Glossary and Vocabulary for Old History of the Five Dynasties 《舊五代史》, 卷二十 梁書20: 列傳十 謝瞳 司馬鄴 劉捍 王敬蕘 高劭 馬嗣勳 張存敬 寇彥卿 Volume 20 Book of Later Liang 20: Biographies 10 - Xie Tong, Si Maye, Liu Han, Wang Jinrao, Gao Shao, Ma Sixun, Zhang Cunjin, Kou Yanqing

Contents

  1. Frequencies of Lexical Words
  2. Frequencies of all Words
  3. Proper Nouns

Frequencies of Lexical Words

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Example Usage
1 50 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 遂投跡於太祖
2 32 使 shǐ to make / to cause 戮偽監軍使
3 28 jūn army / military 偽右軍都尉孟楷抑而不進
4 28 nián year 其年秋
5 21 rén person / people / a human being 福州人
6 20 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 為陵州刺史
7 20 zhōu a state / a province 為陵州刺史
8 19 jìng to respect /to honor 王敬蕘
9 18 bīng soldier / troops 連上章請兵於巢
10 17 yàn elegant / handsome 又從李彥威復黃州及武昌縣
11 16 qīng minister / high officer 寇彥卿
12 16 hàn to ward off 劉捍
13 15 zhōng middle 三歲不中第
14 14 檢校 jiǎnxiào to check / to verify / to proof-read 王重榮表瞳為檢校屯田員外郎
15 14 cún to exist / to survive 太祖令往光州說刺史劉存背淮賊以向國
16 13 to reach 及太祖據同州
17 13 to enter 召入顧問
18 13 wáng Wang 王重榮表瞳為檢校屯田員外郎
19 12 zōng school / sect 韓建傳判官司鄴昭宗之幸鳳翔也
20 11 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂投跡於太祖
21 11 mìng life 命入城招諭韓建
22 11 zhèn town 太祖初鎮夷門
23 11 xíng to walk / to move 詣蜀行在
24 10 xūn a meritorious deed 馬嗣勳
25 10 sān three 三歲不中第
26 10 zhòng many / numerous 悉眾歸順於河中
27 10 zài in / at 在任四考
28 10 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 治郡一歲
29 10 yòu right / right-hand 偽右軍都尉孟楷抑而不進
30 10 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 馬嗣勳
31 9 shòu to teach 以功授朝散大夫
32 9 four 外兵四集
33 9 to give / to bestow favors 賜緋
34 9 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 太祖遣人迎之
35 9 èr two 龍紀二年
36 8 zhāo illustrious 韓建傳判官司鄴昭宗之幸鳳翔也
37 8 shǔ to count 黃家以數十萬之師
38 8 huái Huai River 時淮路不通
39 8 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 以捍為親軍指揮
40 8 tooth / tusk 捍少為牙職
41 8 gōng to attack / to assault 又移師以攻中山
42 8 ráo fuel / grass 王敬蕘
43 8 jiā to add 加檢校工部尚書
44 7 zhī to know 頗知書
45 7 táng Tang Dynasty 唐咸通末舉進士
46 7 rate / frequency 太子率更令
47 7 horse 捍復單馬入州
48 7 shí time / a period of time 時淮路不通
49 7 liú Liu 劉捍
50 7 zuǒ left 左武衛大將軍
51 7 開平 Kāipíng Kaiping / Kemenfu / Kaipingfu 開平初
52 7 bài to defeat / to vanquish 以故多損敗
53 7 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令奉表於蜀
54 7 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi 真拜武寧軍節度使
55 7 kòu bandit / thieve 寇難益熾
56 7 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 王重榮表瞳為檢校屯田員外郎
57 6 天復 tiānfù Tianfu 唐天復初
58 6 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 建果出降
59 6 yuē to speak / to say 乃進說曰
60 6 cài Cai 合大軍敗蔡賊秦宗賢數萬眾於汴西
61 6 huì can / be able to 會淮賊急攻光州
62 6 zéi thief 合大軍敗蔡賊秦宗賢數萬眾於汴西
63 6 zhí straight 王處直乞降
64 6 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 太祖以兵圍華州
65 6 qiān one thousand 錢千緡
66 6 wēi power / might / prestige 又從李彥威復黃州及武昌縣
67 6 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋卒於其第
68 6 留後 liúhòu Provisional Governor 充兩使留後
69 6 jiàn to build / to construct 韓建用為同州節度留後
70 6 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 左武衛大將軍
71 6 lèi to be tired 累遷至大中大夫
72 6 河中 hézhōng Hezhong 太祖與河中交戰
73 6 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 開平元年
74 6 to die 卒於滑
75 5 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 鄴在海逾年
76 5 yǒng brave / courageous 今將軍勇冠三軍
77 5 大軍 dàjūn army / main forces 及大軍在岐下
78 5 shào to encourage 高劭
79 5 gǎi to change / to alter 改檢校右散騎常侍
80 5 big / great / huge / large / major 唐僖宗大悅
81 5 淮南 Huáinán Huainan 太祖征淮南
82 5 to ride an animal or bicycle 捍馳騎而入
83 5 zèng to give a present 後詔贈司徒
84 5 jǐng sunlight 景四州
85 5 Li 為李茂貞所害
86 5 guān an office 累官至大列
87 5 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 洎居門下
88 5 deputy / assistant / vice- 表為亳州團練使兼太清宮副使
89 5 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 遣奏事於昭宗
90 4 a fork in the road 及大軍在岐下
91 4 shào to continue / to carry on 及羅紹威將殺牙軍
92 4 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 充兩使留後
93 4 Biàn Bian River 合大軍敗蔡賊秦宗賢數萬眾於汴西
94 4 節度 jiédù a solar term 表為宣義軍節度副使
95 4 亳州 bózhōu Bozhou 表為亳州團練使兼太清宮副使
96 4 dào way / road / path 鄴持印鑰迎謁道左
97 4 jìn shanxi 晉人侵晉州
98 4 qǐng to ask / to inquire 連上章請兵於巢
99 4 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過郡
100 4 tóng pupil of the eye 謝瞳
101 4 letter / symbol / character 字子明
102 4 團練 tuánliàn local militia formed to suppress peasant rebellion 表為亳州團練使兼太清宮副使
103 4 yǐn to lead / to guide 太祖引兵入關
104 4 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 諸軍翼之
105 4 jùn talented / capable 劉知俊據同州反
106 4 to attain / to reach 奏章不達
107 4 太保 Tàibǎo Grand Protector 加檢校太保
108 4 shì matter / thing / item 遣奏事於昭宗
109 4 hán Korea / South Korea 韓建用為同州節度留後
110 4 司徒 sītú Situ 追贈司徒
111 4 zhòng heavy 王重榮表瞳為檢校屯田員外郎
112 4 宣武 xuānwǔ Xuanwu / Emperor Xuanwu of Northern Wei 後曆宣武
113 4 hòu after / later 後曆宣武
114 4 shōu to receive / to accept 佐霍存董大軍收宿州
115 4 jìn to enter 偽右軍都尉孟楷抑而不進
116 4 lǐng neck 年十四遙領華州刺史
117 4 tǒng to unify 授左龍虎統軍兼元從新軍馬步都虞候
118 4 zòu to present / to offer 遣奏事於昭宗
119 4 tōng to go through / to open 宋文通令客將郭啟奇使於太祖
120 4 四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month 四月
121 4 乾寧 qiánníng Qianning 乾寧二年
122 4 lái to come 斥候來告蕃戎逼澤州
123 4 jīng Beijing 遂下兩京
124 4 power / force / strength 皆力屈而去
125 4 xiān first 身先馳突
126 4 鳳翔 Fèngxiáng Fengxiang 韓建傳判官司鄴昭宗之幸鳳翔也
127 4 zhàn war / fighting / battle 人不習戰
128 4 father 父諲
129 4 Ye 鄴資蔭出身
130 4 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 而揚州諸步多賊船
131 4 guī to go back / to return 獲精兵三萬以歸
132 4 wèi Wei Dynasty 時安陽公主初卒於魏
133 4 shǔ Sichuan 令奉表於蜀
134 4 guest / visitor 宋文通令客將郭啟奇使於太祖
135 4 xún ten days / ten years 逾旬而退
136 3 increase / benefit 益兵數千人
137 3 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 偽右軍都尉孟楷抑而不進
138 3 Germany 況土德未厭
139 3 wéi dangerous / precarious 而王钅容危懾
140 3 五萬 wǔ wàn fifty thousand 部內增戶約五萬
141 3 to fly 人不習戰
142 3 háo a moat / a trench / a ditch 濠州鍾離縣人
143 3 zhào an imperial decree 後詔贈司徒
144 3 tóng like / same / similar 韓建即時同出迎謁
145 3 huò to reap / to harvest 獲精兵三萬以歸
146 3 to instruct / to expound / to explain 命入城招諭韓建
147 3 martial / military 左武衛大將軍
148 3 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 乃進說曰
149 3 shī teacher 黃家以數十萬之師
150 3 yòu divine intervention / protection 天祐三年正月
151 3 tiān day 天祐三年正月
152 3 親軍 qīnjūn an escort / a guard / a bodyguard 以捍為親軍指揮
153 3 to go / to visit / to attend 命捍以兵千人赴之
154 3 suì age 三歲不中第
155 3 光化 guānghuà Guanghua 光化三年六月
156 3 end / final stage / latter part 唐咸通末舉進士
157 3 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 又遣使於蜀
158 3 disease / sickness / ailment 以疾致仕
159 3 road / path / way 時淮路不通
160 3 pián to associate / to join 淮南節度使駢之從子也
161 3 chí to go quickly or swiftly 捍馳騎而入
162 3 zàn to praise 捍便習賓讚
163 3 huí to go back / to return 安撫而回
164 3 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 天復三年正月
165 3 同州 Tóngzhōu Tongzhou / Weinan 及太祖據同州
166 3 宋州 sòngzhōu Song Prefecture / Songzhou 授宋州刺史
167 3 extra / surplus / remainder 槍重三十餘斤
168 3 zhèn a wave / a spate / a burst / spell / short period of time 敬蕘列陣當之
169 3 xìng fortunate / lucky 韓建傳判官司鄴昭宗之幸鳳翔也
170 3 chéng to mount / to climb onto 乘駔者迂回萬里
171 3 rén a kernel / a pit 字表仁
172 3 míng bright / brilliant 字子明
173 3 supreme ruler / emperor 末帝即位
174 3 ancestor / forefather 祖琯
175 3 shēn human body / torso 身先馳突
176 3 to break / to ruin / to destroy 皆破之
177 3 中和 zhōnghé Zhonghe 唐中和四年夏
178 3 jīn gold 又使於金州
179 3 zhū vermilion 太祖以朱珍為淄州刺史
180 3 qiū fall / autumn 其年秋
181 3 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 唐景福元年三月
182 3 wén writing / text 宋文通令客將郭啟奇使於太祖
183 3 one 治郡一歲
184 3 enemy / foe 路逢大敵
185 3 chí to grasp / to hold 鄴持印鑰迎謁道左
186 3 行營 xíngyíng to conduct a campaign 以為行營都指揮使
187 3 Wu 太祖有所乘烏馬
188 3 fán ordinary / common 凡曆百戰
189 3 qiū Confucius 彥卿率眾一千襲霍丘
190 3 é Russia 俄真拜刺史
191 3 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 以至崇顯焉
192 3 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 自番禺泛海至閩中
193 3 至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign 累遷至大中大夫
194 3 yuǎn far / distant 必高帆遠引海中
195 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 使人守之
196 3 追贈 zhuīzèng to give to the departed / to confer (a title) posthumously 追贈司徒
197 3 其事 qí shì that thing / this thing 使捍奏其事
198 3 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 未嘗一日不在左右
199 3 an official institution / a state bureau 詣丞相府以議其事
200 3 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜右武衛上將軍
201 3 child / son 字子明
202 3 gào to tell / to say / said / told 斥候來告蕃戎逼澤州
203 3 idea 瞳揣太祖有擇福意
204 3 wén to hear 昭宗聞其至
205 3 qiáo bridge 乃解河橋之圍
206 3 jìng boundary / frontier / boundary 時州境荒饉
207 3 jiān to supervise / to inspect 命捍監其兵
208 3 luó Luo 漂至躭羅國
209 3 liǎng two 遂下兩京
210 3 wǎng to go (in a direction) 太祖親往巡撫
211 3 liáng a bridge 李立率兵攻濠梁
212 3 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 及羅紹威將殺牙軍
213 3 翌日 yìrì the next day 翌日
214 3 華州 huá zhōu Washington state 太祖以兵圍華州
215 3 to join / to combine 合大軍敗蔡賊秦宗賢數萬眾於汴西
216 3 光州 Guāng Zhōu Gwangju 太祖令往光州說刺史劉存背淮賊以向國
217 3 gōng merit 以功授朝散大夫
218 3 jiàn to see 使嗣勳入見
219 3 hòu thick 錫賚甚厚
220 3 quán authority / power 蔡將申叢折宗權足
221 3 中山 zhōngshān Dr Sun Yat-sen / Zhongshan, prefecture-level city in Guangdong, close to Sun Yat-sen's birthplace / Nakayama (Japanese surname) 又移師以攻中山
222 3 chuán to transmit 韓建傳判官司鄴昭宗之幸鳳翔也
223 3 太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor 贈太傅
224 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 況土德未厭
225 3 武寧 wǔníng Wuning 由是表知武寧軍節度
226 3 to attack by surprise 說其帥馮行襲
227 3 nán south 黃巢數十萬眾寨於州南
228 3 wall 命捍入壁門傳諭
229 3 上將軍 shàngjiāngjūn top general / commander-in-chief 拜右武衛上將軍
230 3 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 漂至躭羅國
231 3 dìng to decide 遂定策
232 3 shǔ to sign 遂署右職
233 3 hào number 然始竊偽號
234 2 gāo high / tall 必高帆遠引海中
235 2 典客 diǎnkè Guest Prefect 擢副典客
236 2 歸於 guīyú to belong to / affiliated to 知俊縶捍歸於鳳翔
237 2 zhōng clock 濠州鍾離縣人
238 2 black 太祖以朱珍為淄州刺史
239 2 yuè month 才逾月
240 2 元帥 yuánshuài a general 太祖為元帥
241 2 a river / a stream 乃解河橋之圍
242 2 to move / to shift / to remove 尋移宋州刺史
243 2 wàn ten thousand 蔡賊復遣將刁君務以萬眾來逼
244 2 十萬 shí wàn one hundred thousand 黃家以數十萬之師
245 2 shǐ arrow / dart 所用槍矢
246 2 zhí office / post 捍少為牙職
247 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 詔追王重師赴行在
248 2 gain / advantage / benefit 再不利
249 2 zhuó to pull out 擢副典客
250 2 tǎo to seek 從討巢
251 2 功臣 gōngchén a minister who has given outstanding service 賜號迎鑾毅勇功臣
252 2 prisoner of war 存敬屢有俘斬之功
253 2 to cut down 太祖伐王師範於青州
254 2 潁州 yǐngzhōu Yingzhou 潁州汝陰人
255 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 劉知俊據同州反
256 2 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 以捍為御營使
257 2 to visit 鄴持印鑰迎謁道左
258 2 數月 shǔyuè several months 數月
259 2 東南 dōngnán southeast 以亳州團練使寇彥卿為東南面行營都指揮使
260 2 to strike / to hit / to beat 存敬潛軍擊之於乾寧軍南老鴉堤
261 2 yán to speak / to say / said 太祖每言曰
262 2 shì to attend on 因求侍府幕
263 2 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 韓建傳判官司鄴昭宗之幸鳳翔也
264 2 féng to encounter / to meet by chance 路逢大敵
265 2 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 因留長安
266 2 dōng winter 是年冬
267 2 huá smooth / slippery 瞳在滑十三年
268 2 唐僖宗 Táng Xī Zōng Emperor Xizong of Tang 唐僖宗大悅
269 2 zhé to fold 蔡將申叢折宗權足
270 2 yáo distant / remote 年十四遙領華州刺史
271 2 to lift / to hold up / to raise 唐咸通末舉進士
272 2 yáng sun 入陽
273 2 to examine / to spy on 劭伺守者稍惰
274 2 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 加檢校工部尚書
275 2 affairs / business / matter / activity 而孟楷專務壅蔽
276 2 to mortgage / to pawn 即署為元從押牙
277 2 rèn to bear / to undertake 在任四考
278 2 qián hidden / secret / latent 潛使人以厚利啖將校
279 2 僕射 Pú Shè Shang Shu Pu She 檢校右僕射
280 2 qīn to invade / to encroach upon / to raid 晉人侵晉州
281 2 shí real / true 得其助軍貲實甚多
282 2 ér son 得他兒抱之行
283 2 yìn to stamp / to seal / to mark / to print 鄴持印鑰迎謁道左
284 2 to go to / to arrive / to reach 詣蜀行在
285 2 chēng to call / to address 有足稱者
286 2 甚多 shén duō extremely many 殺敵甚多
287 2 十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month 文德元年十一月
288 2 qīn relatives 太祖親往巡撫
289 2 féng feng 前鋒至左馮翊
290 2 shì a generation 世為郡武吏
291 2 shì an official 仕唐為杞王傅
292 2 to doubt / to disbelieve 復何疑哉
293 2 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 及太祖遇弑
294 2 黃巢 Huáng Cháo Huang Chao 黃巢陷長安
295 2 guān cap / crown / headgear 今將軍勇冠三軍
296 2 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 疾趨至中牟
297 2 fèng to offer / to present 令奉表於蜀
298 2 jiā excellent 太祖甚嘉之
299 2 觀察 guānchá to observe / to look carefully 以捍為雍州節度觀察留後
300 2 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 擒俘不可勝紀
301 2 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 送款於太祖
302 2 晉州 jìnzhōu Jinzhou 晉人侵晉州
303 2 xià summer 唐中和四年夏
304 2 cháng to taste 嘗以賜彥卿
305 2 qiān to move / to shift 累遷至大中大夫
306 2 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 多力善戰
307 2 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 人以為丐者
308 2 to ward off with hand / to defend 淮南遣滁州刺史李儼拒之
309 2 jiù old / ancient 雖非太祖舊臣
310 2 mèng first month 偽右軍都尉孟楷抑而不進
311 2 zhēn real / true / genuine 俄真拜刺史
312 2 resolute / decisive / firm / persistent 賜號迎鑾毅勇功臣
313 2 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 累官至大列
314 2 司空 Sīkōng Minster of Land and Water 檢校司空
315 2 yòng to use / to apply 韓建用為同州節度留後
316 2 cháo nest 連上章請兵於巢
317 2 復命 fùmìng to report on completion of a mission / debriefing 復命則備舟楫
318 2 miàn side / surface 以亳州團練使寇彥卿為東南面行營都指揮使
319 2 to go through / to experience / to take place 後曆宣武
320 2 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 圖取景
321 2 shòu old age / long life 太祖以壽州刺史江儒反下蔡鎮使
322 2 xiào school 潛使人以厚利啖將校
323 2 líng to pass over / to cross / to traverse 淩暴益甚
324 2 馬步 mǎ bù horse stance (martial arts) 授左龍虎統軍兼元從新軍馬步都虞候
325 2 móu to plan / to scheme 劭有疑謀
326 2 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 任用已失其所
327 2 受禪 shòuchán to accept abdication 太祖受禪
328 2 huái bosom / breast 至懷德驛
329 2 strange / unusual / uncanny 宋文通令客將郭啟奇使於太祖
330 2 force / compel / force 斥候來告蕃戎逼澤州
331 2 a drum 師人鼓行而進
332 2 a government official / a magistrate 世為郡武吏
333 2 clothes / dress / garment 仍以錦服
334 2 qiú to request 因求侍府幕
335 2 concerned about / anxious / worried 授左龍虎統軍兼元從新軍馬步都虞候
336 2 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 左武衛大將軍
337 2 光啟 guāngqǐ Guangqi 光啟中
338 2 qiāng gun / rifle 所用槍矢
339 2 判官 pàn guān a magistrate / a judge 韓建傳判官司鄴昭宗之幸鳳翔也
340 2 cháo to face 以功授朝散大夫
341 2 bào to embrace / to hold in arms / to hug 得他兒抱之行
342 2 wài outside 力戰於外
343 2 shí ten 樹數十柵
344 2 一日 yī rì one [whole] day 未嘗一日不在左右
345 2 to stand 李立率兵攻濠梁
346 2 kǎi model style of Chinese writing 偽右軍都尉孟楷抑而不進
347 2 líng mound / hill / mountain 為陵州刺史
348 2 hǎo good 好書史
349 2 secret / hidden / confidential 楊行密復攻濠州
350 2 shǒu head 首為右騎都將
351 2 an inferior kind of jade 太祖以河中節度使王珂與太原結親
352 2 排陣 páizhèn to deploy troops 時彥卿為諸道馬步軍都排陣使
353 2 sufficient / enough 蔡將申叢折宗權足
354 2 láo to toil 勞徠彌厚
355 2 zhāng a chapter / a section 連上章請兵於巢
356 2 a relay station 至懷德驛
357 2 shū book 頗知書
358 2 hòu to wait 授左龍虎統軍兼元從新軍馬步都虞候
359 2 luán bells hung on horse / bells hung 賜號迎鑾毅勇功臣
360 2 大夫 dàifu doctor 以功授朝散大夫
361 2 àn case / incident
362 2 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 黃巢陷長安
363 2 葛從周 Gě Cóngzhōu Ge Congzhou 葛從周
364 2 chén minister / statesman / official 雖非太祖舊臣
365 2 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 今將軍勇冠三軍
366 2 bīn a guest / a visitor 捍便習賓讚
367 2 to take / to receive / to accept 納款於太祖
368 2 散騎常侍 sànqí chángshì a kind of personal attendant 改檢校右散騎常侍
369 2 Xu 徐宿觀察留後
370 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 率以此勝
371 2 xiàn county 濠州鍾離縣人
372 2 to go 皆力屈而去
373 2 hài to injure / to harm to 為李茂貞所害
374 2 dōng east 詢東兵之事
375 2 西 The West 合大軍敗蔡賊秦宗賢數萬眾於汴西
376 2 qián money / currency 錢千緡
377 1 huāng waste 時州境荒饉
378 1 貞幹 zhēngān building wall post and frame 彥卿貞幹明敏
379 1 wolfberry tree 仕唐為杞王傅
380 1 shēn to extend 蔡將申叢折宗權足
381 1 jǐn brocade / embroidered work 仍以錦服
382 1 一千 yī qiān one thousand 彥卿率眾一千襲霍丘
383 1 出迎 chūyíng to greet / to go out to meet 韓建即時同出迎謁
384 1 中牟 Zhōngmóu Zhongmou 疾趨至中牟
385 1 qiáo a drum tower 譙郡人也
386 1 qiè to steal / to usurp / to encroach on / to endanger 然始竊偽號
387 1 yīn cloudy / overcast 潁州汝陰人
388 1 解圍 jiěwéi to lift a siege / to help somebody out of trouble or embarrassment 彥卿奉詔領兵解圍
389 1 Hutuo River 存敬勒眾涉滹沲河
390 1 gài to beg for alms 人以為丐者
391 1 zhà fence / palisade / enclosure 樹數十柵
392 1 a man / a male adult 無出高大夫
393 1 yōu quiet / secluded / tranquil / serene
394 1 dàn to eat / to taste / to entice using bait 潛使人以厚利啖將校
395 1 車駕 chējià imperial chariot / the emperor 車駕還京
396 1 shī corpse 枕屍數十里
397 1 dǒng Dong 佐霍存董大軍收宿州
398 1 xiào result / effect 由是頻立殊效
399 1 jìn strong / unyielding 命寇彥卿率勁騎三千襲霍丘
400 1 龍虎 lónghǔ outstanding people 授左龍虎統軍兼元從新軍馬步都虞候
401 1 ān saddle 銀鞍勒馬賜之
402 1 義軍 yìjūn a volunteer army 表為宣義軍節度副使
403 1 多於 duōyú more than / greater than 多於危蹙之間
404 1 龍紀 lóngjì Longji 龍紀二年
405 1 huàn to put on 嘗躬擐甲胄
406 1 intimating / close 頗見親昵
407 1 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 我意素決
408 1 wealth / capital / money / expenses 鄴資蔭出身
409 1 quán perfect 由是竟全郡壘
410 1 mào thick / lush / dense 為李茂貞所害
411 1 北伐 Běi Fá Northern Expedition 太祖北伐鎮
412 1 jiān hard / strong / firm 俾堅攀附
413 1 method / plan / policy / scheme 遂定策
414 1 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 郡中設糜糗餅餌以待之
415 1 zhèng Zheng 以駢命遏晉公王鐸於鄭
416 1 a scholar 太祖以壽州刺史江儒反下蔡鎮使
417 1 pái row / rank / line 排之
418 1 立功 lìgōng establish in merit 雖顯立功名
419 1 yuē approximately 部內增戶約五萬
420 1 to kill 落橋而斃
421 1 qǐn to rest / to sleep 寢疾
422 1 a large mound 景率其徒戰於丘墟林澤中
423 1 xīn new / fresh / modern 授左龍虎統軍兼元從新軍馬步都虞候
424 1 漕運 cáoyùn to transport by water 漕運波注
425 1 fàn to commit crime / to violate 存敬引騎軍先犯敵將
426 1 決戰 juézhàn a decisive battle 雖無決戰爭鋒之績
427 1 gōng public/ common / state-owned 以駢命遏晉公王鐸於鄭
428 1 jiù to save / to rescue 存敬同往馳救
429 1 交戰 jiāozhàn to fight / to wage war 太祖與河中交戰
430 1 司馬鄴 Sī Mǎ Yè Si Ma Ye / Emperor Min of Jin 司馬鄴
431 1 jīn variant of Kangxi radical 167 而王钅容危懾
432 1 gān dry 勤幹涖職
433 1 yuán to aid / to assist 時幽州劉仁恭舉兵來援
434 1 zhēn virtuous / chaste / pure 為李茂貞所害
435 1 yuè pleased 唐僖宗大悅
436 1 再入 zàirù to re-enter 再入復出
437 1 禮遇 lǐyù courtesy / deferential treatment / polite reception 太祖以客禮遇之
438 1 景福 jǐngfú Jingfu 唐景福元年三月
439 1 老人 lǎorén an old person / old people / the aged 有老人誤衝其趨道者
440 1 jiāo suburbs / outskirts 出東郊門
441 1 undulations 漕運波注
442 1 開封 Kāifēng Kaifeng 開封人
443 1 Jiàng Jiang 即日收絳州
444 1 lín a wood / a forest / a grove 景率其徒戰於丘墟林澤中
445 1 dòng to move / to act 動皆云合
446 1 折節 zhéjié to bend the joints 以其折節
447 1 bǎo to defend / to protect 保境合兵
448 1 作為 zuòwéi conduct / actions 凡所作為
449 1 死者 sǐzhě the dead / the deceased 射死者無數
450 1 赴華 fùhuá to visit China 遂令赴華州
451 1 shore / land / continent 陸行則出荊
452 1 halberd 守門者戈戟千匝
453 1 clothes / clothing 取殍者衣
454 1 easy / simple 坌身易服
455 1 xuán to revolve 鎮人納質而旋
456 1 不可 bù kě cannot / should not / must not / forbidden / prohibited 擒俘不可勝紀
457 1 dēng to rise / to mount / to board / to climb 至於登
458 1 聰敏 cōngmǐn quick / bright / intelligent / clever / brilliant 以捍聰敏
459 1 zhèng government / administration 甚有能政
460 1 登州 Dēngzhōu Dengzhou / Penglai 登州刺史
461 1 to lift / to raise 肩舁以入於魏
462 1 to indulge oneself / to be unrestrained 憑恃驕恣
463 1 shī to lose 任用已失其所
464 1 area / district / region / ward 賜第墅各一區
465 1 求援 qiúyuán to ask for help 張遂遣嗣勳求援於太祖
466 1 重傷 zhòngshāng seriously hurt / serious injury 嗣勳重傷
467 1 shù tree 樹數十柵
468 1 tuó a sack / a bag opening at both ends 實兵仗於橐中
469 1 光祿大夫 guāng lù dàifu Glorious grand master 授光祿大夫
470 1 即位 jíwèi to succeed to the throne 末帝即位
471 1 河陽 hé yáng the northern bank of the Yellow River 授河陽節度使
472 1 xīng to flourish / to be popular 以輔興王之運
473 1 yǎn to establish
474 1 zhēng to march / to travel on a long journey 太祖征淮南
475 1 大敗 dàbài to defeat / to inflict a defeat on sb 敵騎大敗
476 1 zhì matter / material / substance 鎮人納質而旋
477 1 人主 rénzhǔ a monarch 善事人主
478 1 語音 yǔyīn voice 語音如鍾
479 1 奔走 bēnzǒu to run / to rush about / to be on the go 而承命奔走
480 1 jué to awake 牙軍不之覺
481 1 常山 chángshān Changshan 至常山
482 1 to secure / to be safe / to safeguard / to stabilize / to become solid 不能自固
483 1 píng flat / level / smooth 二郡平
484 1 hut / cottage 又攻廬
485 1 至高 zhìgāo paramount 行至高陵
486 1 xìng gender 性剛直
487 1 御容 yùróng a painting of an emperor 圖御容以奠之
488 1 交流 jiāoliú to exchange 即涕泗交流
489 1 都尉 dūwèi rank / military rank 偽右軍都尉孟楷抑而不進
490 1 chāng Chang 入博昌
491 1 to float / to drift / to waft 與葛從周連統諸軍攻浮陽
492 1 xián virtuous / worthy 合大軍敗蔡賊秦宗賢數萬眾於汴西
493 1 to inherit 大寇繼至
494 1 jià vacation 朝廷優假之
495 1 顧問 gùwèn adviser / consultant 召入顧問
496 1 武昌 Wǔchāng Wuchang 又從李彥威復黃州及武昌縣
497 1 五十七 wǔshíqī 57 時年五十七
498 1 wide / broad 入博昌
499 1 外援 wàiyuán external help / foreign aid 求為外援
500 1 陷於 xiànyú caught in (a bad situation) / to fall into (trap etc) 俄而州陷於蔡

Frequencies of all Words

Top 500

Rank Frequency Chinese Pinyin English Usage
1 52 zhī him / her / them / that 黃家以數十萬之師
2 50 太祖 tàizǔ Taizu / Great Ancestor 遂投跡於太祖
3 45 wèi for / to 下為庸才所製
4 41 so as to / in order to 黃家以數十萬之師
5 39 in / at 遂投跡於太祖
6 32 使 shǐ to make / to cause 戮偽監軍使
7 28 jūn army / military 偽右軍都尉孟楷抑而不進
8 28 nián year 其年秋
9 21 rén person / people / a human being 福州人
10 20 刺史 cìshǐ governor / magistrate / regional inspector 為陵州刺史
11 20 zhōu a state / a province 為陵州刺史
12 19 jìng to respect /to honor 王敬蕘
13 19 ér and / as well as / but (not) / yet (not) 偽右軍都尉孟楷抑而不進
14 18 bīng soldier / troops 連上章請兵於巢
15 17 yàn elegant / handsome 又從李彥威復黃州及武昌縣
16 16 qīng minister / high officer 寇彥卿
17 16 hàn to ward off 劉捍
18 15 zhōng middle 三歲不中第
19 14 檢校 jiǎnxiào to check / to verify / to proof-read 王重榮表瞳為檢校屯田員外郎
20 14 dōu all 改左右長直都指揮使
21 14 cún to exist / to survive 太祖令往光州說刺史劉存背淮賊以向國
22 13 to reach 及太祖據同州
23 13 to enter 召入顧問
24 13 his / hers / its / theirs 其年秋
25 13 wáng Wang 王重榮表瞳為檢校屯田員外郎
26 12 suǒ measure word for houses, small buildings and institutions 下為庸才所製
27 12 jiāng will / shall (future tense) 蔡將申叢折宗權足
28 12 zōng school / sect 韓建傳判官司鄴昭宗之幸鳳翔也
29 11 suì to comply with / to follow along 遂投跡於太祖
30 11 yǒu is / are / to exist 瞳揣太祖有擇福意
31 11 mìng life 命入城招諭韓建
32 11 zhèn town 太祖初鎮夷門
33 11 xíng to walk / to move 詣蜀行在
34 11 xià next 洎居門下
35 11 zhì to / until 至東京
36 10 again / more / repeatedly 復何疑哉
37 10 xūn a meritorious deed 馬嗣勳
38 10 sān three 三歲不中第
39 10 zhě used after a verb to indicate a person who does the action 乘駔者迂回萬里
40 10 chū at first / at the beginning / initially 廣明初
41 10 zhòng many / numerous 悉眾歸順於河中
42 10 zài in / at 在任四考
43 10 jùn a commandery / a prefecture 治郡一歲
44 10 yòu right / right-hand 偽右軍都尉孟楷抑而不進
45 10 to connect / to inherit / to succeed 馬嗣勳
46 10 yòu again / also 爾又如是
47 9 shòu to teach 以功授朝散大夫
48 9 four 外兵四集
49 9 to give / to bestow favors 賜緋
50 9 yíng to receive / to welcome / to greet 太祖遣人迎之
51 9 and 太祖與河中交戰
52 9 èr two 龍紀二年
53 8 zhāo illustrious 韓建傳判官司鄴昭宗之幸鳳翔也
54 8 shǔ to count 黃家以數十萬之師
55 8 huái Huai River 時淮路不通
56 8 指揮 zhǐhuī to command / to direct 以捍為親軍指揮
57 8 tooth / tusk 捍少為牙職
58 8 gōng to attack / to assault 又移師以攻中山
59 8 ráo fuel / grass 王敬蕘
60 8 jiā to add 加檢校工部尚書
61 8 cóng from 授左龍虎統軍兼元從新軍馬步都虞候
62 7 zhī to know 頗知書
63 7 chū to go out / to leave 建果出降
64 7 táng Tang Dynasty 唐咸通末舉進士
65 7 rate / frequency 太子率更令
66 7 also / too 其先河內溫人也
67 7 horse 捍復單馬入州
68 7 shí time / a period of time 時淮路不通
69 7 jiē all / each and every / in all cases 皆破之
70 7 liú Liu 劉捍
71 7 zuǒ left 左武衛大將軍
72 7 開平 Kāipíng Kaiping / Kemenfu / Kaipingfu 開平初
73 7 bài to defeat / to vanquish 以故多損敗
74 7 lìng to make / to cause to be / to lead 令奉表於蜀
75 7 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi 真拜武寧軍節度使
76 7 kòu bandit / thieve 寇難益熾
77 7 not / no 三歲不中第
78 7 biǎo clock / a wrist watch 王重榮表瞳為檢校屯田員外郎
79 6 shén what 錫賚甚厚
80 6 天復 tiānfù Tianfu 唐天復初
81 6 jiàng to descend / to fall / to drop 建果出降
82 6 yuē to speak / to say 乃進說曰
83 6 cài Cai 合大軍敗蔡賊秦宗賢數萬眾於汴西
84 6 huì can / be able to 會淮賊急攻光州
85 6 zéi thief 合大軍敗蔡賊秦宗賢數萬眾於汴西
86 6 zhí straight 王處直乞降
87 6 wéi to surround / to encircle / to corral 太祖以兵圍華州
88 6 qiān one thousand 錢千緡
89 6 wēi power / might / prestige 又從李彥威復黃州及武昌縣
90 6 xún to search / to look for / to seek 尋卒於其第
91 6 留後 liúhòu Provisional Governor 充兩使留後
92 6 jiàn to build / to construct 韓建用為同州節度留後
93 6 wèi to guard / to protect / to defend 左武衛大將軍
94 6 naturally / of course / certainly 自番禺泛海至閩中
95 6 lèi to be tired 累遷至大中大夫
96 6 河中 hézhōng Hezhong 太祖與河中交戰
97 6 元年 yuánnián the first year of Emperor's reign / 0 CE 開平元年
98 6 to die 卒於滑
99 5 to exceed / to go beyond / to transcend / to cross over 鄴在海逾年
100 5 yǒng brave / courageous 今將軍勇冠三軍
101 5 大軍 dàjūn army / main forces 及大軍在岐下
102 5 jiān simultaneously 表為亳州團練使兼太清宮副使
103 5 shào to encourage 高劭
104 5 gǎi to change / to alter 改檢校右散騎常侍
105 5 big / great / huge / large / major 唐僖宗大悅
106 5 zhāng a sheet / a leaf 刺史張遂俾嗣勳持州印籍戶口以歸於太祖
107 5 淮南 Huáinán Huainan 太祖征淮南
108 5 to ride an animal or bicycle 捍馳騎而入
109 5 zèng to give a present 後詔贈司徒
110 5 jǐng sunlight 景四州
111 5 Li 為李茂貞所害
112 5 guān an office 累官至大列
113 5 mén door / gate / doorway / gateway 洎居門下
114 5 deputy / assistant / vice- 表為亳州團練使兼太清宮副使
115 5 qiǎn to send / to dispatch 遣奏事於昭宗
116 4 a fork in the road 及大軍在岐下
117 4 nǎi thus / so / therefore / then / only / thereupon 乃進說曰
118 4 slightly / rather / quite 頗知書
119 4 shào to continue / to carry on 及羅紹威將殺牙軍
120 4 shì is / are / am / to be 是年冬
121 4 chōng to fill / to be full / to supply 充兩使留後
122 4 Biàn Bian River 合大軍敗蔡賊秦宗賢數萬眾於汴西
123 4 節度 jiédù a solar term 表為宣義軍節度副使
124 4 亳州 bózhōu Bozhou 表為亳州團練使兼太清宮副使
125 4 dào way / road / path 鄴持印鑰迎謁道左
126 4 jìn shanxi 晉人侵晉州
127 4 qǐng to ask / to inquire 連上章請兵於巢
128 4 certainly / must / will / necessarily 破亡之兆必矣
129 4 guò to cross / to go over / to pass 過郡
130 4 yīn because 因留長安
131 4 tóng pupil of the eye 謝瞳
132 4 letter / symbol / character 字子明
133 4 團練 tuánliàn local militia formed to suppress peasant rebellion 表為亳州團練使兼太清宮副使
134 4 yǐn to lead / to guide 太祖引兵入關
135 4 諸軍 zhū jūn various armies 諸軍翼之
136 4 jùn talented / capable 劉知俊據同州反
137 4 to attain / to reach 奏章不達
138 4 太保 Tàibǎo Grand Protector 加檢校太保
139 4 lián even 連上章請兵於巢
140 4 shì matter / thing / item 遣奏事於昭宗
141 4 hán Korea / South Korea 韓建用為同州節度留後
142 4 司徒 sītú Situ 追贈司徒
143 4 zhòng heavy 王重榮表瞳為檢校屯田員外郎
144 4 宣武 xuānwǔ Xuanwu / Emperor Xuanwu of Northern Wei 後曆宣武
145 4 hòu after / later 後曆宣武
146 4 shōu to receive / to accept 佐霍存董大軍收宿州
147 4 jìn to enter 偽右軍都尉孟楷抑而不進
148 4 lǐng neck 年十四遙領華州刺史
149 4 tǒng to unify 授左龍虎統軍兼元從新軍馬步都虞候
150 4 zòu to present / to offer 遣奏事於昭宗
151 4 tōng to go through / to open 宋文通令客將郭啟奇使於太祖
152 4 四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month 四月
153 4 乾寧 qiánníng Qianning 乾寧二年
154 4 lái to come 斥候來告蕃戎逼澤州
155 4 jīng Beijing 遂下兩京
156 4 power / force / strength 皆力屈而去
157 4 no 無獨斷之明
158 4 xiān first 身先馳突
159 4 鳳翔 Fèngxiáng Fengxiang 韓建傳判官司鄴昭宗之幸鳳翔也
160 4 zhàn war / fighting / battle 人不習戰
161 4 father 父諲
162 4 Ye 鄴資蔭出身
163 4 duō over / indicates a number greater than the number preceding it 而揚州諸步多賊船
164 4 guī to go back / to return 獲精兵三萬以歸
165 4 wèi Wei Dynasty 時安陽公主初卒於魏
166 4 shǔ Sichuan 令奉表於蜀
167 4 guest / visitor 宋文通令客將郭啟奇使於太祖
168 4 xún ten days / ten years 逾旬而退
169 3 increase / benefit 益兵數千人
170 3 wěi false / fake / forged / bogus 偽右軍都尉孟楷抑而不進
171 3 Germany 況土德未厭
172 3 wéi dangerous / precarious 而王钅容危懾
173 3 五萬 wǔ wàn fifty thousand 部內增戶約五萬
174 3 to fly 人不習戰
175 3 háo a moat / a trench / a ditch 濠州鍾離縣人
176 3 zhào an imperial decree 後詔贈司徒
177 3 tóng like / same / similar 韓建即時同出迎謁
178 3 huò to reap / to harvest 獲精兵三萬以歸
179 3 to instruct / to expound / to explain 命入城招諭韓建
180 3 martial / military 左武衛大將軍
181 3 shuō to say / said / to speak / to talk / speaks 乃進說曰
182 3 shī teacher 黃家以數十萬之師
183 3 yòu divine intervention / protection 天祐三年正月
184 3 tiān day 天祐三年正月
185 3 親軍 qīnjūn an escort / a guard / a bodyguard 以捍為親軍指揮
186 3 to go / to visit / to attend 命捍以兵千人赴之
187 3 suì age 三歲不中第
188 3 光化 guānghuà Guanghua 光化三年六月
189 3 end / final stage / latter part 唐咸通末舉進士
190 3 遣使 qiǎnshǐ to dispatch an envoy 又遣使於蜀
191 3 disease / sickness / ailment 以疾致仕
192 3 road / path / way 時淮路不通
193 3 pián to associate / to join 淮南節度使駢之從子也
194 3 chí to go quickly or swiftly 捍馳騎而入
195 3 zàn to praise 捍便習賓讚
196 3 zhū all / many / various 而揚州諸步多賊船
197 3 huí to go back / to return 安撫而回
198 3 míng measure word for people 日以收復為名
199 3 正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year 天復三年正月
200 3 同州 Tóngzhōu Tongzhou / Weinan 及太祖據同州
201 3 huò quickly / suddenly 佐霍存董大軍收宿州
202 3 宋州 sòngzhōu Song Prefecture / Songzhou 授宋州刺史
203 3 extra / surplus / remainder 槍重三十餘斤
204 3 zhèn a wave / a spate / a burst / spell / short period of time 敬蕘列陣當之
205 3 xìng fortunate / lucky 韓建傳判官司鄴昭宗之幸鳳翔也
206 3 chéng to mount / to climb onto 乘駔者迂回萬里
207 3 rén a kernel / a pit 字表仁
208 3 míng bright / brilliant 字子明
209 3 supreme ruler / emperor 末帝即位
210 3 ancestor / forefather 祖琯
211 3 shēn human body / torso 身先馳突
212 3 to break / to ruin / to destroy 皆破之
213 3 中和 zhōnghé Zhonghe 唐中和四年夏
214 3 jīn gold 又使於金州
215 3 zhū vermilion 太祖以朱珍為淄州刺史
216 3 qiū fall / autumn 其年秋
217 3 三月 sānyuè March / the Third Month 唐景福元年三月
218 3 wén writing / text 宋文通令客將郭啟奇使於太祖
219 3 one 治郡一歲
220 3 enemy / foe 路逢大敵
221 3 chí to grasp / to hold 鄴持印鑰迎謁道左
222 3 jìng actually / in the end 竟達其命
223 3 行營 xíngyíng to conduct a campaign 以為行營都指揮使
224 3 suī although / even though 雖無決戰爭鋒之績
225 3 Wu 太祖有所乘烏馬
226 3 fán ordinary / common 凡曆百戰
227 3 yóu follow / from / it is for...to 由是竟全郡壘
228 3 qiū Confucius 彥卿率眾一千襲霍丘
229 3 é Russia 俄真拜刺史
230 3 xiǎn to show / to manifest / to display 以至崇顯焉
231 3 promptly / right away / immediately 即召見
232 3 hǎi the sea / a sea / the ocean 自番禺泛海至閩中
233 3 至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign 累遷至大中大夫
234 3 yuǎn far / distant 必高帆遠引海中
235 3 shǒu to defend / to protect / to guard / to keep safe 使人守之
236 3 zhǎng director / chief / head / elder 改左右長直都指揮使
237 3 追贈 zhuīzèng to give to the departed / to confer (a title) posthumously 追贈司徒
238 3 其事 qí shì that thing / this thing 使捍奏其事
239 3 used to indicate order 三歲不中第
240 3 左右 zuǒyòu approximately 未嘗一日不在左右
241 3 an official institution / a state bureau 詣丞相府以議其事
242 3 bài to bow / to pay respect to 拜右武衛上將軍
243 3 child / son 字子明
244 3 gào to tell / to say / said / told 斥候來告蕃戎逼澤州
245 3 idea 瞳揣太祖有擇福意
246 3 wén to hear 昭宗聞其至
247 3 qiáo bridge 乃解河橋之圍
248 3 jìng boundary / frontier / boundary 時州境荒饉
249 3 jiān to supervise / to inspect 命捍監其兵
250 3 luó Luo 漂至躭羅國
251 3 liǎng two 遂下兩京
252 3 wǎng to go (in a direction) 太祖親往巡撫
253 3 liáng a bridge 李立率兵攻濠梁
254 3 shā to kill / to murder / to slaughter 及羅紹威將殺牙軍
255 3 翌日 yìrì the next day 翌日
256 3 華州 huá zhōu Washington state 太祖以兵圍華州
257 3 to join / to combine 合大軍敗蔡賊秦宗賢數萬眾於汴西
258 3 光州 Guāng Zhōu Gwangju 太祖令往光州說刺史劉存背淮賊以向國
259 3 gōng merit 以功授朝散大夫
260 3 jiàn to see 使嗣勳入見
261 3 hái also / in addition / more 昭宗還京
262 3 hòu thick 錫賚甚厚
263 3 quán authority / power 蔡將申叢折宗權足
264 3 中山 zhōngshān Dr Sun Yat-sen / Zhongshan, prefecture-level city in Guangdong, close to Sun Yat-sen's birthplace / Nakayama (Japanese surname) 又移師以攻中山
265 3 chuán to transmit 韓建傳判官司鄴昭宗之幸鳳翔也
266 3 太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor 贈太傅
267 3 wèi Eighth earthly branch 況土德未厭
268 3 武寧 wǔníng Wuning 由是表知武寧軍節度
269 3 to attack by surprise 說其帥馮行襲
270 3 nán south 黃巢數十萬眾寨於州南
271 3 wall 命捍入壁門傳諭
272 3 上將軍 shàngjiāngjūn top general / commander-in-chief 拜右武衛上將軍
273 3 guó a country / a state / a kingdom 漂至躭羅國
274 3 kuǎn section / paragraph / clause 納款於太祖
275 3 dìng to decide 遂定策
276 3 shǔ to sign 遂署右職
277 3 hào number 然始竊偽號
278 2 gāo high / tall 必高帆遠引海中
279 2 典客 diǎnkè Guest Prefect 擢副典客
280 2 歸於 guīyú to belong to / affiliated to 知俊縶捍歸於鳳翔
281 2 zhōng clock 濠州鍾離縣人
282 2 black 太祖以朱珍為淄州刺史
283 2 yuè month 才逾月
284 2 otherwise / but / however 陸行則出荊
285 2 元帥 yuánshuài a general 太祖為元帥
286 2 a river / a stream 乃解河橋之圍
287 2 to move / to shift / to remove 尋移宋州刺史
288 2 wàn ten thousand 蔡賊復遣將刁君務以萬眾來逼
289 2 十萬 shí wàn one hundred thousand 黃家以數十萬之師
290 2 entirely / without exception 一行俱溺
291 2 shǐ arrow / dart 所用槍矢
292 2 zhí office / post 捍少為牙職
293 2 zhuī to pursue / to chase 詔追王重師赴行在
294 2 gain / advantage / benefit 再不利
295 2 zhuó to pull out 擢副典客
296 2 tǎo to seek 從討巢
297 2 功臣 gōngchén a minister who has given outstanding service 賜號迎鑾毅勇功臣
298 2 prisoner of war 存敬屢有俘斬之功
299 2 to cut down 太祖伐王師範於青州
300 2 潁州 yǐngzhōu Yingzhou 潁州汝陰人
301 2 fǎn reverse / opposite / wrong side out or up 劉知俊據同州反
302 2 yíng to trade / to operate / to run / to manage 以捍為御營使
303 2 to visit 鄴持印鑰迎謁道左
304 2 according to 及太祖據同州
305 2 de potential marker 得他兒抱之行
306 2 數月 shǔyuè several months 數月
307 2 東南 dōngnán southeast 以亳州團練使寇彥卿為東南面行營都指揮使
308 2 to strike / to hit / to beat 存敬潛軍擊之於乾寧軍南老鴉堤
309 2 yán to speak / to say / said 太祖每言曰
310 2 shì to attend on 因求侍府幕
311 2 to take charge of / to manage / to administer 韓建傳判官司鄴昭宗之幸鳳翔也
312 2 rán correct / right / certainly 然始竊偽號
313 2 féng to encounter / to meet by chance 路逢大敵
314 2 長安 Cháng'ān Chang'an 因留長安
315 2 I / me / my 我意素決
316 2 dōng winter 是年冬
317 2 huá smooth / slippery 瞳在滑十三年
318 2 唐僖宗 Táng Xī Zōng Emperor Xizong of Tang 唐僖宗大悅
319 2 zhé to fold 蔡將申叢折宗權足
320 2 purposely / intentionally / deliberately / knowingly 以故多損敗
321 2 yáo distant / remote 年十四遙領華州刺史
322 2 to lift / to hold up / to raise 唐咸通末舉進士
323 2 yáng sun 入陽
324 2 xiāng each other / one another / mutually 相屬於道
325 2 to examine / to spy on 劭伺守者稍惰
326 2 尚書 Shàng Shū Book of Documents / Book of History / Shangshu 加檢校工部尚書
327 2 affairs / business / matter / activity 而孟楷專務壅蔽
328 2 to mortgage / to pawn 即署為元從押牙
329 2 rèn to bear / to undertake 在任四考
330 2 qián hidden / secret / latent 潛使人以厚利啖將校
331 2 僕射 Pú Shè Shang Shu Pu She 檢校右僕射
332 2 zāi exclamatory particle 復何疑哉
333 2 qīn to invade / to encroach upon / to raid 晉人侵晉州
334 2 shí real / true 得其助軍貲實甚多
335 2 ér son 得他兒抱之行
336 2 yìn to stamp / to seal / to mark / to print 鄴持印鑰迎謁道左
337 2 to go to / to arrive / to reach 詣蜀行在
338 2 chēng to call / to address 有足稱者
339 2 甚多 shén duō extremely many 殺敵甚多
340 2 十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month 文德元年十一月
341 2 qīn relatives 太祖親往巡撫
342 2 féng feng 前鋒至左馮翊
343 2 shì a generation 世為郡武吏
344 2 shì an official 仕唐為杞王傅
345 2 to doubt / to disbelieve 復何疑哉
346 2 to happen upon / to meet with by chance 及太祖遇弑
347 2 黃巢 Huáng Cháo Huang Chao 黃巢陷長安
348 2 shāo a little / slightly 劭伺守者稍惰
349 2 yuán monetary unit / dollar 授左龍虎統軍兼元從新軍馬步都虞候
350 2 guān cap / crown / headgear 今將軍勇冠三軍
351 2 to hasten / to hurry / to be attracted to 疾趨至中牟
352 2 fèng to offer / to present 令奉表於蜀
353 2 俄而 éér very soon / before long 俄而州陷於蔡
354 2 jiā excellent 太祖甚嘉之
355 2 觀察 guānchá to observe / to look carefully 以捍為雍州節度觀察留後
356 2 qín to catch / to capture / to seize / to arrest 擒俘不可勝紀
357 2 sòng to deliver / to carry / to give 送款於太祖
358 2 晉州 jìnzhōu Jinzhou 晉人侵晉州
359 2 xià summer 唐中和四年夏
360 2 cháng to taste 嘗以賜彥卿
361 2 qiān to move / to shift 累遷至大中大夫
362 2 shàn virtuous / wholesome / benevolent / well-disposed 多力善戰
363 2 以為 yǐwéi to believe / to think / to consider / to assume 人以為丐者
364 2 to ward off with hand / to defend 淮南遣滁州刺史李儼拒之
365 2 jiù old / ancient 雖非太祖舊臣
366 2 mèng first month 偽右軍都尉孟楷抑而不進
367 2 zhēn real / true / genuine 俄真拜刺史
368 2 resolute / decisive / firm / persistent 賜號迎鑾毅勇功臣
369 2 liè to arrange / to line up / to list 累官至大列
370 2 司空 Sīkōng Minster of Land and Water 檢校司空
371 2 yòng to use / to apply 韓建用為同州節度留後
372 2 cháo nest 連上章請兵於巢
373 2 復命 fùmìng to report on completion of a mission / debriefing 復命則備舟楫
374 2 miàn side / surface 以亳州團練使寇彥卿為東南面行營都指揮使
375 2 to go through / to experience / to take place 後曆宣武
376 2 diagram / picture / drawing / chart 圖取景
377 2 shòu old age / long life 太祖以壽州刺史江儒反下蔡鎮使
378 2 xiào school 潛使人以厚利啖將校
379 2 líng to pass over / to cross / to traverse 淩暴益甚
380 2 馬步 mǎ bù horse stance (martial arts) 授左龍虎統軍兼元從新軍馬步都虞候
381 2 móu to plan / to scheme 劭有疑謀
382 2 其所 qísuǒ its place / one's appointed place / the place for that 任用已失其所
383 2 受禪 shòuchán to accept abdication 太祖受禪
384 2 huái bosom / breast 至懷德驛
385 2 strange / unusual / uncanny 宋文通令客將郭啟奇使於太祖
386 2 force / compel / force 斥候來告蕃戎逼澤州
387 2 a drum 師人鼓行而進
388 2 a government official / a magistrate 世為郡武吏
389 2 suddenly / abruptly / unexpectedly 身先馳突
390 2 clothes / dress / garment 仍以錦服
391 2 qiú to request 因求侍府幕
392 2 concerned about / anxious / worried 授左龍虎統軍兼元從新軍馬步都虞候
393 2 大將軍 dàjiāngjūn important general / generalissimo 左武衛大將軍
394 2 光啟 guāngqǐ Guangqi 光啟中
395 2 qiāng gun / rifle 所用槍矢
396 2 判官 pàn guān a magistrate / a judge 韓建傳判官司鄴昭宗之幸鳳翔也
397 2 cháo to face 以功授朝散大夫
398 2 bào to embrace / to hold in arms / to hug 得他兒抱之行
399 2 wài outside 力戰於外
400 2 shí ten 樹數十柵
401 2 一日 yī rì one [whole] day 未嘗一日不在左右
402 2 to stand 李立率兵攻濠梁
403 2 I 入為左金吾衛大將軍
404 2 kǎi model style of Chinese writing 偽右軍都尉孟楷抑而不進
405 2 líng mound / hill / mountain 為陵州刺史
406 2 hǎo good 好書史
407 2 secret / hidden / confidential 楊行密復攻濠州
408 2 jiān measure word for rooms, houses, luggage, etc 青間
409 2 shǒu head 首為右騎都將
410 2 an inferior kind of jade 太祖以河中節度使王珂與太原結親
411 2 kǒu measure word for people, pigs, and kitcheware 龐師古敗於清口
412 2 排陣 páizhèn to deploy troops 時彥卿為諸道馬步軍都排陣使
413 2 未幾 wèijǐ before long / soon 未幾
414 2 měi each / every 太祖每言曰
415 2 sufficient / enough 蔡將申叢折宗權足
416 2 láo to toil 勞徠彌厚
417 2 zhāng a chapter / a section 連上章請兵於巢
418 2 a relay station 至懷德驛
419 2 shū book 頗知書
420 2 hòu to wait 授左龍虎統軍兼元從新軍馬步都虞候
421 2 frequently / often / again and again 太祖屢以軍南渡
422 2 luán bells hung on horse / bells hung 賜號迎鑾毅勇功臣
423 2 so that / in order that 俾堅攀附
424 2 大夫 dàifu doctor 以功授朝散大夫
425 2 àn case / incident
426 2 already / afterwards 任用已失其所
427 2 yān where / how 以至崇顯焉
428 2 xiàn to submerge / to sink / to plunge 黃巢陷長安
429 2 葛從周 Gě Cóngzhōu Ge Congzhou 葛從周
430 2 chén minister / statesman / official 雖非太祖舊臣
431 2 將軍 jiāngjūn a general 今將軍勇冠三軍
432 2 bīn a guest / a visitor 捍便習賓讚
433 2 to take / to receive / to accept 納款於太祖
434 2 散騎常侍 sànqí chángshì a kind of personal attendant 改檢校右散騎常侍
435 2 Xu 徐宿觀察留後
436 2 shèng to beat / to win / to conquer 率以此勝
437 2 xiàn county 濠州鍾離縣人
438 2 to go 皆力屈而去
439 2 hài to injure / to harm to 為李茂貞所害
440 2 dōng east 詢東兵之事
441 2 西 The West 合大軍敗蔡賊秦宗賢數萬眾於汴西
442 2 qián money / currency 錢千緡
443 1 huāng waste 時州境荒饉
444 1 貞幹 zhēngān building wall post and frame 彥卿貞幹明敏
445 1 wolfberry tree 仕唐為杞王傅
446 1 shēn to extend 蔡將申叢折宗權足
447 1 jǐn brocade / embroidered work 仍以錦服
448 1 一千 yī qiān one thousand 彥卿率眾一千襲霍丘
449 1 出迎 chūyíng to greet / to go out to meet 韓建即時同出迎謁
450 1 中牟 Zhōngmóu Zhongmou 疾趨至中牟
451 1 qiáo a drum tower 譙郡人也
452 1 qiè to steal / to usurp / to encroach on / to endanger 然始竊偽號
453 1 jīn weight equal to half a kilogram / catty 槍重三十餘斤
454 1 yīn cloudy / overcast 潁州汝陰人
455 1 解圍 jiěwéi to lift a siege / to help somebody out of trouble or embarrassment 彥卿奉詔領兵解圍
456 1 Hutuo River 存敬勒眾涉滹沲河
457 1 gài to beg for alms 人以為丐者
458 1 zhà fence / palisade / enclosure 樹數十柵
459 1 a man / a male adult 無出高大夫
460 1 yōu quiet / secluded / tranquil / serene
461 1 dàn to eat / to taste / to entice using bait 潛使人以厚利啖將校
462 1 車駕 chējià imperial chariot / the emperor 車駕還京
463 1 ěr thus / so / like that 爾又如是
464 1 shī corpse 枕屍數十里
465 1 each 賜第墅各一區
466 1 dǒng Dong 佐霍存董大軍收宿州
467 1 xiào result / effect 由是頻立殊效
468 1 jìn strong / unyielding 命寇彥卿率勁騎三千襲霍丘
469 1 龍虎 lónghǔ outstanding people 授左龍虎統軍兼元從新軍馬步都虞候
470 1 ān saddle 銀鞍勒馬賜之
471 1 義軍 yìjūn a volunteer army 表為宣義軍節度副使
472 1 多於 duōyú more than / greater than 多於危蹙之間
473 1 龍紀 lóngjì Longji 龍紀二年
474 1 huàn to put on 嘗躬擐甲胄
475 1 intimating / close 頗見親昵
476 1 jué to decide / to determine / to judge 我意素決
477 1 wealth / capital / money / expenses 鄴資蔭出身
478 1 quán perfect 由是竟全郡壘
479 1 mào thick / lush / dense 為李茂貞所害
480 1 北伐 Běi Fá Northern Expedition 太祖北伐鎮
481 1 jiān hard / strong / firm 俾堅攀附
482 1 method / plan / policy / scheme 遂定策
483 1 dài to treat / to entertain / to receive guests 郡中設糜糗餅餌以待之
484 1 zhèng Zheng 以駢命遏晉公王鐸於鄭
485 1 a scholar 太祖以壽州刺史江儒反下蔡鎮使
486 1 pái row / rank / line 排之
487 1 立功 lìgōng establish in merit 雖顯立功名
488 1 yuē approximately 部內增戶約五萬
489 1 to kill 落橋而斃
490 1 qǐn to rest / to sleep 寢疾
491 1 a large mound 景率其徒戰於丘墟林澤中
492 1 xīn new / fresh / modern 授左龍虎統軍兼元從新軍馬步都虞候
493 1 漕運 cáoyùn to transport by water 漕運波注
494 1 fàn to commit crime / to violate 存敬引騎軍先犯敵將
495 1 決戰 juézhàn a decisive battle 雖無決戰爭鋒之績
496 1 gōng public/ common / state-owned 以駢命遏晉公王鐸於鄭
497 1 jiù to save / to rescue 存敬同往馳救
498 1 交戰 jiāozhàn to fight / to wage war 太祖與河中交戰
499 1 司馬鄴 Sī Mǎ Yè Si Ma Ye / Emperor Min of Jin 司馬鄴
500 1 kuàng moreover / how much the more 況土德未厭

People, places

and other proper nouns

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English
安陆 安陸 ānlù Anlu
安阳 安陽 Ānyáng
  1. Anyang
  2. Anyang
八月 bāyuè August / the Eighth Month
本州 běnzhōu Honshū
Biàn
  1. Bian River
  2. Henan
  3. Bian
兵部 bīngbù Ministry of War
亳州 bózhōu Bozhou
长安 長安 Cháng'ān
  1. Chang'an
  2. Chang'an
  3. Chang'an reign
  4. Chang'an
常山 chángshān Changshan
常州 chángzhōu Changzhou
滁州 chúzhōu Chuzhou
大梁 Dà Liáng City of Da Liang
大顺 大順 dàshùn Dashun
邓州 鄧州 dèngzhōu Dengzhou
登州 Dēngzhōu Dengzhou / Penglai
典客 diǎnkè Guest Prefect
dǒng
  1. Dong
  2. to supervise / to direct
东海 東海 Dōng Hǎi
  1. East China Sea
  2. Donghae
东京 東京 Dōngjīng
  1. Tokyo
  2. Luoyang
  3. Dongjing Circuit
防御使 防禦使 fángyùshǐ Defense Commissioner
凤翔 鳳翔 Fèngxiáng Fengxiang
福州 Fúzhōu Fuzhou
葛从周 葛從周 Gě Cóngzhōu Ge Congzhou
观察使 觀察使 guānchá shǐ Surveillence Commissioner
光禄大夫 光祿大夫 guāng lù dàifu Glorious grand master
光州 Guāng Zhōu Gwangju
光化 guānghuà Guanghua
广明 廣明 guǎngmíng Guangming
光启 光啟 guāngqǐ Guangqi
guì
  1. Guangxi
  2. cassia / cinnamon
  3. Gui
hán
  1. Korea / South Korea
  2. State of Han
hàn
  1. Han Chinese
  2. Han Dynasty
  3. Milky Way
  4. Later Han Dynasty
  5. a man
  6. Chinese language
  7. Han River
河内 河內 Hénèi Hanoi
河中 hézhōng Hezhong
Hutuo River
华州 華州 huá zhōu Washington state
huái Huai River
淮南 Huáinán Huainan
淮上 Huáishàng Huaishang
黄巢 黃巢 Huáng Cháo Huang Chao
黄州 黃州 huángzhōu Huangzhou
护国军 護國軍 hùguójūn National Protection Army
户口 戶口 hùkǒu Hukou / registered residence
jiāng
  1. a large river
  2. Yangtze River
  3. Jiang
  4. Jiangsu
  5. Jiang
jiāo
  1. suburbs / outskirts
  2. Jiao
  3. Jiao
节度留后 節度留後 jiédù liúhòu Provisional Governor
节度使 節度使 jiédùshǐ military commissioner / jiedushi
jìn
  1. shanxi
  2. jin [dynasty]
  3. to move forward / to promote / to advance
  4. to raise
  5. Jin [state]
  6. Jin
景福 jǐngfú Jingfu
晋州 晉州 jìnzhōu
  1. Jinzhou
  2. Jin Prefecture
九月 jiǔyuè September / the Ninth Month
郡守 jùnshǒu senior provincial official in imperial China
开封 開封 Kāifēng Kaifeng
开平 Kāipíng
  1. Kaiping / Kemenfu / Kaipingfu
  2. Kaiping
liáng
  1. a bridge
  2. Liang Dynasty
  3. City of Liang
  4. State of Liang
  5. Liang
  6. a beam / rafters
  7. a fishing sluice
  8. to lose footing
  9. State of Liang
  10. a ridge
  11. later Liang
两浙 兩浙 liǎngzhè Liangzhe
留后 留後 liúhòu Provisional Governor
六月 liùyuè June / the Sixth Month
龙纪 龍紀 lóngjì Longji
Mǐn
  1. Fujian
  2. Min dialect
  3. Min River
  4. Min tribe
Míng Ming River
番禺 Pānyú Panyu
仆射 僕射 Pú Shè Shang Shu Pu She
  1. wolfberry tree
  2. Qi
  3. Qi
乾符 qiánfú Qianfu
乾宁 乾寧 qiánníng Qianning
黔中 qiánzhōng Qianzhong
qín
  1. Shaanxi
  2. Qin Dynasty
  3. State of Qin
  4. Qin
青州 Qīngzhōu
  1. Qingzhou
  2. Qingzhou
人大 Rén Dà
  1. National Peoples Congress (in China) / Great Hall of the People
  2. Renmin University of China
  1. you / thou
  2. Ru River
  3. Ru
上党 上黨 shàngdǎng Shangdang
十一月 shíyīyuè November / the Eleventh Month
shǔ
  1. Sichuan
  2. Shu Kingdom
司马邺 司馬鄴 Sī Mǎ Yè Si Ma Ye / Emperor Min of Jin
司空 Sīkōng
  1. Minster of Land and Water
  2. Sikong
四月 sìyuè April / the Fourth Month
sòng
  1. Song dynasty
  2. Song
  3. Liu Song Dynasty
宋州 sòngzhōu Song Prefecture / Songzhou
宿州 Sùzhōu Suzhou
太保 Tàibǎo Grand Protector
太傅 Tàifù Grand Tutor / Grand Mentor
太尉 Tàiwèi Grand Commandant of the Military
太原 Tàiyuán Taiyuan
唐朝 Táng Cháo Tang Dynasty
唐僖宗 Táng Xī Zōng Emperor Xizong of Tang
唐昭宗 Táng Zhāo Zōng Emperor Zhaozong of Tang
天平 Tiān Píng Tian Ping
天复 天復 tiānfù Tianfu
天津 Tiānjīn Tianjin
通州 Tōngzhōu Tongzhou District
同州 Tóngzhōu Tongzhou / Weinan
wèi
  1. Wei Dynasty
  2. State of Wei
  3. Cao Wei
  4. tall and big
文德 wéndé Wende
武昌 Wǔchāng
  1. Wuchang
  2. Wuchang
武宁 武寧 wǔníng Wuning
吴越 吳越 wúyuè
  1. Wuyue
  2. Wu and Yue
咸通 xiántōng Xiantong
兴元 興元 xīngyuán Xingyuan
邢州 Xíngzhōu Xingzhou
  1. Xu
  2. slowly / gently
  3. Xu
  4. Xuzhou
宣武 xuānwǔ Xuanwu / Emperor Xuanwu of Northern Wei
徐州 Xúzhōu
  1. Xuzhou
  2. Xuzhou
盐铁使 鹽鐵使 yán tiě shǐ Salt and Iron Intendant
扬州 揚州 Yángzhōu Yangzhou
  1. Ye
  2. Ye
夷门 夷門 yímén Yi Gate
Yīn Yin
颍州 潁州 yǐngzhōu Yingzhou
雍州 Yōngzhōu Yongzhou
幽州 yōuzhōu Youzhou / Fanyang
御史大夫 Yùshǐ Dàifu Imperial Secretary
泽州 澤州 zézhōu Zezhou
招讨使 招討使 zhāotǎoshǐ Military commissioner
zhèng
  1. Zheng
  2. Zheng
正月 Zhēngyuè first month of the lunar new year
郑州 鄭州 Zhēngzhōu Zhengzhou
至大 Zhìdà Zhida reign
中和 zhōnghé Zhonghe
中牟 Zhōngmóu Zhongmou
中山 zhōngshān
  1. Dr Sun Yat-sen / Zhongshan, prefecture-level city in Guangdong, close to Sun Yat-sen's birthplace / Nakayama (Japanese surname)
  2. Zhongshan
  3. Nakayama

Glossary

Buddhist terminology, except the proper nouns listed above. Number of terms: 0.

Simplified Traditional Pinyin English