Glossary and Vocabulary for The Book of Rites 《禮記》, 《三年問》 Questions about the Mourning for Three Years

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 10 sān three 三年問
2 10 nián year 三年問
3 7 sàng to lose / to die 三年之喪何也
4 7 yuē to speak / to say
5 5 zhī to know 有血氣之屬必有知
6 5 a man / a male adult 將由夫患邪淫之人與
7 4 rén person / people / a human being 莫知於人
8 3 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 加隆焉爾也
9 3 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 故三年以為隆
10 3 yuè month 二十五月而畢
11 3 néng can / able 然後乃能去之
12 3 one 壹使足以成文理
13 3 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 有血氣之屬必有知
14 3 wén writing / text 稱情而立文
15 3 a period of time / phase / stage 然則何以至期也
16 3 tòng to feel pain / to ache 痛甚者其愈遲
17 3 使 shǐ to make / to cause 壹使足以成文理
18 2 xiàng figure / image / appearance 以是象之也
19 2 血氣 xuèqì blood and vital breath 有血氣之屬必有知
20 2 to take / to get / to fetch 上取象於天
21 2 zhōng middle 故先王焉為之立中制節
22 2 soil / ground / land 凡生天地之間者
23 2 reason / logic / truth 壹使足以成文理
24 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過其故鄉
25 2 群居 qúnjū to live together 夫焉能相與群居而不亂乎
26 2 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 稱情而立文
27 2 chēng to call / to address 稱情而立文
28 2 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 思慕未忘
29 2 to die 至死不窮
30 2 二十五 èrshíwǔ twenty five 二十五月而畢
31 2 鳥獸 niǎoshòu birds and beasts / fauna 今是大鳥獸
32 2 to go 然後乃能去之
33 2 九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month 由九月以下何也
34 2 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 天地則已易矣
35 2 而立 érlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 稱情而立文
36 2 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 因以飾群
37 2 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 二十五月而畢
38 2 easy / simple 無易之道也
39 2 jié festival / a special day 別親疏貴踐之節
40 2 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 因以飾群
41 1 更始 gèngshǐ to make a new start / to regenerate 莫不更始焉
42 1 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 人之所以群居和壹之理盡矣
43 1 hut / cottage 居倚廬
44 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 夫焉能相與群居而不亂乎
45 1 shì to release / to set free 則釋之矣
46 1 biàn to change / to alter 四時則已變矣
47 1 huái bosom / breast 然後免於父母之懷
48 1 由來 yóulái origin 未有知其所由來者也
49 1 child / son 子生三年
50 1 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 故先王焉為之立中制節
51 1 to reach 焉使弗及也
52 1 取法 qǔfǎ to listen and obey / to comply with / to heed / to hearken 下取法於地
53 1 shí time / a point or period of time 越月逾時焉
54 1 cháo to face 則彼朝死而夕忘之
55 1 shàng top / a high position 上取象於天
56 1 tiān day 上取象於天
57 1 復生 fùshēng to be reborn / to recover / to come back to life / to regenerate 復生有節哉
58 1 bǎi one hundred 是百王之所同
59 1 未盡 wèijìn not fulfilled 哀痛未盡
60 1 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 越月逾時焉
61 1 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 將由夫患邪淫之人與
62 1 天下 tiānxià China 天下之達喪也
63 1 day of the month / a certain day 創鉅者其日久
64 1 to stand 故先王焉為之立中制節
65 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 緦小功以為殺
66 1 之中 zhīzhōng inside 其在天地之中者
67 1 成文 chéngwén written / statutory 壹使足以成文理
68 1 hoof 蹢躅焉
69 1 to rely on / to depend on 居倚廬
70 1 shī to lose 則失喪其群匹
71 1 免於 miǎnyú to be saved from / to be spared 然後免於父母之懷
72 1 shí food / food and drink 食粥
73 1 clothes / dress / garment 然而服以是斷之者
74 1 residence / dwelling 居倚廬
75 1 jiàn to trample / to tread upon / to walk on 別親疏貴踐之節
76 1 故鄉 gùxiāng home / homeland / native place 過其故鄉
77 1 翔回 xiánghuí to circle (in the sky) 翔回焉
78 1 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 由九月以下何也
79 1 jiǔ old 創鉅者其日久
80 1 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 故先王焉為之立中制節
81 1 踟躕 chíchú to waver / to hesitate 踟躕焉
82 1 ài to love 有知之屬莫不知愛其類
83 1 寢苫枕塊 qǐn shān zhěnkuài bed of straw and pillow of clay / the correct etiquette for a filial son during the mourning period 寢苫枕塊
84 1 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 則必反巡
85 1 zhàng a cane / a walking stick / a staff 斬衰苴杖
86 1 以期 yǐ qī in order to / hoping to / attempting to / waiting for 至親以期斷
87 1 jiā to add 加隆焉爾也
88 1 evening / night 則彼朝死而夕忘之
89 1 zài in / at 其在天地之中者
90 1 big / great / huge / large / major 今是大鳥獸
91 1 shēng to be born / to give birth 子生三年
92 1 fine linen 緦小功以為殺
93 1 親疏 qīn shū close and distant relatives 別親疏貴踐之節
94 1 思慕 sīmù to cherish the memory of somebody / to think of with respect 思慕未忘
95 1 wáng Wang 是百王之所同
96 1 lèi kind / type / class / category 有知之屬莫不知愛其類
97 1 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小者至於燕雀
98 1 tóng like / same / similar 是百王之所同
99 1 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 未有知其所由來者也
100 1 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 而不可損益也
101 1 小功 xiǎogōng a meritorious deed 緦小功以為殺
102 1 zhú to walk carefully / to hesitate / to halter 蹢躅焉
103 1 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 人之所以群居和壹之理盡矣
104 1 人道 Rén Dào Human Realm / Saha World 人道之至文者也
105 1 古今 gǔ jīn then and now / ancient and modern 古今之所壹也
106 1 鳴號 mínghào to sound the horn / to honk 鳴號焉
107 1 wèi Eighth earthly branch 思慕未忘
108 1 wèi to call 夫是之謂至隆
109 1 a team of four horses 若駟之過隙
110 1 生天 shēng tiān highest rebirth 凡生天地之間者
111 1 qīn relatives 故人於其親也
112 1 不窮 bùqióng endless / boundless / inexhaustible 至死不窮
113 1 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 壹使足以成文理
114 1 guì expensive / costly / valuable 別親疏貴踐之節
115 1 shuāi to weaken / to decline 斬衰苴杖
116 1 哀痛 āitòng to grieve / to mourn / deep sorrow / grief 哀痛未盡
117 1 無窮 wúqióng endless / inexhaustible 則是無窮也
118 1 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 將由夫修飾之君子與
119 1 a crack / a split / a fissure 若駟之過隙
120 1 fán ordinary / common 凡生天地之間者
121 1 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 斬衰苴杖
122 1 故人 gùrén an old friend 故人於其親也
123 1 啁噍 cháojiào tweet / a shrill cry 猶有啁噍之頃焉
124 1 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 孔子曰
125 1 四時 sì shí the four seasons 四時則已變矣
126 1 chí late / tardy 痛甚者其愈遲
127 1 相與 xiāngyǔ each other 夫焉能相與群居而不亂乎
128 1 dào way / road / path 無易之道也
129 1 to attain / to reach 天下之達喪也
130 1 suì to comply with / to follow along 然而遂之
131 1 燕雀 yānquè brambling 小者至於燕雀
132 1 父母 fùmǔ parents / mother and father 然後免於父母之懷
133 1 送死 sòngsǐ to throw away one's life 豈不送死者有已
134 1 有節 yǒujié segmented 復生有節哉
135 1 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今是大鳥獸
136 1 邪淫 xiéyín sexual misconduct 將由夫患邪淫之人與
137 1 修飾 xiūshì to decorate / to adorn 將由夫修飾之君子與
138 1 之間 zhījiān between / among 凡生天地之間者
139 1 chuàng to begin / to initiate / to inaugurate / to start / to create 創鉅者其日久
140 1 wèn to ask 三年問
141 1 損益 sǔnyì profit and loss / increase and decrease 而不可損益也
142 1 steel / iron 創鉅者其日久
143 1 sack cloth 斬衰苴杖
144 1 zhōu congee / gruel / porridge 食粥
145 1 xún to patrol / to make one's rounds 則必反巡
146 1 至親 zhìqīn next of kin / close family 至親以期斷

Frequencies of all Words

Top 208

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 31 zhī him / her / them / that 三年之喪何也
2 20 also / too 三年之喪何也
3 12 yān where / how 越月逾時焉
4 11 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 創鉅者其日久
5 10 sān three 三年問
6 10 nián year 三年問
7 8 otherwise / but / however 則失喪其群匹
8 7 sàng to lose / to die 三年之喪何也
9 7 his / hers / its / theirs 創鉅者其日久
10 7 yuē to speak / to say
11 6 yǒu is / are / to exist 豈不送死者有已
12 6 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故曰
13 5 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而不可損益也
14 5 zhì to / until 所以為至痛極也
15 5 zhī to know 有血氣之屬必有知
16 5 in / at 莫知於人
17 5 a man / a male adult 將由夫患邪淫之人與
18 4 shì is / are / am / to be 今是大鳥獸
19 4 rén person / people / a human being 莫知於人
20 4 final particle 則釋之矣
21 3 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 加隆焉爾也
22 3 wèi for / to 所以為至痛極也
23 3 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 故三年以為隆
24 3 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 將由夫患邪淫之人與
25 3 already / afterwards 豈不送死者有已
26 3 yuè month 二十五月而畢
27 3 néng can / able 然後乃能去之
28 3 one 壹使足以成文理
29 3 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 有血氣之屬必有知
30 3 wén writing / text 稱情而立文
31 3 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 然後乃能去之
32 3 a period of time / phase / stage 然則何以至期也
33 3 tòng to feel pain / to ache 痛甚者其愈遲
34 3 使 shǐ to make / to cause 壹使足以成文理
35 3 然而 ránér however / yet / but 然而服以是斷之者
36 3 what / where / which 三年之喪何也
37 2 and 將由夫患邪淫之人與
38 2 xiàng figure / image / appearance 以是象之也
39 2 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 所以為至痛極也
40 2 血氣 xuèqì blood and vital breath 有血氣之屬必有知
41 2 to take / to get / to fetch 上取象於天
42 2 何以 héyǐ why 然則何以至期也
43 2 duàn absolutely / decidedly 然而服以是斷之者
44 2 zhōng middle 故先王焉為之立中制節
45 2 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 然後乃能去之
46 2 soil / ground / land 凡生天地之間者
47 2 reason / logic / truth 壹使足以成文理
48 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過其故鄉
49 2 群居 qúnjū to live together 夫焉能相與群居而不亂乎
50 2 qíng feeling / emotion / mood 稱情而立文
51 2 chēng to call / to address 稱情而立文
52 2 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 思慕未忘
53 2 to die 至死不窮
54 2 二十五 èrshíwǔ twenty five 二十五月而畢
55 2 鳥獸 niǎoshòu birds and beasts / fauna 今是大鳥獸
56 2 則是 zéshì only 則是曾鳥獸之不若也
57 2 to go 然後乃能去之
58 2 九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month 由九月以下何也
59 2 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 是百王之所同
60 2 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 天地則已易矣
61 2 而立 érlì to turn 30 years old with accomplishments 稱情而立文
62 2 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 因以飾群
63 2 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 二十五月而畢
64 2 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 將由夫患邪淫之人與
65 2 以是 yǐshì for that reason / therefore / for this reason 然而服以是斷之者
66 2 然則 ránzé then / in that case 然則何以至期也
67 2 easy / simple 無易之道也
68 2 jié festival / a special day 別親疏貴踐之節
69 2 certainly / must / will / necessarily 有血氣之屬必有知
70 2 莫不 mò bù none doesn't / there is none who isn't 有知之屬莫不知愛其類
71 2 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 因以飾群
72 1 更始 gèngshǐ to make a new start / to regenerate 莫不更始焉
73 1 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 人之所以群居和壹之理盡矣
74 1 xià next 下取法於地
75 1 hut / cottage 居倚廬
76 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 夫焉能相與群居而不亂乎
77 1 shì to release / to set free 則釋之矣
78 1 biàn to change / to alter 四時則已變矣
79 1 huái bosom / breast 然後免於父母之懷
80 1 由來 yóulái origin 未有知其所由來者也
81 1 child / son 子生三年
82 1 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 故先王焉為之立中制節
83 1 to reach 焉使弗及也
84 1 取法 qǔfǎ to listen and obey / to comply with / to heed / to hearken 下取法於地
85 1 yóu also / as if / still 猶有啁噍之頃焉
86 1 shí time / a point or period of time 越月逾時焉
87 1 qǐng unit of area equal to 100 mu or 6.6667 hectacres 猶有啁噍之頃焉
88 1 cháo to face 則彼朝死而夕忘之
89 1 cóng from 然而從之
90 1 shàng top / a high position 上取象於天
91 1 tiān day 上取象於天
92 1 復生 fùshēng to be reborn / to recover / to come back to life / to regenerate 復生有節哉
93 1 shén what 痛甚者其愈遲
94 1 bǎi one hundred 是百王之所同
95 1 未盡 wèijìn not fulfilled 哀痛未盡
96 1 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 越月逾時焉
97 1 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 將由夫患邪淫之人與
98 1 天下 tiānxià China 天下之達喪也
99 1 day of the month / a certain day 創鉅者其日久
100 1 to stand 故先王焉為之立中制節
101 1 未有 wèiyǒu is not / has never been 未有知其所由來者也
102 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 緦小功以為殺
103 1 之中 zhīzhōng inside 其在天地之中者
104 1 成文 chéngwén written / statutory 壹使足以成文理
105 1 hoof 蹢躅焉
106 1 to rely on / to depend on 居倚廬
107 1 shī to lose 則失喪其群匹
108 1 免於 miǎnyú to be saved from / to be spared 然後免於父母之懷
109 1 shí food / food and drink 食粥
110 1 clothes / dress / garment 然而服以是斷之者
111 1 residence / dwelling 居倚廬
112 1 jiàn to trample / to tread upon / to walk on 別親疏貴踐之節
113 1 故鄉 gùxiāng home / homeland / native place 過其故鄉
114 1 翔回 xiánghuí to circle (in the sky) 翔回焉
115 1 expresses question or doubt 夫焉能相與群居而不亂乎
116 1 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 由九月以下何也
117 1 jiǔ old 創鉅者其日久
118 1 more and more / even more 痛甚者其愈遲
119 1 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 故先王焉為之立中制節
120 1 踟躕 chíchú to waver / to hesitate 踟躕焉
121 1 ài to love 有知之屬莫不知愛其類
122 1 寢苫枕塊 qǐn shān zhěnkuài bed of straw and pillow of clay / the correct etiquette for a filial son during the mourning period 寢苫枕塊
123 1 豈不 qǐbù how can it be that? 豈不送死者有已
124 1 measure word for bolts of cloth, etc 則失喪其群匹
125 1 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 則必反巡
126 1 zhàng a cane / a walking stick / a staff 斬衰苴杖
127 1 以期 yǐ qī in order to / hoping to / attempting to / waiting for 至親以期斷
128 1 jiā to add 加隆焉爾也
129 1 evening / night 則彼朝死而夕忘之
130 1 céng once / already / former / previously 則是曾鳥獸之不若也
131 1 zài in / at 其在天地之中者
132 1 big / great / huge / large / major 今是大鳥獸
133 1 shēng to be born / to give birth 子生三年
134 1 zāi exclamatory particle 復生有節哉
135 1 fine linen 緦小功以為殺
136 1 bié do not / must not 別親疏貴踐之節
137 1 親疏 qīn shū close and distant relatives 別親疏貴踐之節
138 1 思慕 sīmù to cherish the memory of somebody / to think of with respect 思慕未忘
139 1 wáng Wang 是百王之所同
140 1 lèi kind / type / class / category 有知之屬莫不知愛其類
141 1 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小者至於燕雀
142 1 tóng like / same / similar 是百王之所同
143 1 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 未有知其所由來者也
144 1 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 而不可損益也
145 1 小功 xiǎogōng a meritorious deed 緦小功以為殺
146 1 zhú to walk carefully / to hesitate / to halter 蹢躅焉
147 1 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 人之所以群居和壹之理盡矣
148 1 人道 Rén Dào Human Realm / Saha World 人道之至文者也
149 1 古今 gǔ jīn then and now / ancient and modern 古今之所壹也
150 1 鳴號 mínghào to sound the horn / to honk 鳴號焉
151 1 no 無易之道也
152 1 wèi Eighth earthly branch 思慕未忘
153 1 wèi to call 夫是之謂至隆
154 1 not / no 夫焉能相與群居而不亂乎
155 1 that / those 則彼朝死而夕忘之
156 1 a team of four horses 若駟之過隙
157 1 生天 shēng tiān highest rebirth 凡生天地之間者
158 1 qīn relatives 故人於其親也
159 1 no 焉使弗及也
160 1 不窮 bùqióng endless / boundless / inexhaustible 至死不窮
161 1 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 壹使足以成文理
162 1 guì expensive / costly / valuable 別親疏貴踐之節
163 1 shuāi to weaken / to decline 斬衰苴杖
164 1 哀痛 āitòng to grieve / to mourn / deep sorrow / grief 哀痛未盡
165 1 無窮 wúqióng endless / inexhaustible 則是無窮也
166 1 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 將由夫修飾之君子與
167 1 do not 莫知於人
168 1 a crack / a split / a fissure 若駟之過隙
169 1 fán ordinary / common 凡生天地之間者
170 1 and 人之所以群居和壹之理盡矣
171 1 extremely / very 所以為至痛極也
172 1 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 斬衰苴杖
173 1 yuè more 越月逾時焉
174 1 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 小者至於燕雀
175 1 故人 gùrén an old friend 故人於其親也
176 1 jiān measure word for rooms, houses, luggage, etc 期九月以為間
177 1 啁噍 cháojiào tweet / a shrill cry 猶有啁噍之頃焉
178 1 so as to / in order to 因以飾群
179 1 bèi -fold / times (multiplier) 焉使倍之
180 1 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 孔子曰
181 1 yīn because 因以飾群
182 1 四時 sì shí the four seasons 四時則已變矣
183 1 chí late / tardy 痛甚者其愈遲
184 1 相與 xiāngyǔ each other 夫焉能相與群居而不亂乎
185 1 dào way / road / path 無易之道也
186 1 to attain / to reach 天下之達喪也
187 1 zài again / once more / re- / repeatedly 故再期也
188 1 suì to comply with / to follow along 然而遂之
189 1 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若駟之過隙
190 1 燕雀 yānquè brambling 小者至於燕雀
191 1 之至 zhīzhì extremely 人道之至文者也
192 1 父母 fùmǔ parents / mother and father 然後免於父母之懷
193 1 不若 bùruò not as good as 則是曾鳥獸之不若也
194 1 送死 sòngsǐ to throw away one's life 豈不送死者有已
195 1 有節 yǒujié segmented 復生有節哉
196 1 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今是大鳥獸
197 1 邪淫 xiéyín sexual misconduct 將由夫患邪淫之人與
198 1 修飾 xiūshì to decorate / to adorn 將由夫修飾之君子與
199 1 之間 zhījiān between / among 凡生天地之間者
200 1 chuàng to begin / to initiate / to inaugurate / to start / to create 創鉅者其日久
201 1 wèn to ask 三年問
202 1 損益 sǔnyì profit and loss / increase and decrease 而不可損益也
203 1 ěr thus / so / like that 加隆焉爾也
204 1 steel / iron 創鉅者其日久
205 1 sack cloth 斬衰苴杖
206 1 zhōu congee / gruel / porridge 食粥
207 1 xún to patrol / to make one's rounds 則必反巡
208 1 至親 zhìqīn next of kin / close family 至親以期斷

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month
孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English