Glossary and Vocabulary for Records of the Grand Historian 《史記》, 《循吏列傳》 Biographies of Upright Officials

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 19 yuē to speak / to say 太史公曰
2 12 mín the people / citizen / subjects 法令所以導民也
3 11 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 市令言之相曰
4 11 to die 治鄭二十六年而死
5 8 shì a city 市令言之相曰
6 8 wáng Wang 相言之王曰
7 7 chén minister / statesman / official 臣請遂令復如故
8 7 不受 bùshòu to not accept 相不受
9 7 fish 客有遺相魚者
10 7 child / son 大宮子期言之君
11 7 zuì crime / sin / vice 知非己之罪也
12 6 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 吾今令之復矣
13 6 nián year 為相一年
14 5 殺人 shārén to murder 道有殺人者
15 5 reason / logic / truth 奉職循理
16 5 使 shǐ to make / to cause 欲下令使高之
17 5 yán to speak / to say / said 市令言之相曰
18 5 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過聽殺人
19 4 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 鄭昭君之時
20 4 zhèng Zheng 鄭之列大夫也
21 4 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 民莫安其處
22 4 sān three 下令三日而市復如故
23 4 子產 zǐchǎn Zi Chan 子產者
24 4 tīng to listen 過聽殺人
25 4 chǔ state of Chu 楚之處士也
26 4 luàn chaotic / disorderly 官未曾亂也
27 4 a government official / a magistrate 吏無姦邪
28 4 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 李離者
29 4 Li 李離者
30 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 莊王以為幣輕
31 4 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 亦可以為治
32 3 其父 qí fù his father 乃其父也
33 3 zōng warp (the vertical threads in weaving) / vertical 縱其父而還自系焉
34 3 desire 欲下令使高之
35 3 method / way 遠者四面望而法之
36 3 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 受大者不得取小
37 3 gāo high / tall 欲下令使高之
38 3 suì to comply with / to follow along 臣請遂令復如故
39 3 big / great / huge / large / major 更以小為大
40 3 石奢 Shí Shē Shi She 石奢者
41 3 hǎo good 楚民俗好庳車
42 3 chē a vehicle 楚民俗好庳車
43 3 zhèng upright / straight 百官自正
44 3 to go 皆去其業
45 3 father 臣之父也
46 3 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公儀休者
47 2 a period of time / phase / stage 大宮子期言之君
48 2 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 伏劍而死
49 2 下令 xià lìng to order / to command 下令三日而市復如故
50 2 to allow / to permit 王許之
51 2 孫叔敖 Sūn Shū áo Sun Shu ao 孫叔敖者
52 2 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 更以小為大
53 2 不便 bùbiàn inconvenient / inappropriate / unsuitable / short of cash 百姓不便
54 2 měi beautiful 世俗盛美
55 2 有罪 yǒuzuì guilty 子則自以為有罪
56 2 家婦 jiāfù wife 而疾出其家婦
57 2 shì to be fond of / to have a weakness for 聞君嗜魚
58 2 gain / advantage / benefit 使食祿者不得與下民爭利
59 2 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 三月為楚相
60 2 文公 wéngōng Wengong / Lord Wen of Lu 文公曰
61 2 zhāo illustrious 鄭昭君之時
62 2 guest / visitor 客有遺相魚者
63 2 apparatus 公儀休者
64 2 shì a gentleman / a knight 士無尺籍
65 2 不定 bùdìng indefinite / indeterminate 次行不定
66 2 zhī to know 知其材自得之也
67 2 guān an office 官未曾亂也
68 2 jiàn to see 見其家織布好
69 2 néng can / able 能自給魚
70 2 jiàn sword / dagger / saber 伏劍而死
71 2 day of the month / a certain day 後五日
72 2 to leave behind 客有遺相魚者
73 2 qīng light / not heavy 莊王以為幣輕
74 2 xíng punishment / penalty 失刑則刑
75 2 dǎo to lead / to guide / to conduct / to direct 法令所以導民也
76 2 shǔ to count 令數下
77 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 民莫安其處
78 2 currency / coins / legal tender 莊王以為幣輕
79 2 如故 rúgù like an old friend 臣請遂令復如故
80 2 a low-built house 楚民俗好庳車
81 2 上下 shàngxià to go up and down 上下和合
82 2 xún to follow / to adhere to / to abide by 奉職循理
83 2 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 乘車者皆君子
84 2 guī to go back / to return 田器不歸
85 2 號哭 hàokū to bawl / to wail / to cry 丁壯號哭
86 2 太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe 太史公曰
87 2 shī to lose 失刑則刑
88 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 相追之
89 2 Shandong 魯博士也
90 2 xíng to walk / to move 次行不定
91 1 不和 bùhé not to get along well / to be on bad terms / to be at odds / discord 父子不和
92 1 cháo to face
93 1 wàng to gaze / to look towards 遠者四面望而法之
94 1 shù straight vertical character stroke 豎子不戲狎
95 1 讓位 ràngwèi to abdicate / to yield 不與吏讓位
96 1 huǐ to regret 三去相而不悔
97 1 ài to love 以所愛徐摯為相
98 1 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 國亂
99 1 to stop / to cease / to suspend
100 1 female / feminine 欲令農士工女安所讎其貨乎
101 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 李離過殺而伏劍
102 1 to doubt / to disbelieve 公以臣能聽微決疑
103 1 祿 good fortune 受祿為多
104 1 a plow 僮子不犁畔
105 1 zhuàng robust 丁壯號哭
106 1 立政 lìzhèng to establish governance 夫以父立政
107 1 循吏列傳 Xún Lì Lièzhuàn Xun Li Liezhuan / Biographies of Obedient Minor Officials 循吏列傳
108 1 xiá to be familiar with 豎子不戲狎
109 1 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 鄭之列大夫也
110 1 奉職 fèngzhí devotion to duty 奉職循理
111 1 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 公儀子見好布而家婦逐
112 1 Yǐng Ying 郢市復
113 1 chéng to fill 世俗盛美
114 1 二十六 èrshíliù 26 / twenty-six 治鄭二十六年而死
115 1 miǎn to spare 今受魚而免
116 1 前日 qiánrì day before yesterday 前日更幣
117 1 shì matter / thing / item 子其治事矣
118 1 five 五年
119 1 貴賤 guì jiàn the noble and the lowly 官有貴賤
120 1 自給 zìgěi self-reliant 能自給魚
121 1 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 亦可以為治
122 1 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 秋冬則勸民山採
123 1 下車 xiàchē to alight from a vehicle 君子不能數下車
124 1 gōng a palace 大宮子期言之君
125 1 four 四年
126 1 gěi to give 誰復給我魚者
127 1 不備 bùbèi unprepared / off guard 文武不備
128 1 xiū to decorate / to embellish 良民懼然身修者
129 1 zhì sincere / warm / cordial 以所愛徐摯為相
130 1 楚莊王 Chǔ Zhuāng Gōng Duke Zhuang of Chu 虞丘相進之於楚莊王
131 1 伏誅 fúzhū to punish by execution 伏誅而死
132 1 wén to hear 聞君嗜魚
133 1 jìn to enter 虞丘相進之於楚莊王
134 1 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 以自代也
135 1 幾何 jǐhé geometry 如此幾何頃乎
136 1 chūn spring 春夏以水
137 1 to connect / to relate 縱其父而還自系焉
138 1 寡人 guǎ rén the lone one / a ruler's way of refering to himself 寡人亦有罪邪
139 1 晉文公 Jìn Wén Gōng Duke Wen of Jin 晉文公之理也
140 1 行縣 xíng xiàn to inspect a county 行縣
141 1 a drama / a play / a show 豎子不戲狎
142 1 奉法 fèng fǎ to act with respect for the law 奉法循理
143 1 民俗 mínsú popular customs 楚民俗好庳車
144 1 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 君子不能數下車
145 1 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 公以臣能聽微決疑
146 1 to arise / to get up 盜賊不起
147 1 Henan 市不豫賈
148 1 gōng an artisan / a craftsman / a worker 欲令農士工女安所讎其貨乎
149 1 zhǔ owner 不奉主法
150 1 所聞 suǒwén what one hears 非所聞也
151 1 刑罰 xíngfá punishment 刑罰所以禁姦也
152 1 有法 yǒufǎ something that exists 理有法
153 1 dīng Ding 丁壯號哭
154 1 shí food / food and drink 食茹而美
155 1 國法 guófǎ federal law 晉文以正國法
156 1 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 良民懼然身修者
157 1 Xu 以所愛徐摯為相
158 1 變更 biàngēng to change / to alter / to modify 無所變更
159 1 世俗 shìsú secular / worldly / profane 世俗盛美
160 1 qiū Confucius 虞丘相進之於楚莊王
161 1 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 門不夜關
162 1 居官 jūguān to secure a position / to take an official appointment 臣居官為長
163 1 night 門不夜關
164 1 one 為相一年
165 1 to be fond of / to like 故三得相而不喜
166 1 輕重 qīng zhòng weight 罰有輕重
167 1 zhèng government / administration 政緩禁止
168 1 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 受祿為多
169 1 tóng a page / a boy servant 僮子不犁畔
170 1 qǐng to ask / to inquire 臣請遂令復如故
171 1 一言 yīyán one sentence / brief remark 孫叔敖出一言
172 1 高車 gāochē Gaoche 王必欲高車
173 1 不知 bùzhī do not know 民不知所從
174 1 lái to come 今市令來言曰
175 1 huǎn slow / sluggish / gradual 政緩禁止
176 1 提挈 tíqiè to hold by the hand / fig. to nurture / to foster / to bring up / to support 斑白不提挈
177 1 to weep / to whimper 老人兒啼
178 1 fán to roast 燔其機
179 1 不孝 bù xiào unfilial 不孝也
180 1 各得其所 gè de qísuǒ each in the correct place / each is provided for 各得其所便
181 1 ér son 老人兒啼
182 1 百官 bǎi guān officials of different ranks and positions 百官自正
183 1 yuán garden / orchard 拔其園葵而棄之
184 1 rén person / people / a human being 使人言之王曰
185 1 qiū fall / autumn 秋冬則勸民山採
186 1 shì to look at / to see 近者視而效之
187 1 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 拔其園葵而棄之
188 1 jiā house / home / residence 見其家織布好
189 1 business / industry 皆去其業
190 1 自得 zì dé to be self satisfied 知其材自得之也
191 1 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 民皆樂其生
192 1 大夫 dàifu doctor 鄭之列大夫也
193 1 horse 王以為庳車不便馬
194 1 pàn boundary path dividing fields 僮子不犁畔
195 1 斑白 bānbái grizzled / graying 斑白不提挈
196 1 cái material / stuff 知其材自得之也
197 1 和合 héhé to mix / to blend / to converge / to join / to fuse 上下和合
198 1 dōng winter 秋冬則勸民山採
199 1 莊王 Zhuāng Wáng King Zhuang of Zhou 莊王以為幣輕
200 1 xià summer 春夏以水
201 1 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 刑罰所以禁姦也
202 1 shēn human body / torso 良民懼然身修者
203 1 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此幾何頃乎
204 1 jìn nearby 近者視而效之
205 1 yún cloud
206 1 shè to forgive / to pardon 王赦其罪
207 1 shàng top / a high position 上惠也
208 1 自刎 zìwěn to commit suicide by cutting one's own throat 自刎而死
209 1 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 此不教而民從其化
210 1 乘車 chéngchē to ride (in a car or carriage) / to drive / to motor 乘車者皆君子
211 1 孝子 xiàozǐ a filial son 非孝子也
212 1 bàn half 居半歲
213 1 to punish / to penalize 罰有輕重
214 1 cǎi to pick / to pluck / to collect / to select / to choose / to gather 秋冬則勸民山採
215 1 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓不便
216 1 chóu an enemy / an opponent 欲令農士工女安所讎其貨乎
217 1 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 刑罰所以禁姦也
218 1 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 此不教而民從其化
219 1 to avoid / to shun 無所阿避
220 1 dào way / road / path 道有殺人者
221 1 zhí straight 堅直廉正
222 1 博士 bóshì Ph.D. 魯博士也
223 1 huò goods / products / commodities 欲令農士工女安所讎其貨乎
224 1 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 廢法縱罪
225 1 處士 chùshì an official that is talented but prefers seclusion 楚之處士也
226 1 concerned about / anxious / worried 虞丘相進之於楚莊王
227 1 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 各得其所便
228 1 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 上惠也
229 1 tián field / farmland 田器不歸
230 1 a tutor / a teacher 傅其罪下吏
231 1 織布 zhībù woven cloth / to weave cloth 見其家織布好
232 1 nóng agriculture / farming 欲令農士工女安所讎其貨乎
233 1 lián upright / honorable / honest 堅直廉正
234 1 jiǎ Jia 市不豫賈
235 1 道不拾遺 dào bù shíyí no one picks up lost articles in the street / honesty prevails throughout society 道不拾遺
236 1 shēng to be born / to give birth 民皆樂其生
237 1 姦邪 jiānxié deceitful 吏無姦邪
238 1 自高 zìgāo to be proud of oneself 民悉自高其車
239 1 zhú to chase / to expel 公儀子見好布而家婦逐
240 1 老人 lǎorén an old person / old people / the aged 老人兒啼
241 1 disease / sickness / ailment 而疾出其家婦
242 1 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 秋冬則勸民山採
243 1 威嚴 wēiyán dignified / imposing / august 何必威嚴哉
244 1 忠臣 zhōngchén faithful official 非忠臣也
245 1 private 不私其父
246 1 四面 sìmiàn all sides 遠者四面望而法之
247 1 record / register / list / census 士無尺籍
248 1 xiū to rest 公儀休者
249 1 盜賊 dàozéi thiefs / robbers 盜賊不起
250 1 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 辭不受令
251 1 jiān hard / strong / firm 堅直廉正
252 1 yuǎn far / distant 遠者四面望而法之
253 1 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 田器不歸
254 1 wēi small / tiny 公以臣能聽微決疑
255 1 禁止 jìnzhǐ to prohibit 政緩禁止
256 1 zhōng loyalty / devotion 非忠也
257 1 shuǐ water 春夏以水
258 1 法令 fǎlìng a decree / an ordinance / a law 法令所以導民也
259 1 qīn relatives 上下不親
260 1 guān to close 門不夜關
261 1 younger brother 以高弟為魯相
262 1 to adhere / to capture / to restrain 自拘當死
263 1 伏罪 fúzuì to submit to punishment 不當伏罪
264 1 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 使食祿者不得與下民爭利
265 1 kǔn a doorsill / a doorjamb 臣請教閭里使高其梱
266 1 父子 fù zǐ father and son 父子不和
267 1 fèng to offer / to present 不奉主法
268 1 xiào result / effect 近者視而效之
269 1 請教 qǐngjiào to consult 臣請教閭里使高其梱
270 1 閭里 lǘlǐ a village 臣請教閭里使高其梱
271 1 to stand 楚昭名立
272 1 to take / to get / to fetch 受大者不得取小
273 1 zhí office / post 臣職也
274 1 文武 wén wǔ civil and military 文武不備
275 1 suì age 居半歲
276 1 èr two 二年
277 1 病死 bìngsǐ to fall ill and die 子產病死
278 1 楚昭王 Chǔ zhāo Wáng King Zhao of Chu 楚昭王相也
279 1 後五 hòu wǔ following five hundred years 後五日
280 1 residence / dwelling 居半歲
281 1 kuí a sunflower 拔其園葵而棄之
282 1 施教 shījiāo to give a teaching / to bestow a teaching 施教導民
283 1 不當 bùdàng unsuitable / improper / inappropriate 不當伏罪
284 1 食祿 shílù to draw government pay / to be in public service / salary of an official 使食祿者不得與下民爭利
285 1 to eat / to endure 食茹而美
286 1 shí time / a period of time 鄭昭君之時
287 1 晉文 jìn wén Duke Wen of Jin 晉文以正國法
288 1 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可
289 1 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 民悉自高其車
290 1 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 拔其園葵而棄之
291 1 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 寡人亦有罪邪
292 1 a man / a male adult 夫以父立政
293 1 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 不與下分利
294 1 良民 liáng mín good people / ordinary people 良民懼然身修者
295 1 sàng to lose / to die 喪期不令而治
296 1 machine 燔其機

Frequencies of all Words

Top 350

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 24 also / too 法令所以導民也
2 22 zhī him / her / them / that 楚之處士也
3 20 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 下令三日而市復如故
4 19 yuē to speak / to say 太史公曰
5 19 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 虞丘相進之於楚莊王
6 16 not / no 盜賊不起
7 16 his / hers / its / theirs 民皆樂其生
8 15 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 良民懼然身修者
9 12 mín the people / citizen / subjects 法令所以導民也
10 11 wèi for / to 亦可以為治
11 11 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 市令言之相曰
12 11 to die 治鄭二十六年而死
13 10 so as to / in order to 以自代也
14 8 shì a city 市令言之相曰
15 8 wáng Wang 相言之王曰
16 7 chén minister / statesman / official 臣請遂令復如故
17 7 不受 bùshòu to not accept 相不受
18 7 fish 客有遺相魚者
19 7 child / son 大宮子期言之君
20 7 zuì crime / sin / vice 知非己之罪也
21 6 fēi not / non- / un- 知非己之罪也
22 6 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 吾今令之復矣
23 6 nián year 為相一年
24 5 殺人 shārén to murder 道有殺人者
25 5 reason / logic / truth 奉職循理
26 5 使 shǐ to make / to cause 欲下令使高之
27 5 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 民不知所從
28 5 yǒu is / are / to exist 客有遺相魚者
29 5 yán to speak / to say / said 市令言之相曰
30 5 xià next 令數下
31 5 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過聽殺人
32 5 again / more / repeatedly 吾今令之復矣
33 5 naturally / of course / certainly 以自代也
34 4 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 鄭昭君之時
35 4 zhèng Zheng 鄭之列大夫也
36 4 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 民莫安其處
37 4 sān three 下令三日而市復如故
38 4 otherwise / but / however 秋冬則勸民山採
39 4 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故三得相而不喜
40 4 子產 zǐchǎn Zi Chan 子產者
41 4 tīng to listen 過聽殺人
42 4 chǔ state of Chu 楚之處士也
43 4 luàn chaotic / disorderly 官未曾亂也
44 4 a government official / a magistrate 吏無姦邪
45 4 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 李離者
46 4 no 吏無姦邪
47 4 Li 李離者
48 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 莊王以為幣輕
49 4 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 亦可以為治
50 3 其父 qí fù his father 乃其父也
51 3 zōng warp (the vertical threads in weaving) / vertical 縱其父而還自系焉
52 3 desire 欲下令使高之
53 3 and 使食祿者不得與下民爭利
54 3 method / way 遠者四面望而法之
55 3 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 民皆樂其生
56 3 expresses question or doubt 如此幾何頃乎
57 3 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 受大者不得取小
58 3 gāo high / tall 欲下令使高之
59 3 suì to comply with / to follow along 臣請遂令復如故
60 3 big / great / huge / large / major 更以小為大
61 3 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 臣罪當死
62 3 石奢 Shí Shē Shi She 石奢者
63 3 hǎo good 楚民俗好庳車
64 3 chē a vehicle 楚民俗好庳車
65 3 zhèng upright / straight 百官自正
66 3 to go 皆去其業
67 3 father 臣之父也
68 3 gōng public/ common / state-owned 公儀休者
69 2 a period of time / phase / stage 大宮子期言之君
70 2 to conceal / to hide / to ambush 伏劍而死
71 2 下令 xià lìng to order / to command 下令三日而市復如故
72 2 to allow / to permit 王許之
73 2 孫叔敖 Sūn Shū áo Sun Shu ao 孫叔敖者
74 2 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 更以小為大
75 2 不便 bùbiàn inconvenient / inappropriate / unsuitable / short of cash 百姓不便
76 2 qǐng unit of area equal to 100 mu or 6.6667 hectacres 如此幾何頃乎
77 2 měi beautiful 世俗盛美
78 2 有罪 yǒuzuì guilty 子則自以為有罪
79 2 家婦 jiāfù wife 而疾出其家婦
80 2 shì to be fond of / to have a weakness for 聞君嗜魚
81 2 gain / advantage / benefit 使食祿者不得與下民爭利
82 2 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 使食祿者不得與下民爭利
83 2 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 三月為楚相
84 2 文公 wéngōng Wengong / Lord Wen of Lu 文公曰
85 2 zhāo illustrious 鄭昭君之時
86 2 guest / visitor 客有遺相魚者
87 2 apparatus 公儀休者
88 2 shì a gentleman / a knight 士無尺籍
89 2 不定 bùdìng indefinite / indeterminate 次行不定
90 2 zhī to know 知其材自得之也
91 2 guān an office 官未曾亂也
92 2 jiàn to see 見其家織布好
93 2 gèng more / even more 更以小為大
94 2 néng can / able 能自給魚
95 2 I 吾今令之復矣
96 2 jiàn sword / dagger / saber 伏劍而死
97 2 day of the month / a certain day 後五日
98 2 to leave behind 客有遺相魚者
99 2 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 法令所以導民也
100 2 qīng light / not heavy 莊王以為幣輕
101 2 xíng punishment / penalty 失刑則刑
102 2 dǎo to lead / to guide / to conduct / to direct 法令所以導民也
103 2 shǔ to count 令數下
104 2 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 民莫安其處
105 2 cóng from 民不知所從
106 2 currency / coins / legal tender 莊王以為幣輕
107 2 如故 rúgù like an old friend 臣請遂令復如故
108 2 also / too 亦可以為治
109 2 a time 次行不定
110 2 a low-built house 楚民俗好庳車
111 2 I / me / my 子產去我死乎
112 2 final particle 吾今令之復矣
113 2 上下 shàngxià to go up and down 上下和合
114 2 do not 民莫安其處
115 2 xún to follow / to adhere to / to abide by 奉職循理
116 2 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 乘車者皆君子
117 2 guī to go back / to return 田器不歸
118 2 號哭 hàokū to bawl / to wail / to cry 丁壯號哭
119 2 太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe 太史公曰
120 2 chū to go out / to leave 而疾出其家婦
121 2 shī to lose 失刑則刑
122 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 相追之
123 2 Shandong 魯博士也
124 2 xíng to walk / to move 次行不定
125 1 不和 bùhé not to get along well / to be on bad terms / to be at odds / discord 父子不和
126 1 cháo to face
127 1 wàng to gaze / to look towards 遠者四面望而法之
128 1 shù straight vertical character stroke 豎子不戲狎
129 1 讓位 ràngwèi to abdicate / to yield 不與吏讓位
130 1 huǐ to regret 三去相而不悔
131 1 ài to love 以所愛徐摯為相
132 1 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 國亂
133 1 to stop / to cease / to suspend
134 1 female / feminine 欲令農士工女安所讎其貨乎
135 1 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 李離過殺而伏劍
136 1 hái also / in addition / more 縱其父而還自系焉
137 1 to doubt / to disbelieve 公以臣能聽微決疑
138 1 míng measure word for people 楚昭名立
139 1 祿 good fortune 受祿為多
140 1 a plow 僮子不犁畔
141 1 zhuàng robust 丁壯號哭
142 1 立政 lìzhèng to establish governance 夫以父立政
143 1 循吏列傳 Xún Lì Lièzhuàn Xun Li Liezhuan / Biographies of Obedient Minor Officials 循吏列傳
144 1 xiá to be familiar with 豎子不戲狎
145 1 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 鄭之列大夫也
146 1 奉職 fèngzhí devotion to duty 奉職循理
147 1 cotton cloth / textiles / linen 公儀子見好布而家婦逐
148 1 Yǐng Ying 郢市復
149 1 chéng to fill 世俗盛美
150 1 二十六 èrshíliù 26 / twenty-six 治鄭二十六年而死
151 1 miǎn to spare 今受魚而免
152 1 前日 qiánrì day before yesterday 前日更幣
153 1 shì matter / thing / item 子其治事矣
154 1 five 五年
155 1 貴賤 guì jiàn the noble and the lowly 官有貴賤
156 1 自給 zìgěi self-reliant 能自給魚
157 1 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 亦可以為治
158 1 shān a mountain / a hill / a peak 秋冬則勸民山採
159 1 下車 xiàchē to alight from a vehicle 君子不能數下車
160 1 gōng a palace 大宮子期言之君
161 1 four 四年
162 1 gěi to give 誰復給我魚者
163 1 不及 bùjí not as good as / inferior to 追而不及
164 1 不備 bùbèi unprepared / off guard 文武不備
165 1 xiū to decorate / to embellish 良民懼然身修者
166 1 zhì sincere / warm / cordial 以所愛徐摯為相
167 1 楚莊王 Chǔ Zhuāng Gōng Duke Zhuang of Chu 虞丘相進之於楚莊王
168 1 伏誅 fúzhū to punish by execution 伏誅而死
169 1 wén to hear 聞君嗜魚
170 1 jìn to enter 虞丘相進之於楚莊王
171 1 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 以自代也
172 1 幾何 jǐhé geometry 如此幾何頃乎
173 1 chūn spring 春夏以水
174 1 to connect / to relate 縱其父而還自系焉
175 1 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 臣居官為長
176 1 寡人 guǎ rén the lone one / a ruler's way of refering to himself 寡人亦有罪邪
177 1 晉文公 Jìn Wén Gōng Duke Wen of Jin 晉文公之理也
178 1 行縣 xíng xiàn to inspect a county 行縣
179 1 a drama / a play / a show 豎子不戲狎
180 1 奉法 fèng fǎ to act with respect for the law 奉法循理
181 1 民俗 mínsú popular customs 楚民俗好庳車
182 1 未曾 wèicéng not yet / has not 官未曾亂也
183 1 zāi exclamatory particle 何必威嚴哉
184 1 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 君子不能數下車
185 1 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 公以臣能聽微決疑
186 1 to arise / to get up 盜賊不起
187 1 Henan 市不豫賈
188 1 gōng an artisan / a craftsman / a worker 欲令農士工女安所讎其貨乎
189 1 zhǔ owner 不奉主法
190 1 所聞 suǒwén what one hears 非所聞也
191 1 刑罰 xíngfá punishment 刑罰所以禁姦也
192 1 有法 yǒufǎ something that exists 理有法
193 1 dīng Ding 丁壯號哭
194 1 shéi who / whoever 誰復給我魚者
195 1 shí food / food and drink 食茹而美
196 1 國法 guófǎ federal law 晉文以正國法
197 1 to fear / be afraid of / to dread 良民懼然身修者
198 1 Xu 以所愛徐摯為相
199 1 變更 biàngēng to change / to alter / to modify 無所變更
200 1 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 民將安歸
201 1 世俗 shìsú secular / worldly / profane 世俗盛美
202 1 qiū Confucius 虞丘相進之於楚莊王
203 1 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 門不夜關
204 1 居官 jūguān to secure a position / to take an official appointment 臣居官為長
205 1 night 門不夜關
206 1 one 為相一年
207 1 to be fond of / to like 故三得相而不喜
208 1 輕重 qīng zhòng weight 罰有輕重
209 1 zhèng government / administration 政緩禁止
210 1 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 受祿為多
211 1 tóng a page / a boy servant 僮子不犁畔
212 1 qǐng to ask / to inquire 臣請遂令復如故
213 1 一言 yīyán one sentence / brief remark 孫叔敖出一言
214 1 高車 gāochē Gaoche 王必欲高車
215 1 不知 bùzhī do not know 民不知所從
216 1 ā prefix to names of people 無所阿避
217 1 lái to come 今市令來言曰
218 1 huǎn slow / sluggish / gradual 政緩禁止
219 1 提挈 tíqiè to hold by the hand / fig. to nurture / to foster / to bring up / to support 斑白不提挈
220 1 rán correct / right / certainly 良民懼然身修者
221 1 to weep / to whimper 老人兒啼
222 1 fán to roast 燔其機
223 1 不孝 bù xiào unfilial 不孝也
224 1 各得其所 gè de qísuǒ each in the correct place / each is provided for 各得其所便
225 1 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃其父也
226 1 ér son 老人兒啼
227 1 百官 bǎi guān officials of different ranks and positions 百官自正
228 1 yuán garden / orchard 拔其園葵而棄之
229 1 rén person / people / a human being 使人言之王曰
230 1 qiū fall / autumn 秋冬則勸民山採
231 1 shì to look at / to see 近者視而效之
232 1 to abandon / to relinquish / to discard / to throw away 拔其園葵而棄之
233 1 jiā house / home / residence 見其家織布好
234 1 business / industry 皆去其業
235 1 自得 zì dé to be self satisfied 知其材自得之也
236 1 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 民皆樂其生
237 1 大夫 dàifu doctor 鄭之列大夫也
238 1 horse 王以為庳車不便馬
239 1 pàn boundary path dividing fields 僮子不犁畔
240 1 斑白 bānbái grizzled / graying 斑白不提挈
241 1 cái material / stuff 知其材自得之也
242 1 和合 héhé to mix / to blend / to converge / to join / to fuse 上下和合
243 1 dōng winter 秋冬則勸民山採
244 1 莊王 Zhuāng Wáng King Zhuang of Zhou 莊王以為幣輕
245 1 xià summer 春夏以水
246 1 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 刑罰所以禁姦也
247 1 shēn human body / torso 良民懼然身修者
248 1 如此 rúcǐ in this way / so 如此幾何頃乎
249 1 jìn nearby 近者視而效之
250 1 yún cloud
251 1 shè to forgive / to pardon 王赦其罪
252 1 shàng top / a high position 上惠也
253 1 自刎 zìwěn to commit suicide by cutting one's own throat 自刎而死
254 1 huà to make into / to change into / to transform 此不教而民從其化
255 1 乘車 chéngchē to ride (in a car or carriage) / to drive / to motor 乘車者皆君子
256 1 孝子 xiàozǐ a filial son 非孝子也
257 1 bàn half 居半歲
258 1 certainly / must / will / necessarily 王必欲高車
259 1 to punish / to penalize 罰有輕重
260 1 cǎi to pick / to pluck / to collect / to select / to choose / to gather 秋冬則勸民山採
261 1 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓不便
262 1 chóu an enemy / an opponent 欲令農士工女安所讎其貨乎
263 1 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 刑罰所以禁姦也
264 1 何必 hébì why 何必威嚴哉
265 1 jiāo to teach / to educate / to instruct 此不教而民從其化
266 1 to avoid / to shun 無所阿避
267 1 dào way / road / path 道有殺人者
268 1 zhí straight 堅直廉正
269 1 博士 bóshì Ph.D. 魯博士也
270 1 huò goods / products / commodities 欲令農士工女安所讎其貨乎
271 1 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 廢法縱罪
272 1 處士 chùshì an official that is talented but prefers seclusion 楚之處士也
273 1 concerned about / anxious / worried 虞丘相進之於楚莊王
274 1 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 各得其所便
275 1 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 上惠也
276 1 tián field / farmland 田器不歸
277 1 a tutor / a teacher 傅其罪下吏
278 1 織布 zhībù woven cloth / to weave cloth 見其家織布好
279 1 nóng agriculture / farming 欲令農士工女安所讎其貨乎
280 1 lián upright / honorable / honest 堅直廉正
281 1 jiǎ Jia 市不豫賈
282 1 道不拾遺 dào bù shíyí no one picks up lost articles in the street / honesty prevails throughout society 道不拾遺
283 1 shēng to be born / to give birth 民皆樂其生
284 1 姦邪 jiānxié deceitful 吏無姦邪
285 1 自高 zìgāo to be proud of oneself 民悉自高其車
286 1 zhú to chase / to expel 公儀子見好布而家婦逐
287 1 老人 lǎorén an old person / old people / the aged 老人兒啼
288 1 disease / sickness / ailment 而疾出其家婦
289 1 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 秋冬則勸民山採
290 1 威嚴 wēiyán dignified / imposing / august 何必威嚴哉
291 1 忠臣 zhōngchén faithful official 非忠臣也
292 1 this / these 此不教而民從其化
293 1 private 不私其父
294 1 四面 sìmiàn all sides 遠者四面望而法之
295 1 record / register / list / census 士無尺籍
296 1 xiū to rest 公儀休者
297 1 何故 hégù what reason 何故不受也
298 1 yān where / how 縱其父而還自系焉
299 1 盜賊 dàozéi thiefs / robbers 盜賊不起
300 1 words / speech / expression / phrase / dialog 辭不受令
301 1 jiān hard / strong / firm 堅直廉正
302 1 yuǎn far / distant 遠者四面望而法之
303 1 a device / a tool / a utensil / an implement 田器不歸
304 1 wēi small / tiny 公以臣能聽微決疑
305 1 禁止 jìnzhǐ to prohibit 政緩禁止
306 1 zhōng loyalty / devotion 非忠也
307 1 shuǐ water 春夏以水
308 1 法令 fǎlìng a decree / an ordinance / a law 法令所以導民也
309 1 qīn relatives 上下不親
310 1 guān to close 門不夜關
311 1 younger brother 以高弟為魯相
312 1 to adhere / to capture / to restrain 自拘當死
313 1 伏罪 fúzuì to submit to punishment 不當伏罪
314 1 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 使食祿者不得與下民爭利
315 1 kǔn a doorsill / a doorjamb 臣請教閭里使高其梱
316 1 父子 fù zǐ father and son 父子不和
317 1 fèng to offer / to present 不奉主法
318 1 xiào result / effect 近者視而效之
319 1 請教 qǐngjiào to consult 臣請教閭里使高其梱
320 1 閭里 lǘlǐ a village 臣請教閭里使高其梱
321 1 to stand 楚昭名立
322 1 to take / to get / to fetch 受大者不得取小
323 1 zhí office / post 臣職也
324 1 文武 wén wǔ civil and military 文武不備
325 1 suì age 居半歲
326 1 de potential marker 故三得相而不喜
327 1 èr two 二年
328 1 病死 bìngsǐ to fall ill and die 子產病死
329 1 楚昭王 Chǔ zhāo Wáng King Zhao of Chu 楚昭王相也
330 1 後五 hòu wǔ following five hundred years 後五日
331 1 residence / dwelling 居半歲
332 1 kuí a sunflower 拔其園葵而棄之
333 1 施教 shījiāo to give a teaching / to bestow a teaching 施教導民
334 1 不當 bùdàng unsuitable / improper / inappropriate 不當伏罪
335 1 in / at 虞丘相進之於楚莊王
336 1 食祿 shílù to draw government pay / to be in public service / salary of an official 使食祿者不得與下民爭利
337 1 chǐ chi / a Chinese foot / a foot 士無尺籍
338 1 to eat / to endure 食茹而美
339 1 shí time / a period of time 鄭昭君之時
340 1 晉文 jìn wén Duke Wen of Jin 晉文以正國法
341 1 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可
342 1 to know / to learn about / to comprehend 民悉自高其車
343 1 to pull up / to pull out / to select / to promote 拔其園葵而棄之
344 1 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 寡人亦有罪邪
345 1 a man / a male adult 夫以父立政
346 1 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 不與下分利
347 1 良民 liáng mín good people / ordinary people 良民懼然身修者
348 1 self 知非己之罪也
349 1 sàng to lose / to die 喪期不令而治
350 1 machine 燔其機

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
楚昭王 Chǔ zhāo Wáng King Zhao of Chu
楚庄王 楚莊王 Chǔ Zhuāng Gōng Duke Zhuang of Chu
高车 高車 gāochē Gaoche
晋文 晉文 jìn wén Duke Wen of Jin
晋文公 晉文公 Jìn Wén Gōng Duke Wen of Jin
  1. Shandong
  2. Lu
  3. foolish / stupid / rash / vulgar
  4. the State of Lu
石奢 Shí Shē Shi She
孙叔敖 孫叔敖 Sūn Shū áo Sun Shu ao
太史公 Tài Shǐgōng Grand Scribe
文公 wéngōng Wengong / Lord Wen of Lu
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
循吏列传 循吏列傳 Xún Lì Lièzhuàn Xun Li Liezhuan / Biographies of Obedient Minor Officials
Yǐng Ying
zhèng
  1. Zheng
  2. Zheng
莊王 Zhuāng Wáng King Zhuang of Zhou
子产 子產 zǐchǎn Zi Chan

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English