Glossary and Vocabulary for Guanzi 《管子》, 牧民第一 Chapter 1: Shepherding the People

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 32 mín the people / citizen / subjects 地辟舉則民留處
2 15 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 國頌
3 14 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 滅不可復錯也
4 13 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 四維張則君令行
5 12 qīn relatives 則遠者自親
6 11 è evil / vice 廉不蔽惡
7 11 zài in / at 務在四時
8 10 wèi to call 謂恭承先祖之舊法
9 10 yán to speak / to say / said 言地盡闢則人留而安居處也
10 10 néng can / able 故能感恩而結固之
11 9 rén person / people / a human being 人之天也
12 9 shàng top / a high position 上服度則六親固
13 8 yuē to speak / to say 一曰禮
14 8 yuǎn far / distant 國多財則遠者來
15 8 四維 sì wéi the four half points of the compass 四維
16 8 soil / ground / land 凡有地牧民者
17 8 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 四維張則君令行
18 7 xīn heart 在順民心
19 7 jiā house / home / residence 以家爲鄉
20 7 can / may / permissible 傾可正也
21 7 shì matter / thing / item 不從枉則邪事不生
22 7 xiāng village / township 以家爲鄉
23 7 xíng to walk / to move 行也
24 6 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 國多財則遠者來
25 6 wéi dangerous / precarious 二維絶則危
26 6 天下 tiānxià China 以國爲天下
27 6 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 在於順其所欲
28 6 míng bright / brilliant 在明鬼神
29 6 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 故刑罰不足以畏其意
30 6 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使民於不爭之官
31 5 chén minister / statesman / official 故君求之則臣得之
32 5 Kangxi radical 80 毋曰不同生
33 5 shùn to obey 四順
34 5 four 四順
35 5 yuán source / origin 兩原
36 5 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 唯有道者能備患於未形也
37 5 yòu right / right-hand 右國頌
38 5 shēng to be born / to give birth 刑罰所由生
39 5 affairs / business / matter / activity 務在四時
40 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 危可安也
41 5 六親 liù qīn six close relatives 六親五法
42 5 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 地辟舉則民留處
43 4 clothes / dress / garment 上服度則六親固
44 4 不行 bùxíng will not do / will not work 則令不行矣
45 4 zhèng government / administration 政之所興
46 4 jīng to go through / to experience 士經
47 4 刑罰 xíngfá punishment 刑罰所由生
48 4 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 開必得之門
49 4 鬼神 guǐshén spirits and devils / a demon 在明鬼神
50 4 順民 shùnmín a docile subject / a toady 順民之經
51 4 jié festival / a special day 倉廩實則知禮節
52 4 zhòng many / all 殺戮衆而心不服
53 4 山川 shān chuān mountains and rivers 祗山川
54 4 shì a gentleman / a knight 士經
55 4 qiú to request 不求不可得
56 4 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 上服度則六親固
57 4 to take / to get / to fetch 故知予之爲取者
58 4 wén writing / text 在禁文巧
59 4 qīng to overturn / to collapse / to lean / to tend / to incline / to pour out 一維絶則傾
60 4 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 四維絶則滅
61 4 qiǎo opportune / coincidental / as it happens / timely 在禁文巧
62 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 不爲不可成
63 3 láo to toil 民惡憂勞
64 3 shì room / bedroom 言室滿室
65 3 wēi prestige / majesty 不祗山川則威令不聞
66 3 不生 bùshēng nonarising / anutpāda 不務天時則財不生
67 3 應敵 yīngdí to face the enemy / to meet an attack 兵甲彊力不足以應敵
68 3 wǎng useless / in vain 恥不從枉
69 3 jiù old / ancient 恭祖舊
70 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 使民各爲其所長則用備
71 3 不從 bùcóng not following / not joining 恥不從枉
72 3 road / path / way 明必死之路
73 3 power / force / strength 量民力也
74 3 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 毋曰不同生
75 3 to cheat / to double-cross / to deceive 不欺其民也
76 3 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 上行禮度則六親各得其所
77 3 五法 wǔfǎ five dharmas / five categories 六親五法
78 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 上服度則六親固
79 3 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 詭隨邪枉
80 3 shí food / food and drink 食者
81 3 lián upright / honorable / honest 三曰廉
82 3 xìn to believe / to trust 信慶賞也
83 3 qiáng strong / powerful 不彊民以其所惡也
84 3 不爭 bùzhēng widely known / incontestable / undeniable / to not strive for / to not contend for 使民於不爭之官
85 3 zhī to respect 祗山川
86 3 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal 廉不蔽惡
87 3 jié to exhaust 竭也
88 3 guān an office 使民於不爭之官
89 3 xíng punishment / penalty 故省刑之要
90 3 idea 故刑罰不足以畏其意
91 3 sòng to praise / to laud / to acclaim 國頌
92 3 jìn to enter 義不自進
93 3 yōu to worry / to be concerned 民惡憂勞
94 3 固守 gùshǒu to strongly defend one's position / to be entrenched / to cling to 城郭溝渠不足以固守
95 3 殺戮 shālù to massacre / to slaughter 殺戮不足以服其心
96 3 倉廩 cānglǐn a government granary 守在倉廩
97 3 sān three 三曰廉
98 3 cuò mistake / error / blunder / fault 滅不可復錯也
99 3 to be lost 我佚樂之
100 3 yòng to use / to apply 使民各爲其所長則用備
101 2 五穀 wǔ gǔ the five grains 務五穀也
102 2 故知 gùzhī a close friend over many years 故知予之爲取者
103 2 無私 wúsī selfless / unselfish / disinterested / altruistic 當如天地日月之無私也
104 2 shū to neglect 斥以爲鄉之疎
105 2 下令 xià lìng to order / to command 下令於流水之原
106 2 富貴 fùguì riches and honor 我富貴之
107 2 cáng to hide 藏於不竭之府
108 2 to cover 三維絶則覆
109 2 to exceed / to transcend / to cross over 禮不踰節
110 2 滿 mǎn full 言室滿室
111 2 an official institution / a state bureau 藏於不竭之府
112 2 嚴刑 yán xíng torture / strict law / cruel punishment 嚴刑罰也
113 2 pèi bridle / reins 御民之轡
114 2 to produce / to give birth to / to breed 養桑麻育六畜也
115 2 liàng a quantity / an amount 量民力也
116 2 kāi to open 開必得之門
117 2 different / other 不悟鬼神有尊卑之異也
118 2 shī to lose 𠫤於財者失所親
119 2 to dry up / to exhaust 積於不涸之倉
120 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡也
121 2 尊卑 zūn bēi the noble and the lowly 山川皆有尊卑之序
122 2 chǐ a shame / a sense of shame 四曰恥
123 2 wèi to fear / to dread 故刑罰不足以畏其意
124 2 Germany 授有德也
125 2 兵甲 bīngjiǎ weapons and armor 兵甲彊力不足以應敵
126 2 desire 在於順其所欲
127 2 六畜 liùxù the six domestic animals 養桑麻育六畜也
128 2 to store 積於不涸之倉
129 2 wàng absurd / fantastic / presumptuous 上無量則民乃妄
130 2 táng main hall / a large room 言堂滿堂
131 2 to apprehend / to realize / to become aware 不明鬼神則陋民不悟
132 2 meaning / sense 二曰義
133 2 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 地辟舉則民留處
134 2 zhòng heavy 重也
135 2 jiān a kind of grass 野蕪曠則民乃菅
136 2 chén Chen 謂陳爲國之形容
137 2 樂之 lèzhī Ritz (cracker brand) 我佚樂之
138 2 to die 明必死之路
139 2 tóng like / same / similar 下三事同此
140 2 guì expensive / costly / valuable 在上之所貴
141 2 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 信慶賞也
142 2 cāng barn / granary / storehouse 積於不涸之倉
143 2 wén to hear 不祗山川則威令不聞
144 2 貧賤 pínjiàn poor and lowly 民惡貧賤
145 2 yín obscene / licentious / lewd 文巧不禁則民乃淫
146 2 liǎng two 不璋兩原則刑乃繁
147 2 zhāng a chapter / a section 當爲章
148 2 wide / broad 博地多財不足以有衆
149 2 四時 sì shí the four seasons 務在四時
150 2 zhuì to fall down / to drop / to sink 民惡危墜
151 2 ancestor / forefather 恭祖舊
152 2 城郭 chéngGuō a city wall 城郭溝渠不足以固守
153 2 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 養桑麻育六畜也
154 2 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 謂陳事之可以常行者也
155 2 xiān first 在上之所先
156 2 èr two 二曰義
157 2 one 一曰禮
158 2 tiān day 人之天也
159 2 shòu to teach 授有德也
160 2 生育 shēngyù to bear / to give birth 我生育之
161 2 常行 chángxíng to perpetually practice / a permanent norm 謂所處必可使百代常行
162 2 日月 rì yuè the sun and moon 天地日月
163 2 sāng mulberry tree 養桑麻育六畜也
164 2 上位 shàng wèi top seat / person occupying leading position 故不踰節則上位安
165 2 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 天地日月
166 2 hemp / flax 養桑麻育六畜也
167 2 fán complicated / complex 不璋兩原則刑乃繁
168 2 zhāng jade plaything / jade ornament 不璋兩原則刑乃繁
169 2 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 恭祖舊
170 2 一世 yīshì generation / period of 30 years / one's whole lifetime / lifelong / age / era / times / the whole world / the First (of numbered European kings) 不偷取一世也
171 2 無量 wúliàng immeasurable / unlimited 上無量則民乃妄
172 2 jiǔ old 不處不可久
173 2 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 守在倉廩
174 2 流水 liúshuǐ running water 下令於流水之原
175 2 偷取 tōuqǔ to steal / to abstract / to appropriate 不偷取一世也
176 2 yuàn to blame / to complain 不偷取一世則民無怨心
177 2 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 信慶賞也
178 2 quán perfect 不蔽惡則行自全
179 2 method / way 謂恭承先祖之舊法
180 2 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 國多財則遠者來
181 2 tīng to listen 遠者不聽
182 2 cún to exist / to survive 我存安之
183 2 牧民 mùmín shepherd of the people 牧民第一
184 1 知禮 Zhī Lǐ Zhi Li 倉廩實則知禮節
185 1 miào temple / shrine 敬宗廟
186 1 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 在飾四維
187 1 méng a bud / a sprout 故禍不萌
188 1 chì to scold / to upbraid / to accuse / to reproach 斥以爲鄉之疎
189 1 to hide / to go into hiding 君惡之則臣匿之
190 1 舉則 jǔzé juze / to discuss a koan 地辟舉則民留處
191 1 道者 dàozhě a devotee / a practioner / a follower / a monk 唯有道者能備患於未形也
192 1 yào to want / to wish for 故省刑之要
193 1 不盈 bùyíng to be not full 不務地利則倉廩不盈
194 1 jié to bond / to tie / to bind 故能感恩而結固之
195 1 zhà to cheat / to swindle 不彊民以其所惡則詐僞不生
196 1 to bare / to be open / to be exposed 取其露見不隱也
197 1 先行 xiānxíng to precede 上所先行
198 1 jiàn to see 取其露見不隱也
199 1 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 故刑罰繁而意不恐
200 1 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 在禁文巧
201 1 好惡 hǎoè lit. likes and dislikes / preferences / taste 在上之所好惡
202 1 to give 故知予之爲取者
203 1 一維 yīwéi one-dimensional 一維絶則傾
204 1 𠫤 \N \N 𠫤於財者失所親
205 1 a law / a rule 地辟舉則民留處
206 1 原則 yuánzé principle 不璋兩原則刑乃繁
207 1 zhèng upright / straight 傾可正也
208 1 不恭 bùgōng disrespectful 不恭祖舊則孝悌不備
209 1 nán difficult / arduous / hard 信慶賞則民輕難
210 1 wèi Eighth earthly branch 唯有道者能備患於未形也
211 1 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 政之寶也
212 1 xīng to flourish / to be popular 政之所興
213 1 先祖 xiānzǔ deceased grandfather / ancestry 謂恭承先祖之舊法
214 1 罰則 fázé penal provision / penalty 嚴刑罰則民遠邪
215 1 chán Chan / Zen 言能登封降禪
216 1 private 何私何親
217 1 rich / wealthy 育六畜則民富
218 1 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 故禍不萌
219 1 lái to come 國多財則遠者來
220 1 hòu after / later 緩者後於事
221 1 四惡 sì è four evil destinies 行其四惡
222 1 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 謂所處必可使百代常行
223 1 xíng appearance 唯有道者能備患於未形也
224 1 滿堂 mǎntáng whole audience / a sellout (capacity audience) / jam-packed 言堂滿堂
225 1 上校 shàngxiào high ranking officer in Chinese army / colonel 不敬宗廟則民乃上校
226 1 薦舉 jiànjǔ to propose / to nominate / to recommend 謂不由薦舉也
227 1 róng to hold / to contain 容也
228 1 wěi false / counterfeit / bogus 不彊民以其所惡則詐僞不生
229 1 地利 dìlì favorable location / in the right place / productivity of land 不務地利則倉廩不盈
230 1 a luxurious growth of weeds 野蕪曠則民乃菅
231 1 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 當爲姦
232 1 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 能佚樂人
233 1 to punish / to penalize 嚴刑罰也
234 1 二法 èr fǎ two dharmas / two kinds of dharma 二法也
235 1 jìn nearby 則近者叛之
236 1 不服 bùfú not to accept something / to want to have something overruled or changed / to refuse to obey or comply 殺戮衆而心不服
237 1 shì to be fond of / to have a weakness for 君嗜之則臣食之
238 1 衣食足 yī shí zú enough food and clothing 衣食足則知榮辱
239 1 xiào school
240 1 wilderness 野蕪曠則民乃菅
241 1 to lift / to hold up / to raise
242 1 horse 若馬之從轡
243 1 to give an offering in a religious ceremony 祗祀山川
244 1 無人 wú rén unmanned / uninhabited 患無人以分之
245 1 sufficient / enough 務五穀則食足
246 1 人從 réncóng retinue / hangers-on 言人從上之所貴
247 1 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 可以分與財者
248 1 to stand 故知時者可立以爲長
249 1 dào way / road / path 道民之門
250 1 zūn to honor / to respect 君無所尊
251 1 天時 tiānshí the time / the right time / weather conditions / destiny / course of time / heaven's natural order 不務天時則財不生
252 1 分之 fēnzhī indicates a fraction 患無人以分之
253 1 to defend / to resist 御民之轡
254 1 作者 zuòzhě author / writer / composer 作者
255 1 zhī to know 衣食足則知榮辱
256 1 preface / introduction 山川皆有尊卑之序
257 1 kāng Kang 君於平康
258 1 賢人 xiánrén a worthy person / xianren 賢人也
259 1 孝悌 xiàotì filial piety and fraternal duty 不恭祖舊則孝悌不備
260 1 to open 言地盡闢則人留而安居處也
261 1 to arise / to get up 覆可起也
262 1 三維 sānwéi three-dimensional / 3D 三維絶則覆
263 1 感恩 gǎnēn to be thankful 故能感恩而結固之
264 1 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 召民之路
265 1 zhù to help / to assist 賢者將不汝助
266 1 安居 ānjū to settle down / to live peacefully 言地盡闢則人留而安居處也
267 1 píng flat / level / smooth 君於平康
268 1 lín to face / to overlook 取其耀臨
269 1 day of the month / a certain day 如月如日
270 1 huǎn slow / sluggish / gradual 緩者後於事
271 1 巧詐 qiǎozhà deceitful / crafty / artful 不自進則民無巧詐
272 1 guǐ sly / crafty 詭隨邪枉
273 1 唯有 wěiyǒu only / alone 唯有道者能備患於未形也
274 1 臣服 chénfú to acknowledge allegiance / to serve / to be subject to 君好之則臣服之
275 1 下同 xiàtóng similarly hereinafter 下同
276 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 在逆民心
277 1 qīng light / not heavy 信慶賞則民輕難
278 1 yuè month 如月如日
279 1 不明 bù míng not clear / unknown 不明鬼神則陋民不悟
280 1 敬宗 jìngzōng Jingzong 敬宗廟
281 1 suǒ to search / to inquire 臣已先索得之也
282 1 榮辱 róngrǔ honor and disgrace / reputation 衣食足則知榮辱
283 1 隱蔽 yǐnbì to conceal 隱蔽其惡
284 1 five 五親也
285 1 fán ordinary / common 凡有地牧民者
286 1 上行 shàng xíng up / to go against the current / to submit (a document) to higher authorities 上行禮度則六親各得其所
287 1 lòu crude / coarse 不明鬼神則陋民不悟
288 1 各得其所 gè de qísuǒ each in the correct place / each is provided for 上行禮度則六親各得其所
289 1 hǎo good 君好之則臣服之
290 1 yuè pleased 則順而悅
291 1 suí to follow 詭隨邪枉
292 1 登封 dēngfēng Dengfeng 言能登封降禪
293 1 在於 zàiyú in / consist of 在於順其所欲
294 1 皆然 jiērán to be all the same way 下三順皆然
295 1 一法 yīfǎ one dharma / one thing 一法也
296 1 滅亡 mièwáng to destroy / to exterminate / to perish / to die out 國乃滅亡
297 1 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 言能登封降禪
298 1 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 政之所廢
299 1 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 審於時而察於用而能備官者
300 1 yǐn to hide / to conceal 取其露見不隱也
301 1 bǎi one hundred 謂所處必可使百代常行
302 1 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 則近者叛之
303 1 實則 shízé actually / in fact 倉廩實則知禮節
304 1 何謂 héwèi what is the meaning of 何謂四維
305 1 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 審於時而察於用而能備官者
306 1 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 賢者將不汝助
307 1 國有 guóyǒu nationalized / public / state-owned 國有四維
308 1 三法 sān fǎ the three aspects of the Dharma 三法也
309 1 耀 yào to shine / to sparkle / to dazzle 取其耀臨
310 1 民心 mínxīn popular sentiment 在逆民心
311 1 不備 bùbèi unprepared / off guard 不恭祖舊則孝悌不備
312 1 xiào effect / efficacy 効也
313 1 三事 sānshì three things 下三事同此
314 1 kuàng extensive / wide / broad 野蕪曠則民乃菅
315 1 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 信小人者失士
316 1 jìng to respect /to honor 故敬明之
317 1 shí time / a point or period of time 故知時者可立以爲長
318 1 二維 èrwéi two-dimensional 二維絶則危
319 1 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 非貞廉也
320 1 第一 dì yī first 牧民第一
321 1 萬物 wànwù all living things 四時所以生成萬物也
322 1 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 能明此法者則刑簡
323 1 死難 sǐnán to die in an accident / to die for a just cause 取其死難也
324 1 四法 sì fǎ the four aspects of the Dharma 四法也
325 1 xiū to be ashamed 無羞之人
326 1 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 謂恭承先祖之舊法
327 1 形容 xíngróng to describe 謂陳爲國之形容
328 1 xiào result / effect 人亦效之
329 1 fèng to offer / to present 可奉以爲君也
330 1 管仲 Guǎn Zhòng Guanzi / Guan Zhong 管仲
331 1 不敬 bù jìng to disrespect / to be irreverent 不敬宗廟則民乃上校
332 1 不由 bùyóu can't help 謂不由薦舉也
333 1 溝渠 gōuqú channel / moat / irrigation canal 城郭溝渠不足以固守
334 1 zhì to place / to lay out 無私者可置以爲政
335 1 生成 shēngchéng to produce / to generate 四時所以生成萬物也
336 1 宗廟 zōngmiào a temple 不敬宗廟則民乃上校
337 1 不在 bùzài not here 不在刑罰殺戮
338 1 shěng province 故省刑之要
339 1 聖王 shèng wáng a sage-king 是謂聖王
340 1 有道 yǒudào to have attained the Way / (of a government or a ruler) enlightened / wise and just 更在有道者也

Frequencies of all Words

Top 391

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 73 zhī him / her / them / that 人之天也
2 61 also / too 四時所以生成萬物也
3 48 otherwise / but / however 國多財則遠者來
4 41 not / no 不務天時則財不生
5 32 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 凡有地牧民者
6 32 mín the people / citizen / subjects 地辟舉則民留處
7 28 wèi for / to 當爲姦
8 22 so as to / in order to 故刑罰不足以畏其意
9 16 in / at 君於平康
10 15 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 國頌
11 14 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 滅不可復錯也
12 13 jūn sovereign / monarch / lord / gentleman / ruler 四維張則君令行
13 12 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 故能感恩而結固之
14 12 his / hers / its / theirs 隱蔽其惡
15 12 qīn relatives 則遠者自親
16 11 è evil / vice 廉不蔽惡
17 11 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 刑罰所由生
18 11 zài in / at 務在四時
19 10 wèi to call 謂恭承先祖之舊法
20 10 yán to speak / to say / said 言地盡闢則人留而安居處也
21 10 néng can / able 故能感恩而結固之
22 10 yǒu is / are / to exist 凡有地牧民者
23 9 rén person / people / a human being 人之天也
24 9 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 言地盡闢則人留而安居處也
25 9 shàng top / a high position 上服度則六親固
26 8 yuē to speak / to say 一曰禮
27 8 yuǎn far / distant 國多財則遠者來
28 8 四維 sì wéi the four half points of the compass 四維
29 8 certainly / must / will / necessarily 人必爲之憂勞
30 8 soil / ground / land 凡有地牧民者
31 8 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 四維張則君令行
32 7 xīn heart 在順民心
33 7 jiā house / home / residence 以家爲鄉
34 7 can / may / permissible 傾可正也
35 7 no 君無所尊
36 7 shì matter / thing / item 不從枉則邪事不生
37 7 xiāng village / township 以家爲鄉
38 7 xíng to walk / to move 行也
39 6 cái money / wealth / riches / valuables 國多財則遠者來
40 6 wéi dangerous / precarious 二維絶則危
41 6 天下 tiānxià China 以國爲天下
42 6 jué absolutely 一維絶則傾
43 6 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 在於順其所欲
44 6 míng bright / brilliant 在明鬼神
45 6 不足 bùzú insufficient / lacking / deficiency / not enough / inadequate / not worth 故刑罰不足以畏其意
46 6 使 shǐ to make / to cause 使民於不爭之官
47 6 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 野蕪曠則民乃菅
48 5 chén minister / statesman / official 故君求之則臣得之
49 5 Kangxi radical 80 毋曰不同生
50 5 shùn to obey 四順
51 5 four 四順
52 5 yuán source / origin 兩原
53 5 you / thou 而謂之曰不與汝同家而生
54 5 huàn to suffer from a misfortune 唯有道者能備患於未形也
55 5 yòu right / right-hand 右國頌
56 5 such as / for example / for instance 如地如天
57 5 shēng to be born / to give birth 刑罰所由生
58 5 affairs / business / matter / activity 務在四時
59 5 ān calm / still / quiet / peaceful 危可安也
60 5 六親 liù qīn six close relatives 六親五法
61 5 chù a place / location / a spot / a point 地辟舉則民留處
62 5 naturally / of course / certainly 義不自進
63 5 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 使各爲其所長也
64 4 de potential marker 不求不可得
65 4 clothes / dress / garment 上服度則六親固
66 4 不行 bùxíng will not do / will not work 則令不行矣
67 4 zhèng government / administration 政之所興
68 4 jīng to go through / to experience 士經
69 4 刑罰 xíngfá punishment 刑罰所由生
70 4 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 開必得之門
71 4 鬼神 guǐshén spirits and devils / a demon 在明鬼神
72 4 順民 shùnmín a docile subject / a toady 順民之經
73 4 again / more / repeatedly 滅不可復錯也
74 4 xià next 下三順皆然
75 4 I / me / my 我佚樂之
76 4 jié festival / a special day 倉廩實則知禮節
77 4 zhòng many / all 殺戮衆而心不服
78 4 山川 shān chuān mountains and rivers 祗山川
79 4 shì a gentleman / a knight 士經
80 4 qiú to request 不求不可得
81 4 capacity / degree / a standard / a measure 上服度則六親固
82 4 to take / to get / to fetch 故知予之爲取者
83 4 wén writing / text 在禁文巧
84 4 qīng to overturn / to collapse / to lean / to tend / to incline / to pour out 一維絶則傾
85 4 miè to destroy / to wipe out / to exterminate 四維絶則滅
86 4 qiǎo opportune / coincidental / as it happens / timely 在禁文巧
87 3 chéng to finish / to complete / to accomplish / to succeed 不爲不可成
88 3 láo to toil 民惡憂勞
89 3 shì room / bedroom 言室滿室
90 3 wēi prestige / majesty 不祗山川則威令不聞
91 3 不生 bùshēng nonarising / anutpāda 不務天時則財不生
92 3 應敵 yīngdí to face the enemy / to meet an attack 兵甲彊力不足以應敵
93 3 wǎng useless / in vain 恥不從枉
94 3 this / these 能明此法者則刑簡
95 3 jiù old / ancient 恭祖舊
96 3 bèi to prepare / get ready 使民各爲其所長則用備
97 3 不從 bùcóng not following / not joining 恥不從枉
98 3 road / path / way 明必死之路
99 3 power / force / strength 量民力也
100 3 不同 bùtóng different / distinct / not the same 毋曰不同生
101 3 to cheat / to double-cross / to deceive 不欺其民也
102 3 propriety / social custom / manners / courtesy / etiquette 上行禮度則六親各得其所
103 3 final particle 則令不行矣
104 3 五法 wǔfǎ five dharmas / five categories 六親五法
105 3 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 上服度則六親固
106 3 xié demonic / iniquitous / nefarious / evil 詭隨邪枉
107 3 shí food / food and drink 食者
108 3 lián upright / honorable / honest 三曰廉
109 3 xìn to believe / to trust 信慶賞也
110 3 cóng from 故從其四欲
111 3 qiáng strong / powerful 不彊民以其所惡也
112 3 不爭 bùzhēng widely known / incontestable / undeniable / to not strive for / to not contend for 使民於不爭之官
113 3 each 使各爲其所長也
114 3 zhī to respect 祗山川
115 3 to cover / to shield / to screen / to conceal 廉不蔽惡
116 3 jié to exhaust 竭也
117 3 guān an office 使民於不爭之官
118 3 xíng punishment / penalty 故省刑之要
119 3 idea 故刑罰不足以畏其意
120 3 sòng to praise / to laud / to acclaim 國頌
121 3 and 謂與之生全
122 3 jìn to enter 義不自進
123 3 yōu to worry / to be concerned 民惡憂勞
124 3 dāng to be / to act as / to serve as 當爲姦
125 3 固守 gùshǒu to strongly defend one's position / to be entrenched / to cling to 城郭溝渠不足以固守
126 3 殺戮 shālù to massacre / to slaughter 殺戮不足以服其心
127 3 倉廩 cānglǐn a government granary 守在倉廩
128 3 sān three 三曰廉
129 3 cuò mistake / error / blunder / fault 滅不可復錯也
130 3 to be lost 我佚樂之
131 3 yòng to use / to apply 使民各爲其所長則用備
132 2 五穀 wǔ gǔ the five grains 務五穀也
133 2 故知 gùzhī a close friend over many years 故知予之爲取者
134 2 無私 wúsī selfless / unselfish / disinterested / altruistic 當如天地日月之無私也
135 2 shū to neglect 斥以爲鄉之疎
136 2 下令 xià lìng to order / to command 下令於流水之原
137 2 what / where / which 何私何親
138 2 富貴 fùguì riches and honor 我富貴之
139 2 cáng to hide 藏於不竭之府
140 2 to cover 三維絶則覆
141 2 to exceed / to transcend / to cross over 禮不踰節
142 2 滿 mǎn full 言室滿室
143 2 an official institution / a state bureau 藏於不竭之府
144 2 嚴刑 yán xíng torture / strict law / cruel punishment 嚴刑罰也
145 2 pèi bridle / reins 御民之轡
146 2 to produce / to give birth to / to breed 養桑麻育六畜也
147 2 liàng a quantity / an amount 量民力也
148 2 kāi to open 開必得之門
149 2 different / other 不悟鬼神有尊卑之異也
150 2 shī to lose 𠫤於財者失所親
151 2 必得 bìděi must 開必得之門
152 2 to dry up / to exhaust 積於不涸之倉
153 2 jìn to the greatest extent / utmost 盡也
154 2 尊卑 zūn bēi the noble and the lowly 山川皆有尊卑之序
155 2 chǐ a shame / a sense of shame 四曰恥
156 2 wèi to fear / to dread 故刑罰不足以畏其意
157 2 Germany 授有德也
158 2 兵甲 bīngjiǎ weapons and armor 兵甲彊力不足以應敵
159 2 desire 在於順其所欲
160 2 六畜 liùxù the six domestic animals 養桑麻育六畜也
161 2 to store 積於不涸之倉
162 2 wàng absurd / fantastic / presumptuous 上無量則民乃妄
163 2 táng main hall / a large room 言堂滿堂
164 2 ruò to seem / to be like / as 若馬之從轡
165 2 to apprehend / to realize / to become aware 不明鬼神則陋民不悟
166 2 meaning / sense 二曰義
167 2 liú to leave something / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve 地辟舉則民留處
168 2 zhòng heavy 重也
169 2 jiān a kind of grass 野蕪曠則民乃菅
170 2 chén Chen 謂陳爲國之形容
171 2 樂之 lèzhī Ritz (cracker brand) 我佚樂之
172 2 to die 明必死之路
173 2 tóng like / same / similar 下三事同此
174 2 guì expensive / costly / valuable 在上之所貴
175 2 shǎng to reward / to grant / to bestow 信慶賞也
176 2 cāng barn / granary / storehouse 積於不涸之倉
177 2 wén to hear 不祗山川則威令不聞
178 2 貧賤 pínjiàn poor and lowly 民惡貧賤
179 2 yín obscene / licentious / lewd 文巧不禁則民乃淫
180 2 liǎng two 不璋兩原則刑乃繁
181 2 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 四維張則君令行
182 2 zhāng a chapter / a section 當爲章
183 2 wide / broad 博地多財不足以有衆
184 2 四時 sì shí the four seasons 務在四時
185 2 zhuì to fall down / to drop / to sink 民惡危墜
186 2 ancestor / forefather 恭祖舊
187 2 城郭 chéngGuō a city wall 城郭溝渠不足以固守
188 2 yǎng to raise / to bring up (children, animals) / to give birth 養桑麻育六畜也
189 2 可以 kěyǐ can / may / possible / able to 謂陳事之可以常行者也
190 2 xiān first 在上之所先
191 2 èr two 二曰義
192 2 one 一曰禮
193 2 tiān day 人之天也
194 2 shòu to teach 授有德也
195 2 生育 shēngyù to bear / to give birth 我生育之
196 2 常行 chángxíng to perpetually practice / a permanent norm 謂所處必可使百代常行
197 2 日月 rì yuè the sun and moon 天地日月
198 2 sāng mulberry tree 養桑麻育六畜也
199 2 上位 shàng wèi top seat / person occupying leading position 故不踰節則上位安
200 2 不禁 bùjīn cannot help / cannot refrain from 文巧不禁則民乃淫
201 2 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth / the world 天地日月
202 2 hemp / flax 養桑麻育六畜也
203 2 fán complicated / complex 不璋兩原則刑乃繁
204 2 zhāng jade plaything / jade ornament 不璋兩原則刑乃繁
205 2 gōng respectful / polite / reverent 恭祖舊
206 2 一世 yīshì generation / period of 30 years / one's whole lifetime / lifelong / age / era / times / the whole world / the First (of numbered European kings) 不偷取一世也
207 2 無量 wúliàng immeasurable / unlimited 上無量則民乃妄
208 2 jiǔ old 不處不可久
209 2 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 守在倉廩
210 2 流水 liúshuǐ running water 下令於流水之原
211 2 偷取 tōuqǔ to steal / to abstract / to appropriate 不偷取一世也
212 2 yuàn to blame / to complain 不偷取一世則民無怨心
213 2 qìng to celebrate / to congratulate 信慶賞也
214 2 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 君將求之
215 2 quán perfect 不蔽惡則行自全
216 2 method / way 謂恭承先祖之舊法
217 2 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 國多財則遠者來
218 2 tīng to listen 遠者不聽
219 2 cún to exist / to survive 我存安之
220 2 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 刑罰所由生
221 2 牧民 mùmín shepherd of the people 牧民第一
222 1 知禮 Zhī Lǐ Zhi Li 倉廩實則知禮節
223 1 miào temple / shrine 敬宗廟
224 1 shì to decorate / to ornament / to adorn 在飾四維
225 1 méng a bud / a sprout 故禍不萌
226 1 chì to scold / to upbraid / to accuse / to reproach 斥以爲鄉之疎
227 1 to hide / to go into hiding 君惡之則臣匿之
228 1 舉則 jǔzé juze / to discuss a koan 地辟舉則民留處
229 1 道者 dàozhě a devotee / a practioner / a follower / a monk 唯有道者能備患於未形也
230 1 yào to want / to wish for 故省刑之要
231 1 不盈 bùyíng to be not full 不務地利則倉廩不盈
232 1 jié to bond / to tie / to bind 故能感恩而結固之
233 1 zhà to cheat / to swindle 不彊民以其所惡則詐僞不生
234 1 to bare / to be open / to be exposed 取其露見不隱也
235 1 先行 xiānxíng to precede 上所先行
236 1 jiàn to see 取其露見不隱也
237 1 kǒng fearful / apprehensive 故刑罰繁而意不恐
238 1 jìn to prohibit / to forbid / to restrain 在禁文巧
239 1 好惡 hǎoè lit. likes and dislikes / preferences / taste 在上之所好惡
240 1 to give 故知予之爲取者
241 1 一維 yīwéi one-dimensional 一維絶則傾
242 1 𠫤 \N \N 𠫤於財者失所親
243 1 a law / a rule 地辟舉則民留處
244 1 原則 yuánzé principle 不璋兩原則刑乃繁
245 1 zhèng upright / straight 傾可正也
246 1 不恭 bùgōng disrespectful 不恭祖舊則孝悌不備
247 1 nán difficult / arduous / hard 信慶賞則民輕難
248 1 wèi Eighth earthly branch 唯有道者能備患於未形也
249 1 bǎo a jewel / gem / a treasure 政之寶也
250 1 xīng to flourish / to be popular 政之所興
251 1 先祖 xiānzǔ deceased grandfather / ancestry 謂恭承先祖之舊法
252 1 罰則 fázé penal provision / penalty 嚴刑罰則民遠邪
253 1 chán Chan / Zen 言能登封降禪
254 1 private 何私何親
255 1 rich / wealthy 育六畜則民富
256 1 huò a misfortune / a calamity / a disaster 故禍不萌
257 1 lái to come 國多財則遠者來
258 1 fēi not / non- / un- 非貞廉也
259 1 hòu after / later 緩者後於事
260 1 四惡 sì è four evil destinies 行其四惡
261 1 dài to represent / to substitute / to replace 謂所處必可使百代常行
262 1 xíng appearance 唯有道者能備患於未形也
263 1 滿堂 mǎntáng whole audience / a sellout (capacity audience) / jam-packed 言堂滿堂
264 1 上校 shàngxiào high ranking officer in Chinese army / colonel 不敬宗廟則民乃上校
265 1 薦舉 jiànjǔ to propose / to nominate / to recommend 謂不由薦舉也
266 1 róng to hold / to contain 容也
267 1 wěi false / counterfeit / bogus 不彊民以其所惡則詐僞不生
268 1 also / too 人亦效之
269 1 地利 dìlì favorable location / in the right place / productivity of land 不務地利則倉廩不盈
270 1 a luxurious growth of weeds 野蕪曠則民乃菅
271 1 jiān wicked / false / deceitful 當爲姦
272 1 happy / glad / cheerful / joyful 能佚樂人
273 1 to punish / to penalize 嚴刑罰也
274 1 二法 èr fǎ two dharmas / two kinds of dharma 二法也
275 1 jìn nearby 則近者叛之
276 1 不服 bùfú not to accept something / to want to have something overruled or changed / to refuse to obey or comply 殺戮衆而心不服
277 1 shì to be fond of / to have a weakness for 君嗜之則臣食之
278 1 衣食足 yī shí zú enough food and clothing 衣食足則知榮辱
279 1 xiào school
280 1 wilderness 野蕪曠則民乃菅
281 1 shì is / are / am / to be 是謂聖王
282 1 to lift / to hold up / to raise
283 1 horse 若馬之從轡
284 1 to give an offering in a religious ceremony 祗祀山川
285 1 無人 wú rén unmanned / uninhabited 患無人以分之
286 1 sufficient / enough 務五穀則食足
287 1 人從 réncóng retinue / hangers-on 言人從上之所貴
288 1 fēn to separate / to divide into parts 可以分與財者
289 1 to stand 故知時者可立以爲長
290 1 dào way / road / path 道民之門
291 1 zūn to honor / to respect 君無所尊
292 1 天時 tiānshí the time / the right time / weather conditions / destiny / course of time / heaven's natural order 不務天時則財不生
293 1 分之 fēnzhī indicates a fraction 患無人以分之
294 1 to defend / to resist 御民之轡
295 1 作者 zuòzhě author / writer / composer 作者
296 1 zhī to know 衣食足則知榮辱
297 1 preface / introduction 山川皆有尊卑之序
298 1 kāng Kang 君於平康
299 1 賢人 xiánrén a worthy person / xianren 賢人也
300 1 孝悌 xiàotì filial piety and fraternal duty 不恭祖舊則孝悌不備
301 1 to open 言地盡闢則人留而安居處也
302 1 to arise / to get up 覆可起也
303 1 三維 sānwéi three-dimensional / 3D 三維絶則覆
304 1 感恩 gǎnēn to be thankful 故能感恩而結固之
305 1 zhào to call together / to summon / to convene 召民之路
306 1 zhù to help / to assist 賢者將不汝助
307 1 安居 ānjū to settle down / to live peacefully 言地盡闢則人留而安居處也
308 1 already / afterwards 臣已先索得之也
309 1 píng flat / level / smooth 君於平康
310 1 lín to face / to overlook 取其耀臨
311 1 時而 shí ér sometimes 審於時而察於用而能備官者
312 1 day of the month / a certain day 如月如日
313 1 huǎn slow / sluggish / gradual 緩者後於事
314 1 巧詐 qiǎozhà deceitful / crafty / artful 不自進則民無巧詐
315 1 guǐ sly / crafty 詭隨邪枉
316 1 唯有 wěiyǒu only / alone 唯有道者能備患於未形也
317 1 臣服 chénfú to acknowledge allegiance / to serve / to be subject to 君好之則臣服之
318 1 下同 xiàtóng similarly hereinafter 下同
319 1 contrary / opposite / backwards / upside down 在逆民心
320 1 qīng light / not heavy 信慶賞則民輕難
321 1 wěi yes 唯君之節
322 1 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 山川皆有尊卑之序
323 1 yuè month 如月如日
324 1 不明 bù míng not clear / unknown 不明鬼神則陋民不悟
325 1 敬宗 jìngzōng Jingzong 敬宗廟
326 1 suǒ to search / to inquire 臣已先索得之也
327 1 榮辱 róngrǔ honor and disgrace / reputation 衣食足則知榮辱
328 1 隱蔽 yǐnbì to conceal 隱蔽其惡
329 1 無不 wúbù not lacking 量民力則事無不成
330 1 five 五親也
331 1 fán ordinary / common 凡有地牧民者
332 1 上行 shàng xíng up / to go against the current / to submit (a document) to higher authorities 上行禮度則六親各得其所
333 1 lòu crude / coarse 不明鬼神則陋民不悟
334 1 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 用此以相疎遠者必不聽
335 1 各得其所 gè de qísuǒ each in the correct place / each is provided for 上行禮度則六親各得其所
336 1 hǎo good 君好之則臣服之
337 1 yuè pleased 則順而悅
338 1 suí to follow 詭隨邪枉
339 1 登封 dēngfēng Dengfeng 言能登封降禪
340 1 在於 zàiyú in / consist of 在於順其所欲
341 1 皆然 jiērán to be all the same way 下三順皆然
342 1 一法 yīfǎ one dharma / one thing 一法也
343 1 滅亡 mièwáng to destroy / to exterminate / to perish / to die out 國乃滅亡
344 1 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 言能登封降禪
345 1 fèi to abrogate / to terminate / to abandon / to discard 政之所廢
346 1 所以 suǒyǐ therefore / as a result / so 四時所以生成萬物也
347 1 及其 jíqí as well as 及其危
348 1 chá to examine / to inquire / to inspect 審於時而察於用而能備官者
349 1 cháng always / ever / often / frequently / constantly 常也
350 1 yǐn to hide / to conceal 取其露見不隱也
351 1 bǎi one hundred 謂所處必可使百代常行
352 1 pàn to betray / to rebel / to revolt 則近者叛之
353 1 實則 shízé actually / in fact 倉廩實則知禮節
354 1 何謂 héwèi what is the meaning of 何謂四維
355 1 shěn to examine / to investigate / to analyze to judge 審於時而察於用而能備官者
356 1 賢者 xiánzhě a wise man / a worthy person 賢者將不汝助
357 1 國有 guóyǒu nationalized / public / state-owned 國有四維
358 1 三法 sān fǎ the three aspects of the Dharma 三法也
359 1 耀 yào to shine / to sparkle / to dazzle 取其耀臨
360 1 民心 mínxīn popular sentiment 在逆民心
361 1 gèng more / even more 更在有道者也
362 1 不備 bùbèi unprepared / off guard 不恭祖舊則孝悌不備
363 1 xiào effect / efficacy 効也
364 1 三事 sānshì three things 下三事同此
365 1 kuàng extensive / wide / broad 野蕪曠則民乃菅
366 1 小人 xiǎorén a vulgar person / a person of little virtue / xiaoren 信小人者失士
367 1 jìng to respect /to honor 故敬明之
368 1 shí time / a point or period of time 故知時者可立以爲長
369 1 二維 èrwéi two-dimensional 二維絶則危
370 1 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 非貞廉也
371 1 第一 dì yī first 牧民第一
372 1 萬物 wànwù all living things 四時所以生成萬物也
373 1 jiǎn simple / terse / succinct 能明此法者則刑簡
374 1 死難 sǐnán to die in an accident / to die for a just cause 取其死難也
375 1 四法 sì fǎ the four aspects of the Dharma 四法也
376 1 xiū to be ashamed 無羞之人
377 1 chéng to bear / to carry / to hold 謂恭承先祖之舊法
378 1 形容 xíngróng to describe 謂陳爲國之形容
379 1 xiào result / effect 人亦效之
380 1 fèng to offer / to present 可奉以爲君也
381 1 管仲 Guǎn Zhòng Guanzi / Guan Zhong 管仲
382 1 不敬 bù jìng to disrespect / to be irreverent 不敬宗廟則民乃上校
383 1 不由 bùyóu can't help 謂不由薦舉也
384 1 溝渠 gōuqú channel / moat / irrigation canal 城郭溝渠不足以固守
385 1 zhì to place / to lay out 無私者可置以爲政
386 1 生成 shēngchéng to produce / to generate 四時所以生成萬物也
387 1 宗廟 zōngmiào a temple 不敬宗廟則民乃上校
388 1 不在 bùzài not here 不在刑罰殺戮
389 1 shěng province 故省刑之要
390 1 聖王 shèng wáng a sage-king 是謂聖王
391 1 有道 yǒudào to have attained the Way / (of a government or a ruler) enlightened / wise and just 更在有道者也

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安居 ānjū
  1. to settle down / to live peacefully
  2. Varsa / Varsā / Vassa / Rains Retreat / Summer Retreat
  3. Anju
登封 dēngfēng Dengfeng
管仲 Guǎn Zhòng Guanzi / Guan Zhong
敬宗 jìngzōng Jingzong
乐之 樂之 lèzhī Ritz (cracker brand)
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
知礼 知禮 Zhī Lǐ Zhi Li

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English