Glossary and Vocabulary for The Book of Rites 《禮記》, 《三年問》 Questions about the Mourning for Three Years

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 10 sān three 三年問
2 10 nián year 三年問
3 7 sàng to lose / to die 三年之喪何也
4 7 yuē to speak / to say
5 5 zhī to know 有血氣之屬必有知
6 5 a man / a male adult 將由夫患邪淫之人與
7 4 rén person / people / a human being 莫知於人
8 3 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 故三年以為隆
9 3 to stand 稱情而立文
10 3 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 有血氣之屬必有知
11 3 jié festival / a special day 別親疏貴踐之節
12 3 néng can / able 然後乃能去之
13 3 tòng to feel pain / to ache 痛甚者其愈遲
14 3 wén writing / text 稱情而立文
15 3 one 壹使足以成文理
16 3 使 shǐ to make / to cause 壹使足以成文理
17 3 a period of time / phase / stage 然則何以至期也
18 3 yuè month 二十五月而畢
19 3 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 加隆焉爾也
20 2 九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month 由九月以下何也
21 2 soil / ground / land 凡生天地之間者
22 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過其故鄉
23 2 easy / simple 無易之道也
24 2 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 因以飾群
25 2 xiàng figure / image / appearance 以是象之也
26 2 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 因以飾群
27 2 reason / logic / truth 壹使足以成文理
28 2 zhōng middle 故先王焉為之立中制節
29 2 to take / to get / to fetch 上取象於天
30 2 to go 然後乃能去之
31 2 鳥獸 niǎoshòu birds and beasts / fauna 今是大鳥獸
32 2 群居 qúnjū to live together 夫焉能相與群居而不亂乎
33 2 血氣 xuèqì blood and vital breath 有血氣之屬必有知
34 2 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 天地則已易矣
35 2 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 二十五月而畢
36 2 二十五 èrshíwǔ twenty five 二十五月而畢
37 2 chēng to call / to address 稱情而立文
38 2 to die 至死不窮
39 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 復生有節哉
40 2 qíng feeling / emotion 稱情而立文
41 2 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 思慕未忘
42 1 chuàng to begin / to initiate / to inaugurate / to start / to create 創鉅者其日久
43 1 huái bosom / breast 然後免於父母之懷
44 1 取法 qǔfǎ to listen and obey / to comply with / to heed / to hearken 下取法於地
45 1 父母 fùmǔ parents / mother and father 然後免於父母之懷
46 1 bǎi one hundred 是百王之所同
47 1 wèn to ask 三年問
48 1 修飾 xiūshì to decorate / to adorn 將由夫修飾之君子與
49 1 qióng poor / destitute / impoverished 至死不窮
50 1 損益 sǔnyì profit and loss / increase and decrease 而不可損益也
51 1 jiàn to trample / to tread upon / to walk on 別親疏貴踐之節
52 1 day of the month / a certain day 創鉅者其日久
53 1 qǐn to rest / to sleep 寢苫枕塊
54 1 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 孔子曰
55 1 jiā to add 加隆焉爾也
56 1 人道 Rén Dào Human Realm / Saha World 人道之至文者也
57 1 zhōu congee / gruel / porridge 食粥
58 1 wèi Eighth earthly branch 思慕未忘
59 1 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小者至於燕雀
60 1 燕雀 yānquè brambling 小者至於燕雀
61 1 相與 xiāngyǔ each other 夫焉能相與群居而不亂乎
62 1 wáng Wang 是百王之所同
63 1 ài to love 有知之屬莫不知愛其類
64 1 suì to comply with / to follow along 然而遂之
65 1 小功 xiǎogōng a meritorious deed 緦小功以為殺
66 1 a team of four horses 若駟之過隙
67 1 邪淫 xiéyín sexual misconduct 將由夫患邪淫之人與
68 1 shī to lose 則失喪其群匹
69 1 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 將由夫患邪淫之人與
70 1 shì to release / to set free 則釋之矣
71 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 緦小功以為殺
72 1 guì expensive / costly / valuable 別親疏貴踐之節
73 1 枕塊 zhěnkuài to use clay for a pillow 寢苫枕塊
74 1 to attain / to reach 天下之達喪也
75 1 a crack / a split / a fissure 若駟之過隙
76 1 zài in / at 其在天地之中者
77 1 tiān day 上取象於天
78 1 親疏 qīn shū close and distant relatives 別親疏貴踐之節
79 1 之中 zhīzhōng inside 其在天地之中者
80 1 residence / dwelling 居倚廬
81 1 之間 zhījiān between / among 凡生天地之間者
82 1 child / son 子生三年
83 1 clothes / dress / garment 然而服以是斷之者
84 1 lèi kind / type / class / category 有知之屬莫不知愛其類
85 1 tóng like / same / similar 是百王之所同
86 1 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 將由夫修飾之君子與
87 1 成文 chéngwén written / statutory 壹使足以成文理
88 1 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 壹使足以成文理
89 1 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 斬衰苴杖
90 1 shí food / food and drink 食粥
91 1 shān a straw mat / thatch 寢苫枕塊
92 1 思慕 sīmù to cherish the memory of somebody / to think of with respect 思慕未忘
93 1 生天 shēng tiān highest rebirth 凡生天地之間者
94 1 hào number 鳴號焉
95 1 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 人之所以群居和壹之理盡矣
96 1 to reach 焉使弗及也
97 1 steel / iron 創鉅者其日久
98 1 hemp / sack cloth 斬衰苴杖
99 1 送死 sòngsǐ to throw away one's life 豈不送死者有已
100 1 哀痛 āitòng to grieve / to mourn / deep sorrow / grief 哀痛未盡
101 1 shuāi to weaken / to decline 斬衰苴杖
102 1 由來 yóulái origin 未有知其所由來者也
103 1 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 故先王焉為之立中制節
104 1 四時 sì shí the four seasons 四時則已變矣
105 1 未盡 wèijìn not fulfilled 哀痛未盡
106 1 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 而不可損益也
107 1 踟躕 chíchú to waver / to hesitate 踟躕焉
108 1 qīn relatives 故人於其親也
109 1 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 越月逾時焉
110 1 míng to cry / to chirp (of birds) 鳴號焉
111 1 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 小者至於燕雀
112 1 zhú to walk carefully / to hesitate / to halter 蹢躅焉
113 1 cháo to face 則彼朝死而夕忘之
114 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 夫焉能相與群居而不亂乎
115 1 zhàng a cane / a walking stick / a staff 斬衰苴杖
116 1 big / great / huge / large / major 今是大鳥獸
117 1 故人 gùrén an old friend 故人於其親也
118 1 以期 yǐ qī in order to / hoping to / attempting to / waiting for 至親以期斷
119 1 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 則必反巡
120 1 fine linen 緦小功以為殺
121 1 to rely on / to depend on 居倚廬
122 1 shí time / a period of time 越月逾時焉
123 1 zhāo to chirp / to twitter 猶有啁噍之頃焉
124 1 evening / night 則彼朝死而夕忘之
125 1 hut / cottage 居倚廬
126 1 故鄉 gùxiāng home / homeland / native place 過其故鄉
127 1 shǐ beginning / start 莫不更始焉
128 1 biàn to change / to alter 四時則已變矣
129 1 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 由九月以下何也
130 1 jiǔ old 創鉅者其日久
131 1 hoof 蹢躅焉
132 1 dào way / road / path 無易之道也
133 1 jiào to chew / to eat / to munch 猶有啁噍之頃焉
134 1 wèi to call 夫是之謂至隆
135 1 古今 gǔ jīn then and now / ancient and modern 古今之所壹也
136 1 免於 miǎnyú to be saved from / to be spared 然後免於父母之懷
137 1 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 故先王焉為之立中制節
138 1 至親 zhìqīn next of kin / close family 至親以期斷
139 1 shàng top / a high position 上取象於天
140 1 天下 tiānxià China 天下之達喪也
141 1 無窮 wúqióng endless / inexhaustible 則是無窮也
142 1 翔回 xiánghuí to circle (in the sky) 翔回焉
143 1 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今是大鳥獸
144 1 chí late / tardy 痛甚者其愈遲
145 1 fán ordinary / common 凡生天地之間者
146 1 xún to patrol / to make one's rounds 則必反巡

Frequencies of all Words

Top 207

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 33 zhī him / her / them / that 三年之喪何也
2 20 also / too 三年之喪何也
3 12 yān where / how 越月逾時焉
4 11 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 創鉅者其日久
5 10 sān three 三年問
6 10 nián year 三年問
7 8 otherwise / but / however 則失喪其群匹
8 8 his / hers / its / theirs 創鉅者其日久
9 7 sàng to lose / to die 三年之喪何也
10 7 yǒu is / are / to exist 豈不送死者有已
11 7 yuē to speak / to say
12 7 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 稱情而立文
13 6 zhì to / until 所以為至痛極也
14 6 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故曰
15 5 zhī to know 有血氣之屬必有知
16 5 a man / a male adult 將由夫患邪淫之人與
17 5 in / at 莫知於人
18 4 final particle 則釋之矣
19 4 rén person / people / a human being 莫知於人
20 4 shì is / are / am / to be 今是大鳥獸
21 3 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 故三年以為隆
22 3 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 將由夫患邪淫之人與
23 3 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 然後乃能去之
24 3 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 是百王之所同
25 3 already / afterwards 豈不送死者有已
26 3 wèi for / to 所以為至痛極也
27 3 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 所以為至痛極也
28 3 to stand 稱情而立文
29 3 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 有血氣之屬必有知
30 3 然而 ránér however / yet / but 然而服以是斷之者
31 3 jié festival / a special day 別親疏貴踐之節
32 3 néng can / able 然後乃能去之
33 3 tòng to feel pain / to ache 痛甚者其愈遲
34 3 wén writing / text 稱情而立文
35 3 one 壹使足以成文理
36 3 使 shǐ to make / to cause 壹使足以成文理
37 3 not / no 至死不窮
38 3 a period of time / phase / stage 然則何以至期也
39 3 yuè month 二十五月而畢
40 3 what / where / which 三年之喪何也
41 3 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 加隆焉爾也
42 2 九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month 由九月以下何也
43 2 certainly / must / will / necessarily 有血氣之屬必有知
44 2 soil / ground / land 凡生天地之間者
45 2 ruò to seem / to be like / as 則是曾鳥獸之不若也
46 2 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過其故鄉
47 2 easy / simple 無易之道也
48 2 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 因以飾群
49 2 xiàng figure / image / appearance 以是象之也
50 2 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 因以飾群
51 2 reason / logic / truth 壹使足以成文理
52 2 zhōng middle 故先王焉為之立中制節
53 2 to take / to get / to fetch 上取象於天
54 2 以是 yǐshì for that reason / therefore / for this reason 然而服以是斷之者
55 2 to go 然後乃能去之
56 2 and 將由夫患邪淫之人與
57 2 鳥獸 niǎoshòu birds and beasts / fauna 今是大鳥獸
58 2 群居 qúnjū to live together 夫焉能相與群居而不亂乎
59 2 血氣 xuèqì blood and vital breath 有血氣之屬必有知
60 2 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 天地則已易矣
61 2 to finish / to complete / to exhaust 二十五月而畢
62 2 何以 héyǐ why 然則何以至期也
63 2 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 然後乃能去之
64 2 二十五 èrshíwǔ twenty five 二十五月而畢
65 2 chēng to call / to address 稱情而立文
66 2 則是 zéshì only 則是曾鳥獸之不若也
67 2 to die 至死不窮
68 2 duàn absolutely / decidedly 然而服以是斷之者
69 2 shēng to be born / to give birth 復生有節哉
70 2 然則 ránzé then / in that case 然則何以至期也
71 2 qíng feeling / emotion 稱情而立文
72 2 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 將由夫患邪淫之人與
73 2 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 思慕未忘
74 2 莫不 mò bù none doesn't / there is none who isn't 有知之屬莫不知愛其類
75 1 chuàng to begin / to initiate / to inaugurate / to start / to create 創鉅者其日久
76 1 huái bosom / breast 然後免於父母之懷
77 1 取法 qǔfǎ to listen and obey / to comply with / to heed / to hearken 下取法於地
78 1 父母 fùmǔ parents / mother and father 然後免於父母之懷
79 1 bǎi one hundred 是百王之所同
80 1 wèn to ask 三年問
81 1 no 焉使弗及也
82 1 修飾 xiūshì to decorate / to adorn 將由夫修飾之君子與
83 1 qióng poor / destitute / impoverished 至死不窮
84 1 損益 sǔnyì profit and loss / increase and decrease 而不可損益也
85 1 jiàn to trample / to tread upon / to walk on 別親疏貴踐之節
86 1 day of the month / a certain day 創鉅者其日久
87 1 qǐn to rest / to sleep 寢苫枕塊
88 1 孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius 孔子曰
89 1 ěr thus / so / like that 加隆焉爾也
90 1 jiā to add 加隆焉爾也
91 1 céng once / already / former / previously 則是曾鳥獸之不若也
92 1 人道 Rén Dào Human Realm / Saha World 人道之至文者也
93 1 zhōu congee / gruel / porridge 食粥
94 1 wèi Eighth earthly branch 思慕未忘
95 1 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小者至於燕雀
96 1 燕雀 yānquè brambling 小者至於燕雀
97 1 yóu also / as if / still 猶有啁噍之頃焉
98 1 相與 xiāngyǔ each other 夫焉能相與群居而不亂乎
99 1 wáng Wang 是百王之所同
100 1 未有 wèiyǒu is not / has never been 未有知其所由來者也
101 1 ài to love 有知之屬莫不知愛其類
102 1 suì to comply with / to follow along 然而遂之
103 1 小功 xiǎogōng a meritorious deed 緦小功以為殺
104 1 a team of four horses 若駟之過隙
105 1 邪淫 xiéyín sexual misconduct 將由夫患邪淫之人與
106 1 shén what 痛甚者其愈遲
107 1 shī to lose 則失喪其群匹
108 1 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 將由夫患邪淫之人與
109 1 shì to release / to set free 則釋之矣
110 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 緦小功以為殺
111 1 guì expensive / costly / valuable 別親疏貴踐之節
112 1 bié do not / must not 別親疏貴踐之節
113 1 no 無易之道也
114 1 枕塊 zhěnkuài to use clay for a pillow 寢苫枕塊
115 1 to attain / to reach 天下之達喪也
116 1 cóng from 然而從之
117 1 a crack / a split / a fissure 若駟之過隙
118 1 do not 莫知於人
119 1 zài in / at 其在天地之中者
120 1 tiān day 上取象於天
121 1 親疏 qīn shū close and distant relatives 別親疏貴踐之節
122 1 之中 zhīzhōng inside 其在天地之中者
123 1 residence / dwelling 居倚廬
124 1 之間 zhījiān between / among 凡生天地之間者
125 1 豈不 qǐbù how can it be that? 豈不送死者有已
126 1 child / son 子生三年
127 1 so as to / in order to 因以飾群
128 1 clothes / dress / garment 然而服以是斷之者
129 1 lèi kind / type / class / category 有知之屬莫不知愛其類
130 1 xià next 下取法於地
131 1 tóng like / same / similar 是百王之所同
132 1 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 將由夫修飾之君子與
133 1 成文 chéngwén written / statutory 壹使足以成文理
134 1 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 壹使足以成文理
135 1 zhǎn to cut / to chop / to sever 斬衰苴杖
136 1 shí food / food and drink 食粥
137 1 shān a straw mat / thatch 寢苫枕塊
138 1 思慕 sīmù to cherish the memory of somebody / to think of with respect 思慕未忘
139 1 生天 shēng tiān highest rebirth 凡生天地之間者
140 1 yuè more 越月逾時焉
141 1 hào number 鳴號焉
142 1 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 人之所以群居和壹之理盡矣
143 1 to reach 焉使弗及也
144 1 and 人之所以群居和壹之理盡矣
145 1 steel / iron 創鉅者其日久
146 1 hemp / sack cloth 斬衰苴杖
147 1 送死 sòngsǐ to throw away one's life 豈不送死者有已
148 1 哀痛 āitòng to grieve / to mourn / deep sorrow / grief 哀痛未盡
149 1 shuāi to weaken / to decline 斬衰苴杖
150 1 extremely / very 所以為至痛極也
151 1 由來 yóulái origin 未有知其所由來者也
152 1 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 故先王焉為之立中制節
153 1 四時 sì shí the four seasons 四時則已變矣
154 1 未盡 wèijìn not fulfilled 哀痛未盡
155 1 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 而不可損益也
156 1 expresses question or doubt 夫焉能相與群居而不亂乎
157 1 踟躕 chíchú to waver / to hesitate 踟躕焉
158 1 qīn relatives 故人於其親也
159 1 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 越月逾時焉
160 1 míng to cry / to chirp (of birds) 鳴號焉
161 1 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 小者至於燕雀
162 1 zhú to walk carefully / to hesitate / to halter 蹢躅焉
163 1 cháo to face 則彼朝死而夕忘之
164 1 luàn chaotic / disorderly 夫焉能相與群居而不亂乎
165 1 bèi -fold / times (multiplier) 焉使倍之
166 1 yīn because 因以飾群
167 1 zhàng a cane / a walking stick / a staff 斬衰苴杖
168 1 big / great / huge / large / major 今是大鳥獸
169 1 故人 gùrén an old friend 故人於其親也
170 1 以期 yǐ qī in order to / hoping to / attempting to / waiting for 至親以期斷
171 1 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 則必反巡
172 1 gèng more / even more 莫不更始焉
173 1 fine linen 緦小功以為殺
174 1 measure word for horses, mules, bolts of cloth, etc 則失喪其群匹
175 1 to rely on / to depend on 居倚廬
176 1 jiān measure word for rooms, houses, luggage, etc 期九月以為間
177 1 shí time / a period of time 越月逾時焉
178 1 qǐng unit of area equal to 100 mu or 6.6667 hectacres 猶有啁噍之頃焉
179 1 zhāo to chirp / to twitter 猶有啁噍之頃焉
180 1 evening / night 則彼朝死而夕忘之
181 1 hut / cottage 居倚廬
182 1 zāi exclamatory particle 復生有節哉
183 1 故鄉 gùxiāng home / homeland / native place 過其故鄉
184 1 again / more / repeatedly 復生有節哉
185 1 shǐ beginning / start 莫不更始焉
186 1 biàn to change / to alter 四時則已變矣
187 1 以下 yǐxià below / under / following 由九月以下何也
188 1 more and more / even more 痛甚者其愈遲
189 1 jiǔ old 創鉅者其日久
190 1 hoof 蹢躅焉
191 1 dào way / road / path 無易之道也
192 1 jiào to chew / to eat / to munch 猶有啁噍之頃焉
193 1 that / those 則彼朝死而夕忘之
194 1 wèi to call 夫是之謂至隆
195 1 古今 gǔ jīn then and now / ancient and modern 古今之所壹也
196 1 免於 miǎnyú to be saved from / to be spared 然後免於父母之懷
197 1 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 故先王焉為之立中制節
198 1 至親 zhìqīn next of kin / close family 至親以期斷
199 1 shàng top / a high position 上取象於天
200 1 天下 tiānxià China 天下之達喪也
201 1 無窮 wúqióng endless / inexhaustible 則是無窮也
202 1 翔回 xiánghuí to circle (in the sky) 翔回焉
203 1 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 今是大鳥獸
204 1 chí late / tardy 痛甚者其愈遲
205 1 fán ordinary / common 凡生天地之間者
206 1 xún to patrol / to make one's rounds 則必反巡
207 1 zài again / once more / re- / second / another 故再期也

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month
孔子 Kǒngzi Confucius

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English