Glossary and Vocabulary for Xunzi 荀子, 君道篇第十二 Chapter 12: The Way of the Sovereign

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 58 rén person / people / a human being 有治人
2 25 yuē to speak / to say 書曰
3 22 néng can / able 尚賢使能
4 22 wèi to call 此之謂也
5 21 zhī to know 知國之安危臧否
6 20 使 shǐ to make / to cause 而休於使之
7 19 mín the people / citizen / subjects 以無度取於民
8 18 天下 tiānxià China 古者先王審禮以方皇周浹於天下
9 18 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 有治人
10 17 guó a country / a nation 無亂國
11 16 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可得也
12 16 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 故法不能獨立
13 15 dào way / road / path 而志乎古之道
14 15 a man / a male adult 夫是之謂至平
15 15 desire 故人主欲彊固安樂
16 14 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 有亂君
17 13 人主 rénzhǔ a monarch 是人主之寶也
18 13 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 以禮分施
19 13 luàn chaotic / disorderly 有亂君
20 12 yòng to use / to apply 明達用天地理萬變而不疑
21 12 method / way 無治法
22 11 míng bright / brilliant 曉然獨明於先王之所以得之
23 11 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 敬而安之
24 11 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 足以遍矣
25 11 zhǔ owner 而闇主急得其埶
26 10 gōng merit 功大而名美
27 10 shàng top / a high position 上可以王
28 10 請問 qǐngwèn may I ask 請問為人君
29 10 qiú to request 而求民之親愛己
30 10 shì matter / thing / item 不能應事之變
31 10 wéi dangerous / precarious 社稷必危
32 10 yuán source / origin 法之原也
33 9 can / may / permissible 可詘邪哉
34 9 cái material / stuff 而致善用其材
35 9 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 如耳目鼻口之不可以相借官也
36 9 to stand 偏立而亂
37 9 wáng to die 羿之法非亡也
38 9 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 請問為人君
39 8 hǎo good 楚莊王好細腰
40 8 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 致忠信
41 8 不待 bù dài not need 不待合符節
42 8 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 諸侯為臣
43 8 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子者
44 8 alone / independent / single / sole 然而是子獨好之
45 8 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 治之流也
46 8 one 一人以擇
47 8 guān an office 官人守數
48 8 sufficient / enough 事時制明而用足
49 7 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓莫敢不順上之法
50 7 guì expensive / costly / valuable 縣貴爵重賞以招致之
51 7 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 城郭不待飾而固
52 7 a government official / a magistrate 則臣下百吏誕詐之人乘是而後欺
53 7 to take / to get / to fetch 則臣下百吏乘是而後豐取刻與
54 7 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善班治人者也
55 6 shī to lose 失其人則亡
56 6 xíng to walk / to move 行義塞於天地之間
57 6 xián virtuous / worthy 尚賢使能
58 6 jìng to respect /to honor 惟文王敬忌
59 6 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 善顯設人者也
60 6 to lift / to hold up / to raise 舉積此矣
61 6 wén to hear 曰聞修身
62 6 cún to exist / to survive 禹之法猶存
63 6 to think over / to consider 不慮而知
64 6 hurried / worried 故明主急得其人
65 6 lùn to comment / to discuss 論德而定次
66 6 臣下 chénxià an official in feudal court 則臣下百吏誕詐之人乘是而後欺
67 6 chén minister / statesman / official 請問為人臣
68 6 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 果何道而便
69 6 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 則法雖具
70 6 piān to be one-sided / leaning / to slant 則臣下百吏乘是而後偏
71 6 bǎi one hundred 則臣下百吏誕詐之人乘是而後欺
72 6 child / son 請問為人子
73 5 àn to shut a door 而闇主急得其埶
74 5 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 官人守數
75 5 gōng public/ common / state-owned 所以為公也
76 5 qīn relatives 民不親不愛
77 5 tīng to listen 夫有禮則柔從聽侍
78 5 popular / common 政令不煩而俗美
79 5 上好 shànghǎo first-rate / top-notch 上好權謀
80 5 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 徐方既來
81 5 big / great / huge / large / major 功大而名美
82 5 to doubt / to disbelieve 明達用天地理萬變而不疑
83 5 fān a fence / a pale / a border / a vassal state 介人維藩
84 5 故人 gùrén an old friend 故人主欲彊固安樂
85 5 wáng Wang 而夏不世王
86 5 shì a gentleman / a knight 好士而榮
87 5 láo to toil 則身勞而國亂
88 5 zhòng heavy 若夫重色而成文章
89 5 qīng minister / high officer 然而求卿相輔佐
90 5 meaning / sense 不知法之義
91 5 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 城郭不待飾而固
92 5 gain / advantage / benefit 上好貪利
93 5 xiū to cultivate / to repair 欲脩政美俗
94 5 ài to love 民不親不愛
95 5 biàn to change / to alter 不能應事之變
96 5 xiàn county 衡石稱縣者
97 5 thing / matter 其知惠足使規物
98 5 zhì a sign / a mark / a flag / a banner 象上之志
99 5 ancient / old / palaeo- 古者先王審禮以方皇周浹於天下
100 5 favorite 案唯便嬖親比己者之用也
101 5 輔佐 fǔzuǒ to bring 然而求卿相輔佐
102 4 詩曰 shīyuē a poem goes 詩曰
103 4 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 王猶允塞
104 4 chēng to call / to address 衡石稱縣者
105 4 bái white 若別白黑
106 4 Germany 論德而定次
107 4 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 故賞不用而民勸
108 4 bān class / a group / a grade 善班治人者也
109 4 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 而觀其能安敬也
110 4 róng glory / honor 好士而榮
111 4 shí time / a point or period of time 事時制明而用足
112 4 zài in / at 如是則雖在小民
113 4 xìn to believe / to trust 所以為信也
114 4 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 可詘邪哉
115 4 文王 Wén Wáng King Wen of Zhou 惟文王敬忌
116 4 jǐng sunlight 民者景也
117 4 to reach 治則衍及百姓
118 4 easy / simple 百姓易俗
119 4 è evil / vice 莫不欲彊而惡弱
120 4 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 以禮分施
121 4 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 事時制明而用足
122 4 gǎn bold / brave 百姓莫敢不順上之法
123 4 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 天子三公
124 4 zhuó turbid / muddy 原濁則流濁
125 4 měi beautiful 功大而名美
126 4 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 上可以王
127 4 shì a generation 而羿不世中
128 4 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 審之禮也
129 4 private 上好曲私
130 4 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 社稷必危
131 4 shēn human body / torso 則身佚而國治
132 4 yuǎn far / distant 射遠中微者
133 4 shè to set up / to establish 善顯設人者也
134 4 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 天下曉然皆知其所以為異也
135 4 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知法之義
136 4 even / equal / uniform 齊給便捷而不惑
137 4 duān to carry 治之端也
138 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 天下曉然皆知其所以為異也
139 4 qīng clear / pure / clean 原清則流清
140 4 chéng honesty / sincerity 誠能而後敢受職
141 4 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 生乎今之世
142 3 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 古者先王審禮以方皇周浹於天下
143 3 zhí office / post 士保職
144 3 安樂 ānlè peaceful and happy / content 而安樂之矣
145 3 jìn strong / unyielding 兵刃不待陵而勁
146 3 qiáng strong / powerful 故人主欲彊固安樂
147 3 滅亡 mièwáng to destroy / to exterminate / to perish / to die out 危削滅亡之情
148 3 shǔ to count 而正法之數者
149 3 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 君射則臣決
150 3 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 愚莫大焉
151 3 其事 qí shì that thing / this thing 皆使人載其事
152 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed / to perfect 重味而成珍備
153 3 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 禁盜賊
154 3 wàn ten thousand 明達用天地理萬變而不疑
155 3 愛民 àimín Aimin 故有社稷者而不能愛民
156 3 chéng to mount / to climb onto 則臣下百吏乘是而後偏
157 3 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 寬惠而有禮
158 3 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 其待上也
159 3 汙邪 wū yé for ground to be low 則與汙邪之人疑之
160 3 jié festival / a special day 合符節
161 3 lín to face / to overlook 雖博臨事必亂
162 3 enemy / foe 而求敵之不至
163 3 zhà to cheat / to swindle 則臣下百吏誕詐之人乘是而後欺
164 3 rén a kernel / a pit 仁智之極也
165 3 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小用之
166 3 耳目 ěrmù eyes and ears / attention / information / knowledge / spies 如耳目鼻口之不可以相借官也
167 3 four 四統者俱
168 3 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 君子養原
169 3 píng flat / level / smooth 所以為平也
170 3 xìng family name / surname 則周姬姓也
171 3 skill / art 而闇主急得其埶
172 3 zhōng middle 而羿不世中
173 3 to bend / to stoop / to crouch 敵國不待服而詘
174 3 明主 míngzhǔ a wise ruler 故明主急得其人
175 3 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 今人主有大患
176 3 to attain / to reach 達則必有功
177 3 shuǐ water 民者水也
178 3 子弟 zǐdì later generations 內不可以阿子弟
179 3 wài outside 外不可以隱遠人
180 3 yǎn to overflow / to spill over / to spread out 是所衍也
181 3 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 便嬖左右者
182 3 dìng to decide 論德而定次
183 3 to rule by force / to usurp / to master 下可以霸
184 3 jiàn to see 慈愛而見友
185 3 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 其於天地萬物也
186 3 tóng like / same / similar 是所同也
187 3 不為 bùwéi to not do 民不為己用
188 3 事業 shìyè cause / undertaking / enterprise / achievment 事業忘勞
189 3 士大夫 Shì Dàifu Scholar-official / Scholar-gentlemen / Scholar-bureaucrats / Scholar-gentry 下賢使之為士大夫
190 3 yǐn to hide / to conceal 外不可以隱遠人
191 3 to die 寇難忘死
192 3 é Russia 俄則弱矣
193 3 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 夫是之謂聖人
194 3 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 能群也
195 3 shēng to be born / to give birth 是狂生者也
196 3 zhòng many / numerous 眾農夫
197 3 莫若 mò ruò nothing is better than 則莫若反之民
198 3 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 功廢而名辱
199 3 xīn heart 無貪利之心
200 3 nèi inside / interior 內不可以阿子弟
201 3 王公 wáng gōng princes and dukes / aristocrat 以天下之王公莫好之也
202 3 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 故人主欲彊固安樂
203 3 chéng a city / a town 城之固
204 3 to cheat / to double-cross / to deceive 則臣下百吏誕詐之人乘是而後欺
205 3 kuáng insane / mad 是狂生者也
206 3 nán difficult / arduous / hard 故君子恭而不難
207 2 xiǎn dangerous 則臣下百吏乘是而後險
208 2 an ancient measuring vessel / fifty liters 斗斛敦概者
209 2 to cover 上好覆傾
210 2 base / foundation 維德之基
211 2 tǒng to unify 四統者俱
212 2 a basin 君者盂也
213 2 zhèng upright / straight 儀正而景正
214 2 xiāo to scrape off / to pare 敵至而求無危削
215 2 rèn to bear / to undertake 故人主必將有卿相輔佐足任者
216 2 clothes / dress / garment 罰不用而民服
217 2 qióng poor / destitute / impoverished 是故窮則必有名
218 2 不懈 bùxiè untiring / unremitting / indefatigable 忠順而不懈
219 2 wéi to preserve / to maintain 介人維藩
220 2 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 君射則臣決
221 2 to agree / to get along well with somebody 別契券者
222 2 pán a tray 君者槃也
223 2 guī to go back / to return 而天下歸之
224 2 shùn to obey 忠順而不懈
225 2 bīng soldier / troops 而求兵之勁
226 2 bēi low / base / vulgar / inferior / humble 故卑不得以臨尊
227 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 則德厚者進而佞說者止
228 2 生養 shēngyǎng to bring up (children) / to raise / to bear 不能生養人者
229 2 wood / lumber 是猶立直木而恐其景之枉也
230 2 xiǎo xiao 曉然獨明於先王之所以得之
231 2 zǎo early 不可不早具也
232 2 招致 zhāozhì to recruit / to scout for talent 縣貴爵重賞以招致之
233 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 姦怪之屬莫不反愨
234 2 to adhere / to capture / to restrain 則是拘脅蔽塞之端也
235 2 cháo to face 故朝有餓人
236 2 dūn honest / candid / sincere 斗斛敦概者
237 2 xiū to decorate / to embellish 修冠弁衣裳
238 2 羿 Yi 羿之法非亡也
239 2 jūn equal / even 均遍而不偏
240 2 a song 上好曲私
241 2 zūn to honor / to respect 故卑不得以臨尊
242 2 應變 yīngbiàn to adapt to changes 其應變故也
243 2 guī rules / regulations / customs / law 則與不肖者規之
244 2 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 眾庶百姓無姦怪之俗
245 2 residence / dwelling 其居鄉里也
246 2 yān Yan 與之安燕
247 2 zhōng loyalty / devotion 忠順而不懈
248 2 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 失先後之施
249 2 shū book 書曰
250 2 境內 jìngnèi within the borders / domestic 近者境內
251 2 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 纂論公察則民不疑
252 2 bǎo to defend / to protect 士保職
253 2 a talisman / a charm 合符節
254 2 遠人 yuǎnrén an estranged person / somebody who is alienated / people far from home 外不可以隱遠人
255 2 zhí straight 是猶立直木而恐其景之枉也
256 2 禮義 lǐ yì proper etiquette and right action 故上好禮義
257 2 Emperor Yu 禹之法猶存
258 2 lèi kind / type / class / category 類不能自行
259 2 ruò weak 莫不欲彊而惡弱
260 2 jìng a narrow path 徑而不失
261 2 to be lost 則身佚而國治
262 2 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 隆禮至法則國有常
263 2 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 知無與下爭小利之為便於事也
264 2 chóu a chip / a tally / a token 探籌
265 2 hēi black 若別白黑
266 2 sān three 能論官此三材者而無失其次
267 2 dòu to struggle / to fight 斗斛敦概者
268 2 tàn to visit 探籌
269 2 to join / to combine 合符節
270 2 jué ancient bronze wine holder 縣貴爵重賞以招致之
271 2 different / other 以明辨異
272 2 為己 wèijǐ middle voice / atmanepada 而求為己用
273 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 果何道而便
274 2 to drive / to manage / to control 欲得善馭
275 2 to punish / to penalize 罰不用而民服
276 2 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 而謹於臣子矣
277 2 to inspect / to check 其足以稽矣
278 2 preface / introduction 序事業
279 2 yuán won / yuan 槃圓而水圓
280 2 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 曉然獨明於先王之所以得之
281 2 修身 xiūshēn to practice self-cultivation / to cultivate 曰聞修身
282 2 fán to bother / to vex / to trouble 政令不煩而俗美
283 2 庶人 shùrén common people 故由天子至於庶人也
284 2 apparatus 君者儀也
285 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 先時者殺無赦
286 2 shì to attend on 以禮侍君
287 2 shěng province 則法雖省
288 2 color 若夫重色而成文章
289 2 用人 yòngrén a servant 其用人有法
290 2 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 上好貪利
291 2 affairs / business / matter / activity 不務說其所以然
292 2 善用 shànyòng to be good at using (something)/to put (something) to good use 而致善用其材
293 2 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 不務說其所以然
294 2 biàn to distinguish / to recognize 致臨而有辨
295 2 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 故君子恭而不難
296 2 四鄰 sì lín one's nearest neighbors 四鄰諸侯之相與
297 2 xiào school 校之以功
298 2 shí a rock / a stone 衡石稱縣者
299 2 xíng appearance 至道大形
300 2 a consort / a concubine 則周姬姓也
301 2 zhèng government / administration 則莫若反之政
302 2 善生 shànshēng Sīgāla 善生養人者也
303 2 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 故賞不用而民勸
304 2 quàn title deeds 別契券者
305 2 盜賊 dàozéi thiefs / robbers 禁盜賊
306 2 guài odd / queer / strange / uncanny 眾庶百姓無姦怪之俗
307 2 此道 cǐdào such matters / things like this / this line of work / this pursuit / this hobby / this endeavor 此道也
308 2 wǎng useless / in vain 是猶立直木而恐其景之枉也
309 2 不仁 bùrén not benevolent / heartless / numb 故知而不仁
310 2 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 古者先王審禮以方皇周浹於天下
311 2 三公 Sān Gōng Three Ducal Ministers 天子三公
312 2 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 故藉歛忘費
313 2 tóu to throw / to cast / to fling / to pitch 投鉤者
314 2 què honest 姦怪之屬莫不反愨
315 2 shè to forgive / to pardon 先時者殺無赦
316 2 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 而人主之守司
317 2 day of the month / a certain day 滅亡無日
318 2 to make an analogy / to use as a simile / to give an example / for example / 譬之
319 2 huò to confuse / to mislead / to baffle 惑莫大焉
320 2 dark gray 則下亦將綦辭讓
321 2 gōu hook character stroke 投鉤者
322 2 yào to want / to wish for 要此三欲
323 2 一日 yī rì one [whole] day 一日而千里
324 2 to go 使無去其疆域
325 1 小民 xiǎomín ordinary people / commoner / civilian 如是則雖在小民
326 1 relative 夫文王非無貴戚也
327 1 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 愿愨拘錄
328 1 xià summer 而夏不世王
329 1 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 豈不過甚矣哉
330 1 inside / interior 里之前
331 1 辭讓 círàng to comply / to politely yield 則下亦將綦辭讓
332 1 idea 志意廣大
333 1 濟濟 jìjì a horde or multitude of people 濟濟多士
334 1 yǔn toothless 齳然而齒墮矣
335 1 óu uneven (teeth) 有弛易齵差者矣
336 1 奈何 nàihé to deal with / to cope 請問兼能之奈何
337 1 無禮 wúlǐ rude 夫無禮則恐懼而自竦也
338 1 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 姦怪之屬莫不反愨
339 1 未及 wèijí to not have had time / to have not yet / not to touch upon 未及君道也
340 1 to make a false accusation / to defame 臣不能而誣能
341 1 不利 bùlì unfavorable / disadvantageous / harmful / detrimental 本不利於所私也
342 1 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 則與不肖者規之
343 1 níng Nanjing 文王以寧
344 1 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 並遇變態而不窮
345 1 to associate with / be near 案唯便嬖親比己者之用也
346 1 取舍 qǔshě to choose to use or not use / to accept or reject 知慮取舍
347 1 無故 wú gù unconditioned 則國終身無故
348 1 xiū to rest 而休於使之
349 1 職分 zhífēn duty 故職分而民不慢
350 1 wèi taste / flavor 重味而成珍備
351 1 獨居 dújū to live alone / to live a solitary existence 立七十一國姬姓獨居五十三人
352 1 art 其於百官之事伎藝之人也
353 1 chěng to hasten / to run / to open up 莫不騁其能
354 1 上下 shàngxià to go up and down 調壹上下
355 1 大功 dàgōng great merit / great service 立天下之大功
356 1 貴賤 guì jiàn the noble and the lowly 上以飾賢良而明貴賤
357 1 權利 quánlì power / right / privilege 權利
358 1 明達 míngdá reasonable / sensible 明達用天地理萬變而不疑
359 1 shī teacher 是士大夫官師之材也
360 1 損益 sǔnyì profit and loss / increase and decrease 不敢損益
361 1 不滅 bùmiè not being extinguished 不滅亡
362 1 便於 biànyú to be easy / to be convenient 知無與下爭小利之為便於事也
363 1 hài to injure / to harm to 俱害之道也
364 1 yǒu a window 人主之所以窺遠收眾之門戶牖嚮也
365 1 成功 chénggōng success 雖欲成功
366 1 兩者 liǎng zhě both sides 兩者無一焉而亡
367 1 靡費 mǐfèi to waste / to squander 故天子諸侯無靡費之用
368 1 十數 shíshǔ more than ten / a dozen or more 今有十數焉
369 1 tián to fill in / to fill up 其德音足以填撫百姓
370 1 刻鏤 kèlòu to engrave 琱琢刻鏤
371 1 a mat / a pad 故藉歛忘費
372 1 lái to come 徐方既來
373 1 便捷 biànjié direct and fast 齊給便捷而不惑
374 1 hàn to ward off 然而應薄扞患
375 1 younger brother 請問為人弟
376 1 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 亂則不足及王公
377 1 孤獨 gūdú lonely 孤獨而晻
378 1 所以然 suǒyǐrán the reason why 不務說其所以然
379 1 beautiful / magnificent / elegant 以為好麗邪
380 1 jiāng Jiang 而彼姜姓也
381 1 xiàng to guide / to direct 人主之所以窺遠收眾之門戶牖嚮也
382 1 jiāo haughty 富貴而不驕
383 1 chōng to charge at 不待衝石稱縣而平
384 1 jiē to join 接之以聲色
385 1 liàng a quantity / an amount 量能而授官
386 1 hòu thick 則德厚者進而佞說者止
387 1 慈愛 cí'ài affection 慈愛而見友
388 1 róu soft 夫有禮則柔從聽侍
389 1 sǒng to revere / to respect / to be in awe of 夫無禮則恐懼而自竦也
390 1 ǎn closed eyes 孤獨而晻
391 1 道果 dào guǒ the fruit of the path 於是乎貴道果立
392 1 恐懼 kǒngjù fear / dread 夫無禮則恐懼而自竦也
393 1 太公 tàigōng great-grandfather 倜然乃舉太公於州人而用之
394 1 yuán a low wall 大師為垣
395 1 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 皆使人載其事
396 1 gǒng firm / secure / strong 敬而不鞏
397 1 kuī to peep / to watch / to spy on / to pry 人主之所以窺遠收眾之門戶牖嚮也
398 1 màn slow 故職分而民不慢
399 1 血氣 xuèqì blood and vital breath 血氣和平
400 1 日月 rì yuè the sun and moon 日月積久
401 1 三惡 sān è three kinds of malice 辟此三惡
402 1 法則 fǎzé law / rule / code 隆禮至法則國有常
403 1 大用 dàyòng a great use 大用之
404 1 xu 徐方既來
405 1 qīng light / not heavy 輕不得以縣重
406 1 wēi small / tiny 射遠中微者
407 1 a law / a rule 辟此三惡
408 1 萬物 wànwù all living things 其於天地萬物也
409 1 臣子 chénzǐ an official in feudal court / a subject 而謹於臣子矣
410 1 huáng royal / imperial 古者先王審禮以方皇周浹於天下
411 1 於是乎 yúshìhū therefore 於是乎貴道果立
412 1 常法 chángfǎ fixed laws / convention / normal practice / conventional treatment 知有常法之為一俗也
413 1 jiā to saturate / to drench 古者先王審禮以方皇周浹於天下
414 1 tāo excessive / dissolute 而觀其能無流慆也
415 1 百官 bǎi guān officials of different ranks and positions 其於百官之事伎藝之人也
416 1 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 兼聽齊明而百姓不留
417 1 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 王猶允塞
418 1 quán authority / power 權物稱用之為不泥也
419 1 chuò to stop / to suspend / to halt 不為少頃輟焉
420 1 zhàng a cane / a walking stick / a staff 人主之基杖也
421 1 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 一人以擇
422 1 bèi to prepare / get ready 重味而成珍備
423 1 尊君 zūnjūn (honorific) your father 知隆禮義之為尊君也
424 1 diāo to engrave / to inlay / to carve 琱琢刻鏤
425 1 至道 zhìdào ultimate way 至道大形
426 1 clothes / clothing 衣煖而食充
427 1 to carve / to engrave 則臣下百吏乘是而後豐取刻與
428 1 to record / to copy 愿愨拘錄
429 1 tōu to steal 賞克罰偷則民不怠
430 1 難忘 nánwàng unforgettable 寇難忘死
431 1 樂之 lèzhī Ritz (cracker brand) 善顯設人者人樂之
432 1 dàn birth 則臣下百吏誕詐之人乘是而後欺
433 1 故知 gùzhī a close friend over many years 故知而不仁
434 1 不敢 bùgǎn to not dare 不敢損益
435 1 reason / logic / truth 明達用天地理萬變而不疑
436 1 xiōng elder brother 請問為人兄
437 1 辯說 biànshuō to debate / to argue 其辯說足以解煩
438 1 zhāng a chapter / a section 若夫重色而成文章
439 1 廣大 guǎngdà vast / extensive 志意廣大
440 1 疾病 jíbìng disease / sickness / ailment 則不得不有疾病物故之變焉
441 1 制度 zhìdù (political or administrative) system or institution 知明制度
442 1 yǒu friend / companion 慈愛而見友
443 1 àn case / incident 案唯便嬖親比己者之用也
444 1 各得其所 gè de qísuǒ each in the correct place / each is provided for 而各得其所宜
445 1 安國 Ān Guó Parthia 知愛民之為安國也
446 1 聲色 shēng sè tone of voice 接之以聲色
447 1 公義 gōngyì righteousness 公義明而私事息矣
448 1 shòu to suffer / to be subjected to 誠能而後敢受職
449 1 móu to plan 愚不得以謀知
450 1 爭能 zhēng néng to compete for mastery 不與之爭能
451 1 主使 zhǔshǐ to instigate 彼不能而主使之
452 1 固安 gùān Gu'an 故人主欲彊固安樂
453 1 gěi to give 齊給便捷而不惑
454 1 政教 zhèngjiāo government and education 夫是之謂政教之極
455 1 zhī limb / wings of birds / legs of animals 如四胑之從心
456 1 萬世 wàn shì all ages 將以明分達治而保萬世也
457 1 先後 xiānhòu start and finish 失先後之施
458 1 cān to take part in / to participate 參之以禮
459 1 xié flank / side of the human body 則是拘脅蔽塞之端也
460 1 Jié Emperor Jie 是禹桀之所同也
461 1 yīn sound / noise 其德音足以填撫百姓
462 1 děng et cetera / and so on 禁之以等
463 1 百事 bǎishì regular affairs 人之百事
464 1 duò to fall / to sink 齳然而齒墮矣
465 1 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 四海之民不待令而一
466 1 不惑 bùhuò without doubt 齊給便捷而不惑
467 1 仁厚 rénhòu kindhearted / tolerant / honest and generous 仁厚兼覆天下而不閔
468 1 其次 qícì secondary 能論官此三材者而無失其次
469 1 細腰 xìyāo slender waist / pretty woman 楚莊王好細腰
470 1 傳世 chuánshì to hand down from ancient times 可傳世也
471 1 調 tiáo to harmonize 調壹上下
472 1 不順 bùshùn unfavorable / adverse 百姓莫敢不順上之法
473 1 明辨 míngbiàn to discern / to distinguish clearly 以明辨異
474 1 dòng to move / to act 動無不當也
475 1 xiè weapons 故械數者
476 1 無由 wúyóu to be unable (to do sth) / no reason to ... / without rhyme or reason 而人主無由知之
477 1 è to be hungry 故朝有餓人
478 1 溫溫 wēnwēn mild 溫溫恭人
479 1 寬裕 kuānyù comfortably off / ample / plenty 寡怨寬裕而無阿
480 1 to prevail 賞克罰偷則民不怠
481 1 變態 biàntài metamorphosis 並遇變態而不窮
482 1 cōng intelligent / clever / bright 不聽而聰
483 1 今人 jīnrén modern people 今人主有大患
484 1 to leave / to depart / to go away / to part 而觀其能無離守也
485 1 交遊 jiāoyóu a companion 其交遊也
486 1 wife 請問為人妻
487 1 gōng an artisan / a craftsman / a skilled worker 省工賈
488 1 端正 duānzhèng upright 脩飭端正
489 1 自行 zìxíng voluntary / autonomous 類不能自行
490 1 pín poor / impoverished 好之者貧
491 1 shòu to teach 量能而授官
492 1 jiè to introduce / to lie between 介人維藩
493 1 守職 shǒuzhí to observe one's duty steadfastly / devoted to one's job 守職脩業
494 1 xiáng detailed / complete / thorough 而親自貫日而治詳
495 1 to envy / to be jealous 惟文王敬忌
496 1 不安 bù ān not peaceful / unstable / uneasy / disturbed / restless 人不安也
497 1 zāng a slave 知國之安危臧否
498 1 kuān wide / broad 寬惠而有禮
499 1 無度 wúdù excessive 以無度取於民
500 1 相親 xiāngqīn a blind date / an arranged interview to evaluate a proposed marriage partner 然而不必相親也

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 192 zhī him / her / them / that 羿之法非亡也
2 148 also / too 羿之法非亡也
3 134 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 而羿不世中
4 75 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 法者
5 58 rén person / people / a human being 有治人
6 53 otherwise / but / however 得其人則存
7 53 his / hers / its / theirs 得其人則存
8 47 not / no 而羿不世中
9 45 shì is / are / am / to be 則臣下百吏誕詐之人乘是而後欺
10 34 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故法不能獨立
11 32 so as to / in order to 一人以擇
12 31 wèi for / to 所以為信也
13 30 no 無亂國
14 26 yǒu is / are / to exist 有亂君
15 25 yuē to speak / to say 書曰
16 22 néng can / able 尚賢使能
17 22 wèi to call 此之謂也
18 21 zhī to know 知國之安危臧否
19 20 使 shǐ to make / to cause 而休於使之
20 20 de potential marker 得其人則存
21 19 mín the people / citizen / subjects 以無度取於民
22 18 天下 tiānxià China 古者先王審禮以方皇周浹於天下
23 18 zhì to rule / to govern / to manage / to control 有治人
24 18 in / at 勞於索之
25 17 final particle 足以遍矣
26 17 guó a country / a nation 無亂國
27 16 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 不可得也
28 16 不能 bù néng cannot / must not / should not 故法不能獨立
29 15 dào way / road / path 而志乎古之道
30 15 a man / a male adult 夫是之謂至平
31 15 desire 故人主欲彊固安樂
32 14 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 有亂君
33 14 this / these 此之謂也
34 13 人主 rénzhǔ a monarch 是人主之寶也
35 13 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 以禮分施
36 13 luàn chaotic / disorderly 有亂君
37 12 yòng to use / to apply 明達用天地理萬變而不疑
38 12 method / way 無治法
39 11 míng bright / brilliant 曉然獨明於先王之所以得之
40 11 xià next 下可以霸
41 11 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 敬而安之
42 11 足以 zúyǐ sufficient to / so much so that 足以遍矣
43 11 莫不 mò bù all / none doesn't / there is none who isn't 莫不法度而公
44 11 zhǔ owner 而闇主急得其埶
45 10 gōng merit 功大而名美
46 10 shàng top / a high position 上可以王
47 10 and 則臣下百吏乘是而後豐取刻與
48 10 請問 qǐngwèn may I ask 請問為人君
49 10 qiú to request 而求民之親愛己
50 10 shì matter / thing / item 不能應事之變
51 10 wéi dangerous / precarious 社稷必危
52 10 yuán source / origin 法之原也
53 9 can / may / permissible 可詘邪哉
54 9 cái material / stuff 而致善用其材
55 9 不可以 bù kě yǐ may not 如耳目鼻口之不可以相借官也
56 9 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 所以為信也
57 9 to stand 偏立而亂
58 9 wáng to die 羿之法非亡也
59 9 為人 wéirén behavior / personal conduct 請問為人君
60 8 hǎo good 楚莊王好細腰
61 8 然而 ránér however / yet / but 然而是子獨好之
62 8 zhì to send / to devote / to deliver / to convey 致忠信
63 8 不待 bù dài not need 不待合符節
64 8 suī although / even though 則法雖省
65 8 如是 rúshì thus / so 如是則雖在小民
66 8 諸侯 zhū hóu the feudal lords 諸侯為臣
67 8 君子 jūnzi junzi / a nobleman / a person of noble character / a person of virtue / sovereign 君子者
68 8 alone / independent / single / sole 然而是子獨好之
69 8 然後 ránhòu after / after that / afterwards 然後明分職
70 8 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 君之所道也
71 8 fēi not / non- / un- 羿之法非亡也
72 8 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 諸侯一相
73 8 liú to flow / to spread / to circulate 治之流也
74 8 one 一人以擇
75 8 guān an office 官人守數
76 8 sufficient / enough 事時制明而用足
77 7 zāi exclamatory particle 得乎哉
78 7 百姓 bǎixìng common people 百姓莫敢不順上之法
79 7 guì expensive / costly / valuable 縣貴爵重賞以招致之
80 7 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 城郭不待飾而固
81 7 a government official / a magistrate 則臣下百吏誕詐之人乘是而後欺
82 7 yān where / how 不為少頃輟焉
83 7 to take / to get / to fetch 則臣下百吏乘是而後豐取刻與
84 7 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 善班治人者也
85 6 shī to lose 失其人則亡
86 6 xíng to walk / to move 行義塞於天地之間
87 6 而後 érhòu after that / then 則臣下百吏誕詐之人乘是而後欺
88 6 xián virtuous / worthy 尚賢使能
89 6 jìng to respect /to honor 惟文王敬忌
90 6 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 善顯設人者也
91 6 to lift / to hold up / to raise 舉積此矣
92 6 wén to hear 曰聞修身
93 6 cún to exist / to survive 禹之法猶存
94 6 to think over / to consider 不慮而知
95 6 hurried / worried 故明主急得其人
96 6 lùn to comment / to discuss 論德而定次
97 6 expresses question or doubt 生乎今之世
98 6 臣下 chénxià an official in feudal court 則臣下百吏誕詐之人乘是而後欺
99 6 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 則下亦將綦辭讓
100 6 chén minister / statesman / official 請問為人臣
101 6 便 biàn convenient / handy / easy 果何道而便
102 6 yóu also / as if / still 禹之法猶存
103 6 tool / device / utensil / equipment / instrument 則法雖具
104 6 piān to be one-sided / leaning / to slant 則臣下百吏乘是而後偏
105 6 bǎi one hundred 則臣下百吏誕詐之人乘是而後欺
106 6 child / son 請問為人子
107 5 àn to shut a door 而闇主急得其埶
108 5 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 官人守數
109 5 gōng public/ common / state-owned 所以為公也
110 5 qīn relatives 民不親不愛
111 5 tīng to listen 夫有禮則柔從聽侍
112 5 popular / common 政令不煩而俗美
113 5 what / where / which 何也
114 5 上好 shànghǎo first-rate / top-notch 上好權謀
115 5 fāng square / quadrilateral / one side 徐方既來
116 5 big / great / huge / large / major 功大而名美
117 5 to doubt / to disbelieve 明達用天地理萬變而不疑
118 5 fān a fence / a pale / a border / a vassal state 介人維藩
119 5 故人 gùrén an old friend 故人主欲彊固安樂
120 5 wáng Wang 而夏不世王
121 5 shì a gentleman / a knight 好士而榮
122 5 láo to toil 則身勞而國亂
123 5 zhòng heavy 若夫重色而成文章
124 5 qīng minister / high officer 然而求卿相輔佐
125 5 meaning / sense 不知法之義
126 5 self 而求民之親愛己
127 5 certainly / must / will / necessarily 雖博臨事必亂
128 5 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 城郭不待飾而固
129 5 gain / advantage / benefit 上好貪利
130 5 xiū to cultivate / to repair 欲脩政美俗
131 5 rán correct / right / certainly 曉然獨明於先王之所以得之
132 5 do not 百姓莫敢不順上之法
133 5 jiān simultaneously 請問兼能之奈何
134 5 míng measure word for people 功大而名美
135 5 ài to love 民不親不愛
136 5 biàn to change / to alter 不能應事之變
137 5 xiàn county 衡石稱縣者
138 5 thing / matter 其知惠足使規物
139 5 zhì a sign / a mark / a flag / a banner 象上之志
140 5 ancient / old / palaeo- 古者先王審禮以方皇周浹於天下
141 5 that / those 彼或蓄積而得之者不世絕
142 5 favorite 案唯便嬖親比己者之用也
143 5 輔佐 fǔzuǒ to bring 然而求卿相輔佐
144 4 詩曰 shīyuē a poem goes 詩曰
145 4 sāi to stop up / to block / to seal / to cork 王猶允塞
146 4 yīng should / ought 不能應事之變
147 4 chēng to call / to address 衡石稱縣者
148 4 bái white 若別白黑
149 4 Germany 論德而定次
150 4 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 故賞不用而民勸
151 4 bān class / a group / a grade 善班治人者也
152 4 such as / for example / for instance 如耳目鼻口之不可以相借官也
153 4 zhì to / until 夫是之謂至平
154 4 guān to look at / to watch / to observe 而觀其能安敬也
155 4 róng glory / honor 好士而榮
156 4 shí time / a point or period of time 事時制明而用足
157 4 zài in / at 如是則雖在小民
158 4 xìn to believe / to trust 所以為信也
159 4 biàn turn / one time 足以遍矣
160 4 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 可詘邪哉
161 4 文王 Wén Wáng King Wen of Zhou 惟文王敬忌
162 4 jǐng sunlight 民者景也
163 4 to reach 治則衍及百姓
164 4 easy / simple 百姓易俗
165 4 è evil / vice 莫不欲彊而惡弱
166 4 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 以禮分施
167 4 zhì to create / to make / to manufacture 事時制明而用足
168 4 gǎn bold / brave 百姓莫敢不順上之法
169 4 天子 tiānzǐ the rightful Emperor / the Son of Heaven 天子三公
170 4 zhuó turbid / muddy 原濁則流濁
171 4 měi beautiful 功大而名美
172 4 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 上可以王
173 4 shì a generation 而羿不世中
174 4 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 審之禮也
175 4 private 上好曲私
176 4 社稷 shèjì the gods of earth and grain 社稷必危
177 4 shēn human body / torso 則身佚而國治
178 4 yuǎn far / distant 射遠中微者
179 4 shè to set up / to establish 善顯設人者也
180 4 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 天下曉然皆知其所以為異也
181 4 不知 bùzhī do not know 不知法之義
182 4 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若別白黑
183 4 even / equal / uniform 齊給便捷而不惑
184 4 duān to carry 治之端也
185 4 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 天下曉然皆知其所以為異也
186 4 qīng clear / pure / clean 原清則流清
187 4 chéng honesty / sincerity 誠能而後敢受職
188 4 jīn today / modern / present / current / this / now 生乎今之世
189 3 zhōu Zhou Dynasty 古者先王審禮以方皇周浹於天下
190 3 zhí office / post 士保職
191 3 安樂 ānlè peaceful and happy / content 而安樂之矣
192 3 jìn strong / unyielding 兵刃不待陵而勁
193 3 qiáng strong / powerful 故人主欲彊固安樂
194 3 滅亡 mièwáng to destroy / to exterminate / to perish / to die out 危削滅亡之情
195 3 shǔ to count 而正法之數者
196 3 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 君射則臣決
197 3 stupid / doltish / foolish / ignorant 愚莫大焉
198 3 其事 qí shì that thing / this thing 皆使人載其事
199 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed / to perfect 重味而成珍備
200 3 則是 zéshì only 則是主闇也
201 3 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 禁盜賊
202 3 wàn ten thousand 明達用天地理萬變而不疑
203 3 愛民 àimín Aimin 故有社稷者而不能愛民
204 3 chéng to mount / to climb onto 則臣下百吏乘是而後偏
205 3 ā prefix to names of people 寡怨寬裕而無阿
206 3 huì favor / benefit / blessing / kindness 寬惠而有禮
207 3 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 其待上也
208 3 汙邪 wū yé for ground to be low 則與汙邪之人疑之
209 3 jié festival / a special day 合符節
210 3 lín to face / to overlook 雖博臨事必亂
211 3 enemy / foe 而求敵之不至
212 3 zhà to cheat / to swindle 則臣下百吏誕詐之人乘是而後欺
213 3 rén a kernel / a pit 仁智之極也
214 3 不得 bùdé must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot 故卑不得以臨尊
215 3 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆使人載其事
216 3 xiǎo small / tiny / insignificant 小用之
217 3 耳目 ěrmù eyes and ears / attention / information / knowledge / spies 如耳目鼻口之不可以相借官也
218 3 four 四統者俱
219 3 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 君子養原
220 3 píng flat / level / smooth 所以為平也
221 3 未嘗 wèi cháng not yet once / not yet 未嘗聞為國也
222 3 xìng family name / surname 則周姬姓也
223 3 skill / art 而闇主急得其埶
224 3 zhōng middle 而羿不世中
225 3 to bend / to stoop / to crouch 敵國不待服而詘
226 3 明主 míngzhǔ a wise ruler 故明主急得其人
227 3 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 今人主有大患
228 3 to attain / to reach 達則必有功
229 3 不用 búyòng need not 故賞不用而民勸
230 3 shuǐ water 民者水也
231 3 子弟 zǐdì later generations 內不可以阿子弟
232 3 wài outside 外不可以隱遠人
233 3 yǎn to overflow / to spill over / to spread out 是所衍也
234 3 cóng from 夫有禮則柔從聽侍
235 3 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 便嬖左右者
236 3 豈不 qǐbù how can it be that? 是豈不必得之之道也哉
237 3 dìng to decide 論德而定次
238 3 to rule by force / to usurp / to master 下可以霸
239 3 jiàn to see 慈愛而見友
240 3 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 其於天地萬物也
241 3 tóng like / same / similar 是所同也
242 3 shàng still / yet / to value 尚賢使能
243 3 不為 bùwéi to not do 民不為己用
244 3 事業 shìyè cause / undertaking / enterprise / achievment 事業忘勞
245 3 士大夫 Shì Dàifu Scholar-official / Scholar-gentlemen / Scholar-bureaucrats / Scholar-gentry 下賢使之為士大夫
246 3 yǐn to hide / to conceal 外不可以隱遠人
247 3 to die 寇難忘死
248 3 é Russia 俄則弱矣
249 3 聖人 shèngrén an ancient sage / an ancient saint 夫是之謂聖人
250 3 qún a crowd / a flock / a group 能群也
251 3 shēng to be born / to give birth 是狂生者也
252 3 zhòng many / numerous 眾農夫
253 3 entirely / without exception 俱立而治
254 3 莫大 mòdà greatest / most important 愚莫大焉
255 3 莫若 mò ruò nothing is better than 則莫若反之民
256 3 to humiliate / to insult / to abuse 功廢而名辱
257 3 xīn heart 無貪利之心
258 3 nèi inside / interior 內不可以阿子弟
259 3 a time 論德而定次
260 3 王公 wáng gōng princes and dukes / aristocrat 以天下之王公莫好之也
261 3 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 故人主欲彊固安樂
262 3 chéng a city / a town 城之固
263 3 bié do not / must not 別契券者
264 3 to cheat / to double-cross / to deceive 則臣下百吏誕詐之人乘是而後欺
265 3 kuáng insane / mad 是狂生者也
266 3 nán difficult / arduous / hard 故君子恭而不難
267 3 必將 bìjiāng inevitably 故人主必將有便嬖左右足信者
268 2 xiǎn dangerous 則臣下百吏乘是而後險
269 2 an ancient measuring vessel / fifty liters 斗斛敦概者
270 2 to cover 上好覆傾
271 2 base / foundation 維德之基
272 2 tǒng to unify 四統者俱
273 2 a basin 君者盂也
274 2 zhèng upright / straight 儀正而景正
275 2 xiāo to scrape off / to pare 敵至而求無危削
276 2 extremely / very 仁智之極也
277 2 already / since 徐方既來
278 2 rèn to bear / to undertake 故人主必將有卿相輔佐足任者
279 2 clothes / dress / garment 罰不用而民服
280 2 qióng poor / destitute / impoverished 是故窮則必有名
281 2 不懈 bùxiè untiring / unremitting / indefatigable 忠順而不懈
282 2 wéi to preserve / to maintain 介人維藩
283 2 shè to shoot [an arrow] / to launch [ a rocket] / to fire [a missile] 君射則臣決
284 2 to agree / to get along well with somebody 別契券者
285 2 pán a tray 君者槃也
286 2 guī to go back / to return 而天下歸之
287 2 shùn to obey 忠順而不懈
288 2 bīng soldier / troops 而求兵之勁
289 2 bēi low / base / vulgar / inferior / humble 故卑不得以臨尊
290 2 zhǐ to stop / to halt 則德厚者進而佞說者止
291 2 生養 shēngyǎng to bring up (children) / to raise / to bear 不能生養人者
292 2 wood / lumber 是猶立直木而恐其景之枉也
293 2 xiǎo xiao 曉然獨明於先王之所以得之
294 2 zǎo early 不可不早具也
295 2 招致 zhāozhì to recruit / to scout for talent 縣貴爵重賞以招致之
296 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 姦怪之屬莫不反愨
297 2 to adhere / to capture / to restrain 則是拘脅蔽塞之端也
298 2 cháo to face 故朝有餓人
299 2 反之 fǎnzhī otherwise / conversely 則莫若反之民
300 2 dūn honest / candid / sincere 斗斛敦概者
301 2 xiū to decorate / to embellish 修冠弁衣裳
302 2 gài generally / approximately 斗斛敦概者
303 2 羿 Yi 羿之法非亡也
304 2 必得 bìděi must 是豈不必得之之道也哉
305 2 jūn equal / even 均遍而不偏
306 2 a song 上好曲私
307 2 zūn to honor / to respect 故卑不得以臨尊
308 2 應變 yīngbiàn to adapt to changes 其應變故也
309 2 guī rules / regulations / customs / law 則與不肖者規之
310 2 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 眾庶百姓無姦怪之俗
311 2 residence / dwelling 其居鄉里也
312 2 至於 zhìyú as for / as to say / speaking of 故由天子至於庶人也
313 2 yān Yan 與之安燕
314 2 zhōng loyalty / devotion 忠順而不懈
315 2 shī the practice of selfless giving / dāna 失先後之施
316 2 shū book 書曰
317 2 境內 jìngnèi within the borders / domestic 近者境內
318 2 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 纂論公察則民不疑
319 2 bǎo to defend / to protect 士保職
320 2 a talisman / a charm 合符節
321 2 遠人 yuǎnrén an estranged person / somebody who is alienated / people far from home 外不可以隱遠人
322 2 zhí straight 是猶立直木而恐其景之枉也
323 2 禮義 lǐ yì proper etiquette and right action 故上好禮義
324 2 Emperor Yu 禹之法猶存
325 2 lèi kind / type / class / category 類不能自行
326 2 ruò weak 莫不欲彊而惡弱
327 2 jìng a narrow path 徑而不失
328 2 to be lost 則身佚而國治
329 2 lóng grand / intense / prosperous 隆禮至法則國有常
330 2 zhēng to compete / to struggle / to fight / to contend / to strive 知無與下爭小利之為便於事也
331 2 chóu a chip / a tally / a token 探籌
332 2 běn measure word for books 本不利於所私也
333 2 hēi black 若別白黑
334 2 sān three 能論官此三材者而無失其次
335 2 dòu to struggle / to fight 斗斛敦概者
336 2 tàn to visit 探籌
337 2 to join / to combine 合符節
338 2 jué ancient bronze wine holder 縣貴爵重賞以招致之
339 2 different / other 以明辨異
340 2 為己 wèijǐ middle voice / atmanepada 而求為己用
341 2 guǒ a result / a consequence 果何道而便
342 2 to drive / to manage / to control 欲得善馭
343 2 to punish / to penalize 罰不用而民服
344 2 jǐn to be cautious / to be careful 而謹於臣子矣
345 2 interjection of approval or admiration 所以為嘖也
346 2 to inspect / to check 其足以稽矣
347 2 preface / introduction 序事業
348 2 yuán won / yuan 槃圓而水圓
349 2 之所以 zhī suǒyǐ the reason why 曉然獨明於先王之所以得之
350 2 修身 xiūshēn to practice self-cultivation / to cultivate 曰聞修身
351 2 fán to bother / to vex / to trouble 政令不煩而俗美
352 2 庶人 shùrén common people 故由天子至於庶人也
353 2 apparatus 君者儀也
354 2 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 先時者殺無赦
355 2 shì to attend on 以禮侍君
356 2 shěng province 則法雖省
357 2 color 若夫重色而成文章
358 2 用人 yòngrén a servant 其用人有法
359 2 tān greed / desire / craving / trsnā / taṇhā 上好貪利
360 2 affairs / business / matter / activity 不務說其所以然
361 2 善用 shànyòng to be good at using (something)/to put (something) to good use 而致善用其材
362 2 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 不務說其所以然
363 2 biàn to distinguish / to recognize 致臨而有辨
364 2 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 故君子恭而不難
365 2 四鄰 sì lín one's nearest neighbors 四鄰諸侯之相與
366 2 xiào school 校之以功
367 2 shí a rock / a stone 衡石稱縣者
368 2 xíng appearance 至道大形
369 2 a consort / a concubine 則周姬姓也
370 2 zhèng government / administration 則莫若反之政
371 2 善生 shànshēng Sīgāla 善生養人者也
372 2 quàn to advise / to urge / to exhort / to persuade 故賞不用而民勸
373 2 wěi yes 案唯便嬖親比己者之用也
374 2 quàn title deeds 別契券者
375 2 盜賊 dàozéi thiefs / robbers 禁盜賊
376 2 guài odd / queer / strange / uncanny 眾庶百姓無姦怪之俗
377 2 此道 cǐdào such matters / things like this / this line of work / this pursuit / this hobby / this endeavor 此道也
378 2 wǎng useless / in vain 是猶立直木而恐其景之枉也
379 2 不仁 bùrén not benevolent / heartless / numb 故知而不仁
380 2 先王 xiānwáng former kings / sage-kings 古者先王審禮以方皇周浹於天下
381 2 三公 Sān Gōng Three Ducal Ministers 天子三公
382 2 wàng to forget / neglect / to miss / to omit 故藉歛忘費
383 2 tóu to throw / to cast / to fling / to pitch 投鉤者
384 2 què honest 姦怪之屬莫不反愨
385 2 shè to forgive / to pardon 先時者殺無赦
386 2 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 而人主之守司
387 2 day of the month / a certain day 滅亡無日
388 2 to make an analogy / to use as a simile / to give an example / for example / 譬之
389 2 huò to confuse / to mislead / to baffle 惑莫大焉
390 2 dark gray 則下亦將綦辭讓
391 2 gōu hook character stroke 投鉤者
392 2 yào to want / to wish for 要此三欲
393 2 一日 yī rì one [whole] day 一日而千里
394 2 to go 使無去其疆域
395 1 小民 xiǎomín ordinary people / commoner / civilian 如是則雖在小民
396 1 relative 夫文王非無貴戚也
397 1 yuàn to hope / to wish / to desire 愿愨拘錄
398 1 xià summer 而夏不世王
399 1 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 豈不過甚矣哉
400 1 inside / interior 里之前
401 1 辭讓 círàng to comply / to politely yield 則下亦將綦辭讓
402 1 idea 志意廣大
403 1 濟濟 jìjì a horde or multitude of people 濟濟多士
404 1 yǔn toothless 齳然而齒墮矣
405 1 óu uneven (teeth) 有弛易齵差者矣
406 1 奈何 nàihé to deal with / to cope 請問兼能之奈何
407 1 無禮 wúlǐ rude 夫無禮則恐懼而自竦也
408 1 shǔ to belong to / be subordinate to 姦怪之屬莫不反愨
409 1 未及 wèijí to not have had time / to have not yet / not to touch upon 未及君道也
410 1 to make a false accusation / to defame 臣不能而誣能
411 1 不利 bùlì unfavorable / disadvantageous / harmful / detrimental 本不利於所私也
412 1 不肖 bùxiào unworthy 則與不肖者規之
413 1 níng Nanjing 文王以寧
414 1 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 並遇變態而不窮
415 1 不若 bùruò not as good as 則獨不若是其公也
416 1 to associate with / be near 案唯便嬖親比己者之用也
417 1 取舍 qǔshě to choose to use or not use / to accept or reject 知慮取舍
418 1 無故 wú gù unconditioned 則國終身無故
419 1 xiū to rest 而休於使之
420 1 職分 zhífēn duty 故職分而民不慢
421 1 wèi taste / flavor 重味而成珍備
422 1 獨居 dújū to live alone / to live a solitary existence 立七十一國姬姓獨居五十三人
423 1 art 其於百官之事伎藝之人也
424 1 chěng to hasten / to run / to open up 莫不騁其能
425 1 上下 shàngxià to go up and down 調壹上下
426 1 大功 dàgōng great merit / great service 立天下之大功
427 1 貴賤 guì jiàn the noble and the lowly 上以飾賢良而明貴賤
428 1 權利 quánlì power / right / privilege 權利
429 1 明達 míngdá reasonable / sensible 明達用天地理萬變而不疑
430 1 shī teacher 是士大夫官師之材也
431 1 然則 ránzé then / in that case 然則人主將何以知之
432 1 損益 sǔnyì profit and loss / increase and decrease 不敢損益
433 1 不滅 bùmiè not being extinguished 不滅亡
434 1 便於 biànyú to be easy / to be convenient 知無與下爭小利之為便於事也
435 1 hài to injure / to harm to 俱害之道也
436 1 yǒu a window 人主之所以窺遠收眾之門戶牖嚮也
437 1 成功 chénggōng success 雖欲成功
438 1 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 動無不當也
439 1 之至 zhīzhì extremely 事物之至也如泉原
440 1 兩者 liǎng zhě both sides 兩者無一焉而亡
441 1 靡費 mǐfèi to waste / to squander 故天子諸侯無靡費之用
442 1 十數 shíshǔ more than ten / a dozen or more 今有十數焉
443 1 tián to fill in / to fill up 其德音足以填撫百姓
444 1 刻鏤 kèlòu to engrave 琱琢刻鏤
445 1 a mat / a pad 故藉歛忘費
446 1 lái to come 徐方既來
447 1 便捷 biànjié direct and fast 齊給便捷而不惑
448 1 chū to go out / to leave 安值將卑埶出勞
449 1 hàn to ward off 然而應薄扞患
450 1 younger brother 請問為人弟
451 1 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 亂則不足及王公
452 1 孤獨 gūdú lonely 孤獨而晻
453 1 所以然 suǒyǐrán the reason why 不務說其所以然
454 1 beautiful / magnificent / elegant 以為好麗邪
455 1 jiāng Jiang 而彼姜姓也
456 1 xiàng to guide / to direct 人主之所以窺遠收眾之門戶牖嚮也
457 1 jiāo haughty 富貴而不驕
458 1 chōng to charge at 不待衝石稱縣而平
459 1 jiē to join 接之以聲色
460 1 liàng a quantity / an amount 量能而授官
461 1 hòu thick 則德厚者進而佞說者止
462 1 慈愛 cí'ài affection 慈愛而見友
463 1 róu soft 夫有禮則柔從聽侍
464 1 sǒng to revere / to respect / to be in awe of 夫無禮則恐懼而自竦也
465 1 ǎn closed eyes 孤獨而晻
466 1 道果 dào guǒ the fruit of the path 於是乎貴道果立
467 1 恐懼 kǒngjù fear / dread 夫無禮則恐懼而自竦也
468 1 太公 tàigōng great-grandfather 倜然乃舉太公於州人而用之
469 1 yuán a low wall 大師為垣
470 1 zài to carry / to convey / to load / to hold 皆使人載其事
471 1 gǒng firm / secure / strong 敬而不鞏
472 1 kuī to peep / to watch / to spy on / to pry 人主之所以窺遠收眾之門戶牖嚮也
473 1 màn slow 故職分而民不慢
474 1 血氣 xuèqì blood and vital breath 血氣和平
475 1 日月 rì yuè the sun and moon 日月積久
476 1 三惡 sān è three kinds of malice 辟此三惡
477 1 法則 fǎzé law / rule / code 隆禮至法則國有常
478 1 大用 dàyòng a great use 大用之
479 1 xu 徐方既來
480 1 qīng light / not heavy 輕不得以縣重
481 1 wēi small / tiny 射遠中微者
482 1 a law / a rule 辟此三惡
483 1 萬物 wànwù all living things 其於天地萬物也
484 1 臣子 chénzǐ an official in feudal court / a subject 而謹於臣子矣
485 1 huáng royal / imperial 古者先王審禮以方皇周浹於天下
486 1 於是乎 yúshìhū therefore 於是乎貴道果立
487 1 常法 chángfǎ fixed laws / convention / normal practice / conventional treatment 知有常法之為一俗也
488 1 jiā to saturate / to drench 古者先王審禮以方皇周浹於天下
489 1 he / him 是無他故
490 1 tāo excessive / dissolute 而觀其能無流慆也
491 1 bìng and / furthermore / also 並遇變態而不窮
492 1 百官 bǎi guān officials of different ranks and positions 其於百官之事伎藝之人也
493 1 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 兼聽齊明而百姓不留
494 1 親自 qīnzì personally 而親自貫日而治詳
495 1 若是 ruòshì if 若是則身佚而國治
496 1 yǔn to grant / to allow / to consent 王猶允塞
497 1 quán authority / power 權物稱用之為不泥也
498 1 chuò to stop / to suspend / to halt 不為少頃輟焉
499 1 zhàng a cane / a walking stick / a staff 人主之基杖也
500 1 zhái to pick (fruit, etc) 一人以擇

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
爱民 愛民 àimín Aimin
安国 安國 Ān Guó
  1. Parthia
  2. Anguo
安乐 安樂 ānlè
  1. peaceful and happy / content
  2. Anle
  3. Anle district
楚庄王 楚莊王 Chǔ Zhuāng Gōng Duke Zhuang of Chu
固安 gùān Gu'an
Jié Emperor Jie
乐之 樂之 lèzhī Ritz (cracker brand)
明王 Míng Wáng Vidyaraja / Wisdom King
人乘 Rén Shèng The Human Vehicle
三公 Sān Gōng Three Ducal Ministers
善生 shànshēng Sīgāla
士大夫 Shì Dàifu Scholar-official / Scholar-gentlemen / Scholar-bureaucrats / Scholar-gentry
文王 Wén Wáng King Wen of Zhou
无贪 無貪 wútān non-attachment / alobha
  1. xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
羿 Yi
  1. Emperor Yu
  2. Yu
  3. a legendary worm

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English