south slope 駐蹕南坡
323 1 宿怨 sùyuàn an old grudge / old scores to settle 率因宿怨
324 1 急務 jíwù an urgent task / a pressing matter 以進賢退不肖為急務
325 1 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 陳秉直以兵來爭
326 1 開言 kāiyán to start to speak 既而御史臺請降旨開言路
327 1 diàn a blemish / disgrace / a flaw in jade 遂玷其人
328 1 豈能 qǐnéng how can it be possible? 豈能周知
329 1 róng glory / honor 偽平章左李遣楊榮祖至大同降
330 1 庚寅 gēngyín twenty-seventh year G3 of the 60 year cycle 庚寅
331 1 nán difficult / arduous / hard 日夜謀除內難
332 1 荒淫 huāngyín licentious 荒淫無度
333 1 汝等 rǔ děng you all 汝等拱默不言
334 1 wán to complete / to finish / to settle 前雲南行省平章政事完者
335 1 hǎn rare 分其兵授四川省丞相察罕不花領之
336 1 jiǔ nine 朕深居九重
337 1 守護 shǒuhù to guard / to defend 調麾下鎖住守護京師
338 1 出奔 chūbēn to flee 鎖住脅東宮官僚從太子出奔太原
339 1 wén to hear 諸道兵聞詔
340 1 十九 shíjiǔ nineteen 十九年二月
341 1 to overflow 河溢
342 1 軍士 jūnshì soldier / noncommssioned officer (NCO) 也速軍士無鬪志
343 1 交通 jiāotōng transportation / communication 今乃與禿堅帖木兒交通
344 1 rǎo to disturb / to annoy / to agitate 因擾及其親里
345 1 麾下 huīxià troops / subordinates / (honorific appellation for a general) 調麾下鎖住守護京師
346 1 a river / a stream 河溢
347 1 zhǒng kind / type 專督屯種
348 1 進賢 jìnxián Jinxian 以進賢退不肖為急務
349 1 qiū fall / autumn 秋八月癸亥
350 1 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 典瑞院使脫火赤
351 1 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 誅狎臣禿魯帖木兒
352 1 喜怒 xǐ nù favor or anger 喜怒不測
353 1 民間 mínjiān folk / civilian / community 有旨令民間盡殺其部黨
354 1 交城 jiāochéng Jiaocheng 復退屯交城
355 1 日夜 rìyè day and night / around the clock 日夜謀除內難
356 1 官僚 guānliáo official / bureaucrat 鎖住脅東宮官僚從太子出奔太原
357 1 六十七 liùshíqī 67 杖六十七
358 1 dialect / language / speech 其語見父傳
359 1 漢人 Hàn rén Han Chinese person or people 漢人諸軍
360 1 cuàn to run away / to leap 竄朴不花于甘肅
361 1 去職 qùzhí to leave office 未得旨輒去職
362 1 idea 孛羅帖木兒謂非帝意
363 1 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 樞密副使阿散
364 1 從父 cóngfù uncle / father's elder brother 從父討賊
365 1 yáng to pretend / to feign 佯為不知
366 1 丁亥 DīngHài twenty-fourth year D12 of the 60 year cycle 丁亥夜
367 1 門外 ménwài outside the door 駐健德門外
368 1 zèn to slander 也先不花乃譖禿堅帖木兒詆毀朝政
369 1 南侵 nán qīn invaded the south 孛羅帖木兒復南侵擴廓帖木兒所守地
370 1 dǐng top / peak 英宗嘗御鹿頂殿
371 1 disease / sickness / ailment 江南行臺御史大夫脫脫以疾請于朝
372 1 to criticize 遂與丞相搠思監議
373 1 Pu River 進克濮州
374 1 伏兵 fúbīng hidden troops / ambush 良弼伏兵大破之
375 1 保定 Bǎodìng Baoding 命孛羅帖木兒於保定以東
376 1 第一 dì yī first 位居第一
377 1 謫居 zhéjū to live in banishment 謫居雲南
378 1 yīn flourishing / abundant 殷興祖
379 1 招兵 zhāobīng to recruit soldiers 孛羅帖木兒遣裨將也速不花等招兵五萬
380 1 xiàng to guide / to direct 朕知嚮所劾者
381 1 Asia 以中書左丞相拜住為亞獻官
382 1 miào temple / shrine 英宗親祀太廟
383 1 shì to look at / to see 朕視之與諸司同
384 1 揚言 yángyán to put about (a story, plan, threat etc) / to let it be known (esp. of threat or malicious story) / to threaten 揚言索右丞相搠思監
385 1 加之 jiāzhī moreover / in addition to that 加之以罪
386 1 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 承制調遣嶺北
387 1 silent 汝等拱默不言
388 1 clothes / dress / garment 有珍珠燕服之賜
389 1 江南 Jiāngnán Region South of the Yangtze River 江南行臺御史大夫脫脫以疾請于朝
390 1 to examine into / to impeach / to charge 朕知嚮所劾者
391 1 承旨 chéngzhǐ recipient of an edict 以翰林學士承旨
392 1 國師 Guóshī State Preceptor / Guoshi 帝遣達達國師
393 1 chéng journey / trip 命討上都程思忠
394 1 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 分其兵授四川省丞相察罕不花領之
395 1 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 再徵擴廓帖木兒兵
396 1 mother 擁孛羅帖木兒母妻及其子天寶奴北遁
397 1 to benefit / to aid 孛羅帖木兒遣裨將也速不花等招兵五萬
398 1 河間 Héjiān Hejian 河間以南屯田
399 1 衛兵 wèibīng guard / bodyguard 以鐵失所領阿速衛兵為外應
400 1 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 英宗嘗御鹿頂殿
401 1 不滿 bùmǎn to be not full 兵不滿萬
402 1 shǒu hand 手弒英宗于卧所
403 1 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 未得旨輒去職
404 1 章台 zhāngtái Zhangtai [Street] 僉書樞密院事章台
405 1 位居 wèijū to be located at 位居第一
406 1 gào to tell / to say / said / told 值禿堅帖木兒遣人來告上都之捷
407 1 zhí office / post 鐵失奏復其職
408 1 兵權 bīngquán military leadership / military power 詔罷孛羅帖木兒兵權
409 1 代州 dàizhōu Daizhou / Dai prefecture 過代州
410 1 翰林 hànlín Hanlin 罷為翰林侍講學士
411 1 明日 míngrì tomorrow 明日
412 1 委任 wěirèn to appoint 英宗委任拜住為右丞相
413 1 àn to press / to push 及諸王按梯不花
414 1 二十五 èrshíwǔ twenty five 二十五年
415 1 bài to defeat / to vanquish 敗之
416 1 西門 Xī mén West Gate 遣參政匡福統苗軍自西門入
417 1 友善 yǒushàn friendly 孛羅帖木兒與禿堅帖木兒相友善
418 1 錢糧 qián liáng land tax 減省錢糧
419 1 tiè a rubbing from incised inscription 帖古思不花
420 1 chù to dismiss 朝廷既黜御史大夫老的沙
421 1 xiāo to scrape off / to pare 請詔削其官
422 1 evening / night 是夕
423 1 詔諭 zhàoyù imperial decree 詔諭中外
424 1 to clear streets when emperor tours 駐蹕南坡
425 1 night 丁亥夜
426 1 jié cut off / to stop 自武安由彭城邀截沙劉等
427 1 以北 yǐběi north 命守石嶺關以北
428 1 bái white 遣人白其非罪
429 1 jié quick / nimble / prompt 值禿堅帖木兒遣人來告上都之捷
430 1 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 承制調遣嶺北
431 1 shēn to extend / to stretch out / to open up 終身不得伸
432 1 diào to condole / to give condolences 往弔不哭
433 1 tōng to go through / to open 擊劉福通於衛輝
434 1 zài in / at 擴廓帖木兒自其父察罕帖木兒在時
435 1 inside / interior 因擾及其親里
436 1 shùn to obey 威順王子和尚
437 1 different / other 潛蓄異圖
438 1 雲南行省 yúnnán xíngshěng Yunnan province 前雲南行省平章政事完者
439 1 宣徽使 xuānhuīshǐ Commissioner of Court Palace Attendants / Palace Provisions Commisioner 鐵失之弟宣徽使鎖南
440 1 tent 而鐵失直犯禁幄
441 1 東勝 dōngshèng Dongshend 安置東勝州
442 1 wén writing / text 三人入見帝宣文閣
443 1 天下 tiānxià China 節制天下軍馬
444 1 守禦 shǒuyù to defend 守禦大同
445 1 癸亥 guǐHài sixtieth year J12 of the 60 year cycle 秋八月癸亥
446 1 恚怒 huìnù to hate / to be in a rage 皇太子恚怒不已
447 1 宣徽院 xuānhuī yuàn Court of Palace Attendants 宣徽院使
448 1 皇太后 huángtàihòu empress dowager 徽政雖隸太皇太后
449 1 ministry / department 有旨令民間盡殺其部黨
450 1 三司 sān sī three offices 詔加孛羅帖木兒開府儀同三司
451 1 power / force / strength 老的沙力止之
452 1 yòng to use / to apply 故用卿等為耳目
453 1 太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military 陞孛羅帖木兒太尉
454 1 yún cloud 雲內
455 1 to carry 遣部將會禿堅帖木兒提兵犯闕
456 1 ruì auspicious 典瑞院使脫火赤
457 1 zhuì to fall down / to drop / to sink 修舉廢墜
458 1 討賊 tǎo zéi suppress the bandits 從父討賊
459 1 臣下 chénxià an official in feudal court 臣下奸貪
460 1 to slash 樞密同知八剌火者
461 1 a slave / a servant 擁孛羅帖木兒母妻及其子天寶奴北遁
462 1 羅織 luózhī to frame somebody / to cook up imaginary charges against sb 羅織成獄
463 1 rèn to bear / to undertake 監察御史嘗舉八思吉思可任大事
464 1 undulations 波迪哇兒禡等
465 1 to record / to copy 錄軍國重事
466 1 zhǐ to stop / to halt 老的沙力止之
467 1 在外 zài wài outer 皇太子在外
468 1 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 以進賢退不肖為急務
469 1 彭城 Péng Chéng Pengcheng / City of Peng 自武安由彭城邀截沙劉等
470 1 便宜行事 piányi xíngshì act at one's discretion / act as one sees fit 便宜行事
471 1 朝政 cháozhèng court business 也先不花乃譖禿堅帖木兒詆毀朝政
472 1 shěng province 布列臺省
473 1 huī a badge / an insignia 徽政雖隸太皇太后
474 1 大夫 dàifu doctor 申命大夫鐵失
475 1 監察 jiānchá to supervise / to control / to inspect 監察御史嘗舉八思吉思可任大事
476 1 chuán to transmit 其語見父傳
477 1 kuāng to correct / to restore / to revise 遣參政匡福統苗軍自西門入
478 1 zhuān to monopolize / to take sole possession 專督屯種
479 1 bǐng to get rid of / to put aside / to reject 乃命屏搠思監于嶺北
480 1 yàn to dislike / to detest 鐵木迭兒貪蠹無厭
481 1 jiān a traitor 臣下奸貪
482 1 can / may / permissible 監察御史嘗舉八思吉思可任大事
483 1 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 有旨令民間盡殺其部黨
484 1 天寶 tiānbǎo Tianbao 擁孛羅帖木兒母妻及其子天寶奴北遁
485 1 辛卯 xīnmǎo twenty-eighth year H4 of the 60 year cycle 三月辛卯
486 1 zhù a pillar / a post 上柱國
487 1 軍國 jūnguó military affairs and civilian administration 錄軍國重事
488 1 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 禿堅帖木兒自健德門入
489 1 zhù to help / to assist 舉兵助禿堅帖木兒
490 1 a statute / a law / a regulation 曲律不花
491 1 yōng to hold / to embrace / to wrap around / to gather around / to throng / to swarm / to support 擁孛羅帖木兒母妻及其子天寶奴北遁
492 1 xuān to declare / to announce 三人入見帝宣文閣
493 1 shù a garrison 戍大同
494 1 shēng to promote / to rise / to ascend 陞孛羅帖木兒太尉
495 1 不知 bùzhī do not know 佯為不知
496 1 chí to go quickly or swiftly 皇太子亦馳入城
497 1 沙汰 shātài elimination of defilements through ascetic practice / dhūta 沙汰宦官
498 1 to lie 手弒英宗于卧所
499 1 歿 to end / to die 父既歿
500 1 guǎn to manage / to control / to be in charge of 仍緫領其父元管諸軍

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 62 帖木兒 Tièmù'ér Timur / Tamerlane 孛羅帖木兒
2 40 luó Luo 孛羅
3 40 bèi a comet 孛羅
4 27 zhī him / her / them / that 當英宗即位之初
5 25 not / no 英宗不允
6 24 bīng soldier / troops 孛羅帖木兒引兵退駐井陘口
7 21 his / hers / its / theirs 鐵失奏復其職
8 19 tiě iron 鐵失者
9 19 so as to / in order to 以翰林學士承旨
10 17 shī to lose 鐵失者
11 16 禿 bald / bare / stripped 大司農失禿兒
12 15 mìng life 特命領中都威衛指揮使
13 14 jūn army / military 遣參政匡福統苗軍自西門入
14 14 shū book 凡簿書宜悉令御史檢覈
15 14 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 遣參政匡福統苗軍自西門入
16 14 使 shǐ to make / to cause 宣徽院使
17 13 jiān hard / strong / firm 遣部將會禿堅帖木兒提兵犯闕
18 13 wèi for / to 為太醫院使
19 13 huā Hua 及諸王按梯不花
20 12 zhōng middle 以中書左丞相拜住為亞獻官
21 12 naturally / of course / certainly 鐵失以姦黨不自安
22 12 and 朕視之與諸司同
23 11 zhào an imperial decree 詔孛羅帖木兒移兵至大同
24 11 皇太子 Huáng Tàizǐ Crown Prince 而皇太子累遣官索之
25 11 ér son 鐵木迭兒之子也
26 11 píng flat / level / smooth 前中書平章政事赤斤鐵木兒
27 11 děng et cetera / and so on 故用卿等為耳目
28 11 zhāng a chapter / a section 前中書平章政事赤斤鐵木兒
29 9 speed 既而又命領左右阿速衛
30 9 to think / consider / to ponder 監察御史嘗舉八思吉思可任大事
31 9 also / too 鐵木迭兒之子也
32 9 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 鐵失者
33 9 丞相 chéngxiāng a senior minister / a prime minister 以中書左丞相拜住為亞獻官
34 9 shā sand / gravel / pebbles 自武安由彭城邀截沙劉等
35 9 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 殺右丞相拜住
36 9 lǐng neck 特命領中都威衛指揮使
37 9 英宗 Yīngzōng Yingzong 當英宗即位之初
38 8 kuò to expand / to enlarge / to stretch 孛羅帖木兒復南侵擴廓帖木兒所守地
39 8 nián year 至正十八年正月
40 8 yuàn a school 為太醫院使
41 8 supreme ruler / emperor 帝別遣宦官密諭孛羅帖木兒
42 8 zhì to / until 至正十八年正月
43 8 rén person / people / a human being 其人雖死
44 8 de possessive particle 朝廷既黜御史大夫老的沙
45 8 kuò wide / open / empty 孛羅帖木兒復南侵擴廓帖木兒所守地
46 8 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 朝廷既黜御史大夫老的沙
47 7 shì matter / thing / item 兼領廣惠司事
48 7 to enter 遣參政匡福統苗軍自西門入
49 7 hái also / in addition / more 英宗自上都南還
50 7 zhōu a state / a province 進克濮州
51 7 to attain / to reach 詔緫領一應達達
52 7 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 命守石嶺關以北
53 6 suǒ lock / padlock 治書侍御史鎖南
54 6 政事 zhèngshì politics / government affairs 前中書平章政事赤斤鐵木兒
55 6 zhī to know 朕知嚮所劾者
56 6 上都 Shàngdū Shangdu / Xanadu / Shangtu / Chandu / Xandu / Kemenfu / Kaipingfu 英宗自上都南還
57 6 zhù to dwell / to live / to reside 以中書左丞相拜住為亞獻官
58 6 tóng like / same / similar 朕視之與諸司同
59 6 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 收山東潰將孟本周諸軍
60 6 in / at 擊劉福通於衛輝
61 6 in / at 江南行臺御史大夫脫脫以疾請于朝
62 6 wood / lumber 鐵木迭兒之子也
63 6 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 也先不花乃譖禿堅帖木兒詆毀朝政
64 6 guān to close 與關先生戰
65 6 day of the month / a certain day 罪惡日彰
66 6 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 三月
67 6 大同 Dàtóng Datong 回駐大同
68 6 guān an office 以中書左丞相拜住為亞獻官
69 5 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 仍緫領其父元管諸軍
70 5 九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month 九月四日
71 5 lǐng mountain ridge / mountain peak 命守石嶺關以北
72 5 nán south 治書侍御史鎖南
73 5 yòu again / also 既而又命領左右阿速衛
74 5 to stop / to cease / to suspend 鐵失奏罷之
75 5 太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan 擴廓帖木兒自將至太原
76 5 tái unit 江南行臺御史大夫脫脫以疾請于朝
77 5 zhū all / many / various 朕視之與諸司同
78 5 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而鐵失直犯禁幄
79 5 伯顏 bóyán Bayan 遣驍將姚伯顏不花統兵出禦
80 5 御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary 御史大夫
81 5 chū to go out / to leave 出皇后于外
82 5 cháng to taste 英宗嘗御鹿頂殿
83 5 Shandong 月魯鐵木兒
84 5 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 又明年正月
85 5 again / more / repeatedly 鐵失奏復其職
86 5 qián front 依前太醫院使
87 5 十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month 冬十月
88 5 yòu right / right-hand 英宗委任拜住為右丞相
89 4 bài to bow / to pay respect to 以中書左丞相拜住為亞獻官
90 4 京師 jīngshī a capital city 保障京師
91 4 tǎo to seek 命討上都程思忠
92 4 wǎng to go (in a direction) 參政七十往諭解之
93 4 residence / dwelling 朕深居九重
94 4 yuè month 未逾月
95 4 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當英宗即位之初
96 4 zhǐ purport / aim / purpose 未得旨輒去職
97 4 dōu all 忠翊侍衛親軍都指揮使
98 4 horse 節制天下軍馬
99 4 yáng Yang 時有楊誠者
100 4 七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month 七月
101 4 yǒu is / are / to exist 有珍珠燕服之賜
102 4 朝廷 cháo tíng imperial court 朝廷既黜御史大夫老的沙
103 4 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 特命領中都威衛指揮使
104 4 cháo to face 江南行臺御史大夫脫脫以疾請于朝
105 4 zhù to be stationed at / reside at 駐蹕南坡
106 4 sān three 三日
107 4 dào way / road / path 高脫因倍道趨之
108 4 ā prefix to names of people 既而又命領左右阿速衛
109 4 to lift / to hold up / to raise 振舉臺綱
110 4 tún to station (soldiers) / to store up 專督屯種
111 4 kuì a flooding river 收山東潰將孟本周諸軍
112 4 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 擒殺偽官武宰相
113 4 to supervise 置大都督兵農司
114 4 qǐng to ask / to inquire 江南行臺御史大夫脫脫以疾請于朝
115 4 zǒng general / total / overall / chief 仍緫領其父元管諸軍
116 4 御史 yùshǐ a censor 凡簿書宜悉令御史檢覈
117 4 zhōng loyalty / devotion 忠翊侍衛親軍都指揮使
118 4 調 tiáo to harmonize 調諸道軍分討大同
119 4 already / since 時鐵木迭兒既死
120 4 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 朕知嚮所劾者
121 4 chéng honesty / sincerity 時有楊誠者
122 4 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 特命領中都威衛指揮使
123 4 zuǒ left 以中書左丞相拜住為亞獻官
124 3 chéng a city / a town 圍其城
125 3 to reach 及諸王按梯不花
126 3 child / son 鐵木迭兒之子也
127 3 chén minister / statesman / official 英宗嘗謂臺臣曰
128 3 tǒng to unify 遣參政匡福統苗軍自西門入
129 3 to die 其人雖死
130 3 伏誅 fúzhū to punish by execution 以貪墨伏誅
131 3 jìn to enter 進克濮州
132 3 及其 jíqí as well as 鐵失及其黨皆伏誅
133 3 eight 監察御史嘗舉八思吉思可任大事
134 3 jiān to supervise / to inspect 揚言索右丞相搠思監
135 3 yáo handsome / elegant 遣驍將姚伯顏不花統兵出禦
136 3 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故用卿等為耳目
137 3 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 與禿堅帖木兒分院之地相近
138 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 未逾月
139 3 zhèn to flap 振舉臺綱
140 3 shí a rock / a stone 命守石嶺關以北
141 3 zòu to present / to offer 鐵失奏罷之
142 3 jīn gold 仍金虎符
143 3 réng yet / still / as ever 仍金虎符
144 3 太保 Tàibǎo Grand Protector 仍以孛羅帖木兒為太保
145 3 soil / ground / land 孛羅帖木兒復南侵擴廓帖木兒所守地
146 3 明年 míngnián next year 明年
147 3 shí time / a period of time 時鐵木迭兒既死
148 3 太醫 tàiyī imperial physician 為太醫院使
149 3 to hide / to go into hiding 孛羅帖木兒匿不發
150 3 fàn to commit crime / to violate 遣部將會禿堅帖木兒提兵犯闕
151 3 yuē to speak / to say 謂鐵失曰
152 3 to aid / to assist / to help 張良弼來受節制
153 3 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂玷其人
154 3 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 鐵失及其黨皆伏誅
155 3 jiàn to see 其語見父傳
156 3 樞密院 shūmì yuàn Bureau of Military Affairs 鐵失與知樞密院事也先鐵木兒
157 3 lái to come 陳秉直以兵來爭
158 3 to give / to bestow favors 有珍珠燕服之賜
159 3 zhí straight 而鐵失直犯禁幄
160 3 察罕帖木兒 cháhǎn tièmùér Chaghan Temur 察罕帖木兒守石嶺關以南
161 3 also / too 孛羅帖木兒陰使人殺其叔父左丞亦只兒不花
162 3 shuò to daub 揚言索右丞相搠思監
163 3 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 臣下奸貪
164 3 dié repeatedly / frequently 鐵木迭兒之子也
165 3 二月 èryuè February / the Second Month 十九年二月
166 3 yán to speak / to say / said 汝等拱默不言
167 3 zǒu to walk / to go / to move 走之
168 3 八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month 秋八月癸亥
169 3 yōng ordinary / normal 入居庸
170 3 qiān all / unanimous 僉書樞密院事章台
171 3 tián field / farmland 擊銑田豐偽將王士誠於臺州
172 3 wáng Wang 及諸王按梯不花
173 3 zuì crime / sin / vice 加之以罪
174 3 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 遣兵自石嶺關直趨圍其城
175 3 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 朕視之與諸司同
176 3 big / great / huge / large / major 良弼伏兵大破之
177 3 shì a gentleman / a knight 罷為翰林侍講學士
178 3 wèi to call 謂鐵失曰
179 3 shì to attend on 治書侍御史鎖南
180 3 dǎng political party 鐵失以姦黨不自安
181 3 què a watchtower 遣部將會禿堅帖木兒提兵犯闕
182 3 遣人 qiǎnrén to send a person 遣人白其非罪
183 3 to stand 振立紀綱
184 3 road / path / way 既而御史臺請降旨開言路
185 3 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 以進賢退不肖為急務
186 3 de potential marker 未得旨輒去職
187 3 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 凡簿書宜悉令御史檢覈
188 3 也先 yěxiān Esen Taishi 鐵失與知樞密院事也先鐵木兒
189 3 qīn relatives 英宗親祀太廟
190 3 親軍 qīnjūn an escort / a guard / a bodyguard 忠翊侍衛親軍都指揮使
191 3 rate / frequency 率因宿怨
192 3 liáng good / virtuous / respectable 張良弼來受節制
193 3 běi north 乃命屏搠思監于嶺北
194 3 shì is / are / am / to be 是夕
195 3 chamber / pavilion 見帝延春閣
196 3 zhèn I / we 朕視之與諸司同
197 2 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 數遣使請皇太子還朝
198 2 qīng minister / high officer 故用卿等為耳目
199 2 甘肅 gānsù Gansu 竄朴不花于甘肅
200 2 yàn a feast / a banquet 帝賜宴慰勉
201 2 gāng guiding principle / key link / outline / program 振舉臺綱
202 2 zài again / once more / re- / second / another 再命勦捕
203 2 Germany 禿堅帖木兒自健德門入
204 2 jiān simultaneously 兼領廣惠司事
205 2 jiàn strong / robust 禿堅帖木兒自健德門入
206 2 liú Liu 擊劉福通於衛輝
207 2 guī to go back / to return 而歸永平
208 2 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 羅織成獄
209 2 tài very / extremely 徽政雖隸太皇太后
210 2 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 降其潰卒
211 2 zhuó to cut / to chop / to lop off 斫孛羅帖木兒
212 2 suī although / even though 徽政雖隸太皇太后
213 2 to strike / to hit / to beat 擊劉福通於衛輝
214 2 wēi power / might / prestige 特命領中都威衛指揮使
215 2 móu to plan / to scheme 日夜謀除內難
216 2 zhòng heavy 朕深居九重
217 2 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 治書侍御史鎖南
218 2 a time 兵次興和
219 2 壬寅 rényín thirty-ninth year I3 of the 60 year cycle 四月壬寅
220 2 yán to prolong / to delay / to postpone 見帝延春閣
221 2 chú except / besides 除中書平章政事
222 2 ancestor / forefather 殷興祖
223 2 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 當英宗即位之初
224 2 通州 Tōngzhōu Tongzhou District 至通州
225 2 good fortune / happiness / luck 擊劉福通於衛輝
226 2 secret / hidden / confidential 帝別遣宦官密諭孛羅帖木兒
227 2 according to 據蔚州
228 2 dùn to escape 誠棄軍遁
229 2 to answer / to agree 荅失八都魯之子也
230 2 wài outside 以鐵失所領阿速衛兵為外應
231 2 清河 qīnghé Qinghe 至清河列營
232 2 nèi inside / interior 雲內
233 2 huǒ fire / flame 典瑞院使脫火赤
234 2 to attack by surprise 欲追襲皇太子
235 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 孛羅帖木兒追誠至飛狐縣東關
236 2 chì red / scarlet 前中書平章政事赤斤鐵木兒
237 2 跋扈 báhù domineering / bossy 朝廷知其跋扈
238 2 tuō to take off 典瑞院使脫火赤
239 2 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 至清河列營
240 2 樞密 shūmì Bureau of Military Affairs 樞密副使阿散
241 2 xíng to walk / to move 江南行臺御史大夫脫脫以疾請于朝
242 2 to defend / to resist 調也速南禦擴廓帖木兒軍
243 2 十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month 十二月
244 2 zhì to place / to lay out 置大都督兵農司
245 2 that 金那海
246 2 qīng green 以其部下青軍楊同僉守居庸
247 2 fēi not / non- / un- 遣人白其非罪
248 2 六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month 六月
249 2 參政 cān zhèng to be involved in politics / participation in politics 遣參政匡福統苗軍自西門入
250 2 huò to reap / to harvest 獲偽印信金牌等物
251 2 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 緫攬國柄
252 2 father 其語見父傳
253 2 to arrest / to catch / to seize 督兵捕之
254 2 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 當英宗即位之初
255 2 to sob 泣拜訴冤
256 2 to prevail 進克濮州
257 2 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 擒殺偽官武宰相
258 2 desire 孛羅帖木兒欲得冀寧
259 2 yīn because 率因宿怨
260 2 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 孛羅帖木兒與禿堅帖木兒相友善
261 2 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 圍其城
262 2 huí to go back / to return 命回兵
263 2 běn measure word for books 收山東潰將孟本周諸軍
264 2 其父 qí fù his father 仍緫領其父元管諸軍
265 2 shòu to teach 特授光祿大夫
266 2 以南 yǐnán south 察罕帖木兒守石嶺關以南
267 2 至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign 詔孛羅帖木兒移兵至大同
268 2 夾攻 jiāgōng attack from two sides / pincer movement / converging attack / attack on a flank / fork in chess, with one piece making two attacks 命統領諸軍夾攻曹州
269 2 cáo Cao 命統領諸軍夾攻曹州
270 2 èr two 資正院使朴不花二人
271 2 what? / where? / why? 詹事不蘭奚軍於昌平
272 2 lián even 遣人西連太原
273 2 西 The West 禁西番僧人佛事
274 2 xiān first 先是
275 2 xiàn to offer / to present 以中書左丞相拜住為亞獻官
276 2 chéng to assist / to aid / to rescue 孛羅帖木兒陰使人殺其叔父左丞亦只兒不花
277 2 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 金那海
278 2 expresses question or doubt 言路選人當乎
279 2 zhèng upright / straight 至正十八年正月
280 2 suǒ to search / to inquire 而皇太子累遣官索之
281 2 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 既而又命領左右阿速衛
282 2 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 孛羅帖木兒部將脫列伯戰敗之
283 2 四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month 四月
284 2 jiā house / home / residence 宜籍其家
285 2 宦官 huànguān an imperial official / a court eunuch 帝別遣宦官密諭孛羅帖木兒
286 2 Hebei 孛羅帖木兒欲得冀寧
287 2 special / unique / distinguished 特命領中都威衛指揮使
288 2 lèi to be tired 而皇太子累遣官索之
289 2 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 潛蓄異圖
290 2 bǎo to defend / to protect 遣保保
291 2 部將 bùjiāng commander / chieftain 孛羅帖木兒部將脫列伯戰敗之
292 2 遼陽 Liáoyáng Liaoyang 遼陽
293 2 to assist / to be ready to fly / to respect 忠翊侍衛親軍都指揮使
294 2 lán Lan 詹事不蘭奚軍於昌平
295 2 bēn to run fast / to flee 關軍奔潰
296 2 dōng east 孛羅帖木兒追誠至飛狐縣東關
297 2 既而 jìér soon after 既而又命領左右阿速衛
298 2 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 但卿等選人未當爾
299 2 kāi to open 言路何嘗不開
300 2 sincere / honest / simple 資正院使朴不花二人
301 2 yīn cloudy / overcast 孛羅帖木兒陰使人殺其叔父左丞亦只兒不花
302 2 no 鐵木迭兒貪蠹無厭
303 2 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 張良弼來受節制
304 2 戰敗 zhànbài to be efeated / to lose a war 孛羅帖木兒部將脫列伯戰敗之
305 2 to break / to ruin / to destroy 良弼伏兵大破之
306 2 chūn spring 見帝延春閣
307 2 Li 偽平章左李遣楊榮祖至大同降
308 2 to instruct / to expound / to explain 參政七十往諭解之
309 2 dōng winter 冬十月
310 2 fēng abundant / rich / lush / bountiful 當月領兵豐州
311 2 proper / suitable / appropriate 凡簿書宜悉令御史檢覈
312 2 安置 ānzhì to find a place for / to arrange for 安置東勝州
313 2 真定 Zhēndìng Zhending / Zhengding 屯兵真定
314 2 níng Nanjing 孛羅帖木兒欲得冀寧
315 2 節制 jiézhì to control / to restrict / to moderate / to temper 張良弼來受節制
316 1 to defend / to resist 英宗嘗御鹿頂殿
317 1 火兒 huǒér fire / fury / angry 火兒忽達
318 1 chóu an enemy / an opponent 與孛羅帖木兒連年相讎殺
319 1 to die 降其潰卒
320 1 Yu 據蔚州
321 1 xiǎn mill 擊銑田豐偽將王士誠於臺州
322 1 martial / military 擒殺偽官武宰相
323 1 造作 zàozuò to make / to manufacture 罷三宮不急造作
324 1 大雨 dà yǔ heavy rain 三日大雨而還
325 1 御史臺 yùshǐtái a censor 既而御史臺請降旨開言路
326 1 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 終身不得伸
327 1 shí real / true 實執送與之
328 1 wife 擁孛羅帖木兒母妻及其子天寶奴北遁
329 1 武安 wǔān Wu'an 自武安由彭城邀截沙劉等
330 1 shì to murder a superior 手弒英宗于卧所
331 1 nǎng in ancient times / of old / former 曩者
332 1 不測 bùcè unexpected / measureless / unexpected circumstance / contingency / mishap 喜怒不測
333 1 皇后 huánghòu an empress 出皇后于外
334 1 wàn ten thousand 兵不滿萬
335 1 yān Yan 有珍珠燕服之賜
336 1 moth / an insect that eats into books, clothing etc 鐵木迭兒貪蠹無厭
337 1 to record 振立紀綱
338 1 é Russia 俄有旨
339 1 jiě to loosen / to unfasten / to untie 參政七十往諭解之
340 1 命中 mìngzhōng hit / search hit 嘗命中書右丞也先不花提督
341 1 講和 jiǎnghé to make peace / to reconcile 朝廷累命官講和
342 1 十八 shíbā eighteen 至正十八年正月
343 1 xiàn county 孛羅帖木兒追誠至飛狐縣東關
344 1 to arise / to get up 孛羅帖木兒起入奏
345 1 shè to forgive / to pardon 詔赦其罪
346 1 cóng from 鎖住脅東宮官僚從太子出奔太原
347 1 良鄉 liáng xiāng Liangxiang / Liang township 也速次良鄉不進
348 1 frequently / often / again and again 屢立戰功
349 1 永平 Yǒngpíng Yong Ping reign 而歸永平
350 1 布列 bùliè to arrange in sequence 布列臺省
351 1 yǐn to lead / to guide 孛羅帖木兒引兵退駐井陘口
352 1 jìng to contend / to vie / to compete 上都馬及金那海等競前斫死
353 1 deputy / assistant / vice- 樞密副使阿散
354 1 shēn to extend 申命大夫鐵失
355 1 chéng to punish / to discipline 以懲後也
356 1 先生 xiānsheng Mr. / sir / mister / teacher / title of respect / gentleman 與關先生戰
357 1 to give an offering in a religious ceremony 英宗親祀太廟
358 1 珍珠 zhēnzhū pearl 有珍珠燕服之賜
359 1 zhòng many / all 伯顏達兒自衆中奮出
360 1 é fixed 老的沙傷額
361 1 寶寶 bǎobao darling / baby 洪寶寶等
362 1 hóng a flood 洪寶寶等
363 1 不軌 bùguǐ errant 又匿不軌之臣
364 1 連年 liánnián successive years 與孛羅帖木兒連年相讎殺
365 1 fān to take turns / a turn / a time 禁西番僧人佛事
366 1 zhàn war / fighting / battle 與關先生戰
367 1 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 英宗不允
368 1 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 修舉廢墜
369 1 this / these 若此者
370 1 不已 bùyǐ endlessly / incessantly 皇太子恚怒不已
371 1 hán an envelope / a case 遣使函孛羅帖木兒首級往太原
372 1 zhī measure word for birds and certain animals, one of a pair, etc 孛羅帖木兒陰使人殺其叔父左丞亦只兒不花
373 1 虎符 Hǔfú Hufu 仍金虎符
374 1 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 收山東潰將孟本周諸軍
375 1 jiǎo to wear out 再命勦捕
376 1 yōu quiet / secluded / tranquil / serene 幽置百日
377 1 驍將 xiāojiāng valiant general 遣驍將姚伯顏不花統兵出禦
378 1 王子 wángzǐ a prince 威順王子和尚
379 1 thing / matter 獲偽印信金牌等物
380 1 並進 bìngjìn to advance together 四門並進
381 1 乙巳 yǐSì forty-second year B6 of the 60 year cycle 乙巳
382 1 井陘 jǐngxíng Jingxing 孛羅帖木兒引兵退駐井陘口
383 1 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace 鎖住脅東宮官僚從太子出奔太原
384 1 酗酒 xùjiǔ to indulge in binge drinking 酗酒殺人
385 1 南坡 nánpō south slope 駐蹕南坡
386 1 宿怨 sùyuàn an old grudge / old scores to settle 率因宿怨
387 1 急務 jíwù an urgent task / a pressing matter 以進賢退不肖為急務
388 1 jīn weight equal to half a kilogram / catty 前中書平章政事赤斤鐵木兒
389 1 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 陳秉直以兵來爭
390 1 開言 kāiyán to start to speak 既而御史臺請降旨開言路
391 1 diàn a blemish / disgrace / a flaw in jade 遂玷其人
392 1 豈能 qǐnéng how can it be possible? 豈能周知
393 1 róng glory / honor 偽平章左李遣楊榮祖至大同降
394 1 庚寅 gēngyín twenty-seventh year G3 of the 60 year cycle 庚寅
395 1 nán difficult / arduous / hard 日夜謀除內難
396 1 荒淫 huāngyín licentious 荒淫無度
397 1 汝等 rǔ děng you all 汝等拱默不言
398 1 wán to complete / to finish / to settle 前雲南行省平章政事完者
399 1 hǎn rare 分其兵授四川省丞相察罕不花領之
400 1 jiǔ nine 朕深居九重
401 1 守護 shǒuhù to guard / to defend 調麾下鎖住守護京師
402 1 出奔 chūbēn to flee 鎖住脅東宮官僚從太子出奔太原
403 1 wén to hear 諸道兵聞詔
404 1 十九 shíjiǔ nineteen 十九年二月
405 1 to overflow 河溢
406 1 軍士 jūnshì soldier / noncommssioned officer (NCO) 也速軍士無鬪志
407 1 交通 jiāotōng transportation / communication 今乃與禿堅帖木兒交通
408 1 rǎo to disturb / to annoy / to agitate 因擾及其親里
409 1 麾下 huīxià troops / subordinates / (honorific appellation for a general) 調麾下鎖住守護京師
410 1 a river / a stream 河溢
411 1 zhǒng kind / type 專督屯種
412 1 進賢 jìnxián Jinxian 以進賢退不肖為急務
413 1 qiū fall / autumn 秋八月癸亥
414 1 diǎn canon / classic / scripture 典瑞院使脫火赤
415 1 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 誅狎臣禿魯帖木兒
416 1 喜怒 xǐ nù favor or anger 喜怒不測
417 1 民間 mínjiān folk / civilian / community 有旨令民間盡殺其部黨
418 1 交城 jiāochéng Jiaocheng 復退屯交城
419 1 日夜 rìyè day and night / around the clock 日夜謀除內難
420 1 官僚 guānliáo official / bureaucrat 鎖住脅東宮官僚從太子出奔太原
421 1 六十七 liùshíqī 67 杖六十七
422 1 dialect / language / speech 其語見父傳
423 1 漢人 Hàn rén Han Chinese person or people 漢人諸軍
424 1 cuàn to run away / to leap 竄朴不花于甘肅
425 1 去職 qùzhí to leave office 未得旨輒去職
426 1 idea 孛羅帖木兒謂非帝意
427 1 sàn to scatter / to break up / to disperse / to adjourn 樞密副使阿散
428 1 從父 cóngfù uncle / father's elder brother 從父討賊
429 1 yáng to pretend / to feign 佯為不知
430 1 丁亥 DīngHài twenty-fourth year D12 of the 60 year cycle 丁亥夜
431 1 門外 ménwài outside the door 駐健德門外
432 1 zèn to slander 也先不花乃譖禿堅帖木兒詆毀朝政
433 1 南侵 nán qīn invaded the south 孛羅帖木兒復南侵擴廓帖木兒所守地
434 1 dǐng top / peak 英宗嘗御鹿頂殿
435 1 disease / sickness / ailment 江南行臺御史大夫脫脫以疾請于朝
436 1 to criticize 遂與丞相搠思監議
437 1 Pu River 進克濮州
438 1 bié do not / must not 帝別遣宦官密諭孛羅帖木兒
439 1 伏兵 fúbīng hidden troops / ambush 良弼伏兵大破之
440 1 保定 Bǎodìng Baoding 命孛羅帖木兒於保定以東
441 1 第一 dì yī first 位居第一
442 1 謫居 zhéjū to live in banishment 謫居雲南
443 1 yīn flourishing / abundant 殷興祖
444 1 招兵 zhāobīng to recruit soldiers 孛羅帖木兒遣裨將也速不花等招兵五萬
445 1 xiàng to guide / to direct 朕知嚮所劾者
446 1 Asia 以中書左丞相拜住為亞獻官
447 1 miào temple / shrine 英宗親祀太廟
448 1 shì to look at / to see 朕視之與諸司同
449 1 jiù right away 就命孛羅帖木兒太保
450 1 揚言 yángyán to put about (a story, plan, threat etc) / to let it be known (esp. of threat or malicious story) / to threaten 揚言索右丞相搠思監
451 1 加之 jiāzhī moreover / in addition to that 加之以罪
452 1 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 承制調遣嶺北
453 1 silent 汝等拱默不言
454 1 clothes / dress / garment 有珍珠燕服之賜
455 1 江南 Jiāngnán Region South of the Yangtze River 江南行臺御史大夫脫脫以疾請于朝
456 1 to examine into / to impeach / to charge 朕知嚮所劾者
457 1 承旨 chéngzhǐ recipient of an edict 以翰林學士承旨
458 1 國師 Guóshī State Preceptor / Guoshi 帝遣達達國師
459 1 chéng journey / trip 命討上都程思忠
460 1 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 分其兵授四川省丞相察罕不花領之
461 1 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 再徵擴廓帖木兒兵
462 1 mother 擁孛羅帖木兒母妻及其子天寶奴北遁
463 1 to benefit / to aid 孛羅帖木兒遣裨將也速不花等招兵五萬
464 1 河間 Héjiān Hejian 河間以南屯田
465 1 衛兵 wèibīng guard / bodyguard 以鐵失所領阿速衛兵為外應
466 1 殿 diàn a hall / a palace / a temple 英宗嘗御鹿頂殿
467 1 不滿 bùmǎn to be not full 兵不滿萬
468 1 shǒu hand 手弒英宗于卧所
469 1 zhé sides of chariot for weapons 未得旨輒去職
470 1 章台 zhāngtái Zhangtai [Street] 僉書樞密院事章台
471 1 位居 wèijū to be located at 位居第一
472 1 gào to tell / to say / said / told 值禿堅帖木兒遣人來告上都之捷
473 1 zhí office / post 鐵失奏復其職
474 1 兵權 bīngquán military leadership / military power 詔罷孛羅帖木兒兵權
475 1 jiān measure word for rooms, houses, luggage, etc 數月間
476 1 代州 dàizhōu Daizhou / Dai prefecture 過代州
477 1 翰林 hànlín Hanlin 罷為翰林侍講學士
478 1 明日 míngrì tomorrow 明日
479 1 委任 wěirèn to appoint 英宗委任拜住為右丞相
480 1 àn to press / to push 及諸王按梯不花
481 1 二十五 èrshíwǔ twenty five 二十五年
482 1 bài to defeat / to vanquish 敗之
483 1 西門 Xī mén West Gate 遣參政匡福統苗軍自西門入
484 1 友善 yǒushàn friendly 孛羅帖木兒與禿堅帖木兒相友善
485 1 錢糧 qián liáng land tax 減省錢糧
486 1 tiè a rubbing from incised inscription 帖古思不花
487 1 chù to dismiss 朝廷既黜御史大夫老的沙
488 1 xiāo to scrape off / to pare 請詔削其官
489 1 evening / night 是夕
490 1 詔諭 zhàoyù imperial decree 詔諭中外
491 1 to clear streets when emperor tours 駐蹕南坡
492 1 night 丁亥夜
493 1 jié cut off / to stop 自武安由彭城邀截沙劉等
494 1 以北 yǐběi north 命守石嶺關以北
495 1 bái white 遣人白其非罪
496 1 jié quick / nimble / prompt 值禿堅帖木兒遣人來告上都之捷
497 1 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 承制調遣嶺北
498 1 shēn to extend / to stretch out / to open up 終身不得伸
499 1 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 張良弼來受節制
500 1 diào to condole / to give condolences 往弔不哭

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
保定 Bǎodìng
  1. Baoding
  2. Baoding
八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month
北门 北門 Běi mén North Gate
伯颜 伯顏 bóyán Bayan
察罕帖木儿 察罕帖木兒 cháhǎn tièmùér Chaghan Temur
大发 大發 dàfā Daihatsu
代州 dàizhōu Daizhou / Dai prefecture
大司农 大司農 dàsīnóng Office of Agricultural Supervision
大同 Dàtóng
  1. Datong
  2. datong / Grand Unity
东宫 東宮 dōnggōng East Palace
东胜 東勝 dōngshèng Dongshend
二月 èryuè February / the Second Month
甘肃 甘肅 gānsù Gansu
光禄大夫 光祿大夫 guāng lù dàifu Glorious grand master
汉人 漢人 Hàn rén Han Chinese person or people
翰林 hànlín Hanlin
河间 河間 Héjiān Hejian
虹桥 虹橋 hóngqiáo Hongqiao
皇太子 Huáng Tàizǐ Crown Prince
虎符 Hǔfú Hufu
  1. Hebei
  2. to hope
  3. Jizhou
江南 Jiāngnán
  1. Region South of the Yangtze River
  2. Jiangnan
  3. Jiangnan
交城 jiāochéng Jiaocheng
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
井陉 井陘 jǐngxíng Jingxing
进贤 進賢 jìnxián Jinxian
九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month
良乡 良鄉 liáng xiāng Liangxiang / Liang township
辽阳 遼陽 Liáoyáng Liaoyang
六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
彭城 Péng Chéng Pengcheng / City of Peng
  1. Pu River
  2. Pu
清河 qīnghé Qinghe
七月 qīyuè July / the Seventh Month
山东 山東 Shāndōng Shandong
上都 Shàngdū Shangdu / Xanadu / Shangtu / Chandu / Xandu / Kemenfu / Kaipingfu
陕西 陝西 Shǎnxī Shaanxi
十二月 shíèryuè December / the Twelfth Month
十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month
十月 shíyuè October / the Tenth Month
枢密院 樞密院 shūmì yuàn Bureau of Military Affairs
四川 Sìchuān Sichuan
四川省 Sìchuān shěng Sichuan province
四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month
太保 Tàibǎo Grand Protector
太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military
太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan
天宝 天寶 tiānbǎo Tianbao
帖木儿 帖木兒 Tièmù'ér Timur / Tamerlane
通州 Tōngzhōu Tongzhou District
脱脱 脫脫 Tuōtuō Toktoghan / Tuoketuo / Toqto'a / Tuotuo
卫辉 衛輝 wèihuī Weihui
武安 wǔān Wu'an
五月 wǔyuè May / the Fifth Month
  1. what? / where? / why?
  2. a slave / a servant
  3. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  4. Kumo Xi / Xi / Tatabi
  5. Xi
西门 西門 Xī mén West Gate
辛亥 xīn hài Xin Hai year
兴和 興和 xīnghé Xinghe
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
宣徽院 xuānhuī yuàn Court of Palace Attendants
宣徽使 xuānhuīshǐ Commissioner of Court Palace Attendants / Palace Provisions Commisioner
也先 yěxiān Esen Taishi
英宗 Yīngzōng Yingzong
印信 yìnxìn official seal / legally binding seal
永平 Yǒngpíng
  1. Yong Ping reign
  2. Yong Ping reign
云南 雲南 yúnnán Yunnan
云南行省 雲南行省 yúnnán xíngshěng Yunnan province
御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary
宰相 zǎixiàng chancellor / prime minister
真定 Zhēndìng Zhending / Zhengding
正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year
至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign
至治 Zhìzhì Zhizhi reign
中都 Zhōngdū Zhongdu / Dadu / Khanbaliq / Beijing

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English