Glossary and Vocabulary for Guanzi 《管子》, 君臣下第三十一 Chapter 31: A Ruler and his Ministers II

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 41 mín the people / citizen / subjects 為民興利除害
2 30 shàng top / a high position 夫賞重則上不給也
3 25 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君之所以為君者
4 23 luàn chaotic / disorderly 謂之亂
5 21 rén person / people / a human being 而暴人止
6 17 dào way / road / path 則民反道矣
7 15 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 是故國之所以為國者
8 14 chén minister / statesman / official 臣不戴其君
9 12 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 是故明君飾食飲弔傷之禮
10 10 yuē to speak / to say 故曰
11 10 xíng to walk / to move 則賞罰行矣
12 10 guān an office 令侵則官危
13 10 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 而使民所惡制之
14 10 néng can / able 能遠讒諂
15 10 Germany 正民之德
16 9 qīn to invade / to encroach upon / to raid 德侵則君危
17 9 míng bright / brilliant 義禮明也
18 9 zhǔ owner 狡婦襲主之請而資游慝也
19 9 wéi dangerous / precarious 德侵則君危
20 8 to stand 而國都立矣
21 8 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 為人君者
22 8 明君 míngjūn enlightened ruler 是故明君審居處之教
23 8 shī to lose 所以失其民也
24 8 wēi prestige / majesty 威之以畏也
25 7 百姓 bǎixìng common people 則百姓不用
26 7 power / force / strength 以力相征
27 7 shí food / food and drink 是故明君飾食飲弔傷之禮
28 7 上下 shàngxià to go up and down 古者未有君臣上下之別
29 7 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 是故明君審居處之教
30 7 a human or animal body 民生體
31 7 láo to toil 而可以為勞於下
32 7 xíng punishment / penalty 治斧鉞者不敢讓刑
33 7 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 而民可使居治
34 7 zhèng upright / straight 正民之德
35 7 xīn heart 則下無異幸之心矣
36 6 中央 zhōngyāng center 中央之人和
37 6 can / may / permissible 而民可使居治
38 6 gōng merit 論侵則有功者危
39 6 meaning / sense 義禮明也
40 6 to doubt / to disbelieve 沈疑得民之道也微謀之泄也
41 6 zuò to do 然則躁作姦邪偽軸之人不敢試也
42 5 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡其搖而復下
43 5 method / way 布法出憲
44 5 nüè cruel / harsh / oppressive 故智者假眾力以禁強虐
45 5 shì power / authority 其勢固然者也
46 5 zhī to know 審知禍福之所生
47 5 wèi to call 謂之亂
48 5 easy / simple 變故易常
49 5 shùn to obey 則上尊而民順
50 5 dǎng political party 比黨者誅
51 5 private 而好行私
52 5 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 興德匡過
53 5 yín obscene / licentious / lewd 審禁淫侵者也
54 5 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 則姦偽止
55 5 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 財匱而令虐
56 5 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 守固者也
57 5 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 財匱而令虐
58 5 one 一畝之賦
59 5 zhōng middle 婦言不及官中之事
60 5 zài in / at 伏寇在側
61 5 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 治斧鉞者不敢讓刑
62 4 zhòng many / numerous 故智者假眾力以禁強虐
63 4 lùn to comment / to discuss 論侵則有功者危
64 4 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 則民反道矣
65 4 tōng to go through / to open 則通亂隔
66 4 móu to plan / to scheme 敗敵人謀之
67 4 xìn to believe / to trust 固則信
68 4 to lift / to hold up / to raise 參伍相德而周舉之
69 4 小民 xiǎomín ordinary people / commoner / civilian 小民篤於農
70 4 service 以役其上
71 4 賢人 xiánrén a worthy person / xianren 出於賢人
72 4 yán to speak / to say / said 古者有二言
73 4 shè to set up / to establish 上下設
74 4 zūn to honor / to respect 則上尊而民順
75 4 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子食於道
76 4 四者 sì zhě fourth / the fourth is 四者有一至
77 4 child / son 墳然若一父之子
78 4 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 布法出憲
79 4 xián virtuous / worthy 選賢遂材
80 4 zhǐ to stop / to halt 而暴人止
81 4 affairs / business / matter / activity 民有三務
82 4 kuì to lack 致賞則匱
83 4 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 致賞則匱
84 4 天下 tiānxià China 則天下可致也
85 4 shì matter / thing / item 不與其事
86 4 thing / matter 名物處違是非之分
87 4 hòu thick 昔者聖王本厚民生
88 4 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 守固者也
89 4 four 四守者得則治
90 4 zuì crime / sin / vice 臣人者有大罪
91 4 èr two 此君人者二過也
92 4 a man / a male adult 夫賞重則上不給也
93 4 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 故智者假眾力以禁強虐
94 4 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 大臣不能侵其勢
95 4 shēng to be born / to give birth 則上無困而民不幸生矣
96 4 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 是故有道之君者執本
97 4 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 愚而易塞
98 3 qīn relatives 則民親君
99 3 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 選賢遂材
100 3 wēi small / tiny 微違非
101 3 nèi inside / interior 戒心形於內
102 3 to inspect / to check 故正名稽疑
103 3 gain / advantage / benefit 為民興利除害
104 3 zhóu axis 於是智者軸愚
105 3 do evil in secret 狡婦襲主之請而資游慝也
106 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 則財厚而備足
107 3 nóng agriculture / farming 農以聽命
108 3 shì a gentleman / a knight 而賢人列士盡功能於上矣
109 3 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 急可以取威
110 3 hurried / worried 以緩為急
111 3 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 是故國之所以為國者
112 3 使 shǐ to make / to cause 而民可使居治
113 3 宮中 gōngzhōng within the palace 而諸臣子弟無宮中之交
114 3 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 決之則行
115 3 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 而賢人列士盡功能於上矣
116 3 piān to be one-sided / leaning / to slant 雖有偏卒之大夫
117 3 sufficient / enough 足財用也
118 3 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 是故明君飾食飲弔傷之禮
119 3 huǎn slow / sluggish / gradual 以緩為急
120 3 wài outside 訛言於外者
121 3 智者 zhìzhě a sage / a wise man 於是智者軸愚
122 3 rèn to bear / to undertake 任官無能
123 3 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 伏寇在側
124 3 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 以牧其群臣
125 3 chēng to call / to address 大臣亂曰稱述
126 3 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 名物處違是非之分
127 3 qián front 前貴而後賤者為之驅也
128 3 wife 是故國君聘妻於異姓
129 3 zhòng heavy 夫賞重則上不給也
130 3 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 小人食於力
131 3 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 然則兄弟無間郤
132 3 jué ancient bronze wine holder 受君高爵重祿
133 3 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 致賞則匱
134 3 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 不得其所
135 3 suì to comply with / to follow along 選賢遂材
136 3 wáng Wang 貴之以王禁
137 3 jìn nearby 刑罰前近也
138 2 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 是故明君飾食飲弔傷之禮
139 2 shǔ to count 此數之因也
140 2 進退 jìntuì to advance or retreat / knowing when to come and when to leave / a sense of propriety 心道進退
141 2 cháo to face 無爵列於朝者
142 2 a family clan 則失族矣
143 2 yuán to aid / to assist 則失援矣
144 2 tāo a torrent / rushing water 而刑道滔赶
145 2 idea 便僻不能食其意
146 2 yuàn to blame / to complain 則下無怨心
147 2 wéi to disobey / to violate / to defy 名物處違是非之分
148 2 下注 xiàzhù to pour / to pour down (of rain) / to lay a bet 臣人者下注
149 2 literal-minded / pedantic / doctrinaire / longwinded / circuitous 故民迂則流之
150 2 nián year 不以傷年
151 2 jīng a banner 旌之以衣服
152 2 男女 nán nǚ male and female 別男女
153 2 zhūn sincere / earnest / untiring 中民亂曰鷷諄
154 2 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 侵其賞而奪之實者也
155 2 younger brother 而禮孝弟
156 2 賞罰 shǎngfá reward and punishment 則賞罰行矣
157 2 大夫 dàifu doctor 大夫執法
158 2 jié festival / a special day 臣以節信
159 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 主勞者方
160 2 cái material / stuff 選賢遂材
161 2 君臣 jūn chén a ruler and his ministers 古者未有君臣上下之別
162 2 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 則有功者勸
163 2 cān to take part in / to participate 臣主之參
164 2 guì expensive / costly / valuable 貴之以王禁
165 2 六道 liù dào six realms / six realms of existence / six destinies 四肢六道
166 2 zhèng government / administration 是故厲之以八政
167 2 shù to state / to tell / to narrate / to relate 大臣亂曰稱述
168 2 fēn to be in disorder / scattered / tangled 宮中亂曰妒紛
169 2 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 則姦偽止
170 2 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 是以為人上者患而不勞也
171 2 五者 wǔ zhě fifth / the fifth is 此五者
172 2 夫婦 fūfù a married couple / husband and wife 未有夫婦妃匹之合
173 2 有道 yǒudào to have attained the Way / (of a government or a ruler) enlightened / wise and just 有道之國
174 2 hair 發號出令
175 2 zuò to sit 可坐而待之
176 2 xiān first 先其君以善者
177 2 國都 guódū capital city 而國都立矣
178 2 kòu bandit / thieve 伏寇在側
179 2 yào to want / to wish for 要淫佚
180 2 忠臣 zhōngchén faithful official 忠臣之行也
181 2 lèi kind / type / class / category 不類無德
182 2 所生 suǒshēng parents (father and mother) 審知禍福之所生
183 2 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 於是智者軸愚
184 2 zhù to inject / to pour into 故君人者上注
185 2 to associate with / be near 比黨者誅
186 2 to punish / to penalize 罰虐則下不信也
187 2 chǒng to favor 寵者從
188 2 民生 mínshēng people's livelihood / people's welfare 民生體
189 2 shī teacher 而民師之
190 2 qiáng wall 牆有耳
191 2 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 人之情也
192 2 其事 qí shì that thing / this thing 遺其事
193 2 五官 wǔguān five sense organs 四正五官
194 2 lái to come 則賢人不來
195 2 jiā house / home / residence 若一家之實
196 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 臣當罪而不誅
197 2 xuàn a stick-like implement inserted into the handles of a ding 圓者鉉
198 2 德行 déxíng moral conduct / benevolent actions 是故道術德行
199 2 ěr ear 牆有耳
200 2 天時 tiānshí the time / the right time / weather conditions / destiny / course of time / heaven's natural order 紀天時
201 2 gěi to give 夫賞重則上不給也
202 2 to envy / to be jealous 宮中亂曰妒紛
203 2 Wu 參伍相德而周舉之
204 2 不通 bùtōng illogical 四肢不通
205 2 不以 bùyǐ not because of 不以逐子傷義
206 2 side 伏寇在側
207 2 huái bosom / breast 故德之以懷也
208 2 xíng appearance 兆形於民心
209 2 dǎo to fall / to collapse / to topple 謂之倒
210 2 even / equal / uniform 則齊民以政刑
211 2 serious / critical 則小人篤於農
212 2 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 民體以為國
213 2 gǎn to catch up / to pursue / to follow 而刑道滔赶
214 2 guī to go back / to return 則天下歸之矣
215 2 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 治斧鉞者不敢讓刑
216 2 若一 ruòyī similar 墳然若一父之子
217 2 rén a kernel / a pit 仁智者君
218 2 shí real / true 若一家之實
219 2 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 可坐而待之
220 2 qiú to request 所求於己者多
221 2 elegant 鬱令而不出者
222 2 kuāng to correct / to restore / to revise 興德匡過
223 2 píng flat / level / smooth 則國平而姦省矣
224 2 big / great / huge / large / major 臣人者有大罪
225 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 獸處群居
226 2 lún human relationships 倫等不踰
227 2 xīng to flourish / to be popular 為民興利除害
228 2 è evil / vice 而使民所惡制之
229 2 yuán won / yuan 主制者圓
230 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 故不可不明設而守固
231 2 zūn \N 中民亂曰鷷諄
232 2 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 賢不肖之知於上
233 2 四肢 sì zhī all four limbs 四肢六道
234 2 國君 guójūn a monarch / a sovereign 有國君民
235 2 chén to sink / to submerge 沈疑得民之道也微謀之泄也
236 2 děng et cetera / and so on 倫等不踰
237 2 reason / logic / truth 此物之理也
238 2 téng to fly / to soar / to transcend 謂之騰
239 2 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此
240 2 無能 wúnéng incapable / incompetent 不類無能
241 2 woman 狡婦襲主之請而資游慝也
242 2 zhāo illustrious 昭嫌疑之節
243 2 dài to put on / to wear 夫下不戴其上
244 2 財力 cáilì financial resources 財力之貢於上
245 2 ancient / old / palaeo- 古者未有君臣上下之別
246 2 to exceed / to transcend / to cross over 倫等不踰
247 2 衣服 yīfu clothing / clothes / attire 旌之以衣服
248 2 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 便僻不能食其意
249 1 在身 zàishēn to possess / to be occupied or burdened with (work, a contract, a lawsuit) 若心之在身體也
250 1 qiǎo opportune / coincidental / as it happens / timely 而巧官以諂上
251 1 不信 bùxìn disbelief / lack of faith 罰虐則下不信也
252 1 hào number 發號出令
253 1 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 群官朋黨以懷其私
254 1 jiǎo cunning / deceitful / treacherous 狡婦襲主之請而資游慝也
255 1 nán difficult / arduous / hard 頃時而王不難矣
256 1 存身 cúnshēn to take care of the body 厚國存身之道也
257 1 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 廢比黨淫悖行食之徒
258 1 軒冕 xuānmiǎn chariot and crown (symbols of important persons) / fig. royals and dignitaries 治軒冕者不敢讓賞
259 1 生變 shēng biàn to change / to transform 生變
260 1 相待 xiāngdài interdependence / mutual dependence 臣陰約閉謀以相待也
261 1 to record 紀天時
262 1 to ferry 則故施舍優猶以濟亂
263 1 讒諂 chánchǎn to defame one person while flattering another / to flatter 能遠讒諂
264 1 biàn to dispute / to debate / to argue / to discuss 索辯以根之
265 1 命婦 mìngfù nobles / titled nobility 命婦
266 1 shòu a beast / a quadruped / an animal 獸處群居
267 1 道術 dàoshù skills of the path 是故道術德行
268 1 不明 bù míng not clear / unknown 故不可不明設而守固
269 1 禮制 lǐzhì etiquette / system of rites 則禮制立矣
270 1 màn slow 鷷諄生慢
271 1 báo thin / slight / weak 財匱生薄
272 1 out of the way / remote 便僻不能食其意
273 1 敵人 dírén an enemy 敗敵人謀之
274 1 異姓 yìxìng people with different surnames 是故國君聘妻於異姓
275 1 sān three 民有三務
276 1 hǎo good 而好行私
277 1 zhì matter / material / substance 通者質
278 1 財用 cáiyòng wealth / money / funds 足財用也
279 1 zhí office / post 以職其無事
280 1 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 則上無困而民不幸生矣
281 1 gǎi to change / to alter 君有過而不改
282 1 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 受君高爵重祿
283 1 suǒ to search / to inquire 索辯以根之
284 1 gōng a palace 此宮亂也
285 1 mào to emit / to give off / to send out 冒之以衣服
286 1 dòng to move / to act 則容貌動於外矣
287 1 xiāng village / township 鄉樹之師
288 1 亡者 wángzhě the deceased 其所以亡者二
289 1 fén a grave 墳然若一父之子
290 1 desire 從其欲
291 1 容貌 róngmào countenance / personage 則容貌動於外矣
292 1 yóu to swim 狡婦襲主之請而資游慝也
293 1 直立 zhílì erect / upright 相必直立以聽
294 1 yōu excellent / superior 則故施舍優猶以濟亂
295 1 不出 bùchū not transcending 鬱令而不出者
296 1 通則 tōngzé a general rule 通則和
297 1 無間 wújiān uninterrupted / continuous / unbroken 然則兄弟無間郤
298 1 戰勝 zhànshèng to prevail / to surmount 戰勝
299 1 居處 jūchù a dwelling / a home 是故明君審居處之教
300 1 罰則 fázé penal provision / penalty 致罰則虐
301 1 to join / to combine 未有夫婦妃匹之合
302 1 人情 rénqíng human feelings 天道人情
303 1 líng pure / virtuous 彊者凌弱
304 1 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 而暴人止
305 1 jìng to respect /to honor 官必中信以敬
306 1 é an error / falsehood / a lie 訛言於外者
307 1 huán a ring / a hoop 兼上下以環其私
308 1 不幸 bùxíng unfortunate / sad 則上無困而民不幸生矣
309 1 huān a kind of horse 禮私愛驩
310 1 宮女 gōng nǚ palace maid 宮女
311 1 guǒ to bind / to wrap 富之以國裹
312 1 戒心 jièxīn vigilance / wariness 戒心形於內
313 1 to edit / to compile 以輯民力
314 1 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 故民迂則流之
315 1 有法 yǒufǎ something that exists 盡有法制
316 1 zhào million / mega 兆形於民心
317 1 刑罰 xíngfá punishment 刑罰前近也
318 1 明德 míngdé highest virtue / illustrious virtue 此先王所以明德圉姦
319 1 chán to slander / to defame / to misrepresent 讒慝不生
320 1 pìn to engage / to hire 是故國君聘妻於異姓
321 1 a younger sister 設為姪娣
322 1 apprentice / disciple 廢比黨淫悖行食之徒
323 1 草木 cǎo mù vegetation 猶草木之制於時也
324 1 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 稱德度功
325 1 內定 nèidìng to select somebody for a position without announcing the decision until later / to decide behind closed doors / all cut and dried 則內定矣
326 1 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 國家之衰也
327 1 貴賤 guì jiàn the noble and the lowly 貴賤有義
328 1 wèi to fear / to dread 威之以畏也
329 1 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 忠臣佐之
330 1 cún to exist / to survive 存國定民之道也
331 1 天道 Tiān Dào Heavenly Realm / Deva Realm 天道人情
332 1 wealth / capital / money / expenses 狡婦襲主之請而資游慝也
333 1 yīn cloudy / overcast 臣陰約閉謀以相待也
334 1 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 威惠頡於下
335 1 yǎn to cover over / to hide 以德弇勞
336 1 xìng fortunate / lucky 則下無異幸之心矣
337 1 fēi an imperial concubine 未有夫婦妃匹之合
338 1 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 先其君以善者
339 1 gāo high / tall 受君高爵重祿
340 1 正名 zhèng míng official name / official title 故正名稽疑
341 1 朋黨 péngdǎng a clique 群官朋黨以懷其私
342 1 father 墳然若一父之子
343 1 chǎn to flatter / to cajole 而巧官以諂上
344 1 gēn origin / cause / basis 索辯以根之
345 1 shǎo few 所求於人者少
346 1 zhāng a chapter / a section 旌之以章旗
347 1 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 是故明君審居處之教
348 1 an opening 然則兄弟無間郤
349 1 爵位 juéwèi order of feudal nobility 爵位雖尊
350 1 shí ten 下十伍以徵
351 1 ruò weak 彊者凌弱
352 1 shēn human body / torso 身之體也
353 1 bài to defeat / to vanquish 敗敵人謀之
354 1 past / former times 昔者聖王本厚民生
355 1 gòng a tribute / a gift 財力之貢於上
356 1 之內 zhīnèi inside 千里之內
357 1 武勇 wǔyǒng military skills / valor / valorous 武勇者長
358 1 無邪 wúxié without guilt 則上下無邪矣
359 1 xiào to be filial 而禮孝弟
360 1 to leave behind 遺其事
361 1 a shepherd 以牧其群臣
362 1 fēng wind 若稽之以眾風
363 1 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 則百姓化於下矣
364 1 變故 biàngù an accident 變故易常
365 1 小事 xiǎoshì a small matter 是故慎小事
366 1 勸農 quànnóng to promote agriculture 勸農功
367 1 定於 dìngyú to be set at / to be scheduled at 道德定於上
368 1 shuǐ water 夫水
369 1 zhèn to flap 下以振民之病者
370 1 神聖 shénshèng divine / hallow / holy / sacred 神聖者王
371 1 to die 是以下之人無諫死之誋而聚立者無鬱怨之心
372 1 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 則不可以守戰
373 1 yáo to shake 盡其搖而復下
374 1 xié to contest 威惠頡於下
375 1 tiān day 此天之道
376 1 \N 是以下之人無諫死之誋而聚立者無鬱怨之心
377 1 大過 dàguò serious mistake / major demerit 夫君人者有大過
378 1 臣子 chénzǐ an official in feudal court / a subject 而諸臣子弟無宮中之交
379 1 xiè to let out 沈疑得民之道也微謀之泄也
380 1 無德 Wú Dé Shan Zhao / Fenyang Wude 不類無德
381 1 a whetstone 是故厲之以八政
382 1 yǐn to hide / to conceal 故法不隱
383 1 國定 guódìng national 存國定民之道也
384 1 大義 dàyì righteousness / virtuous cause / a woman's marriage / main points of a piece of writing 故能飾大義
385 1 yuē approximately 臣陰約閉謀以相待也
386 1 夫君 fūjūn my husband 夫君人者有大過
387 1 shěng province 則國平而姦省矣
388 1 hài to injure / to harm to 為民興利除害
389 1 出於 chūyú to be due to / to arise from / to stem from 出於賢人
390 1 shì to match 庶有疑適之子
391 1 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 阿而勝之
392 1 是非 shìfēi right and wrong 名物處違是非之分
393 1 外泄 wàixiè to leak 微謀外泄之謂也
394 1 執法 zhífǎ to enforce the law 大夫執法
395 1 嫌疑 xiányí suspicion 昭嫌疑之節
396 1 yǐn to drink 是故明君飾食飲弔傷之禮
397 1 惠民 huìmín to benefit the people 緩可以惠民
398 1 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 便僻不能食其意
399 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 刑殺前近
400 1 施舍 shīshě to give in charity / to give alms 則故施舍優猶以濟亂
401 1 bèi to be contradictory to / to go counter 廢比黨淫悖行食之徒
402 1 undulations 波而上
403 1 不知 bùzhī do not know 四者一作而上下不知也
404 1 患者 huànzhě someone who is ill 是故始於患者
405 1 diào to condole / to give condolences 是故明君飾食飲弔傷之禮
406 1 無為 wúwèi to let things take their own course 事無為也
407 1 to adhere / to capture / to restrain 此止軸拘姦
408 1 xué to study / to learn 以遂其學
409 1 zhú to chase / to expel 不以逐子傷義
410 1 qǐng to ask / to inquire 狡婦襲主之請而資游慝也
411 1 xiàn constitution / statute / law 布法出憲
412 1 shù tree 鄉樹之師
413 1 to separate / to partition 則通亂隔
414 1 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 退而修諸己
415 1 義理 yìlǐ a doctrine / doctrinism / an argument within a paper 其從義理
416 1 fáng to protect / to defend / to guard 所以防其姦也
417 1 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 而物屬之者也
418 1 qiān to connected to / to be involved in 牽於衣食之利
419 1 ài to love 禮私愛驩
420 1 zhàn war / fighting / battle 則不可以守戰
421 1 qīng light / not heavy 故民輕給之
422 1 不生 bùshēng nonarising / anutpāda 讒慝不生
423 1 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 老幼孤獨
424 1 yòng to use / to apply 可用也
425 1 yōu quiet / secluded / tranquil / serene 幽其君者也
426 1 to urge on / to drive 前貴而後賤者為之驅也
427 1 yuè pleased 則百姓悅
428 1 chén Chen 故其立相也陳功而加之以德
429 1 to die 雖有偏卒之大夫
430 1 zào tense / excited / irritable 然則躁作姦邪偽軸之人不敢試也
431 1 guī rules / regulations / customs / law 不規其道
432 1 加之 jiāzhī moreover / in addition to that 故其立相也陳功而加之以德
433 1 道德 dàodé moral / morality / ethics 道德定於上
434 1 時節 shíjié season / time 審時節
435 1 residence / dwelling 而民可使居治
436 1 yòu immature / young 老幼孤獨
437 1 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 若任以社稷之任
438 1 to bestow on / to endow with 一畝之賦
439 1 聖王 shèng wáng a sage-king 昔者聖王本厚民生
440 1 神明 shénmíng deities / gods 上以禮神明
441 1 tīng to listen 相必直立以聽
442 1 衣食 yī shí clothes and food 牽於衣食之利
443 1 soil / ground / land 物地生
444 1 jiā to add 爵制而不可加
445 1 rich / wealthy 富之以國裹
446 1 to be lost 要淫佚
447 1 Mu 穆君之色
448 1 yuǎn far / distant 能遠讒諂
449 1 民用 mínyòng for civilian use 民用
450 1 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 有能以民之財力上陷其主
451 1 其內 qínèi included / within that 所以治其內也
452 1 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 故愿而易使
453 1 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 所求於己者多
454 1 jiāo to deliver / to turn over / to pay 而諸臣子弟無宮中之交
455 1 盡智 jìnzhì understanding of the eradiction of afflictions / kṣayajñāna 群臣盡智竭力
456 1 wáng to die 此二亡也
457 1 shì style 國有常式
458 1 昭公 zhāogōng Zhaogong / Lord Zhao 昭公威私也
459 1 shǐ beginning / start 是故始於患者
460 1 qiáng strong / powerful 彊者凌弱
461 1 千里 qiān lǐ thousand li / long distance 千里之內
462 1 jiàn to remonstrate / to admonish 是以下之人無諫死之誋而聚立者無鬱怨之心
463 1 祿 good fortune 受君高爵重祿
464 1 讒人 chánrén a slanderer 讒人不敢作矣
465 1 xiū to decorate / to embellish 退而修諸己
466 1 plain / white 君臣上下之分素
467 1 qiè consort / concubine 內有疑妻之妾
468 1 to take / to get / to fetch 急可以取威
469 1 fēng abundant / rich / lush / bountiful 則國豐矣
470 1 大官 dàguān senior official 治大官
471 1 to assemble / to meet together 是以下之人無諫死之誋而聚立者無鬱怨之心
472 1 國有 guóyǒu nationalized / public / state-owned 國有常式
473 1 中外 zhōngwài Sino-foreign / Chinese-foreign 是以中外不通
474 1 民心 mínxīn popular sentiment 兆形於民心
475 1 功能 gōngnéng function / capability 而賢人列士盡功能於上矣
476 1 禍福 huòfú disaster and happiness 審知禍福之所生
477 1 shù a bale / a bundle / a bunch 束布之罰
478 1 eight 是故厲之以八政
479 1 to attain / to reach 六道不達
480 1 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 此先王所以明德圉姦
481 1 zhēng to prove / to confirm 以力相征
482 1 běi north 騰至則北
483 1 shì a generation 是以明君立世
484 1 color 穆君之色
485 1 姦邪 jiānxié deceitful 然則躁作姦邪偽軸之人不敢試也
486 1 xié flank / side of the human body 脅其君者也
487 1 qiáng strong / powerful 故智者假眾力以禁強虐
488 1 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 倍道棄法
489 1 yuè a battle ax 治斧鉞者不敢讓刑
490 1 an axe / a hatchet 治斧鉞者不敢讓刑
491 1 jià vacation 故智者假眾力以禁強虐
492 1 to shut / to close 臣陰約閉謀以相待也
493 1 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 參伍相德而周舉之
494 1 shèn cautious 是故慎小事
495 1 shí time / a point or period of time 猶草木之制於時也
496 1 to attack by surprise 狡婦襲主之請而資游慝也
497 1 輔佐 fǔzuǒ to bring 下以義輔佐者
498 1 病者 bìngzhě a patient / a sick person 下以振民之病者
499 1 地利 dìlì favorable location / in the right place / productivity of land 發地利
500 1 shù numerous / various 庶有疑適之子

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 115 zhī him / her / them / that 古者未有君臣上下之別
2 71 also / too 所以失其民也
3 67 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 古者未有君臣上下之別
4 63 otherwise / but / however 則民反道矣
5 54 so as to / in order to 以力相征
6 52 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而暴人止
7 41 mín the people / citizen / subjects 為民興利除害
8 40 his / hers / its / theirs 其從義理
9 32 in / at 兆形於民心
10 30 shàng top / a high position 夫賞重則上不給也
11 27 final particle 則民反道矣
12 26 not / no 夫賞重則上不給也
13 25 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 君之所以為君者
14 23 luàn chaotic / disorderly 謂之亂
15 23 yǒu is / are / to exist 論侵則有功者危
16 21 rén person / people / a human being 而暴人止
17 18 this / these 此五者
18 17 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故智者假眾力以禁強虐
19 17 dào way / road / path 則民反道矣
20 15 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 是故國之所以為國者
21 14 chén minister / statesman / official 臣不戴其君
22 14 no 上無淫侵之論
23 13 xià next 罰虐則下不信也
24 12 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 是故明君飾食飲弔傷之禮
25 11 wèi for / to 為民興利除害
26 10 yuē to speak / to say 故曰
27 10 xíng to walk / to move 則賞罰行矣
28 10 guān an office 令侵則官危
29 10 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 而使民所惡制之
30 10 néng can / able 能遠讒諂
31 10 是故 shìgù therefore / so / consequently 是故道術德行
32 10 Germany 正民之德
33 9 qīn to invade / to encroach upon / to raid 德侵則君危
34 9 míng bright / brilliant 義禮明也
35 9 zhǔ owner 狡婦襲主之請而資游慝也
36 9 wéi dangerous / precarious 德侵則君危
37 8 to stand 而國都立矣
38 8 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 為人君者
39 8 明君 míngjūn enlightened ruler 是故明君審居處之教
40 8 shī to lose 所以失其民也
41 8 wēi prestige / majesty 威之以畏也
42 7 百姓 bǎixìng common people 則百姓不用
43 7 power / force / strength 以力相征
44 7 shí food / food and drink 是故明君飾食飲弔傷之禮
45 7 上下 shàngxià to go up and down 古者未有君臣上下之別
46 7 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 是故明君審居處之教
47 7 a human or animal body 民生體
48 7 láo to toil 而可以為勞於下
49 7 xíng punishment / penalty 治斧鉞者不敢讓刑
50 7 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 而民可使居治
51 7 zhèng upright / straight 正民之德
52 7 xīn heart 則下無異幸之心矣
53 6 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 以力相征
54 6 中央 zhōngyāng center 中央之人和
55 6 can / may / permissible 而民可使居治
56 6 zhì to / until 則至
57 6 gōng merit 論侵則有功者危
58 6 meaning / sense 義禮明也
59 6 to doubt / to disbelieve 沈疑得民之道也微謀之泄也
60 6 certainly / must / will / necessarily 必由中央之人
61 6 zuò to do 然則躁作姦邪偽軸之人不敢試也
62 6 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 所以失其民也
63 5 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 所君也
64 5 de potential marker 四守者得則治
65 5 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡其搖而復下
66 5 method / way 布法出憲
67 5 nüè cruel / harsh / oppressive 故智者假眾力以禁強虐
68 5 shì power / authority 其勢固然者也
69 5 zhī to know 審知禍福之所生
70 5 wèi to call 謂之亂
71 5 easy / simple 變故易常
72 5 shùn to obey 則上尊而民順
73 5 是以 shìyǐ therefore / thus / so / hence 是以中央之人
74 5 dǎng political party 比黨者誅
75 5 private 而好行私
76 5 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 興德匡過
77 5 yín obscene / licentious / lewd 審禁淫侵者也
78 5 zhū all / many / various 知得諸己
79 5 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 則姦偽止
80 5 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若心之在身體也
81 5 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 財匱而令虐
82 5 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 守固者也
83 5 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 財匱而令虐
84 5 one 一畝之賦
85 5 zhōng middle 婦言不及官中之事
86 5 běn measure word for books 是故有道之君者執本
87 5 zài in / at 伏寇在側
88 5 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 治斧鉞者不敢讓刑
89 4 zhòng many / numerous 故智者假眾力以禁強虐
90 4 lùn to comment / to discuss 論侵則有功者危
91 4 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 則民反道矣
92 4 tōng to go through / to open 則通亂隔
93 4 móu to plan / to scheme 敗敵人謀之
94 4 xìn to believe / to trust 固則信
95 4 to lift / to hold up / to raise 參伍相德而周舉之
96 4 小民 xiǎomín ordinary people / commoner / civilian 小民篤於農
97 4 service 以役其上
98 4 賢人 xiánrén a worthy person / xianren 出於賢人
99 4 yán to speak / to say / said 古者有二言
100 4 bié do not / must not 古者未有君臣上下之別
101 4 shè to set up / to establish 上下設
102 4 zūn to honor / to respect 則上尊而民順
103 4 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子食於道
104 4 四者 sì zhě fourth / the fourth is 四者有一至
105 4 child / son 墳然若一父之子
106 4 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 布法出憲
107 4 xián virtuous / worthy 選賢遂材
108 4 zhǐ to stop / to halt 而暴人止
109 4 affairs / business / matter / activity 民有三務
110 4 kuì to lack 致賞則匱
111 4 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 致賞則匱
112 4 天下 tiānxià China 則天下可致也
113 4 shì matter / thing / item 不與其事
114 4 thing / matter 名物處違是非之分
115 4 hòu thick 昔者聖王本厚民生
116 4 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 守固者也
117 4 four 四守者得則治
118 4 cóng from 其從義理
119 4 zuì crime / sin / vice 臣人者有大罪
120 4 èr two 此君人者二過也
121 4 a man / a male adult 夫賞重則上不給也
122 4 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 故智者假眾力以禁強虐
123 4 大臣 dàchén chancellor / minister 大臣不能侵其勢
124 4 shēng to be born / to give birth 則上無困而民不幸生矣
125 4 zhí to implement / to carry out / to execute a plan 是故有道之君者執本
126 4 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 愚而易塞
127 3 qīn relatives 則民親君
128 3 xuǎn to choose / to pick / to select 選賢遂材
129 3 wēi small / tiny 微違非
130 3 nèi inside / interior 戒心形於內
131 3 to inspect / to check 故正名稽疑
132 3 gain / advantage / benefit 為民興利除害
133 3 zhóu axis 於是智者軸愚
134 3 do evil in secret 狡婦襲主之請而資游慝也
135 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 則財厚而備足
136 3 nóng agriculture / farming 農以聽命
137 3 shì a gentleman / a knight 而賢人列士盡功能於上矣
138 3 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 急可以取威
139 3 hurried / worried 以緩為急
140 3 fēi not / non- / un- 非其民也
141 3 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 是故國之所以為國者
142 3 使 shǐ to make / to cause 而民可使居治
143 3 宮中 gōngzhōng within the palace 而諸臣子弟無宮中之交
144 3 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 決之則行
145 3 self 知得諸己
146 3 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 而賢人列士盡功能於上矣
147 3 piān to be one-sided / leaning / to slant 雖有偏卒之大夫
148 3 sufficient / enough 足財用也
149 3 shāng to injure / to wound / to be injured 是故明君飾食飲弔傷之禮
150 3 huǎn slow / sluggish / gradual 以緩為急
151 3 wài outside 訛言於外者
152 3 智者 zhìzhě a sage / a wise man 於是智者軸愚
153 3 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 必由中央之人
154 3 rèn to bear / to undertake 任官無能
155 3 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 伏寇在側
156 3 群臣 qún chén a group of ministers / all ministers 以牧其群臣
157 3 chēng to call / to address 大臣亂曰稱述
158 3 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 名物處違是非之分
159 3 and 中央之人和
160 3 qián front 前貴而後賤者為之驅也
161 3 wife 是故國君聘妻於異姓
162 3 suī although / even though 雖有偏卒之大夫
163 3 zhòng heavy 夫賞重則上不給也
164 3 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 小人食於力
165 3 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers 然則兄弟無間郤
166 3 jué ancient bronze wine holder 受君高爵重祿
167 3 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 致賞則匱
168 3 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 不得其所
169 3 suì to comply with / to follow along 選賢遂材
170 3 wáng Wang 貴之以王禁
171 3 jìn nearby 刑罰前近也
172 2 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 是故明君飾食飲弔傷之禮
173 2 未有 wèiyǒu is not / has never been 古者未有君臣上下之別
174 2 shǔ to count 此數之因也
175 2 進退 jìntuì to advance or retreat / knowing when to come and when to leave / a sense of propriety 心道進退
176 2 cháo to face 無爵列於朝者
177 2 a family clan 則失族矣
178 2 yuán to aid / to assist 則失援矣
179 2 tāo a torrent / rushing water 而刑道滔赶
180 2 idea 便僻不能食其意
181 2 yuàn to blame / to complain 則下無怨心
182 2 wéi to disobey / to violate / to defy 名物處違是非之分
183 2 下注 xiàzhù to pour / to pour down (of rain) / to lay a bet 臣人者下注
184 2 literal-minded / pedantic / doctrinaire / longwinded / circuitous 故民迂則流之
185 2 nián year 不以傷年
186 2 jīng a banner 旌之以衣服
187 2 男女 nán nǚ male and female 別男女
188 2 zhūn sincere / earnest / untiring 中民亂曰鷷諄
189 2 duó to take by force / to rob / to snatch 侵其賞而奪之實者也
190 2 younger brother 而禮孝弟
191 2 賞罰 shǎngfá reward and punishment 則賞罰行矣
192 2 大夫 dàifu doctor 大夫執法
193 2 jié festival / a special day 臣以節信
194 2 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 主勞者方
195 2 cái material / stuff 選賢遂材
196 2 君臣 jūn chén a ruler and his ministers 古者未有君臣上下之別
197 2 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 則有功者勸
198 2 cān to take part in / to participate 臣主之參
199 2 guì expensive / costly / valuable 貴之以王禁
200 2 六道 liù dào six realms / six realms of existence / six destinies 四肢六道
201 2 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 變故易常
202 2 zhèng government / administration 是故厲之以八政
203 2 shù to state / to tell / to narrate / to relate 大臣亂曰稱述
204 2 fēn to be in disorder / scattered / tangled 宮中亂曰妒紛
205 2 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 則姦偽止
206 2 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 是以為人上者患而不勞也
207 2 五者 wǔ zhě fifth / the fifth is 此五者
208 2 夫婦 fūfù a married couple / husband and wife 未有夫婦妃匹之合
209 2 有道 yǒudào to have attained the Way / (of a government or a ruler) enlightened / wise and just 有道之國
210 2 hair 發號出令
211 2 zuò to sit 可坐而待之
212 2 xiān first 先其君以善者
213 2 國都 guódū capital city 而國都立矣
214 2 kòu bandit / thieve 伏寇在側
215 2 yào to want / to wish for 要淫佚
216 2 忠臣 zhōngchén faithful official 忠臣之行也
217 2 lèi kind / type / class / category 不類無德
218 2 所生 suǒshēng parents (father and mother) 審知禍福之所生
219 2 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 於是智者軸愚
220 2 zhù to inject / to pour into 故君人者上注
221 2 bèi -fold / times (multiplier) 倍道棄法
222 2 chū to go out / to leave 發號出令
223 2 to associate with / be near 比黨者誅
224 2 ā prefix to names of people 阿而勝之
225 2 to punish / to penalize 罰虐則下不信也
226 2 chǒng to favor 寵者從
227 2 民生 mínshēng people's livelihood / people's welfare 民生體
228 2 shī teacher 而民師之
229 2 qiáng wall 牆有耳
230 2 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 人之情也
231 2 其事 qí shì that thing / this thing 遺其事
232 2 五官 wǔguān five sense organs 四正五官
233 2 lái to come 則賢人不來
234 2 jiā house / home / residence 若一家之實
235 2 zhū to execute / to put to death / to condemn 臣當罪而不誅
236 2 xuàn a stick-like implement inserted into the handles of a ding 圓者鉉
237 2 德行 déxíng moral conduct / benevolent actions 是故道術德行
238 2 ěr ear 牆有耳
239 2 天時 tiānshí the time / the right time / weather conditions / destiny / course of time / heaven's natural order 紀天時
240 2 gěi to give 夫賞重則上不給也
241 2 不用 búyòng need not 則百姓不用
242 2 to envy / to be jealous 宮中亂曰妒紛
243 2 Wu 參伍相德而周舉之
244 2 不通 bùtōng illogical 四肢不通
245 2 不以 bùyǐ not because of 不以逐子傷義
246 2 side 伏寇在側
247 2 huái bosom / breast 故德之以懷也
248 2 xíng appearance 兆形於民心
249 2 dǎo to fall / to collapse / to topple 謂之倒
250 2 even / equal / uniform 則齊民以政刑
251 2 serious / critical 則小人篤於農
252 2 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 民體以為國
253 2 gǎn to catch up / to pursue / to follow 而刑道滔赶
254 2 guī to go back / to return 則天下歸之矣
255 2 ràng to allow / to permit / to yield / to concede 治斧鉞者不敢讓刑
256 2 若一 ruòyī similar 墳然若一父之子
257 2 rén a kernel / a pit 仁智者君
258 2 shí real / true 若一家之實
259 2 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 可坐而待之
260 2 qiú to request 所求於己者多
261 2 elegant 鬱令而不出者
262 2 kuāng to correct / to restore / to revise 興德匡過
263 2 yóu also / as if / still 則故施舍優猶以濟亂
264 2 píng flat / level / smooth 則國平而姦省矣
265 2 big / great / huge / large / major 臣人者有大罪
266 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 獸處群居
267 2 lún human relationships 倫等不踰
268 2 xīng to flourish / to be popular 為民興利除害
269 2 è evil / vice 而使民所惡制之
270 2 yuán won / yuan 主制者圓
271 2 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 故不可不明設而守固
272 2 zūn \N 中民亂曰鷷諄
273 2 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 賢不肖之知於上
274 2 四肢 sì zhī all four limbs 四肢六道
275 2 然則 ránzé then / in that case 然則躁作姦邪偽軸之人不敢試也
276 2 國君 guójūn a monarch / a sovereign 有國君民
277 2 chén to sink / to submerge 沈疑得民之道也微謀之泄也
278 2 děng et cetera / and so on 倫等不踰
279 2 jiù right away 舉德以就列
280 2 reason / logic / truth 此物之理也
281 2 téng to fly / to soar / to transcend 謂之騰
282 2 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此
283 2 無能 wúnéng incapable / incompetent 不類無能
284 2 woman 狡婦襲主之請而資游慝也
285 2 zhāo illustrious 昭嫌疑之節
286 2 dài to put on / to wear 夫下不戴其上
287 2 財力 cáilì financial resources 財力之貢於上
288 2 ancient / old / palaeo- 古者未有君臣上下之別
289 2 to exceed / to transcend / to cross over 倫等不踰
290 2 衣服 yīfu clothing / clothes / attire 旌之以衣服
291 2 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 便僻不能食其意
292 1 在身 zàishēn to possess / to be occupied or burdened with (work, a contract, a lawsuit) 若心之在身體也
293 1 qiǎo opportune / coincidental / as it happens / timely 而巧官以諂上
294 1 不信 bùxìn disbelief / lack of faith 罰虐則下不信也
295 1 hào number 發號出令
296 1 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 群官朋黨以懷其私
297 1 不及 bùjí not as good as / inferior to 婦言不及官中之事
298 1 jiǎo cunning / deceitful / treacherous 狡婦襲主之請而資游慝也
299 1 nán difficult / arduous / hard 頃時而王不難矣
300 1 存身 cúnshēn to take care of the body 厚國存身之道也
301 1 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 廢比黨淫悖行食之徒
302 1 軒冕 xuānmiǎn chariot and crown (symbols of important persons) / fig. royals and dignitaries 治軒冕者不敢讓賞
303 1 生變 shēng biàn to change / to transform 生變
304 1 相待 xiāngdài interdependence / mutual dependence 臣陰約閉謀以相待也
305 1 to record 紀天時
306 1 to ferry 則故施舍優猶以濟亂
307 1 讒諂 chánchǎn to defame one person while flattering another / to flatter 能遠讒諂
308 1 biàn to dispute / to debate / to argue / to discuss 索辯以根之
309 1 命婦 mìngfù nobles / titled nobility 命婦
310 1 shòu a beast / a quadruped / an animal 獸處群居
311 1 道術 dàoshù skills of the path 是故道術德行
312 1 固然 gùrán no doubt 其勢固然者也
313 1 不明 bù míng not clear / unknown 故不可不明設而守固
314 1 與其 yǔqí it's better ... than ... 不與其事
315 1 禮制 lǐzhì etiquette / system of rites 則禮制立矣
316 1 竭力 jiélì to do one's utmost 群臣盡智竭力
317 1 jiān simultaneously 兼上下以環其私
318 1 màn slow 鷷諄生慢
319 1 báo thin / slight / weak 財匱生薄
320 1 out of the way / remote 便僻不能食其意
321 1 敵人 dírén an enemy 敗敵人謀之
322 1 異姓 yìxìng people with different surnames 是故國君聘妻於異姓
323 1 sān three 民有三務
324 1 hǎo good 而好行私
325 1 zhì matter / material / substance 通者質
326 1 財用 cáiyòng wealth / money / funds 足財用也
327 1 zhí office / post 以職其無事
328 1 kùn to be sleepy / to be drowsy 則上無困而民不幸生矣
329 1 rán correct / right / certainly 墳然若一父之子
330 1 gǎi to change / to alter 君有過而不改
331 1 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 受君高爵重祿
332 1 suǒ to search / to inquire 索辯以根之
333 1 gōng a palace 此宮亂也
334 1 mào to emit / to give off / to send out 冒之以衣服
335 1 dòng to move / to act 則容貌動於外矣
336 1 xiāng village / township 鄉樹之師
337 1 亡者 wángzhě the deceased 其所以亡者二
338 1 fén a grave 墳然若一父之子
339 1 desire 從其欲
340 1 容貌 róngmào countenance / personage 則容貌動於外矣
341 1 yóu to swim 狡婦襲主之請而資游慝也
342 1 直立 zhílì erect / upright 相必直立以聽
343 1 yōu excellent / superior 則故施舍優猶以濟亂
344 1 不出 bùchū not transcending 鬱令而不出者
345 1 通則 tōngzé a general rule 通則和
346 1 bìng and / furthermore / also 勢不並論
347 1 無間 wújiān uninterrupted / continuous / unbroken 然則兄弟無間郤
348 1 戰勝 zhànshèng to prevail / to surmount 戰勝
349 1 居處 jūchù a dwelling / a home 是故明君審居處之教
350 1 罰則 fázé penal provision / penalty 致罰則虐
351 1 to join / to combine 未有夫婦妃匹之合
352 1 人情 rénqíng human feelings 天道人情
353 1 líng pure / virtuous 彊者凌弱
354 1 bào violent / brutal / tyrannical 而暴人止
355 1 jìng to respect /to honor 官必中信以敬
356 1 é an error / falsehood / a lie 訛言於外者
357 1 unit of area equal to one fifteenth of a hectare 一畝之賦
358 1 huán a ring / a hoop 兼上下以環其私
359 1 不幸 bùxíng unfortunate / sad 則上無困而民不幸生矣
360 1 huān a kind of horse 禮私愛驩
361 1 宮女 gōng nǚ palace maid 宮女
362 1 guǒ to bind / to wrap 富之以國裹
363 1 戒心 jièxīn vigilance / wariness 戒心形於內
364 1 chú except / besides 為民興利除害
365 1 to edit / to compile 以輯民力
366 1 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 故民迂則流之
367 1 有法 yǒufǎ something that exists 盡有法制
368 1 zhào million / mega 兆形於民心
369 1 刑罰 xíngfá punishment 刑罰前近也
370 1 明德 míngdé highest virtue / illustrious virtue 此先王所以明德圉姦
371 1 chán to slander / to defame / to misrepresent 讒慝不生
372 1 pìn to engage / to hire 是故國君聘妻於異姓
373 1 a younger sister 設為姪娣
374 1 apprentice / disciple 廢比黨淫悖行食之徒
375 1 草木 cǎo mù vegetation 猶草木之制於時也
376 1 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 稱德度功
377 1 內定 nèidìng to select somebody for a position without announcing the decision until later / to decide behind closed doors / all cut and dried 則內定矣
378 1 國家 guójiā country / nation / state 國家之衰也
379 1 貴賤 guì jiàn the noble and the lowly 貴賤有義
380 1 wèi to fear / to dread 威之以畏也
381 1 zuǒ to assist / to accompany 忠臣佐之
382 1 again / more / repeatedly 盡其搖而復下
383 1 cún to exist / to survive 存國定民之道也
384 1 天道 Tiān Dào Heavenly Realm / Deva Realm 天道人情
385 1 wealth / capital / money / expenses 狡婦襲主之請而資游慝也
386 1 yīn cloudy / overcast 臣陰約閉謀以相待也
387 1 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 威惠頡於下
388 1 yǎn to cover over / to hide 以德弇勞
389 1 xìng fortunate / lucky 則下無異幸之心矣
390 1 fēi an imperial concubine 未有夫婦妃匹之合
391 1 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 先其君以善者
392 1 gāo high / tall 受君高爵重祿
393 1 而後 érhòu after that / then 前貴而後賤者為之驅也
394 1 所有 suǒyǒu all 所有也
395 1 有幸 yǒuxìng fortunately 不敢有幸心
396 1 正名 zhèng míng official name / official title 故正名稽疑
397 1 朋黨 péngdǎng a clique 群官朋黨以懷其私
398 1 father 墳然若一父之子
399 1 chǎn to flatter / to cajole 而巧官以諂上
400 1 gēn origin / cause / basis 索辯以根之
401 1 shǎo few 所求於人者少
402 1 zhāng a chapter / a section 旌之以章旗
403 1 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 是故明君審居處之教
404 1 an opening 然則兄弟無間郤
405 1 爵位 juéwèi order of feudal nobility 爵位雖尊
406 1 shí ten 下十伍以徵
407 1 ruò weak 彊者凌弱
408 1 shēn human body / torso 身之體也
409 1 bài to defeat / to vanquish 敗敵人謀之
410 1 past / former times 昔者聖王本厚民生
411 1 gòng a tribute / a gift 財力之貢於上
412 1 之內 zhīnèi inside 千里之內
413 1 武勇 wǔyǒng military skills / valor / valorous 武勇者長
414 1 qǐng unit of area equal to 100 mu or 6.6667 hectacres 頃時而王不難矣
415 1 無邪 wúxié without guilt 則上下無邪矣
416 1 xiào to be filial 而禮孝弟
417 1 to leave behind 遺其事
418 1 a shepherd 以牧其群臣
419 1 fēng wind 若稽之以眾風
420 1 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 則百姓化於下矣
421 1 變故 biàngù an accident 變故易常
422 1 小事 xiǎoshì a small matter 是故慎小事
423 1 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 臣當罪而不誅
424 1 勸農 quànnóng to promote agriculture 勸農功
425 1 定於 dìngyú to be set at / to be scheduled at 道德定於上
426 1 shuǐ water 夫水
427 1 zhèn to flap 下以振民之病者
428 1 神聖 shénshèng divine / hallow / holy / sacred 神聖者王
429 1 to die 是以下之人無諫死之誋而聚立者無鬱怨之心
430 1 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 則不可以守戰
431 1 yáo to shake 盡其搖而復下
432 1 xié to contest 威惠頡於下
433 1 tiān day 此天之道
434 1 必定 bìdìng certainly 故妻必定
435 1 \N 是以下之人無諫死之誋而聚立者無鬱怨之心
436 1 大過 dàguò serious mistake / major demerit 夫君人者有大過
437 1 臣子 chénzǐ an official in feudal court / a subject 而諸臣子弟無宮中之交
438 1 xiè to let out 沈疑得民之道也微謀之泄也
439 1 時而 shí ér sometimes 頃時而王不難矣
440 1 無德 Wú Dé Shan Zhao / Fenyang Wude 不類無德
441 1 a whetstone 是故厲之以八政
442 1 yòu again / also 又能塞之
443 1 yǐn to hide / to conceal 故法不隱
444 1 國定 guódìng national 存國定民之道也
445 1 大義 dàyì righteousness / virtuous cause / a woman's marriage / main points of a piece of writing 故能飾大義
446 1 yuē approximately 臣陰約閉謀以相待也
447 1 夫君 fūjūn my husband 夫君人者有大過
448 1 shěng province 則國平而姦省矣
449 1 hài to injure / to harm to 為民興利除害
450 1 出於 chūyú to be due to / to arise from / to stem from 出於賢人
451 1 shì to match 庶有疑適之子
452 1 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 阿而勝之
453 1 dōu all 選為都佼
454 1 是非 shìfēi right and wrong 名物處違是非之分
455 1 外泄 wàixiè to leak 微謀外泄之謂也
456 1 執法 zhífǎ to enforce the law 大夫執法
457 1 嫌疑 xiányí suspicion 昭嫌疑之節
458 1 yǐn to drink 是故明君飾食飲弔傷之禮
459 1 惠民 huìmín to benefit the people 緩可以惠民
460 1 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 便僻不能食其意
461 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 刑殺前近
462 1 施舍 shīshě to give in charity / to give alms 則故施舍優猶以濟亂
463 1 bèi to be contradictory to / to go counter 廢比黨淫悖行食之徒
464 1 undulations 波而上
465 1 不知 bùzhī do not know 四者一作而上下不知也
466 1 患者 huànzhě someone who is ill 是故始於患者
467 1 diào to condole / to give condolences 是故明君飾食飲弔傷之禮
468 1 measure word for bolts of cloth, etc 未有夫婦妃匹之合
469 1 無為 wúwèi to let things take their own course 事無為也
470 1 to adhere / to capture / to restrain 此止軸拘姦
471 1 xué to study / to learn 以遂其學
472 1 zhú to chase / to expel 不以逐子傷義
473 1 qǐng to ask / to inquire 狡婦襲主之請而資游慝也
474 1 xiàn constitution / statute / law 布法出憲
475 1 無不 wúbù not lacking 禮無不行
476 1 shù tree 鄉樹之師
477 1 to separate / to partition 則通亂隔
478 1 退 tuì to retreat / to move back 退而修諸己
479 1 義理 yìlǐ a doctrine / doctrinism / an argument within a paper 其從義理
480 1 於是 yúshì thereupon / as a result / consequently / thus / hence 於是智者軸愚
481 1 fáng to protect / to defend / to guard 所以防其姦也
482 1 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 而物屬之者也
483 1 qiān to connected to / to be involved in 牽於衣食之利
484 1 ài to love 禮私愛驩
485 1 zhàn war / fighting / battle 則不可以守戰
486 1 qīng light / not heavy 故民輕給之
487 1 不生 bùshēng nonarising / anutpāda 讒慝不生
488 1 lǎo old / aged / elderly / aging 老幼孤獨
489 1 yòng to use / to apply 可用也
490 1 yōu quiet / secluded / tranquil / serene 幽其君者也
491 1 to urge on / to drive 前貴而後賤者為之驅也
492 1 yuè pleased 則百姓悅
493 1 chén Chen 故其立相也陳功而加之以德
494 1 to die 雖有偏卒之大夫
495 1 míng measure word for people 名物處違是非之分
496 1 zào tense / excited / irritable 然則躁作姦邪偽軸之人不敢試也
497 1 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 武勇者長
498 1 guī rules / regulations / customs / law 不規其道
499 1 加之 jiāzhī moreover / in addition to that 故其立相也陳功而加之以德
500 1 道德 dàodé moral / morality / ethics 道德定於上

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
爵位 juéwèi order of feudal nobility
天道 Tiān Dào Heavenly Realm / Deva Realm
无德 無德 Wú Dé Shan Zhao / Fenyang Wude
昭公 zhāogōng Zhaogong / Lord Zhao

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English